Clipped From The Hearne Democrat

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 - he Renub all matters pertaining to legal and...
he Renub all matters pertaining to legal and governmental relations between the Texan Anglo-American colonists and Mexico, Austin's duties as Secretary of State were laborious. He had no help and worked days and far' into nights on State papers, with only a tallow candle for light. The old State House, at Columbia, was a barn-like structure, crudely built and the room in which Austin worked poorly heated. As a con- prisoners drawing the black and white beans. sequence, he contracted pneumonia, from which he died December 27th, 1836. Thus, fifteen years after founding his first colony in Texas, the soul of Austin, "Father of Texas," passed on to a greater reward. His last words were: "Texas has been admitted; did you see it in the papers?" Only 43 years of age at the time of death, Austin lived to see his beloved Texas a nation among nations. L Republic's Treasury Empty The.treasury of the Republic was empty when Houston became President He reported to the Texas Congress less than $600 in the treasury, with an indebtedness of $1,500,000. It was necessary to maintain an army, navy and other expenses incident to the establishment of a stable government. The white population of Texas was about 40,000 during the period of the new government's organization, and while immigration increased rapidly, it did not increase revenue fast enough to meet government expenses. The entire United States at this time was recovering from a financial panic and very little money could be borrowed. Congress, seeking inflation as an easy way out of its financial difficulties, passed a bill which authorized the issuance of $500,000 in notes, bearing 10 per cent interest, and redeemable 5 years from date of issue. Thus did the Texas "red- backs," as the notes were called, come into circulation. The notes passed at par for a while, but when the amount in circulation was increased by new issues they began falling in value. In less than three years they declined to about 20c'on the dollar, and during the fourth year they were down to lOc on the dollar. Finally a loan of $400,000 was obtained from the old bank of the /Tfe xas United States, In Philadelphia, which partly relieved the new Republic's financial predicament. Lamar Succeeds Houston A clause in the Texas constitution prevented General Houston from succeeding himself as President, hence, in 1888, Mirabeau Lamar was elected President by unanimous vote. In his first message to congress Lamar, among other things, recommended the adoption of a more aggressive policy toward the Indians. Houston's Indian policy waa conciliatory—he tried to keep the red man friendly—and at the request of the provisional government had established treaties with some Indian tribes, promising land in return for their neutrality during the war with Mexico for Independence. The Cherokees, who occupied most of East Texas, north of the old San Antonio road, claimed their treaty had been violated, that white settlers were possessing their lands. The senate of the Republic of Texas declined to recognize Houston's treaties with the Indians, and President Lamar used Texas troops to drive the Cherokees out of East Texas into Oklahoma. This drastic action so aroused Indian hostility that for many years thereafter the tomahawk and scalping knife left a bloody trail up and down the white settlements of Texas. In 1841 General Houston was again elected President of the infant Republic by a large majority, defeating Vice- President Burnet. Immediately after inauguration he began a policy of retrenchment. The Republic was deeper in debt and lacked money to meet current expenses. A good deal of money had been spent in maintaining troops to repel Indian attacks and in outfitting the Santa Fe, N. M., expedition, which was a needless expense, failed of its purpose and ended in disaster. Mexico Refused to Ratify Treaties Mexico still refused to ratify the

Clipped from
  1. The Hearne Democrat,
  2. 17 Jul 1936, Fri,
  3. Page 8

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