Clipped From The Express
Monday 69*39 3.52' Serving Lock Haven, Clinton County and Neighboring Est. March 1, 1882 Vet, 82, No. 167 LOCK HAVEN, PA., MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1963 Officials Try to Calm Birmingham Hours of Terror Follow Bombing and Slayings BIRMINGHAM, Ala. .(AP)-Officials took extraordinary steps today to head off any new racial violence in bomb-shaken Birmingham after a dynamite blast killed four Negro girls, caused hours of terror and brought outraged protests from national Negro leaders. The U.S. Justice Department «ent in three top officials and a force of FBI agents with bomb experts. City officials joined with church leaders in a special telecast, urging citizens to be calm. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a Negro leader, flew into town to urge Negroes to be nonviolent- just as he did ki May when the bombing of a Negro motel touched off rioting by Negroes. National Guardsmen were placed on alert. Gov. George C. Wallace sent 300 state troopers The Sunday morning blast at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church occurred during a youth day program at the church where numerous desegregation meetings have been held. • « • It killed the four young girls and injured » others. Within a few hours, two Negro boys were shot to death in other parts of (he city, and three other persons were wounded. "Today has been the most frightening in the history of Birmingham," said Sheriff Melvin Bailey as violence continued breaking out despite pleas for peace. Not since integration leader Medgar Even was shot to death «t his home in Jackson, Miss., in June has (he nation's Negro community reacted so strongly to ra eial violence. The Mast was (he wont of numerous bombings and other violence since Negroes began cam paigmng in April for desegrega tion. This tense city spent a long fearful day and night after Sun day's blast. Several fires broke out, rocks were thrown by Ne- groes'in various sections and gun fire was reported. Sunday school classes at the church were just ending a lesson on "The love that forgives" when the explosion ripped out concrete metal and glass. The four girls apparently were in the lounge in the basement of the old brick church. One, Synthia Wesley, 14, was hit by the full force of the blast and could be identified only by clothing and a ring. The others were Carol Robertson and Addie Mae Collins, 14 and Denice MoNair, 11. • • • The state troopers came in, the FBI launched its probe and U.S. Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy sent three top aides, Burke Marshall, Joseph Dolan and John Nolan. King, president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, telegraphed President Kennedy: "Unless some immediate steps are taken by the federal government to restore a sense of confidence in the protection of life, limb and property...we shall see in Birmingham and Alabama the worst racial holocaust the nation has ever seen." Police estimated that 10 sticks of dynamite went into the bomb, apparently placed in a stairwell about four feet below ground level outside the building. Dynamite is not unfamiliar in Birmingham, a mining town. The blast occurred while about 900 persons were in the church, including about 80 in basement classrooms. The explosion hurled chunks of concrete, twisted metal and shattered glass against nearby buildings. Several cars parked near the church were damaged. The blast made, or rekindled, hate quickly. There were also desperate calls for love — from white and Negro leaders alike. • • • In suburban Sandusky, 13-year- old Virgil Ware, a Negro, allegedly was shot to death by two white youngsters on a motor scooter. Johnnie Robinson, 16, was shot and killed by police officers who said they intended to shoot over his head after he threw rocks at their car. Two major fires broke out, both in Negro residential area*. A Ne- gro bouse burned in suburban Ensley. Gov. Wallace said in • statement: "The entire forces of the state will be utilized to maintain law and order." He said he hoped the bombers were caught, and offered a $3,000 reward. White pupils appeared to be returning to classes here today in larger numbers than last week despite pleas from segregationists for a school boycott. Sparkman Calls for Treaty Approval Two Negro girls attending West End High School arrived m a station wagon and walked quietly into the formerly white school about 7:50 a.m. White pupils stood in small gatherings and watched, but there were no demonstrations Uke those which broke out last About 75 policemen were In the school area, but there were no spectators. There were no Cbn federate flags. WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. John L. Sparkman called today for Senate ratification of the limited nuclear test-ban treaty, warning "if this treaty doesn't work, then a future nuclear war will in all probability 'solve* all our problems." Sparkman, Alabama Democrat who is a senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, made his appeal as the Senate resumed debate on the pact which would ban all but underground nuclear testing. As the historic debate moved into its second week, the votes of only 11 of the 100 senators remained on the doubtful or undecided list. Thirteen senators have announced their opposition to the treaty and 76 are committed to or are inclined to vote for ratification. A two-thirds majority k required for approval. Senate Democratic leader Mike Mansfield of Montana ordered overtime sessions in an effort to accommodate more than 30 senators who still want to make floor speeches on the treaty. Eleven want to speak today, 10 more on Tuesday. Much of Sparkman's prepared address centered on replying to Rep. Gavin Dies, Served 21 Years WASHINGTON (AP)-U.S. Rep. Leon H. Gavin, a noted conservationist and congressman for the last 21 years, is dead. The Pennsylvania Republican died late Saturday ki his Washington apartment shortly after being stricken whh a cerebral hemorrhage. He was 70. His widow, Mrs. Susan Gavin, and his family physician were with him at his death. Mrs. Gavin said she and her husband had just returned from dinner when he was stricken. Gavin was elected from Pennsylvania's 23rd Congressional District on Nov. 3, 1942 and currently was serving his llth consecutive two-year term. He was the second ranking Republican in point of service on the House Armed Services Committee. a series of questions raised a week ago by Sen. Margaret Chase Smith, R.Maine. She is listed in the doubtful vote column. Sparkman said "there are no •ingle factual answers available to most of the questions posed. There are only speculative answers, but answers with nigh probabilities, based on interpretation of available facts." "Final resolution of most of the senator's questions would come, I fear, only from data collected after a full-scale nuclear war between the United States and the Soviet Union," Sparkman added. On two of the major points raised by Sen. Smith, Sparkman quoted testimony by Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara. "The absence from our arsenal of a bomb greater than the one we can build under the treaty will not impair the effectiveness of our strategic forces," Sparkman said. "Even after a Soviet strike the total surviving U.S. strategic nuclear force will be large enough to destroy the enemy." Also speaking In favor of the treaty was San. Maurint Neuberger, DOre., who said that the "mother's vote" supports the treaty as a method for curbing radioactive fallout. PHILADELPinA (AP) - Sea Hugh Scott, R-Pa., says he favors ratification of the nuclear test ban treaty and will vote for "but only if I am convinced that the United States will not be lowering its guard against treachery for one moment." Scott told the 94th quadrennial convention of the Polish National Alliance of America Sunday: "I am favoraby inclined to vote for ratification of the test ban. But I will do so only if I am convinced that the United States will not be lowering ite guarc against treachery for one moment. I will do so any if I believe that mis ratification it not construed as legitimatizing the Russian East European empire. We must never relax our work for eventual freedom of the captive nations." f. : :>f^f:' : ^- ••'.-.:';*•:&«£• K\"":."••; ' ,'»-y"^ •:•." ""^^fcj^'' : ' •"•.•-^"'-\"' ' : '""->>'•'- -k ; - fKKm^M^^i RECONSTRUCTION OP HEM at the dan ta the StuqnekanM River ken. A workntM Is shew* at Us task M Mother, at Ike top ef the picture, walks atop Ike coffer dun ef s* nek, knit to protect the eoattrnctlea ana from Ike river. The water to lew doe to *y summer k*4 «et lew enough to permit rebuilding wftaoat tke coffer dam. Dafcofa Quints Doing Well, Are Baptized, Confirmed Boys Suspected tor Starting fire in College Dormitory Two boys were suspected of Breaking into the partially-completed dormitory at the Lock Haven State College Saturday and setting fires in two buckets. All three local fire companies responded at 12.15 p. m. The firemen used hand tanks to extinguish the fires. There was no damage other than that done by smoke. The building is nearly completed. It was scheduled to be opened in a month or so. Representatives of G. M. McCrossin Inc., the contractor, informed state police mat two boys broke into the locked building. There was no work being done mere Saturday. A state fire marshal was informed of the report by police and has begun an investigation. The Hope Hose Co. was called out at 10.30 p. m., Saturday, to a flue fire at the home of Sid Keifer, 23 E. Church St., service was not necessary. Would Censure Kennedys tor Birmingham Bombings PHILADELPHIA (AP)-Harold Stassen, one-time candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, said today President Kennedy and Atty. Gen. Robert Kenned should be censured for what he called their neglect of duty in the Birmingham, Ala. situation. Stassen, a former Minnesota governor and disarmament advisor to former President Eisenhower, said in a statement: "The federal government has been derelict in not providing pro- toction against bombing in Birmingham. "This Sunday's tragic outrage was the 21st bombing in eight yean and the third bombing sine* Sept. 4, 1MB, none of which has been solved. "These bombings were all at locations which should have been predicted and were a part of violente defiance against federal court orders. "Why could not our vast federal establishment do something to anticipate and to track down these sadistic bombers before this? The President and the attorney general should be censured for this neglect of duty in a crucial situation." A few months ago Stassen said he was considering letting his name be entered in some presidential primaries next year. ABERDEEN, S.D. (AP) - The Fischer quintuplets, very tiny but extremely. vigorous, rounded out their first '48 hours ef life ear,ly today -with good prospects for survival. The babies born to Mr. .and Mrs. Andrew Fischer early Saturday were reported doing fine. Dr. James Berbos, who delivered the infants, said they were going strong on * diet of sugar water and may be switched to something heavier today, like a milk formula. Late Sunday, Dr. Berbos reported that the four girls and a boy were being fed about four cubic centimeters of sugar wter every two hours. • • • Berbos, who has delivered 3,007 children in his 16 years as a physician, said both mother and children were doing extremely well. The first 72 hours were considered to be the most dangerous for the newborn quints, but there was no sign of trouble. Gifts of money and merchandise continued to pour in for the family and Dr. Berbos added one of his own. "I don't think I'll charge them anything," Berbos said. He indicated that St. Luke's Hospital, where the infants were born, also would forget about a bill. Fischer and three of his other five children attended Mass Sunday at Sacred Heart Roman Catholic church, escorted in and out by a platoon of reporters and photographers. It wasn't far away from birthday tune for any of the three youngsters. Julie was 6 Sunday, Charlotte will be 7 Wednesday and Danny will be S Oct. 3. The other Fischer children are Evelyn, 4, and Denise, I. Brawl at Rally of Defiant Students NEW YORK (AP)—A brawl involving §0 persons, egg-throwing and scuffle* with police developed from a rally held near Times Square Sunday by students who recently violated the State Department ban on travel to Cuba. Eight persons were arrested. The students held the Town Hall rally «• discuss conditions they found in Cuba. They contended they were not allowed to describe them at violence-marked hearings before the House Committee on Un-American Activities hi Washington last week. When me two-hour meeting ended, heuneted police formed a corridor through which the 1.400 persons could pass safely from the hall to a nearby subway station While the father and Dr. Berbos were busy with periodic news conferences in the hospital cafeteria Sunday, Mrs. Fischer rested in her third-floor room 'and- tried to think of names for the four girls. They all were named Mary but have no second names. The boy was named James Andrew. Roman Catholic Bishop Lambert A. Hoch chartered a plane from Sioux Falls Saturday to baptize and confirm the quints ac they lay in their isolettes, kept comfortable by controlled heat, humidity and oxygen. Quintuplets occur only about once in 42 million births. Of the three previous quintuple births in the United States, none of the children survived infancy. • * * The births came in comparative ry rapid fashion, the first infant arriving at 1:58 a.m. Saturday and the last at 3:01 a.m. The boy was the fourth one born. Officials of the NasluFinch sale grocery warehouse, Fischer works as an $80 a bulii«jderk. i»id J,,w,aa^fl/right if the proud papa didn't know for work for a few days. The Rev. William Neuroth advantage of the event hi his sermon Sunday to criticize proponents of birth control. "Be fruitful and multiply, the earth and subdue it," Neuroth quoted from the Book of Genesis. The infants were expected stay in their isolettes for possibly two months or more, until reached 5','z pounds. The heaviest of the quints, weighed about four pounds at birth. sisters ranged from about 2V4 3Vfe pounds. Mrs. Fischer, 30, who had in considerable pain shortly following childbirth, was able walk around her room Sunday. Rocky Feels His Remarriage to Be Weighed by Voters WASHINGTON (AP) - New York's Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller says it's "realistic" to look upon his remarriage as seriously damaging his chances for the 1964 Republican presidential nomination. "I have a very deep understanding of the reactions of individuals in this situation," he said Sunday night in a television interview—NBC's "Meet the Press." "I have no sense but one of feeling for people's concern. "I think H is a situation which in political life is difficult." He expanded his views further today in an interview in U.S. News k World Report. Commenting on hi« divorce and remarriage he said: "I think that the reaction on that subject is a highly personal one with all people. Until such time as there « an occasion when they have to make a decision, it's hard to tell exactly what that reaction will be. "But when an individual has to make a decision, whether it's in a convention or in the voting booth, then I think that he will bring that factor, along with all of the other factors, into balance and make a decision. The collective effort of all the people's decisions would, of course, give the answer." ' He noted that the Gallup PollJ now has Sen. Barry Goldwater Arizona in the lead for the nomination, but said he believes someone else could end up with the prize. As for Goldwater, the Arizonian said in an AP interview that he decides to go after the presidential nomination, one of main reasons would be his that as head of the ticket he help Republicans get elected the House and Senate in South. Midwest and West. Goldwater stuck to his that he won't make up his until January about seeking nomination. Rockefeller set an earlier timetable. He said in the television interview he would announce decision before the end of year—perhaps in November. On his charge that the Republican party was in "real danger subversion by a radical, well-fi nanced and highly disciplined minority, he was asked if he say who was leading and financing that "disciplined minority." "No," said Rockefeller, "it very hard and that is one of problems." Was the charge aimed at water 11 "No," said the governor, "it not." In answer to another question, he said he saw no that Goldwater might become "captive of the radical right."