Oil sands and natural gas in Ohio part 2
OIL INDUSTRY MAY COME BACK iN (Continued Prom PMÂ« One) Mrs. for Route Mrs. at today Mrs. and Mary had account the G county of the world's first horizontal horizontal oil well by a former school teacher. Acidization, the second method new to Ohio has been put to work near Cleveland, doubling production. These stimulants come to an industry, which once played a ing role in Ohio economic life vhjch has gone downhill since early years of the century. The first Ohio will was drilled in 1860 near Macksburg, about miles from the Ohio river in Vashington county. Since then, there have been 150,000 oil and drillings in the state and more 10,000 have been in Washington county. In recent years, new drillings have averaged about 1,200 wells annually but only 921 in 1938, according to Stout. Washington led he counties in new wells last with 123, Licking was second 101, and Athens, third, with 76 However, of the 921 drillings, were dry as 433 brot in gas 189 oil. The heyday of Ohio oil production ran from 1896 to 1904 19 to 24-million barrels were produced yearly. Then the decline started and by 1929, production was down to 6,743,000 barrels from 37,210 active wells and last year to 3,298,000 barrels from 27,500 active wells. Altho similar figures were not available for gas production, O'Rourke said the downward ;rend has been about the same. Production in 1929 was 42,783 million cubic feet and last year. 63,000 million. Peak gas production production occurred around 1910-1913. Water flooding is being tried Chatham in Medina county by group of operators from the Bradford fields of Pennsylvania where the method has been successful similar shallow fields. The process process involves drilling two wells close to each other. One pumps water into the sand strata, forcing forcing the oil to flow from the well with the aid of a suction pump. Acidization is being successfully utilized in the so-called Newburgh sands just east of Cleveland. production here was doubled 2,000,000 to 4,000,000 cubic feet. The horizontal drilling, never before successful, has been accomplished as far as 1,600 feet into the "side" of an oil-bearing thru the ingenuity of Leo an ex-school teacher. Backed financially by a major oil firm, Ranney pushed his firs' well 800 feet into an "inactive* area near McConnellsville. The well immediately began flowini at the rate of one barrel an compared to a former rate of than one-eighth barrel. Ranney now has dug a pit, 30 feet in diameter, and undertaken horizontal drilling in 24 directions, thereby tapping a wide area of oil strata. The search for new oil-bearing sands goes on simultaneously the administration of stimulants the old. Stout said there are "secretive exploration along the geologica Cincinnati arch, extending acros the western section of "the state These explorations, abetted bj new seismograph and other testing instruments, extend soutl to the present boundaries of Trenton field--Mercer, Auglaize Hardin and Allen coonties. "The Oriskany sands which Dig prolucers around Charleston W. Va., are also under scrutiny eastern Ohio where they may hidden by glacial dep6Sits," Stou said. These sands in the past produced gas in Guernsey anc Ashtabula counties, Counties in the three ma jo fields are: Trenton -- Lucas, Wood, San dusky, Seneca, Hancock, Wyando Hardin, Allen, Van Wert, Mercsr Auglaize. Clinton--Cuyahoga, Lorain, dina, Summit, Stark. Wayne, jland, Richland, Holmes, Knox, Coshocton, Licking, Muskingum, Fairfield. Perry, Hocking, Athens, Vinton, Jackson, Lawrence. Eastern Shallow -- Washinton, Noble, Guernsey, Harrison.