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OKWKAMOM ^ WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND WASHINGTON — As the General of tribute to Evatt, the Australian cynically replied: "There are many things 1 fnigh Assembly of the United Nations meets in New York today, two hold the spotlight as its possible President!. They are: Oswaldo Aranha of Brazil, ex» gaucho, ex'Foreign Minister and best champion of the United States in South America. Herbert Evatt of Australia, great champion of small nations, twister of the Soviet tail, and an original architect of the United Nations. Though General Marsha 1 !! and the Russians will retain the power, Aranha and Evatt will represent the hopes and dreams of millions that someone may lead the world away from the widening chasm that now yawns between the communist and capitalist worlds of the USSR and the USA. Aranha, who served as President of the United Nations Assembly at its special Palestine session, is so strongly pro-American that it has hurt him in Brazil. An Ambassador to the USA he came to know and love this country. He visited the Kentucky Derby with Jim Farley (and incidentally won $1,500); took in both Republican and Democratic Conventions; inspected Boulder Dam; played roulette at Elkp, Nev., put his children in American schools and toured the USA from one end to the other. An impatient, indefatigable ex- cattleman from the ranches of South Brazil, he spent one year in the saddle, sleeping -outdoors, leading a revolution; has one bullet in his shoulder, one heel shot away. No ordinary diplomat, Aranha chafes at delay, has been the only man able to put Soviet Ambassador Gromyko in his place. In New York last winter Gromyko would keep the UN Council Council waiting a full hour, arrived whenever he felt like it. Courteous US delegate Warren Austin patiently patiently waited. But not Aranha. When it came his turn to preside over the Council, Aranha delayed not one minute for the tardy Russian. And when Gromyko attempted some of his fancy sabotage, the Brazilian nearly bit his head off. say at this moment, but 1 am afraid someone might exercise his power of veto ovef me." One year* later at the Paris Peace Conference, Evatt was fighting' side by side with Jimmie Byrnes against the Soviet's sabotaging tactics. In fact, Evatt sometimes seemed to be goading Byrnes into action. Evatt married an American, loves American baseball, collects American American books. At the age of 36 he was a member of the Australian Supreme Coujt, since 1940 'a labor member of the Australian Parliament, since 1941 Foreign Minister of his country. country. Jap Appeasement In London, the British don't particularly particularly like Evatt, consider him too >ro-American. On one thing, however, however, he emphatically disagrees with the USA—the future of Japan. En route to New York, Evatt stopped stopped in Tokyo, visited General MacArthur, MacArthur, It was predicted the sparks would fly. For Australia, fearful of another Japanese invasion of the South Pacific, is harsh in criticising MacArthur's so-called Japanese appeasement. appeasement. Australians believe Japan cannot be trusted, cannot be allowed to rebuild rebuild her industry, must be kept a ,hird-rate power. Many Americans on the other hand, led by MacArthur, MacArthur, consider Japan an Asiatic base against Russia. Arriving in Tokyo, Evatt and MacArthur were photographed together, together, walked arm-in-arm together. Rumor had it that Evatt had fallen under MacArthur's magic spell. Underneath, however, Evatt still remains a staunch Australian, still ;urns an emphatic thumbs-down on a soft peace for Japan. New York's Great Problem For the next three months dele- United Nations ( will along Fifth Avenue, gates to the window-shop sample New York night spots, and gripe at high U, S. prices. Also, they will tackle-three all-important problems

Clipped from
  1. The Indiana Gazette,
  2. 16 Sep 1947, Tue,
  3. Page 5

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