Entry in the I Oswaldo Aranha of Named U.N. Assembly Chosen on Second Ballot, He Sets Keynote of Meeting Telling Delegates Question They Face Is "Whether Road Will Lead to Peace or to Strife"--Subsequent Sessions Will Try to Settle Soviet-Western Quarrels. New York, Sept. 16.--S--She United Nations assembly elected Dr. Oswaldo Aranha of Brazil as its president today and began a search- for measures to stop the discord between the United States and Russia. Statesmen of 55 nations gathered from all parts of the world realized realized that the answer to most of the issues before the U. N. lay in settling the Soviet-western quarrels. quarrels. Those overshadowed every move here. Two ballots were taken to name the president. Aranha got 26 votes on the first Dallot to 23 for Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, Australia's foreign minister, an,j 6 for Dr. Jan Masaryk, for- minister of Czechoslovakia. prevented Majority Tote Required. On the second ballot--between the two top contenders--Aranha had 29, Evatt 22, and four were invalid. A majority of those present present and voting was required. Aranha set~the keynote of the meeting when he told the opening session this morning that, the question question before the delegates was "whether the road will lead to peace or to strife." The -large, ornate assembly hall was filled when Aranha, as temporary temporary president holding" over from the special Palestine session of the assembly here last spring, banged down the opening gavel at 11:09 a. m., eastern daylight time. In contrast to the formality of last year's opening here, -when President Truman himself welcomed welcomed the U. N. with a U. S. statement, the start this year simple. The morning session was confined confined to speeches by Aranha and Mayor William O'Dwyer. O'Dwyer told the delegates that "deep in our hearts we kno^w that the Nations is the best hope of mankind mankind in a distraught world and that on your success hinges the future of everyone of us." Organization Completed. The assembly completed organization organization this afternoon by 'electing the chairmen of the six main committees and seven vice presidents. These, with the president, make the powerful 14-nation steering committee. Aranha announce^ that the assembly assembly would meet again tomorrow tomorrow at 10 a. m. and 2 p. m, standard time. With its first-day's slate clean, the assembly adjourned for the at 5:34 p. m. Secretary Marshall Is slated to make a statement tomorrow, probably probably taking the floor after Mex- co's opening statement in general debate.