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Clipped From *The Westminster Budget*

24 THE WESTMINSTER BUDGET SEPTEMBER- 22, 1899 Qmj. by B to B4; but he probably wanted to gain time before he decided upon the final variation. •" : • : , Two KNIGHTS' DEFENCE. ' SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, The Times Democrat of New Orleans brings a chatty article on the history of International Tournaments, mentioning amusing incidents that occurred in the more important events. The Paris Tournament of 1867 and the subsequent one ten years later are prolific in interesting incidents, but the writer, who owes his inspiration to second-hand information, distorted by time and, distance, misses salient points which came to our personal knowledge. So he says Kolisch was a waiter, a banker, and finally a baron. Kolisch was never a waiter. Of a roving disposition and inclined to Bohemianism, he dabbled in journalism, finance, and chess. A man of his culture and high intellect had no heed to stoop to the calling of a waiter. Besides, we knew him intimately. The meeting meeting of Rosenthal and Winawer in Paris, 1867, characteristic and amusing, is again pointless. Winawer, who was quite unknown as a chess player at that time, came to Paris to compete in the Tournament. Tournament. We were present at the meeting at the Cafe de la Regence between the two friends, who had not seen each other since they were schoolboys at Warsaw. The following is the dialogue : R. : What are you going to do in Paris? W. : I am going to play in the Tournament. R : You ! Do you know who is competing? W. : No. Nor do I care. R. : You know Kolisch is one of the players ? W. : Yes. I have heard so. R. : Have you ever heard the name of Morphy? W. : I have heard the name. R. : Do you know he is so strong that he will beat everybody ? W 4 : Will he? That is all right. Then I shall not be worse off than any other competitor. R. : Well, if you are so confident, I shall play you a few games to-night just to show you the difference between chess in Paris and chess in Warsaw. The meeting took place. Rosenthal gave Winawer the odds of a Knight; lost every game; and in the Tournament Tournament Winawer beat him two. games, and won the second prize ; only one game below the first prize-winner, Kolisch ! ' 'The following are two of the games from the recent London Congress : J. Mason. White. 1. PtoK4 2. Kt to KB3 3. Kt to B3 4. P to Q4 5. Kt x P 6. KtxKt 7. B to Q3 8. Castles 9. B to KB4 10. Q to K2 11. QRtoQsq 12. P to K5 13. B to B sq 14. P to B4 15. >Q to R5 16. Q to R3 17. B to K2 18. P to QKt3 19. K to R sq 20. B to K3 21. RPx P 22. B to Q4 23. R to R sq 24. R to R4 25. B to Kt sq 26. B x Kt 27. R x R SICILIAN G. Maroczy. Black. P to QB4 P to K3 Kt to QB3 P x P PtoQR3 KtP x Kt P to Q4 Kt to B3 B to K2 Castles R to K sq Kt to Q2 PtoKB4 KttoB4 P to Kt3 PtoQR4 B to B sq Q to Kt3 P to R5 P x P Q to R4 KttoR3 Q to B2 P to B4 B to QKt2 RxB BxR DEFENCE. J- 28 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35, 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. Mason. White. R to R sq Q to B3 P to R3 R x R Kt to Q sq Q to B2 Kt to K3 K to. R2 Kt to B4 Kt to Q6 Kt x B Q to K2 P x P Q to B3 QtoKt7 B to K3 B x P Q to B3 K to Rsq K to R2 K to R sq K.to R2 K to R sq K to R2 K to R2 Resigns G Maroczy. Black. Q to B3 B to QKt2 R to R sq BxR Q to R3 Q to R8 B to K2 PtoQ5 B to K5 Q to B6 P x Kt P to Q6 PxP Q to B7 K to B2 \ P to Q7 QxB P to R4 PtoR5 K to Kt2 K to R3 K to R2 K to Kt2 K to R3 P to B5 J. H. Blackburne. White. 1. PtoK4 2. Kt to KB3 3. B to B4 4. Pto Q3 5. B to K3 6. Kt to B3 7. Q to K2 8. B to QKt5 9. Castles 10. P to Q4 11. PtoQ5 12. KttoKsq 13. BxB 14. P to KR3 15. Kt to Q3 16. PtoB3 17. Q to Q2 18. KttoB2 19. KttoKt4 20. Q to B2 21. Kt to R2 22. KttoK2 23. KttoKt4 24. BxB 25. Kt to B3 R. Teichmann. J. H. Black; P to K4 26. Kt to QB3 27. KttoB3 28. B to B4 29. B to Kt3 30. PtoQ3 31. B to K3 32. Castles 33. Kt to K2 34. Kt to Kt3 35. B to B sq 36. Kt to Kt5 37. RPx B 38. Kt to R3 39. P to KB4 40. K to Rsq 41. P to B5 42. Kt to R5 43. Kt to Kt sq 44. P to R4 45. Kt to Kt3 46. P to R5 47. B to Q2 48. QxB 49. " ' • 50. Blackburne. White. P toR4 Q to K2 ' KP x Kt Kto B2 R to R sq Q to B4 Kt to Kt5 Q to Kt4 KR to Q sq R to R sq P to B4 Q to Q2 P to QKt3 QR to Q sq Q toKt4 > R to Q3 R to R3 Q to Q2 Q to Q sq Q to B2 Kt to B3 Kt to K2 R to B3 Kt to Kt sq R to R sq R. Teichmann. Black. K to Kt sq Kt x Kt K to B2 R to R sq Kt to K2 P to KKt4 K to B3 KR to Q R to R sq KR to Q sq R to R sq KR to Q sq( R to R sq Kt to B sq. Kt to K2 Rto KK.2 RtoQsq R to QR sqj RtoQsq Kt to B sq P to B3 Qto QB2. P to B4 KttoK2 R to QR sq Kt to B3 and abandoned as drawn. A Two Knights' Defence turned into a dull Giuoco Piano of an ultra- orthodox character ; both sides manoeuvring with extreme caution, but Black eventually getting the best of the Opening after the advance of P to B5. Blackburne's play from this^point is of a high order, as Black seems to have a powerful attack. Black, however, being compelled to 22...P to R5* in order to prevent White breaking through with P to KKt3, Blackburne could play 23. Kt tp Kt4, rendering his position perfectly secure. Teichmann made a final attempt by marching out with the King and moving R to R sq ; but White performed a similar manoeuvre, and honours were again divided. Any further violent measures being then of no avail, Teichmann closed proceedings with 31....P to KKt4, when a draw was inevitable. • • •: PROBLEM No. 176. By B. G. Laws. BLACK. of 1 5...P to QR3 is unnecessary, it being intended here to prevent 6. Kt (Q4) to Kt5. But if so, Black replies 6...P to Q3 or 6...B to Kt5, which Dr. Tarrasch prefers. 6. Ktx Kt is contrary to principles, since it gives Black a strong centre. The move would be intelligible if it could be followed by P to K5 to prevent Black from advancing P to Q4 ; but 7. P to K5 cannot be done because of 7...B to Kt5, followed by Q to R4, compelling White to support the advanced KP. There is nothing to be said till 13. B to B sq, which is loss of time, since he could have developed at once with P to QKt3and B to Kt2. The Bishop being at B4 he might have continued 13. Q to R5, P to Kt3, 14. Q to R3, etc. Perhaps some effort might have been made later on with 15. P to KKt4, Kt xB ; 16. P x Kt, followed by K to R sq and utilise the open KKt file eventually. Instead of 22. B to Q4, 22. B x Kt, B x B ; 23. Kt to R4 might be considered ; whilst Black's 22...Kt to R5 is inferior and embarrasses him temporarily. He could have played 22...Kt to Q2, followed by the advance of QBP. White simplified the game too much, thus accentuating Black's advantage. He could have played 26. Kt to Kt 5, Q to B3; -27. P to B4 with plenty of scope for combinations. Of course Maroczy need not have made the repetitions of moves at the end, but continued at once with P to B5, followed WHITE. White to play and mate in three moves. ' • „ SOLUTION OF PROBLEM No. 175. T7 »h:H t0 KtT3 ' an y move ; 2. Q, R, P, Kt, or P to R8-Q mates. liRRATUM.^-In solution of Problem No.174 read : 1. Q to Qsq instead Q to K sq. THE AMERICAN AND THE ENGLISH EMPLOYER In the current number of Feilden's Magazine Mr. Tom Mann devotes some space to a consideration of the respective futures of the British and American engineering industries, and expresses himself in the following terms : I have worked for sixteen years in English engine and machine shops, and in tne whole of that time I saw less friendly: consultation between employers and employed than I saw in America in sixteen weeks. The English employer seems to fear a loss of dignity if he were to elicit an opinion from any one of lower rank than the manager or chief draughtsman. The American trots out every hour or so, and has no scruple in going to any workman who may be engaged "upon not the employer's idea only but that of the employer, manager, dratigMsman, mechanic, and labourer alike-all gathered in the most direct fashion warm from the brains of the men engaged in the business, or indeed from any available source. Nationality aside, Mr. Mann thinks such behaviour deserves to win.