Ream Flying Ambulances

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Ream Flying Ambulances - the the the De- j up ef-f ef-f In Un-t Octo-'...
the the the De- j up ef-f ef-f In Un-t Octo-' the of to pre- of re-f re-f pre-tc: of or- or- out at a r.um-tr ten In ques-t'or.r.miTj. the re-;o!'.s'i;.;:i; re-;o!'.s'i;.;:i; mak- byj aa FLIGHT SURGEONS, NEW WAR TYPE, F WO ITT SUROEONS represent new war type .which appeals to the Imagination aa doea np other kind of medical man. Vp to this time not muth has been told about them. The evolution of the army medical officer officer to the Tight aurgeon ha been rapid. It is only a short time ago that the term was first beard, but. already a special flying machine haa been devised for the Tight aurgeon a flying ambulance ambulance o ho may aid Injured airmen. Whet are the duties of the flight surgeon? surgeon? Waat, based on the now swiftly accumulating experiences of Americans in the air. are the latest needs of our aviators, to keep them la fighting trim, to rertore them to efficiency from an ailment developed by their new environment! environment! How Is the flying ambulance put to use? One of the officers In Washington best qualified to answer these questions Is Brig. Gen. T. C. Lyster. who. among other duties, is Chief of the Air Service Division of the Surgeon General's Office. United States Army. He answered answered some .questions in Washington the other day about th work. " It has been found necessary to aupervlse th flier much more cloaely than the man on the ground." he said. "Pilots, after flying high In the air, develop a form of exhaustion due chiefly to txitng In an atmosphere containing too little oxygen. Oa the front in France It has been a common thing to see pilots who had returned from prolonged high flying over the top thua affected, but they themselves did not realise their condition, and that is a peculiar part of thia affliction. With difficulty the pilot would be able to get out of his car and would then stagger about, not knowing that he was bUggerlng. ' " From the first we were able to relieve relieve the pilot so affected by giving him oxygen, but now we can prevent Ita happening to the pilot while in the air, though at this time I do not think It wise to give further details. " We now have one or more flight surgeons at the aviation training camps In thia country and also some abroad. These medical officers have previously received a special course in their new dutl. under the direction of the Medical Medical Krsearch Board, Air Service Divis ion of the Surgaon General's Office, and are not aent to their posts to do any general medical work, but to give their exclusive attention to the fliers. Each Ingenious Methods Devised to Test Aviators' Endurance How the New Medical Officer Makes Life Safer in the Air flight surgeon has detailed to assist him a physical director, and the two look after every detail of th flier llf while at a field. While the flying la going on It Is th duty of the flight surgeon to keep In direct direct touch with the aviators. With th Flight Commander he observes th men while In the sir. and on their return to the hangar an examination Is made to determine whether the flier shall go up next , day or on what succeeding day. If there Is any doubt a day or two's rest Is recommended for the cadet. If the case Is not a mild one It la more thoroughly studied- studied- before a verdict la given. "Is it expected that the flight aur-geons aur-geons aur-geons will , themselves . learn how to fly? " General Lyiter waa asked. " While It . la not desired to make flight surgeon pilots to the neglect of their duties." he answered. "It ts desired desired that they so qualify whenever possible. possible. This position -la -la warmly supported supported by Major Gen. Kenly, Director of Military Aeronautic, and a flight surgeon surgeon will receive his wings when qualified. qualified. A flight surgeon who haa rot flown cannot get the viewpoint of the flylrg cadet, nor does the cadet have the same confidence in the Judgment of such an officer. The medical officer who haa flown not only appreciates the strain incident to the life of the pilot, but also appreciates the atmoepherlc conditions, the resultant exhaustion at high altitudes, and the mental tension after prolonged flights. It would seem to me that a flight surgeon should at least qualify to land the machine at any tlnw. " Major William R. Ream, the first medical officer qualified to receive wings, and one to whom the medical air service is greatly Indebted for his able and enthusiastic interest, haa Just lost his life in a crash In the perform- perform- a nee of his duty aa a flight surpeon. Th service haa toat a moat valuable man.' and had he lived he would have done much toward making the air serv ice th.sh most powerful force that Ger -m -m - many (Vll have to face. His life a a flight aurgeon will serve as a model to all of us. and he will remain a cherished memory as long as the Medical Air Service exists. Th Director of Military Aeronautics expressed his regret that he did not have the privilege of planing the wings upon this flight surgeon who waa so well qualified to receive them, and he would hav don so had Major Ream lived. "The need for thia knowledge en the part of th flight surgeon Is Increased by the fact that In h future, when called upon, he will be required to make trips In the new flying ambulance. One of theae haa been Installed at each of the flying schools In this country, and at some of the schools they are already in operation. " The flying ambulance carries a regulation array stretcher. It is placed In the fuselage, back of the observer's seat, lengthwise. The tp of tho fusel-sge fusel-sge fusel-sge over th stretcher' Is removable. When the patient la strapped In he Is as comfortable as he would be oa a stretcher anywhere; the top of the fuselage may be placed over tho patient or not, aa the condltlona require. " Th flying ambulance. It w&l be seen.- seen.- affords a great saving in th time required to give aid to a pilot who haa been Injured In a? crash. Thia la especially especially true when the accident takea place at some distance from the field. In addition to the fllxht aurgeon. a skillful skillful pilot Is attached to each Tying ambulance. ambulance. When notice of an accident Is received the two make the trip at once to the scene. The flight surgeon has whatever things are neceaaary to render first aid and to perform minor opera-tlona. opera-tlona. opera-tlona. If the Injury Is found not to be too serious to move, the man la strapped on the stretcher, and In a ahorter time than would be possible by any other method the patient la transported to the nearest hopltal. " In the study of the medical point of flying It was early seen that the type of flying to be dona, wheilter reronnola-sance. reronnola-sance. reronnola-sance. pursuit work, day or night bomb- bomb- Ing. had a loe connection with the - W -" -" - temperamentqend physical characteiis- characteiis- tics and makeup f the pilot, and that la attaining the greatest efftclenry pr man close study was neceuary In placing placing the cadet In th kind of Hying best suited to him. In carrying out this aim many delicate factors must be weighed. "There are, of course, the obvious ones, that a man weighing SO0 pound would not be suited for flytng a pursuit plane, where weight should be reduced to a minimum; that ualea a pilot had excellent night eight, he would not be fitted for night bombing, that a man who could not stand high altitude ought not to bo used ta flying a plane at great altitudes. In order to assist la making these classifications, unjer the moot scientific methoda. a research laboratory has been established at many flying field. If a surgeon observes something that cauae him to ,doubt the fitness of a cadet for the class to which he haa been assigned he may refer the flier to th research laboratory for re-claaelflcatloa. re-claaelflcatloa. re-claaelflcatloa. Were not this watchful-neea watchful-neea watchful-neea bservd. the outcropping alga of unfitness might Increase to a sta'te where airkaeea or aa acrtdeet would be the result. Wherever the car ran be developed utitU ft ta preventive a great deal has been gained, for la flytng It might be Id that aa ounce of pre-ventlo pre-ventlo pre-ventlo la worth mor than a pound of cur. "The first ts of a filer should tske place oa th ground, the rtn4 tt t the air. AH thee problems wlil be worked out to the greateet poeelUe ny by the Air Hervtr Division of th Surgeon Oenerat'a eftVe. Much haa already been accomplished ta this work, and the result new Wng obtatoed warrant warrant ns la th exportation that accidents accidents la fly tag due to the physical unfit-neea unfit-neea unfit-neea of the pilot mill be reduced to a minimum. While thU ta Important oa thia side of the water. It tm ef fsr greater Importance on the other side, where, on the basts ef standards resulting resulting from laveatlf atlona already mad, pilot might atf-mpt atf-mpt atf-mpt to fly ahen on me point or exnaustion. It Is e-n e-n e-n omy as well aa n I'.ltary erftctenry to ...... - - '. J . - - J .w save the Uvea f pilots sad brver. liow many hav mad It a AND THEIR WORK "Th tests we have established efr-rd efr-rd efr-rd protection at every point, and should be a reaseurene te parents wje have eons la th air service. la the first plao. they would never have got ta If they had not shown saenlal and phyV-J phyV-J phyV-J qoallflcatloaa t fa tb con made mm them. Then, ta every adeaac they make, tests are tneAe te oe that Ur are guided to wbst they ar beet quail-fled quail-fled quail-fled te do. J Dy standards siew determined there ar thro classes of pilots. la Clee AA ar those oho ca stand aa altitude of SO.OOO ft without undue falirua. The men In this class ar design! le fly pursuit plane when they arrfr at the frwil. provided futer teeta I. M n due them from this claee. la Claae A are th men who ran endure flylrg at an' altitude of from 13.000 to r0.( ret. la CUa IS the range 1 frees I.OrO t U.CO0 feet, and CUa C ha a max lan use cf a.00o feet. The im la thoo claae ar closely wab-hed wab-hed wab-hed 4 twt4 tevt time to time, and reeding to the -t-servatlas -t-servatlas -t-servatlas -t-servatlas are aaoved or down. a4 only for their ow geod. a-ut a-ut a-ut for lib giod f the oervir. "New heart, leag. ere. 4 er leote are new required of sna oh bare won their wlage to fta4 t tl M Vet his they ar la a rewe.lt too I fly m to establish gseereEy iMr physval and sneotal fltaeea. Thee teeta were work 4 el Wt the MedleaJ Keeeerrt Laboralary at U --- --- --- t 1VUU. Mkaoala. X. T.. sad speclsi apeamtao has bom dvt-4 dvt-4 dvt-4 for appiylag tk standards rv-'ad rv-'ad rv-'ad upon wiibewt tb aotsseity ef leig the men up. This was accessary at til stage of the avUtAVs oewrs li ssn ef the strata which aa altitude ef M.CMO foot la the air lavr-lvs. lavr-lvs. lavr-lvs. Eve th irwot seasoned fliers, tt Thas be i fr.4. ca-net ca-net ca-net asiderge th ra (4J chst e.'tl-tude. e.'tl-tude. e.'tl-tude. la dtvuig arvj ensnbteg. ottheut phrskal drterlore'Jefv " la the new tssts rfte snaa etts e . fortsbly la the room with Me stemi a. Instead cf ta aa aintgM a rtanbv from wbl h the air was gradual:? . hausted A fler Is p;?-4 p;?-4 p;?-4 . 4. . , . . pSef aeee and ta his aaeoth vr tSe a labe proper ui;! of rcea pewer by CJ- CJ- feotnert( with a teak of saeawd ate. As fast as b xha the air H - to a reosrvi.tr wbe Lbo mWa ila le extracted aad IVi tt la ivtora4 te a is.es. AS in I-llec I-llec I-llec V) sner eeur ef th eige ta tt tank. ttsr' saj higher aiUtu4ee are Utl. ert. rlee. and blood pes ssure are watched by apwuiirta Every two w. lout lout e record ct bleed preoeore sod s-ulss s-ulss s-ulss are read, orUe tb eye re tet4 every three miaul. "At the sen- sen- time eneMal tea e made, cf a tin. te beasvre tSe evb - fct' espartry for nano as ekrt - awe al a great eititod. A lea ef aeseJ eWtrt I alls ks tWere iln e a table; every fir sweats one tj t.e fUebea. A set of battoa Corves lo the IbU are blw at a wty-e wty-e wty-e that raa be reerbel br a p:t'V. Tt.s t:hta rem: a euralag (.e a few . at a tbws, a ao4ssr I s'-4 s'-4 s'-4 la (!- (!- bOt'a lead te ttlr-ln ttlr-ln ttlr-ln llura, Vfe. they ge vt awtu.atwarr. )l It wstchd eiste'ty by tee burin. Ue iht bia 4 -lri -lri octVooje er erreea. lte(T tse'rewwet o4 ta lb l4 U aa ammeter. alaaiUr te a )! dial eo a fieos. TV rsjireaMt of t.U test t that O dlsl be kes m eeiai potstt. At seert trtsrrais aa mis 1st O-jI O-jI O-jI of View cf ta J,".4 Hill ., a4 a rereeg la ke f t. rtO.'4 by Ibe pllet la tJlU4 ILe c.i. A Ibted tet I le hse a siertrM fan rw. r teg t a raeaat rt; Ue - W Ike SeMce te-1 te-1 te-1 W I e U areMe te rfd. A ft tr.. .rrr te C acr.Weier ef aa avtriA. iu i '- '- ti fea. al It ' al.aty I ni. r sl la rt4 br 4e-i 4e-i 4e-i Tb tl lasts f al e.-t e.-t e.-t l- l- t j r-;i. r-;i. r-;i. ut. er 4sU Uue S c bornee e -. -. rv m y. r hi bert eew own sxr.s. OS to aejVelsi t Is k.-T: k.-T: k.-T: . fr Cli t at Ibe grol altnese. la oa aw way a t-a-l t-a-l t-a-l t-a-l t-a-l I treeta. f wtat tb s'iot caa da, wr.h rw t t tlieiil ef tins ba fl;trg gem anoa are be4 es f rV at ! gt al'tisl'. ba lite u etsgee rf ir In isle 4 IselM Ut Ue s'e able ti. bet S Her UJe Let ae bi cr-44r4l cr-44r4l cr-44r4l tbeoe V aaee Sm . p le lb r4ireeMot d 4 4 r f-stHer f-stHer f-stHer irwMl lil K wml twr orevtsaifg fr (tMv T t. w mk uoi.- uoi.- f f ...il'.l- ...il'.l- I. SO ; h '4 (,. . ti efrwt te bg eh4 te taeew a rosier. la a at hiring the th gfai e p rvitig Utera a t do 1 . . j 'r 1.' Uf Xa a r-t4 r-t4 rw. ta-'k. ta-'k. ta-'k. rn au ex rww-4 aad l II. ax.4 ha-f ha-f ha-f Uoa f-fr-Ixrtrv .' - Vtas-ra Vtas-ra ax-4 ax-4 ax-4 tl.coe Ivat egrv-vtara. aa Cost Usxt a 1 t'ae

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 22 Sep 1918, Sun,
  3. Page 77

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  • Ream Flying Ambulances

    navydds – 31 Mar 2013

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