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Southwark Riot July 10 1844
BALTIMORE, WEDNESDAY is 1 is of is FEN- cf is 1, in $G pub-lie to to FURTHER PARTICUL.ARS OF THE PHILADELPHIA RIOTS. Order Oxce More Restored. By the Philadelphia papers of yesterday morning it ap pears that the withdrawing of the military from the scene of the riot, and the substitution of the civic authority of the District, has had the pro mised effect of restoring order. The United States Gazette says: It is impossible to say, but for this movement, what might have been the consequences. It is certain that a war of extermination was meant to have been waged upon the military. No less than three thousand people (we really believe) were under arms in the District. 1 hey had, beyond doubt, at least six cannons ; and there was not a store in the District from which all the ammunition had not been purchased during the morning. I heir threats were ot the most tearful character, a -spirit of determined resist ance to the constituted authorities was every where evidenced, and energetic measures were taken by them to procure cannon, in order to attack the military, who were doomed by them to certain destruction, unless they quitted the Dis trict, and gave it up to the charge ot the civil authorities. About ten o'clock, an exceedingly iaree meet ing c rtainly not less than five or six thousand people was organized at the lower end of Wharton Market, and resolutions were passed in favor of the vacation of the District by the military. Meantime, the Aldermen of the Dis trict had united in the expression of a similar desire, in writing, addressed to the Sheriff. The Commissioners also met. and resolved to ad dress the Sheriff, and to state to him that in their opinion the peace of the District would be pro moted by a substitution of the Peace Police of the Sheriff for the Military. An inquiry was made whether the District could preserve the property without the Military, and an answer was received stating the con vie ions of the writers that the propeity would be entirely safe in the hands of the Peace Police and the District Police. An interview was had between the Sheriff, Aldermen Palmer and Sanders, and Judges King and Jones, by which it was determined to accede to this request, and that the Sheriff would be justifiable in acceding, under the circumstances. Aldermen Sanders and Palmer immediately after this decision started down to the church in a carriage, but the news of the determination of the civil authorities reached the church be fore them, and the military took up their line of march to the arsenal, and when the Aldermen reached the church they found it in possession of a self-appointed body of citizens. The Aldermen, assisted by"Mr. Grover, Mr. Penrose Ash, and other pqpulan citizens, immediately commeneed the organization of an effective peace police ; and this bad wen effected, and all was quiet, as early as three o'clock in the afternoon Governor Porter arrived in the city by the af ternoon line from liarrisburg, We have thus given a hasty sketch of the pro ceedings of the day. It yet remains to speak of the killed and wounded in the encounter on Sunday night. Queen street, from Second to Third street, presents a melancholy spectacle. The windows of the buildings shattered by the heavy concus ions of the guns, and the doors and shutters riddled and torn with grape shot. Col. R. K. Scott, of the Cadwalader Grays, is pronounced to be out of danger. The ball was extracted yesterday morning, and found to have lodged inside ot his lelt shoulder, and not in his spine, as previously reported. Several balls passed through General Cad walader's coat, but did not injure him in the least. It is said that at least ten bullet holes are torn in his uniform. His escape is wonder ful, for he was constantlv m. dangerous posi tions, notwithstanding the fearful threats of ven geance upon him by the mob. A gallows was actually erected at Wharton market for the pur pose of hanging him if he should be taken. The corps of Germantown Blues stood their ground gallantly, and though exposed with the companies of GermantownArtillcry, Cadwalader Grays, and the first company of Stale Fen-cibles, to a raking fire from Queen street and Third street, did their duty like men. All these companies behaved with perfect coolness and intrepidity, and all the efforts of the mob could not shake their front for an instant. The following items are from the Ledger and other papers of yesterday morning: JWonday, 4 o'clock, P. JI. We learn, that shortly after the military had left the ground, a man named James O'Neill was knocked down and kicked at the corner of Queen and Second streets, in consequence of some imprudent re marks, and his jaw broken in two places. The injured man was taken to the Hospital. Ro bert Gallagher, the Hibernia Green, who was severely beaten on Sunday, was, about the same time, removed from the Southwark Hall, with some difficulty, on account of the opposi tion by portions of the crowd, and carried in a cab to the Hospital. .Mr. rT,lirTria PI HrAvop o ljisilinir Vativo American. PTrt hlmcoK ln tV.. ntmnt tn rp. store quiet. Being verv popular in the district, ! A V U7St.a. Ul aUUUCUUC 13 givnvt Other principal leaders in the Native party also used their endeavors to restore order. Mr. Grover even offered to become personally responsible for damages. In the morning, a report was current that the Natives in Kensington were aiding their brothers in Southwark, by supplying them with ammunition, by sending it to them by the river, to some distance below the city. How true this report is, we cannot say. In the afternoon, a large body of Natives in Kensington, assembled, and expressed their determination to aid those in Southwark to the death. A large portion of the Southwark Natives assembled at the Wharton Market, about 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Many of them openly avowed their determination to burn St. Philip de Neri. They were of the riotous class. About 5 P. JI. Two or three Irishmen in the vicinity of Queen and Third streets, who were heard to express violent language, were roughly treated by the mob. One of them, named James McCann, was very badly beaten. A very large number of troops, from the country, arrived in the city yesterday afternoon, and reported themselves to the Major General, at his head quarters. Among these was a large number of cavalry, horse, and foot rifle. In the evening, some three thousand military, in all, were under arms, at their armories the arsenal, inc. A large civil force had also been enrolled. Half past eight o'clock, P. JYL At 6, P. M-, there were not more than four hundred persons in the immediate vicinity of the church in Queen street. The church was in the possession of a large body of the police of the District of Southwark, headed by the constituted' authorities. They wore white badges, with the proper designation printed upon them. The excitement had greatly subsided, but still groups of some ten or twenty persons were standing at different points, holding somewhat belligerent conversation. The indications generally gave assurance that the worst was over, and that n farther outbreak was intended. The principal portion of those in the streets appeared to be spectators, who were perambulating about, examining the shot'marks upon the houses, &tc. The different companies of horse patrolled the city and districts all the evening. Gen. Room-fort, with the Montgomery county cavalry, passed our office at half past . 10 o'clock, on their way . to the major-general's Lead quarters, to report.-""" - - ' I . All is quiet there are some collections of persons in front of the State House, and in the neighborhood of the rials the crowds are many, but not very large. '' ' . s . ' In the building and yard of the Girard bank, a large number of troops . from the country are stationed ready for an emergency but we now think there will be no occasion for their services to-night. ' v t MORNING, JULY 10, 1844 All the theatres in the city were closed last evening. I he attention 01 tnepeopie ws w-eupied with the riots. JVIne o'clock J". Jtf. All is quiet in the vicinity of the Church, though the streets are crowded with people. The police of Southwark are upon the ground and their efforts to prevent disturbance hate thus far been successful. A number of persons have had a piece of cannon out on the commons all the afternoon practising the loading and firing motions so as to render themselves expert in its use, and two or three heavy discharges renewed the alarm of some people and led them to believe that another fa tal outbreak had occurred. Their fears, however, were dispelled by the peaceful reports from the scene of the late conflict. The military were quietly reposing at their different quarters in the city and county. Half-vast 10 o'coc. All is quiet. The Na tives have several pieces of cannon in the Wharton Market, and are mustered strong. They openly say, they are only waiting for the military. They are well organized have appointed officers, and are in good drill. There will not be any occasion for their preparations. So long as the present quiet remains, the military will not remove from their quarters. 11 o'clock. There are very lew persons in the vicinity of the St. Philip de eri church, Queen and Third streets. The authorities have control of the church and district, and there does not appear the slightest disposition to violate the arrangements so amicably entered upon. The following General Order has just been issued by Governor Porter. It points out decisively the course to be pursued by the constituted authorities. GENERAL ORDERS. David R. Porter, Governor of the Common wealth of Pennsylvania, Commander in Chief, U.t. Orders as follows: The Governor and Commander in Chief deep ly regrets that the renewal of riot, disorder and bloodshed, has again compelled him to repair to this city, for the purpose of aiding in the preser vation ot peace, and the restoration ot order. A crisis has arrived of the most appalling charac ter, in which every good citizen is called upon by the highest obligations of duty, to stand forward in the maintainance of the laws. The origin of the existing disturbances sinks into utter insignificance when compared with the dis astrous consequences that must inevitably result from their continuance: ( - Whatever opinion any citizen may have entertained at the outset of these disturbances, as to the cause, no man can view without the must poignant feeling the deplorable state of things, already produced, and certain to succeed, if they are not immediately arrested. The question is now, shall an irresponsible mob, or the regularly constituted authorities be forced to yield. Xo good citizen who understands the nature, and desires to enjoy the blessings oi our free institutions, will hesitate an instant under which standard to rally. The friends of peace, order, law and liberty, will put forth their utmost might in supporting the legal authorities in the discharge of their duty. Those who are enemies to these sacred objects, will aid and countenance the efforts of the insurgents. The Commander-in-Chief feels great satisfaction in announcing his entire approbation of all the measures that have been adopted by Maior General Patterson, as well as of the High Sheriff, for quelling and dispersing the tumultuous assemblages of persons that sought to intimidate and drive from the ground the military force, while peacefully engaged in performing iff duty. The retribution has indeed been terrjble5 but it was alike unavoidable and justifiable. If the laws cannot be maintained without the use of force, then force becomes as mush an act ot patriotism as of duty, and must be applied when the awful necessity ar.ses. This remark is made in the hope that no repetition will be re quired of this most painful and terrific remedy. Orders have been issued to the Majors Gene ral of several of the nearest divisions to have all the Volunteer Companies under their command in readiness to march at a moment's no tice, and in pursuance of this order, a large .force will be mustered to repair to the scene ot disturbance at any hour which may be designated. The Commander-in Chief Orders. 1. That Major General Patterson detail as large a force as may be necessary to clear and occupy all the'streets, lanes, alleys, and places menaced with attack, and take immediate charge ot all such places, and protect them from inti u sion and assault. N. 2. That Maior General Patterson so station and distribute his forces as to commandxall the streets and other assailable points, to disperse or arrest as may be necessary all those persons who may assemble in considerable bodies for I the purpose of. exciting to riot, tumult and dis-H order. 3. That Major General Patterson adopt the most prompt and efhcient .steps to disperse riot ous assemblages as soon as they begin to form, and before they have time and opportunity to mature and carry into execution their mischiey ous intentions. 4. That Maj. Gen. Patterson treat all persons found with arms in their hands, or in posses sion of cannon, or aiding and abetting those ! .w ho have and who have not reported them ! for service to the Commander-in-Chief, as open enemies of the State, seeking to de stroy the property and lives of the citizens, and to trample on its laws. 3. The Volunteers from other divisions, as they reach this place, will report themselves to XVlaj. tveneral Patterson, and act in obedience to ... nis oraers. In obedience to a spirit of considerate forbear. ance, the military force has been withdrawn trom isamt Philip's Church, and a relief station ed there of the civil posse, at the instance, and under the direction of the Magistrates of the District. This measure, it is presumed, will furnish an appeal to the reason and patriotism of the citizens, which will not be in vainj but, should it unfortunately prove to be unavailing, the most decisive steps will be taken. Not onlv the military force now here, but that ordered to be in readiness, will be called to this place, and so employed that every person found with ajjpns in their hands, or in their houses, will be pursued to the utmost, and brought to punishment for their temerity and crimes. . r Thus far the conduct of the Citizen Soldierv has been distinguished by equal bravery and for bearance, and the Commander-in-Chief has no . 1 1 . .... aouoc, in any luture emergency, that they will continue 10 re actuated by the same determina tion to do their duty. All well disposed persons are cautioned to j-e frain from joining or countenancing any riotous assemblages in any part of the city and county et rniiaaeipnia, either as actois or spectators. Prompt and efficient measures will be adopted to disperse them; and it is difficult, in so domr. to distinguish between the. guilty and the innocent. Riot and bloodshed must be terminated at oncej the duty of effecting this rests with the Executive, and those who act under his orders. 1 A 1 m m . . - ana whatever ue Hazard, Uus duty shall be iaiuiiuuy ana ieariessiy performed. By order nf David R. Porter. - ;i Governor of the Com. of Pennsylvania, and Commander-in-Chief. Adam Miller, Adjt. Gen. P. M. Head Quarters, Philadelphia, July 8. 1844. Shortly after nightfall two parties of boys were seen approaching St. Paul's church, at Tenth and Christian streets, apparently with the intention of attacking it. They were stopped when at some distance from it by Dr. Strafford and others, and questioned &s to their intentions. Finding that they were of a hostile character, Dr. Strafford addressed them at some length, and succeeded in getting them to disperse. ' Another party had in their possession a gun mounted upon a dray, which they were dragging toward the church. These also were stopped, and prevailed upon to retire. The citizen force being small, it was not posfible to arrest any of them, or to take possession of the cannon: Beyond this, no demonstration of violence was made in any part of the district, At midnight, in the vicinity of St Philip's -church eveiy thing was perfectly quiet but few persons were in the streets, and tie citizen PRICE ONE CENT. police were fathered in and about the church to protect it from assault if any should be made. Every turbulent feeling seemed subdued, and the fearful riot is now apparently at an end.' It must be the fervent hope, as it should be the earnest endeavor of every good citizen that be it continued so. I , - - , The Killed and Wounded. .The persons known to be killed are Enos Walters, William Crozier, Messrs. Fairfield, and Freed, Captain Teal, John Cook, Jas. Dougherty, G. Ehleres, Sergeant Guyer, Corporal Troutman, and a few others, names unknown. The wounded are Eiward Lyon, CapL R. K. Scott, Col. Plea-santon, Jas. Linsenberger, T. C. Saunders, David Kithcart, Wm Manning, Jas. W. Barr,Jno. Husted, Q. Jester, James It. Tully,Wm. Baggs, Dr. Appleton, Lemuel Paynter, John Houston, Messis. Guy, T. D. Grover, F. Warner, Grey, Jos. Siiby, H. Slack, H. Jones, Frost, Carter, Thalbert, John Quinn, Jas. Lawson, Ed. Mc-Guire, Thos. Street, Mrs. Lisle, a young lady, and a child, Sergeant Starr, Sergeant Marsten, Privates RusselJ, Morrison, Ash worth, Water-house, Wooldridge, Crawford, Williams, Ball, Dougherty, McCarren, and many others on both sides. Several persons received bayonet wounds, of whom Mr. Grover was one. POSTSCRIPT. LATER FROM PHILADELPHIA. A letter from Philadelphia received by the boat this morning, dated at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, represents all to be quiet with every probability of.its continuance. - The police of Southwark are still in quiet possession of the church of St. Philip de Neri, in Queen street. Large masses of people are gathered in different parts of the district. Manv of the mast respectable citizens of Southwark are endeavoring to allay the excitement of the mob and restore peace and quiet; we hope they may be successful. Every thing wore the aspect of war. The city and lower districts were crowded with citizens, many of whom had come an hundred miles Irani the interior. Comoames of troops were hourly ai riving from the country. The city and county troops were all under arms,and stationed at tne Uirard Dank, the Arsenal at Thirteenth street, and various other posts. Address to the Qceen. Mr. O'Brien read the subjoined address, which he termed a na tional declaration to be satisfied with nothirg less than a Repeal of the Legislative Union: "Juost trracwus Sovereign We, the under signed inhabitants and natives of theKingdom of Ireland, being deeply aggrieved and incensed by the acts of those who misuse your Majesty's name to sanction their aggressions upon our rights and liberties, ar d confiding in your Majesty's benign disposition towards your loyal lnsn suojeeis, venture to approach jour throne with this our appeal ' for redress. An event. Most Gracious Sovereign, has occurred, which has caused to the Irish nation intense sor row, alarm and indignation. The most il lustrious of your Majesty's subjects, together with six others of our fellow countrymen, are now inmates of a common jail having been convicted by means -which we believe to be un constitutional, illegal and unjust, for having performed acts deserving, not of punishment, but of the highest commendation. Desiring to unfold to your Majesty the course of circumstances which have brought to pass this event, never to bejorgotten by the Irish nation, we beg respectfully to represent to your Majesty, that your Irish subjects claim to be a free people, and to be as much entitled to the enjoyment of free institutions as the most favored inhabitants of your empire. That, for several hundred years they possessed, under the Crown of England, a national parliament. That by a combination of wickedness 'almost without a parallel, they were, in the year 1S00, deprived of this their ancient birthright and inheritance. That they have since learned by the sad experience of for ty-three years, how great a loss their country sustained in exchanging self government for provincial dependency. That in the British parliament Irish interests are neglected, Irish feelings find no sympathy, Irish opiuion possesses no weight: and that the fruit of British leeis- lation for Ireland has been the prostration otfill those resources, moral and material, which can give dignity, prosperity and contentment to a nation. One man had sufficient penetration to discover the cause of our sufferings, and sufficient energy to rouse his countrymen to assist him in the almost hopeless task of recovering our Legislature. His mission was peaceful. He announced that no' triumph which we could achieve was to be accepted, if won by the effusion of a single drop of blood. TTp relif! nnnn fVif irrociatiKIa infln.tiK. opinion, sustained by consciousness of the force orchis reasoning, and of the righteousness of his T T II. J 1 11 1- cause- ne caiiea togetner nis ieliow countrymen. XThey assembled in peaceful array. He asked them whether his opinions were confirmed by theirconcurrence. They answered, with a voice almost unanimous, that there is no hope for Ireland, savesin the restoration of her Legislature. Such is the offence of Daniel O'Con-nell. For havingought to secure to the land of his birth the protecting influences of self-government, our aged patriot now inhabits the abode of a felon. FromXamong the millions who coincide with him in opinion, an4 who. so coinciding, share his guilt, without partaking his merit or his doom, eight weresselected as instruments to effect his convictionX For whatever imprudent words they may haye spoken, written or published, he has been heldVesponsi-ble. We are told most gracious Sovereign, but we believe it not, that this is the law of the stand. Our reason tells us it is not the law of Nature or of God. The course of the trial has bee consistent with the nature of the charge and the means by which it has been sustained. W have been accustomed to believe that trial by jury was instituted to secure to the accused an impartial tribunal. In the case of O'Connell we have seen the jury law violated, and every expedient adopted which could insure his conviction, by the intervention of political and re-ligious prejudice. In your Majesty's highest court of criminal judicatuie, your Attorney General ha3 been allowed during the progress of this trial, with impunity, to violate the laws of Crod and man. lour Chief Justice has been seen to take upon himself the office of advocate against the accused. Thus, by a perversion of law and by a denial of justice, the greatest man of his age has been convicted on a charge of conspiracy, and has been consigned to a jail even before the process is terminated which questions the validity of his trial. In addressing your Majesty, we do not use courtly phrase or the customary formularies of adulation. We address you as our beloved Sovereign, ia the language of the heart. We fear that truth seldom reaches the royal ear, and being sincerely desirous to preserve to your Majesty, unimpaired, the affection of the people of Ireland, we may not conceal from you our conviction that the proceedings of your Majesty's present ministers, have greatly tended to alienate the minds of your Irish subjects from the laws, institutions and government which tbey administer, and to engender animosities between the kindred nations which acknowledge your Majesty's sway. To us, this event brings an additional proof that Ireland can never be wisely or safely governed, until we possess a native legislature 3 and under the pressure of this conviction, we think it right, on the present occasion, not only to lay before your Majesty this our national protest against the injustice which has been inflicted upon our innocent-fellow countrymen, and against the violation of our own rights and liberties, but also to record the fixed and irrevocable determination of a large majority of the, Irish nation, to persevere until success shall reward their perseverance in their efforts to obtain the restoration of the Parliament of Ireland. Relying, then, upon vour Majesty's gracious desire to promote the happiness f your Irish subjects, we implore your Majesty to assist our endeavor to obtain a repeal of the Act of Union, as the only effectual means of protecting us from these wrongs legislative, adrainis-trative and judicial w hich we now endure. That our Gracious Queen, assisted by the counsels of an Irish Parliament, and of Ministers tot who witness deny t te the the to rally a and the not a of ui 4" ui bad and reader historian u, population cese raie the be In and the It Sir be as by of to at punishing is us in All Or in an old am