Kingsport Times-News (Kingsport, TN. 24 November 1963
an men Grant Planned Ahead To Win Missionary Ridge CHATTANOOGA (AP)- Gen. U.S. Grant chewed gingerly on his cigar a hundred years ago today, ready to spring on the smaller Confederate Army looking looking down on him from nearby Missionary Ridge and Lookout I Mountain. : Ever since the Battle of Chickamauga Chickamauga several weeks before, the Yankees had been collecting supplies, strengthening their ranks and preparing to- an as- sa 'I on Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee. There was confusion in the Confederate ranks from the rawest private to the commanding general. No- body seemed to have a plan. Bragg was squabbling with Breckinridge, Forrest, Cleburne and most of his other commanders, commanders, trying to lay the blame on others for his own failure to follow follow the Yankees from Chickamauga Chickamauga and drive them out of j Chattanooga before they had 'time to consolidate a defense. The fiery Nathan Bedford Forrest Forrest insulted Bragg and vowed never to take another order from him. Grant, with his well laid plans and 60,000 fighting men, prepared prepared methodically until Nov. 22, 1863. He would strike the next day, turning over the actual field leadership to S h e r m a n, Thomas, Sheridan, Hooker and their subordinates. Thomas moved into place on the afternoon of the 23rd and made first contact with the Confederates, Confederates, capturing an outpost on Orchard Knob. The next morning, Hooker moved through a dense fog with 10,000 men to Lookout Mountain and its thinly [ defended lines. Fighting became fierce on the 25th as Sherman and his six divisions struck at the eastern end of the line against Missionary Missionary Ridge. Cleburne's defenders Ridge Will Cease To Be A Barrier By HAMILTON GREGORY CHATTANOOGA (AP) - Missionary Missionary Ridge, peppered by I Yankee cannonballs the last j t i m e it blocked man's path, | soon will get a ripping slash in [its midseclion. | For the first time since Chero- I kee Indians set it as the natural I boundary beyond which the ! While Man's missionaries dared I not go, the venerable old ridge will cease lo be a barrier. But a barrier it definitely was 10d years ago Monday, when Gen. Grant's eager invaders from the North, acting without o r d e r s , stormed the Confederate-held Confederate-held ridge, opening the way for Sherman's unforgettable unforgettable march on Georgia. It was a decisive battle in the War Between Between the States. The second battle of Missionary Missionary Ridge will be a decisive one for t h e interstate h i g h w a y program. A Memphis construction construction firm has a So million con- I tract to gouge a red gap in the | middle of the staid, sophistical- Jim Brady Show Slated \ NKW YORK (AP)-James ! Brady, flamboyant market speculator and bon vivant at the turn of the century, is to be the subject of a musical ed Ridge which looms on Chattanooga's Chattanooga's eastern horizon. And Interstate Highway 24 will plow its four lanes right through the landmark's spinal column, which extends all the v/ay into Georgia. The scars of the new battle will be buried in concrete and steel. But the century-old scars ol the Civil War are covered, by elegant homes, lush foliage and tree-lined boulevards -- interlaced interlaced with copious reminders of the bitter battle that h e l p e d b r e a k the back of the Confederacy. Cannons, monuments, markers markers and tablets are perched on lawns and federal reservations to commemorate the sites of various skirmishes. Proud Ridgers lament the imminent imminent surgery, but seem resigned resigned to the pain. "It's no use to protest," says Mrs. C. C. Silberman, whose home will be torn down to make room for the freeway. The impressive impressive stone structure, built 31 years ago by the late Mr. Silberman, Silberman, has a commanding view of Chattanooga. Like many other dwellings, the front lawn has two green and gray civil war cannon. "I'm moving in December." sighed Mrs. Silberman. I'll never be satisfied with any other other home." But she is not seeking another tome on the Ridge. "It would make me blue to pass by the old homesite," she said. Amazingly, there has been no vehement outcry from ridge partisans--certainly nothing to rival the fuss and unsuccessful legal battles to save two other landmarks, Cameron Hill and Moccasin Bend, from the path of progress. "Most have accepted the freeway freeway cut as inevitable," said Marble Hensley, former city coordinator coordinator who mapped the freeway freeway in Chattanooga. "When we first proposed the cut, there was a great clamor for a tunnel instead." instead." Certainly, there was precedent for this. Five tunnels now carry traffic back and fourth under the ridge, and a railroad tunnel figured in the Civil War battle. It was used as a fortress. But a geological survey showed showed construction of a t u n n e l would be uneconomical, unfeasible unfeasible and possibly even dangerous because of poor soil conditions. The anti-cut pressure exerted by historical societies and garden garden clubs was counterbalanced, Hensley said, by the pro-cut feelings of persons living East of the Ridge. Th e s e suburbanites from Brainerd and East Ridge considered considered the Ridge a blockade of a direct motor route lo down- own Chattanooga. threw back the Yankees time after time but finally had to yield to superior forces. The center of the Confederate line fell back before the 20,000 men Thomas hurled against Bragg and Breckinridge barely eluded capture by (he onrushing bluecoats. The sudden turn of events upset the southern com mander . "Bragg had joined the at Tullahoma," one comments tor quotes a Confederate soldier at the scene, but he "backslid at Missionary Ridge. He was Â·'cursing like a sailor," trying to stem the rout. After two days of hard fighting, fighting, the Confederates w e forced to withdraw into Georgia to save their skins. The Army of Tennessee was driven from its own state. It was during this period T e n n e s s e e's boy Davis, was captured near Pulaski Pulaski and hanged as a spy Nov. 27. Davis had been gathering information from the Nashville Nashville area for Bragg and was captured on his way back toward toward Chattanooga. Bragg resigned command of the Army of Tennessee a few days after Missionary Ridge. Several commanders tried their hand at the job in the following year or so, but none could breathe back the life into it many historians believe Bragg had smothered. The loss of Chattanooga, Missionary Missionary Ridge and L o o Mountain started the long and torturous retreat to Atlanta Sherman's "March t h r Georgia.' 1 Grant's "total war" tactics began to grind out re- suits. Never again were the Confederates able to sustain an effective effective offense in the South. Grant drove out of Chattanooga Chattanooga with approximately 60,000 men. Bragg could muster only 37,000. And Grant's army had superior planning and leadership. leadership. The Federals suffered more than twice as many casualties as their opponents, 752 killed and 4,713 wounded against 361 killed and 2,180 wounded. But they could afford it. Besides, 4,176 Confederates came up captured or m i s s i n g Yankees lost only 350. The B . 111 e of Missionary Ridge opened the gate for federal lunge into the very of the Confederacy. The war lasted nearly 15 months longer but the verdict was apparent.