Defences of Canada, 14 Mar 1865 (1)

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Defences of Canada, 14 Mar 1865 (1) - this the to the He re - the - nor oo it...
this the to the He re - the - nor oo it proposal - of tbe he the of they tbe illegal .this the bad to if ia be rule the the such legal the cos - were the entitled of been in to been re - promise had fact, the of final assured me that Oeaersl Hatt was techsdean sndiaevrry ether sees wall qualified to fill the duties of thisefltes. I bare his Utter bow la my heads. I ay, therefore, that sot merely techaioany, bat in errry poU tUw la kUJi seei be regarded this Is a proper staasaO. G3ral Hatt is aa officer ta tbe ladisa ArtOlerr. aad there te Besting ia the sireeaastoase. ef hia lif s whisk aay seidter seed be ashamed. (Hear.) Ha has bees Basaed asHoebat snaav times, to the QxtU tot distinguished coaJact ia tbe Bell The late Sir Charles Napier rsoeral. I BteeuasS, swfl - eienUy qualified to radge of military saerits - U e hBe desoatcn spoke of him a. oo ot th first soldiees to fadia 1 sod the late Duk of WJUngtoe,wbea easamaadiw - ahisl. went singularly out of his way to pay him a publi seaspU - r t wr rroommeudiag Mm te the Crowa for Ike Order of tbe Bath for hi distinguished galkatry fa the fields st Meaaeeead nrderabad. Har. hear.) I wffl BOt SSy soother word, but I am quite sure that the Bones appreciate, appreciate, my sitaatiou is this matter. (Hear, baarj MONASTIC AND CONVENTUAL ESTABLISHMENTS. . Mr. HENXESST, seeing the boo. aasmbcr for North Warwickshire ia his place, wished to ask attention to a subject subject of great personal moment to many mewbsrs. Last. Thursdsy there appeared la the column ef TW fists a letter from the boo, member (Mr. Nrwdegato), referring to his recent Baotieo. ("Order!") To put himself ia order he should conclude by xaoving the adjournment ef the House. (M Order H The SPEAKER. As the hoe. gentlemen has given notice of a motion a poo this subject on going Into Committee of Supply, although be might with - propriety hare aJdisssst a simple question to the boa. member for North Warwickshire, Warwickshire, h cannot, I think, with propriety, more the adjoura - meut of the House la order to anticipate the discussion sf whieh he has given aotiee. Hear, hear.) Mr. HENNESSY thought that, aa the question was. a per - soeal ooc, and iarolrsd pwnooal ought 'to he brought OU without the slightest delay. However, he was ia the hands ef tbe House, and if it was their wish be would defer what be had to aay until hia motion oo going into Committee of Supply. The 8PEAKER. Tbe.hou. member may ask a question, but sot wiaks a motion. Mr. HENNESSY eeidthe question was one of personal character.. The SPEAKER If the boa. gentlemaa wishes to rates a qusstioo ef 4rieee, that would be another point: but if he has cirsa aetiee ef a distinct motion at a future stage be will not he correct In bow anticipating that discission. (Hear, hear.) Mr. nENNESSY pre notice that ea. going Into Committee Committee of Supply he should endesroor to elicit from the boo. member for North Warwickshire the necessary explanation. explanation. Mr. NE WDEG ATE asked to be allowed to explain, but was met by cries of " Order." aad thereupon resumed his seat. THE DEFUXCES OF CANADA. Mr. S. FITZGERALD said he was not unaware that the course he was'about to take ia bringing before tbe House the important question of the defences of Canada was oo that might be misapprehended aad misrepresented. There were those In this House, and there were some ont of doors, who thought that such a discussion might possibly ia certain certain errata teod rather to precipitate than to avoid any danger, aad to induce rather than retard hostilities between this eouatry'aad the United States. They might say that by constantly discussing the possibility of hostilities between between the two countries the people in both might come to conudersuch hostilities first as possible, then by degrees as probable, and at last as natural and almost inevitable. Upon this ground, therefore, they might deprecate discussion, and might choose to shut their eyes to existing fscts rather than by discussion 'and argument to put the public in fall pos - seanon of tb present state of affairs. Now, h wat not of that opinion. He bettered that the truest policy ia such a ease was that this House' aad the country should be fully acquainted with the facta. Moreover, if any remonstrance were to be sddreaaed to anybody for provoking discussion; it ahould be addressed to Her Majesty's Government, who had laid before Parliament a paper not only contemplating the posnbrii ty sod the probability of hostili ties, but considering the rjossiDieeouTsewBMa mess oosturacs wmuu ,1""." " what probably Uiey seemed to tUnfc,iarilably, would be the result of these hostilities namely, tbe defeat aad the disgrace of the British arms. By publishing that paper Her Majesty. Got era men t had done as Bineh as ia them lay to discourage tbe friends and to encourage) the adversaries adversaries of this country. There were some, he knew, by whom either the effect or the object of this motion might be misrepresented. misrepresented. There were those in this House,; or out of it, who. from a persistent partiality for tbe policy of the Federal Federal States of Aroeriee, and from a conscientious sympathy for the objects of that policy, would be likely, to attribute to him s desire rather to increase than allay irritation on the part of this country against Vie Federal Government, Government, so as rather to increase than to diminish the probability probability ef hottffltiss between the two countries. If such an imputation were made, nothing could be more uniust or unfounded. He believed that there was ne man ia that House who would vindicate the utterance ef a single word which eould by possibility increase the irritation between between the two countries. He was one of tbos who differed widely from tbe boo. number for Radnorshire, who seemed to consider, when be spoke en a former occasion, that tbe step taken by the American Government in reference to th termination, of the convention limiting the naval forces of JL. ducedVand trade aad Jstsreawm brtweee w both sections oe reawmed. It was saajgeetsd by these that IhieugH such postpecsvoasot we might new have fan mediate mm, with some ac4 rtry Swrtera prospect of aa altiasste snissfse - tory adjuttmest f poUUeal rtlatioeai bstweca the Govern - Bscot sad tbe Bastes, section r people, bow engaged ia se - tetsrlttit.'' This preposition eerteialy was Bet aeeeptod, bat he weU poist out thai e hen it was soaamaaleated to Congress st eras aaooompanssdbya afagi weew exprtssiag disamcAsJic er rspmlialieei of it, or dsaoeowisg tt as a faithless aad tmili jii iiiiiss.1 sfia4 filii!1jr Pnssr He was aware tW th CcVederato Goveraaset had rvprtseeted to the French Government, aad. bo doubt, to Her Msjesty's Ge - vrra meet aba, that the proeasitien did not soar first from, them. It did not nutter one farthing from whoaa it first aac, but he 'wished to. poist oat this, that thoagh the proposition was act accepted r entertained, yet ra ws set tbe first time that two eouAictiag rowers had thought thai , th best thing to da ia order to seep down aad soften the feeling of aaimicety between their own neon! was to turn noon and loia ia acta of violoe 'agaiast a weak and defenceless neighbour. (Hear, bear.) It wsa only last year uss taey aaa u spectacle iww treat military Powers, baring each objects of their own to gain, and uiaking to establish eoooord bet ween themselves themselves exactly by. that wocus, turning upoe a third and defenceless Power, . aad committing acta of violence and spoliation against it which would ever redound to their shame. (Hear, bear.) What, therefore, he wishsd to poia out was that, although be did aot be liave for ooa moment i that a proposal of that kind would be accepted by th Fde - ral GoTtrBiaent, yet, at th same time, they had not repudiated repudiated it, aad it was possible that there aught be arcana.; staaoee of such emergency that such a proposal might be es - tertained, when tbe eoosequeneee to na might broom sen - , ens. Bat what was still more important was the possible disposition of the Americas peopls, supposing the Federal Government to sneered in their conflict with tbe.Confede - rate States. He would give tbe American Government tb fullest credit for detiniig to maintain peace ; and be would girt the intelligent sad educated class of the Amswcaa peopU credit for doing everything in their - power f r th. same object. He would also give every weight to the e - , nderarioa that it might be of tbe greatest possible sea - , portaace to the Federal States to have time to recover, their strength aad repair tbe losses they bsd sustained in their gigantic straggle. But, at the same time, it mua be remembered that th Amerieaas were a proud, a high - pitst ami i boastful ranr ! ther snieht beintoxicatcd with, tlsir success ; aad then ia what position would they standi They would see that they had had it impressed upon therm by their own Govern meat, and not altogether withoa reason, that they bad causes of complaint agaiast. this couaw trv (bear, hear) that tbsy bad had their eummerce swept off the ssas that they had beea toll bv their owe Government Government that the vital strength of th rebellion, as they termed it, had arisen from England haring set tbe exsmpte of a p e - cipitate acknowledgment ef belligereSt rights. Exaltiag in their triumph they would also have before them, the paper whieh had been produced by the Government of KngUnd telling them that they had a ready aad easy prey at their vervfeet. And were we to think that I her would net stretch forth their hands and seise the prire. unless effectual,, steps bad been taken beforehand to protect it I Therefor, while giving every credit to the Government aad peojde f the United State, he said it would be the greatest folly ot whieh the House and the country could be cafble to abas their eyes to the' possibility of hostilities occurring, under certain ciicumstances, bete eea the two Powers. That being so, the point they had to look a was very simply and shortly set before them in the report ef Colonel Jervois, which had been laid en the tab by Her Msjesty's . Government. Almost tbe but paragraph in that report was thi : " The question appears to be this. whether tbe British force bow la Canada should be withdrawn in order to avoid the risk of its defeat. or whether tbe necessary measures shall be taken to enable that force to be of us ia defence of tbs Now, that was the question which he wished to brine; nader the notice of tbe House. As to ths solution of ths two propositions propositions contained in that alternative he did aot believe there were five men to the House who would hesitate. He - did not believe there were the sneo in tb House orinth country who would say that they would quietly determine) to abandon tb Canadas to their own defence, to lend them wo aonstsnce, to withdraw oar troof for fear they should be defeated or take prisoners of war. H did BOt bfflevw tbsre was a siogU man ia the House or out of it who wouhl assent to a course so disastrous aad so disgraceful to the British, name. (Hear.) If that were so, then they came to the other branch of the alternative via., whether tb necessary measures measures should be taken loanable ths British force bow ib thw province to beef nse in the defence of the colony. It bsd beers arced bv members on both sides of that House that tbe first thing they should make the colonists uoderetead was that they were, if not to be solely responsible fur tbeir defence, defence, to contribute to it ia by far th greater ' cVgree. (Bear, hear.) Hs had supported that propositi hisaself. sad he thought it a sound one. But be wished to posot oat to the House that the position of Canada was very different from that of our other colonies. He could un - lsrstaad that, having given responsible government to New Zealand, aad LUC sriurrs saving vussejvu in - - - wis not fair thit we, who had no control over thfflr policy, should be ealled npoa to bear all the burden of a war which that policy had brought about. Aglin. it was not fair lha we should be ealled upon to engage perpetually ia Caffiet wars. These were eases ia which, having given responsible government to tbe colonists, it was for them to exert themselves themselves iu their owa defence. But what was the position of - Canada ! Hia belief was that iKCanada were independent to - morrow .he would not run the slightest danger of a contest. contest. (Hear, hear.) There were impediments, financial, industrial, and political, which would interfere with any project project on therurt of the American Government for aaaesing Canada. His belief vu that they would be content to ss that eoloay. if independent, growing up site by side with them. But that was sot the positio of Canada. She was united to this oountry, and wisnwi toreensin so. They had the authority of Lord Russell, speaking to another place tbo ether Bight, for saying that a. long as tbe Canadians chose to stand bv a we were bound to stand by them, and that it - would be 'a disgrace and dishonour for us to allow them to be opprsastd by a nMghbooring oountry. More than that, itwaa not only that if they were independent there would

Clipped from The Times14 Mar 1865, TuePage 21

The Times (London, Greater London, England)14 Mar 1865, TuePage 21
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