Clipped From The Amarillo Globe-Times
"The Indian lands consist of about 55 million acre: property of the Ind held in trust by the government, scattered mainly in the Western states but ranging from Florida to Alaska," said Little. He explained that there are 1 two types of Indian lands --; consist of is, private smaU P laat U^re ians and -' ears / but the lam for several id is not attractive to industry because of climate and other facets, even though tie labor force is plentiful," he said. On such reservations, he ex- allotment, which is individually interest tribal members , - plained, the government tries to owned land, and the tribal, which is owned jointly by, _ ._ , members of the tribe. Tribalithereby reducing the number of land cannot be sold, but can bejPeople to be supported by leased. Allotments may be reservation recourses, and at disposed of under certain conÂ· '"" ditions. ^ a "We simply appraise the pro- Little has personally worked ;rty," said Little. "It is our with a number of bureau pro- Perl.. busines to see that the Indian gets market value in leasing or selling." But the work of his branch is, of course, an integral part of the bureau activity. : "The majority of Indians are interested in being- able to support themselves," said Little. "We feel that through education and the development of isolated Washington-as assistant chief reas, we can eventually bring $i?e ^Krtirf " this He pointed out that during the next 10 to 15 years, with the increasing demand lor land arid we are beginning to get into it the Indian's s u b s t a n t i a l 1 " TM ' - " With the increasing de- holdings, his standards will be raised because of the additional economic advantages. "A good example of this" said Little, "is the Salt River Indian R e s e r v a t i o n at TMmes under the On n *l.-.1..)~ " mr-_ i _ i . flo'c Â«r/MÂ»fr ' Â· ' Scottsdale." The A r i z o n a reservation is presently an irrigated farming district, but it has potential for development as an extention of Phoenix as a residential basis. area, on a'lease "In fait," said little, "the project is already in effect "Hie" junior college in Phoenix has leased a site as part of a planned community." The Navajos are another ex- D y n a m i c s i s plant at Ft De- ample. "General building a fiance," said Little, "and many of the Navajos will be trained and work there, as well as have tribal money from the lease." A government assistance has good many Navajos are already tw"" 1 "* 1 " 1 " T.IHI. .:..,M Â«Â«,,, working at the F a i r c h i 1 d Camera plant at Shiprock, also on land leased from the tribe. Some tribes, of course, do:nbt fare so well, for one reason or another. . -. - The Turtle Mountain Reservation in North Dakota, for instance, Has a population large lor the tribal income. too "Bulova has had a relatively relocate, as individuals, in areas where labor is in demand, the same time helping the individuals to be self-supporting. $3.5 at and -- projects. After his graduation from West Texas State Universiy at Canyon in 1950, he and four ofj his fellow graduates went up to South Dakota to work on the Cheyenne-reservation. : He later was transferred ; to the Anadarko Area Office, and then to the Phoenix Area Office. From there he was sent to i 111 --t.-.. -I . . . ' . . _ - ' the branch, and in April 1965, was made chief. "The mineral estate aspect of the Indians lands has barely been touched," said Little," but mand for uranium, copper, coal, phosphate and other minerals, Indian lands are being eyed for increasing development. This, too, in its appraisal aspect, tie's work. "We find that many Indians on the reservations are fearful of .termination of... government assistance," ~said Little. "And we keep reassuring them." "Naturally," he continued, "some of those who have left the .reservation .want their share of tribal income, and the only way to get it is through termination of government assistance so the land can_be sold. (In most cases tribal funds are spent on the'reservation, so a n . Indian who has left the reservation consequently does not. share in them.) "In -the few instances where , Little said, results have been tragic. ''There' has been a strong )ush- to furnish facilities for education and living standards jn the .''last, five or six fears, in an effort to make the Indian m o r e self-sufficient," said Little. . . - . . - . "With these better facilities, more educated tribal leader-L ship should be apparent within '* a few years."