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ARANHA-WW2-2 - Outspoken Brazilian Labors For Unity of...
Outspoken Brazilian Labors For Unity of Americas Oswaldo Aranha Will Lead Discussions When Hemispheric Leaders Open Rio de Janeiro Conference January 15 , ter. By Richard Dyer RIO DE JANEIRO (Correspondence of Wide World)—An outstanding South American exponent of full-fledged support for the United States war effort will preside at the Pan-American consultative conference opening here January 15. He is Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil's* ~ affable, outspoken foreign minis- j Since the United States entered the war, Aranha tins proclaimed Small's solidarity with TTnclr Snm, luul Pi'i'xltlrnt Gntullo Vargas hns retifflrmocl that slund. Worked 'J'lrMi-nrily But long before the war, Aranha worked tirelessly to line up Brazil War Decision Confronts Latin America RIO DE JANEIRO, Jon. 10 S^uth^mertca- ! -Whether to declare war unani- with the United-States. In October he asserted: "Brazil will not remain neutral In the event of participation of any American nation In a war." President Vargas Vargas seconded Jiim with a warning to nations "which might wish to disrupt hemisphere unity." With each succeeding day, Brazilian Brazilian officialdom 'and the Brazilian Brazilian press became more solidly attached to President Roosevelt and his declarations that Hitlerism must be destroyed. Aranha may have smiled at this flurry fo.r solidarity. He had recommended recommended it, and vehemently, mously on the axis be the major question before Pan America's America's diplomats when they gather in Brazil's abandoned parliamentary parliamentary hall five days hence for their most important conference in history. history. Delegates who have wlrcady arrived arrived said it would be necessary to clarify two points: 1. Whether the United States w»nts the nations to declare war, 2. Whether all the South American nations are willing- to do so. The Dominican Republic, typical of the Central American countries which have expressed solidarity lar in South America, during a decade in which totalitarian and democratic sympathizers battled for the upper hand. He had fought for a policy of closer cooperation with the United States when that country to some South Americans still was the "Colossus of the North." Started Deal Friends say that when Aranha was in Washington as Brazilian ambassador five years ago he quietly started a deal to bring North" American instead of European European arms to his country, nnd to take his country's produce to the United- States, not Europe. In exchange. exchange. Out of this eventually emerged a $100,000,000 Brazilian-United States agreement for exchange of nounced it would propose that all nations enter the war. But Enrique Ruiz Guinazu, foreign foreign minister of Argentina, has hinted that Argentina will not i agree and Oswaldo Aranha, foreign minister of Brazil, has declined to answer the direct question. Other South American nations hava not committed themselves. It seemed likely that the conference conference opening Thursday would produce produce at least a strong declaration reinforcing expressions of solidarity. solidarity. New economic agreements guaranteeing the United States all the raw materials she needs and can obtain from South America alfib seemed probable. Informed sources sold It appeared appeared that Argentina, Brazil and | ijuilt"up. armaments and m ^ t _ 01rials ;,^_ cfl j,^ I rectly attacked they could serve 1 nemis pj lere defense better by remaining- remaining- out of the fight. War Contracts Hit Millions DETROIT, Jan, 10 (/PI— C, E. Wilson, president of General Motors Motors corporation, announced Saturday Saturday the receipt of $769,330,000 in war contracts since January 1, to ndd to a SI,209,863,173 backlog of unfilled orders. Ed.sel Ford, president of the Ford Motor company, announced nrmy orders for nearly $84,000,000 worth of military vehicles have been received by the company in the past 10 days. probably other nations felt that so long as the Americas were not di- fully was the whole affair put through that the first news broke only when the first arms shipment arrived in Brazil, Booes Speeded ^ Construction of vital air and naval bases in northeastern Brazil —lying- opposite Dakar in West Africa—was speeded in the months before the United States entered the war. Brazilian army garrisons in the same vital sector were Aranha Is the "Gnucho" of the Vargas cabinet, the horse-loving, carefree and exuberant type from Rio Grande Do Sul. the cattle country country of Brazil. Tall, slightly stooped, nearly always smiling, slightly gray and still under 50. he is one of the most popular of Brazilians. ! | |

Clipped from
  1. The Salt Lake Tribune,
  2. 11 Jan 1942, Sun,
  3. Page 2

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