Clipped From The Facts

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 - friendliness between the French and the...
friendliness between the French and the Karankawa was said to be due to the pleasant treatment of the Karankawa by the French. Fighting erupted, however, when a pirate hunting party stumbled upon a hidden Karankawa camp at a site called Three Trees, and kidnapped some of the Indian women. Thirty Karankawa warriors died in the resulting Battle of Three Trees'. , Stephen F.Austin met . . .'. Kajankawasin 1821 while escorting colonists Into Texas. Austin.wag able to converse with the Karankawas in Spanish, and the chief accepted Austin's offering's of tobacco and a fry- io&pan. Ihe Indians soon resented the •ge number of colonists mov- z in, however, and a series of sErmishes began. After a major bfttle in late 1823, Austin >ued an order creating a mili- to make war against the I^rankawas. Major battles followed in 24 including the Battle of nes Creek, which began when C *pt. Randall Jones and 23 mili- ti men were summoned to pun- is i Karankawas for a distur- nce at Brit Bailey's store in liley's Prairie. The militia ased the Karankawas to the now known as Jones Creek fc f a battle that killed 15 war- ri irs and three Texans. The battles took a toll on the t, ii The Karankawas soon resented the large number of colonists moving in and a series of skirmishes skirmishes began. After a major battle in late 1823, Austin issued an order creating a militia to make war against the Karankawas. tribe, with the number of Karankawa warriors dropping from perhaps 300 to about 25 between 1823 and 1836. The Karankawas' last major fight came during the Texas revolution, revolution, after the Mexican army of Gen. Jose Urrea captured and killed a chief's 19-year-old son. The Karankawas wanted revenge and assembled their warriors, but the chief and most of his men were killed. With their numbers greatly •diminished, the Karankawas entered into an uneasy coexistence coexistence with the Texas colonists. One young pioneer girl living near Matagorda, Alice W. Oliver, made friends with the wife of a chief however and learned the Karankawa lan- guage. During a severe summer drought, when the little water available was brackish and Oliver became seriously ill, the Karankawas visited Oliver's home bearing rain water for their young friend. As an adult, Oliver wrote down all of the Karankawa words she could remember, becoming perhaps the only person to ever do so By 1850, just 45 or so Karankawas remained. They moved south near the Rio Grande River.-wandering aimlessly, aimlessly, stealing and causing trouble. trouble. In 1858, a deadly ambush by ranchers "marked the end of the Karankawa tribe. Centers, Director: Mavis Lee Now Accepting Registrations. Details. * Early Receives a $50

Clipped from
  1. The Facts,
  2. 27 Jul 1997, Sun,
  3. Page 51

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