Roosevelt's report on what Gorgas did
the visited Sanitation I* Sm-d-^isfnl. The first great problem to bp solved, upon the solution of which the success I he rest of the work depemli'il. was problem of sanilation. It must be remembered that I)r. Gorgas' work was not sanitation as the term is understood in our ordinary municipal work. Throughout Throughout the Zone aud in the two cities Panama and Colon, in addition to the sanitation work proper, he has had to do i lie work that the marine hospital does as regards the nation, that the department officers do in the various Mates and cities. Just at present HIP health showin? the isthmus is remarkably good--so better than in most sections of the United States that I do not believe that can possibly continue at quite its average. There has been for the past months a well-nigh steady decline in death rate for the population of the this being largely due to the decrease deaths from pneumonia, which has been the most fatal disease on the isthmus. October there were ninety-nine deaths every kind among the employes of the Kthmus. _ There were then on the rolls Ji.500 whites, seven-eighths of them being Americans. Of those whites but two of disease, and as it happened neither man was an American. Of the O.COO white AmcricaQx. including some i,00 women ami children, not a single death has occurred in the past three months, whereas in an average city iu the States the number of deaths for a similar similar number of people in that time have been about thirty from disease. very remarkable showing cannot of permanently obtain, but it certainly goes 10 prove that if good care is taken the isthmus is not a particularly unhealthy place. In Panama and Colon the doath rate has also been greatly reduced, this being directly due to the vigorous work of the special brigade ot" employes who have been inspecting houses where the stego- myia mosquito is to be found and destroying destroying its larvit nnd breeding places, nnd doing similar work in exterminating the malarial mosquitoes--in short, in performing all kinds of hygienic labor. The sanitation work in the cities of Panama and Colon hns been just as important as in the Zone itself, and in many respects much more difficult.