Clipped From The Express
1961 • e • not Republican It the behalf, asking they its the the as homo it know on the four attendant bell, part facts their on would assuring we maintaining replacing and old; community. than when first sacrificed way had been have Shade real to do where permission made protect made Bombed Birmingham Negro Bapfisfs Have Much to Forgive Gov. Wallace By DREW PEARSON Copyright, 1963 by tht Bell Syndicate, Inc. WASHINGTON - Three contrasting pictures arc before m« as I write this column. On« is the recollection of a handsome young man with an almost boyish face. Smoking a long black cigar, sitting in my living room and telling me of his plans as governor of Alabama. The second is the mental picture of litle girls in white dresses, neatly ironed, pigtails tied in ribbons, going to Sunday School in Birmingham. The third is the final picture of those same little girls, dresses crumpled, bodies bloody, one with her head blown off, being carried away on stretchers. It was the Lord's Day in Birmingham, supposed to be a day of peace. And it was Children's Day the 16th Street Baptist Church. The theme was forgiveness — the story of how Joseph forgave his brothers when they were jealous of him and .sold him into bondage. The people of that church havt a lot to forgive now, especially the fathers and mothers of those little girls in crumpled white dresses. Rev. John Cross, their pastor, took the lead in urging forgiveness when he sei/.ed a megaphone minutes after the bombing and shouted an anguished appeal: "Please go home! The Lord i« our shepherd. W« shaH not want." Yes, they have a lot to forgive at the 16th Street Baptist Church —the broken bodies of their children, the broken church, the broken stained glass window* they had saved so long to buy. How many collections those windows had required! And how many times the mothers of those little girls had washed them and dressed them and sent them off to Sunday School to learn patience and forgiveness! Now their crumpled bodies lay mute on bloodstained sheets; and the dusty plaster, the splintered pews, the ripped up flooring, the tattered prayerbooks, the pieces of glass — shattered glass everywhere—all bore silent testimony that there was much on the other side to forgive. One stained glass window remained — Christ leading a group of children. His face was blown out — Symbolic of the fact that the spirit of Christ has been blown out of many part* of Birmingham today. • • • Serene Gov. Wallace Gov. George Wallace, the man who leads the state of Alabama, sat in my living room last winter, handsome, .serene, confident, puffing his cigar. He'd been governor of Alabama about three months and expected no problems. He had been the friend of the "Nigra", he said, had served on llie board of directors at Tuske- gce, atended meetings with the Rockefellers in New York, smoked their one dollar cigars, but refused to follow their ideas on the race problem. That problem, as tar as the schools were concerned, was to permit no integration. "What are you going to do about the University of Alabama?" I asked, knowing that integration was due shortly. "Are you going to let it become another University of Mississippi?" "We ar« not going to retract one inoh", he said. "I don't car* what the other states do. I have announced that I would draw a line in the dust, and I shall stand in the door to block the entry of federal troops or federal marshals or anyone else. They will have to arrest me before they integrate the University of Alabama." "But you have been a judge," I said, "and you know the importance of respecting the authority of the courts. If you set an example of opposition, you undermine the courts and give a cue to everyone who believes in violence." "I'm against violence," repeated the governor, puffing his cigar, "But I'm also against integration." 1 remembered the bombings of the past — the twisted lockers, the torn testboks at the Clinton High School in Tennessee, which so many people had worked so hard to build; the gaping holes in the floor, the battered classrooms at Osage, West Virgnia; the sodden prayerbooks and masses of debris at the temple in Atlanta. These were the scars of violence sure to follow when men at the top gave signals of encouragement to the hate mongers below. "But you are the highest executive in Alabama," I said in a last plea to a man I had known long before he was elected. "The pattern you set of opposition will be a hunting license for violence to all the rabble-rousers and the white citizens councils and all the Kluxers in Alabama." My plea fell on deaf ears. The governor insisted he would stand in the door and draw a line in the dust to the very end. The Governor of Alabama must suffer sleepless nights this weeknights haunted by the specter of those four litle girls who were sent to study forgiveness on the Lord's Day and were carried out of Sunday School on stretchers. • » • Rewards or Reconstruction Gov. Wallace has offered $5,000 of the state's money as a reward to catch those guilty of this, the "OUCH* 21st bombing in Birmingham. His offer is like locking the stable door on violence after the spirit of violence has galloped through the streets of Birmingham. Instead, I suggested he go to that shattered church and kneel before that lone stained glass window with the headless Christ and beg what Rev. John Cross asked his flock to grant—forgiveness. Furthermore, let the governor lead a drive to rebuild the 16th Street Baptist Church. The chances are glim, I know, that he will do this. So 1 suggest that every church in the nation, regardless of its denomination, regardless of whether it is white or Negro, to take up a collection to rebuild and repair the church in Birmingham wrecked by the hate- mongers. Let this church, when rebuilt, be a monument to forgiveness and tolerance and better understanding in a city which needs sorely to heal its wounds. Here on NEW you look going, and came This refreshes, the fades You you're can Every hair dancing another The Houdini, couldn't able grave. Pickford queen a Sage that the at the gas You back when two vest. Men girls some favor One autumn in the came chestnut On could his feet lose community. Any a half The pensions War been The both large in in You church and If in a for Th* World Today ... Dim Vision of Disarming By JAMB8 MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) - This country has spent over tSOO billion on defense since the war but year after year the outcome of disarmament talks with Russia could be predicted by a child: Nothing. President Kennedy, who had watched those fruitless and expensive years go by, finally Mid on Jan. 11, 1982: "This nation has the will and the faith to make a supreme effort to break the logjam on disarmament and nuclear tests, and we will persist until we prevail, until the rule of law has replaced the ever dangerous use of force." Premier Khrushchev followed this up Feb. 7, 1982, with a letter to Kennedy and British Prime Minister Macmillan, proposing that the heads of 19 nations have a summit meeting to start off the 1962 disarmament talks. Kennedy and Macmillan turned him down. Kennedy didn't close out the idea of such a summit altogether. He just said he didn't think it worthwhile until there had been some progress in disarmament talks on a lower level. • • • So there was no summit meeting but representatives of 17 nations—France would take no part —met on and off during the year at Geneva to discuss disarmament. And the result was the same as in all the years before. A ban on nuclear tests would be the sensible first point in any agreement on disarmament but the United States and Russia gagged on how to achieve..that much accord. So everything broke down on that. While the two nations might be able to agree on banning tests in the atmosphere, outer space and under water, since they had instruments Miniter Andrei A. Gromyko repeated the 1982 Khrushchev proposal which Kennedy had rejected. He suggested^ an 18-nation summit meeting before next June 30 to discuss disarmament. It might seem now Kennedy would be more responsive to the idea of a summit on disarmament than he was early in 1968 when he said that before there was a summit there had to be progress. The test ban since then was progress. • » • But, while the ban can be considered a big advance in American-Soviet relations, what has happened in this country over that agreement chills any hopo for a general disarmament agreement for a long time. It revealed a deep, perhaps in some people a pathological, sus-. picion of Russian intentions. The President had to fight for weeks in an eflrrt to get Senate approval 1M 16 as 1. containing 2. news 3. book? 4. Poe's 5. cents, more ink 6. called 7. their 8. same true did 10.