Collector Peebles

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Collector Peebles - w our ouco SECURITIES. audi ou: life tht» plan...
w our ouco SECURITIES. audi ou: life tht» plan con bette o ou a he but goods or are where shop that by tho in necessaries of horses tho In This This it be have work which by a Baltimore, a He a rented colored barber, man's and ago. I same con- at go the interest of sense soon to still H. AND T,C. RAILROAD. SOttliTHIXG A1MH.T 'lUt; I'OkV.SS, CIT- IKS A.XU COfT1B8 ALONG THIS THOHOIC.HFABK. THE CAPITAL OF WALLER. ly Texas Itallrondt--2r. II. H. Pec- len, tlie Putlier ot llumiiMtend. About Waller County. j speed o" Hempstead. Tox., Murvli 21.--(Kpedal Cor- respondents.)--I.t'iiviiiK Xuvasuta at 4.SO in the u f t f r n o u n , ih* j^uih bound passengt-r train reaclu-s the village of Courtney a Quarter of an hour later. Courtney is a small station with probably a half dozen business houses and iV) Inhabitants, and is tho last Grimes county village passed troing south, being: very near the lino of Waller county. It was named for the Courtney family, some oi" whom owned the hind upon which the town was built. The city of Hempstead: The spring of 1S5S saw the completion of the Houston and Texas Central railroad iifty-two miles from the city of Houston. \\'hil« a line of railioad only f i f t y - t w o miles long: would hardly be K«nerally known throughout the state of Texas to-day, yet in iSis the one in operation I'rom Houston to Hempstead was the longest Iron highway in this state. In ]S52 General Sidney Sherman began the construction of the Buffalo Hayou. Brazos and Colorado road, the gauge of which was four feet, eight and a half Inches. "The second locomotive west of the Mississippi Mississippi waa run on this road," says Texas Historian Thrall. This was the loginntng of what Is now known as the "Sunset Houte," from Houston to San Antonio. In 18G-5." Mr., Thrall says that twenty-five miles of the Galveston, Houston and Henderson Henderson railroad "was built from Virginia Point, opposite Gnlveston, toward Houston, the southern suburb of which city wa reached In iKjS," a distance of less tha: fifty miles. What was formerly known a the Southern Pacific, and sometimes callec the Memphis and Kl Paso road, was start ed at Bhroveport, Da., in li5S, but did no reach Marshall, a distance of forty-twt miles, until the following year. This wa the beginning of the present Texas am Pacific system. Consequently, as above stated, the Hous ton and Texas Central railroad, the con structlon of which began In the city o Houston when Colonel Paul Bremond tool out the first shovel of dirt in 1853, am which reached this point in the spring o 1S5S, was at that time the longest line o railroad in the Lone Star state. At the time Hempstead was founded this TVOS a part of Austin counts'. The early history of the town is about as follows: Dr. R. R. Peebles, who owned a large amount of land here, induced the directors of the Houston and Texas Central to de fleet somewhat from their intended route and run a little further west after leaving Hocklcy, sixteen miles south of this point Tho doctor had the naming of the town and he called it Hempstead, in honor o; Dr. G. S. Ii. Hempstead of Portsmouth, O. under whom Dr. Peebles had read medicine medicine in his youth, and who had also married married a sister of Dr. Peebles. In this connection connection a brief notice of the founder of the city of Hempstead' will doubtless be of interest to many readers of The News: Dr. Richard Rodgers Peebles was born In ChiUlcothe, O., January 10, 1S10. After reading medicine under Dr. G. S. B. Hempstead Hempstead of Portsmouth (an Ohio river town some 150 miles above Cincinnati), he grad uated at the Ohio medical college. When a young man he was once captured by the Indians in the far west, but was released. He came to Texas in 1835, and did service as.a surgeon on the field of San Jaclnto. After peace was established Dr. Peebles lived at Washington, on the Brazos river, and was interested In the two first steamboats steamboats that ever navigated that stream. He afterward moved to Austin county (now Waller), where ho married Mrs. Mary Groce and settled on a plantation four miles south of the present town of Hempstead. Hempstead. His plantation was known as the Pleasant Hill place. About the year IS32. Dr.'Peebles joined Paul Bremond and other enterprising citizens citizens of Houston in pushing forward the Houston and . Texas Central railroad Droject, and it was through his Influence that the road was brought to Hempstead, as above stated. When the secession question question came up Dr. Peebles opposed it, and on account of his political views he suffered suffered cruel persecution, being imprisoned at one time for a period of nine months. Yet, In spite of the harsh treatment ho received (resulting in the permanent in- iury of his health), Dr. Peebles gave liberally liberally of bis substance to the confederate cause as long as the war lasted. After the close of the war he was appointed collector collector of revenues at the port of Galveston, jut on account of impaired health he was lot able to attend to the duties of the of- Ice in person. Dr. Peebles! died at hla home In Hempstead. August 8, 1893. Four children still survive him, viz:. Joseph A. Peebles of Galveston, Miss S. M. Peebles ind Mesdames T. H. Pointer and, K. G. tVhite of this city. In noticing his death he HempsiGfid "News said; "He died in he full possession of his faculties and vlthout one unkind thought for any human jeing." Hempstead Is not only upon the main ine of the Houston ad Texas Central rail- vay, but also the initial point of tho Austin Austin branch. This branch Is 114 miles long and its construction began In 1858 as the Washington county railway. During that year twenty-one miles were, built, reaching Chappell Hill. In 1871 or 1872 this road was sold to the Houston ad Texas Central company and called the Western branch, t was extended to Austin in 1871, The railroad railroad company has a round house and divi- ;lon shops at Hempstead. The present ·ound house is soon to be replaced by a arger one. There are fifty or more men employed here in the railroad service, whose aggregate pay roll is between ?4WO nd $5000 a month. Hempstead has .about 2500 Inhabitants, jne-fourth or more being colored. Almost he entire business portion of the town is )uilt up with ono and two-story bricks of ample size and substantial character. There are in the place four or five large general merchandise houses, as many dry goods and clothing stores, eight groceries, three Irug stores, a half dozen saloons, three mrdware and implement houses, two fur- iltura stores, a half dozen confectionery nd fancy groceries, a book and stationery tore, two saddle-, and harness houses, threo umber yards, about a dozen lawyers, half s many doctors, two dentists and an ab. tract and land firm. Also a milinery store, esUles several millinery departments in dry oods stores, two hotels, a livery stable, wo restaurants, four barber shops and lireo blacksmith shops. A national bank f $50,000 is a prominent business Institution f tho. town, and two soori wcpkly now.s- apers are published. The industrial enter- rises aro a brick yard, a twenty-ton oil nfll, with a corn mill and gin of 150 bales upacily u day in connection, and a. cattle, ceding business also in connection with ho oil mill. There is a good opera house, n tho town. The two newspapers referred o abovfl are tho News, democratic, and ho People's Paper, populist. Tho News is live-column octavo in Its lifth volume nd is published by Dobbs McGaughcy. t was founded by N. Ii. Houx, who now ublishes the People's Paper. The People's aper WHS started by Mr. Houx something ver six months ago. It is also a ilvc-col- mn folio, and iieems to bo making good regress for a young journal. There are Iso two religious papers printed upon tho Mews press, the Sunday School and Young 1 eople's Helper and tho South Texas Bap- :st, both of which have their mailing of- ees in Houston. Educational and religious: Hempsteml as a good two-story brick school building, ·liich was erect nd nine years ago at a cost f JSOOO. A graded high school Is taught, ,-hlch has an enrollment of about 250 pulls. pulls. The building lu supplied with patent esks. has a chemical and philosophical ·nmratus, a library of 2mi volumes and a .ologicol museum. Prof. K A. Pace Is ipei'inl'MHi^nt of tho Muhilc schools ot iho cHy omd principal of iho w h i t e school, us- Histod l:y a eurs of thV teachers. There Is a good colored school hort- also, employing employing three teachurs. A Urm of nlno montlm a year Is taught ;ri the Hempstcad public schools. Tho following- denominations have houses ' of worship hevo; .Methodist, Baptist. Episcopal Episcopal n.nd Catholic. Tho 1'rtwbyterJans n:id j tht'ir church dcxtroyt-d by Uro a few I months.since, Imt tfu-y nrt* now rebuilding. Thero Aiti four colored churches In town. Tho Masons have a todgn and chnptnr, and tho Odd Follows, Knights of Honor Knights and Ladles of Honor. KnlsrhU of Pythias. Woodmen of thn World and K n i f h t s of Maccubees have IpUgutf. K^mpstTud was mad* the county s*at of Watltr whfu th$ county was or^auie^J. August 1*5. !ST3. TlK- Jiis-i ^o"-irt house was u good trick struciJiv, and wits burtu-.l four vears HUTO. )» i*M ft Mn»' fhr^-sfr.rv court house was built, resting Ji'.i.'H-'. J i i* ilrtr proof ihroUKJiotit and ^upiiIiVd with mi- 1'riviHi j/att-tit oflice rurmtlMv and tKmrrs and A £*v towyr i-Jock. A contract r-ns 3 . i » lie-ing thirteen years moiy i-ian a t;uar', - - - in-w^mi old timer i-omury old. Ht-iiipsu-u general aipvariiu'? of an :\ r i somt) respects. While there uiv numerous- elegant residences* of modern design an, costly finish, there are a "tfood sprinUlin*;-' of "old timers" 10 be seen which show tlie architecture of a generation HIJU. tn especially notk-ablf reminder of the pU Tho main stx'Uon of this establishment is a two-story brick of substantial appearance, appearance, with no attempt whatever at uriui- mentation, and 1'berally, aupj-licJ w i t h windows windows containing 32 Iittl*j loxl;: panes v;u-h This old building was originally ereeu- fur a cotton fat-lory und during tho vur U wius u»ud for tliiri purpose. TV n y.-tir-* ago Ii. was sold to Mr. C, C. Amsler, add*-* to und converted Into an oil null, corn mil und tflnnt-ry. I'p to dale this season 3*1*0 b:ilos of cotton havo been iihipped. Last st-ason C!70 bales were shipped. Homo cotton seed is .--hij.'iu-i also, but the bulk of the product of Una vicinity is crushed by thy oil mill here. Waller county: 1 As previously muted waller county was organized August iti 1S73, U was created from Crimes und Austin Austin counties on tht' L'Sth of t h e prt't-iiitiif? April. The bulk ot the county was cut out oi A u s t i n county. Waller is one ot' the peculiarly shaped uoumit^ btflwr very IOHK and narrow from north 'to south, except at the upper end. which 1ms a considerable projection extending eastward eastward and joining Montgomery county. Tin Brazos river forma its western boundary and a number or good sized creeks ilou through its borders. There are also ;t n u ber of lakes in (he county. It has a large amount of deep, reddish-brown alluvlaii principally upon the Brazos river, that ii. immensely productive and susceptible of highly Intensive culture. Cotton, corn sugar cane, sweet and Irish potatoes, am: nearly all garden vegetables yield well. and most o» the fruits of Tho southern middle middle states produce abundantly. The county county has an area of about £uO .square miles, onp-third of which la timbered, the resi being beautiful gently undulating prairie. Fanning and stock raising are tho leading pursuits of tho rural population. Tiiere uro ilfty-ono miles of ratiruud in the county, county, belonging to the Houston and Texas Central, tho Texas Western and the Missouri. Missouri. Kansas and Texas lines. Tlie total assessed valuation of railroad property in tlie county is $51l.59G. The total assessed values of property all told Is about $3.500.000, $3.500.000, according to the rendition of 181*5. being about a half-million dollars more than by the assessment of 1S94. The average taxable taxable value of land is $S an acre. Tho total number of acres Fendered Tor taxes last year was 332,729. Unimproved land sells at J5 to $25 an 1 acre; Improved for $10 to J35 Waller county has .about {60.000 of bonded bonded Indebtedness for* court house, jail arid bridges. There Is no other Indebtedness. County scrip sells for 95 per cent of its face value. Tho county has 48 public free schools exclusive of the two in Hempstead (which are under the control of the city) about 20 of which are.white schools. The average term taught is five months. 'Some 50 teachers are employed, who are paid salaries of from $30 to $70 a month. The total .scholastic' population of the county is about 4000,oThe':PrairIe View college, the colored branch of the state university, Is also situated lu the county, near Hempstead. Hempstead. · The total population o f - t h e county, according to the census of 1SSO. was 9024: in 1890 it was 10-.8S8. Waller county was named in honor of Judge Edwin TValler. of whom Texas Historian Historian Thrall says: "Came from Virginia to Texas In 1S3H -was slightly wounded in tho battle of. Veiasco in 1S32; in 1833 he was alcalde at Hrazoria: in 1835 in the consultation; in 183C in the convention at Washington; 1838-39, commissioner td lay out the city of Austin and sell the lots; for a time filled the office of postmaster general of the republic of Texas. After annexation he was for twelve years chief justice of Austin county and represented that county in the. secession convention In 18(11. In 1873 he waa president of the Texas veterans' association/ Lives In Waller county." \ Price, McCormluU Co.'s Letter. New York, March IS.--Wo concluded our last weekly review of the cotton market with the following words: . "Tho export of cotton from Ame.rina is rapidly reducing the supply here and Increasing Increasing tho vulnerability of the bears' position, and the demand from consumers promises soon to be somewhat precipitately precipitately augmented by tho necessity oC covering sales, undevj-which those operating for a decline may find themselves." " ' The course of the market during the post week has been such as to abundantly justi-. fy the quotation of our views expressed a week ago. 'Prices are about 40 points higher, higher, and the advance in the market has been due almost entirely to the covering of shorts, thereto compelled by tlie appearance appearance in the market of Mr..Innian as a large buyer, and a confident believer in high prices. At the advance, which is well maintained, It is well to take a tresh' observation. observation. Th« short interest has been largely eliminated, at least so far as the summer positions are concerned. Spot cotton Jg again quoted at S cents m New York. Tho price here as compared with Liverpool is relatively 20 points higher than a week ago, as the foreign markets havo not responded to-the advance In America, Tho result of this change In the situation unless the upward tendency of the market shall continue, and foreigners shall be obliged to pay higher prices, will be to check the export movement and to retain in America, for the present at least, tho cotton already here. The condition of trade in this country is very poor. Mr Inman in a published Interview admits that it is worse than for thirty years. There has been no speculative response to the -advance -advance established. On the contrary, the market has relapsed Into dullness whenever whenever the support supplied by the manipulation, manipulation, which has been so apparent during the week, has been withdrawn. Receipts will doubtless be augmented to some extent extent by the advance in prices. The government government crop report puts this year's production production at 6,683,000, which is generally considered considered as indicating a crop of at least 7,100,000, iii view of the average allowance of 8 per cent for errors, which has come to bo generally made with regard to thn government's report. While the spring is Backward and tho planting- has been per- laps somewhat delayed In Texas, the be- ief in an average Increase in acreage of Tom 10 to 15 per cent is still general and t will require a very earnest refutation of it by an unquestioned showing of facts to jhange public opinion in. this regard. The bulls try to point out. an analoiry etween this season and last and therefrom to argue a further advance, but this seema to be lacking. Prices are now 2V'. cents per -pound higher than at this time last year, while the speculative situation is tho ·everso of last season. The tendency of .he industrial development is to decrease .he cost of all agricultural staples, and tho ato advance seems likely to moderately stimulato the. preparations for the next crop. There are rumors that tho Gorman mills will go on short time on the 20lh of March vhilo in America the slue-pish new ot" tho dry goods markets and the d i f f i c u l t y chaining financial accommodation are already already inducing many of tho New England mills to consider tho advisability of re- lucing production. Under all the. circumstances circumstances and in view of tho advance est-ib- ished In the market, pending the develop- nent of further speculation, it seems wiso o assume that the short interest which ias bee.n the mainspring of the week's ad- ·ance, is covered, and that those \vho havo bought cotton must wait for the development development of Influences to enhance Its valuo hat are not yet apparent. That City Election Unnrrel. Waco, Tex., March 21.--In an affray to- Igt In East Waco Wm. Colvln, a young nan, was fatally shot. It was a city elec- lon quarrel. The officers are in pursuit of he man accused of the shooting. LABOR MATTERS. Tj*trr Trouble* in 1,'lnolniin IK Cincinnati, O., March I'i:.--The strike of ho clothk-rs has continued horo for tliruo veeks without concessions from cliliur Ulo. Yesterday cutlers arrived from Now 'oik and will go to work to-morrow. Tho inkers had nn orderly inrM'ng to-day r.nrt lalm they are not concerned over tin, 1 im- ortatlon of cutters, as t h p syniputhcU-" iriht; will cofttlnuo as heretofore, and tho nfinufnoturors *·"·* ·*"* -·** **·-' done. can not get their work The bricklayers havo not adjusted their differences, and some trouble If expected at tha opening of tho build In* season* Tho A t U Jovij to ju.si days a mail ull enjoy with ent and thft burger series haps, Among Garten Tho comes bulk to 870 ous from iron. 2000 The should water 'Why book Guaymas, other 3QQ the of COO tho and In before shipment, the arid way "Who consumer, ·The goods different that i n ' a that extra and energetic can maintaining Is a recognition Tho and course eagle lead Another" concluded next ine; Martin facts. and, matter. vessels, ;n tho which :ween jig They and .ons. lead Ion and 000 rather agent, iudson n charges 10 istic. find while company ibornl additional went ileased f he night he on at Wolford 2 reports Very Tho Hernick Vela? no. The owner and and Shu Tho camo bargo portH Tho wheel making on HIM Tht- cypress is frequent tlr.e arrived Mnrrh who. liarken; The IroHHj ThOHO fresh living In United and rftau during 'there

Clipped from
  1. The Galveston Daily News,
  2. 23 Mar 1896, Mon,
  3. Page 7

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  • Collector Peebles

    TXHooper – 06 May 2013

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