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MISS HOBHOUSE'S GREAT SOCCESS What She Has Done to Alleviate Con ditions Among Conquered Boers. She Was Bitterly Opposed at Every Step by Lord Kitchener and Other Powerful Men, but Managed to Arouse the Nation. From tie San Francisco Chronicle. Tb woman of the moment In England Is Miss Hobhouse. When Lord Kitchener thought he had (rotten her most securely out of the wny the won ont against Dim,, to her everlsstlng credit. Not only did she win ont against Kitchener, but against Sir John Brodrlek, Secretary of War, and most unpleasant man to oppose In anything. Neither Kitchener nor Brodrlek love her for It, but the British public Is simply roaring Its approval of her. , , She went to Africa, saw an evil, came back to England, wrote about It, and made such men as Chamberlain and the Secretary of War yield to her judgment and surrender, hands down She caused the dls-handlng of the concentration camps of the Boer prisoners. No small work (or one woman to do. 'ow If there Is one thing that Lord Kitchener does hate It Is a meddling woman. And any woman who takes np anything he has said or done, or even puts her linger where his premises ate, or In any way has anything to do with him politically, that woman must be gotten out of the way. He dislikes her as much as Napoleon disliked clever women, but so far he hasn't raid her the compliment of attention that Napoleon did. Socially, women will do, according to Kitchener.- In every other way she will not. Most women are afraid of him. He has a terrible eye, a stern manner, an unflinching purpose and a great height. Few women would dare to argne with him. No one of them until now dared to defy him. Miss Hobhonse was arrested for defying him, but she mastered blm. WHO MISS HOBHOUSE IS. Miss Emily Hobhouse Is a woman whose family prominence makes her a figure of Importance In England. She is a niece of Lord Arthur Hobhouse, whose title is new, but whose deeds and learning are fine, and whose family is old. He has been a mem ber of Judicial committee of Privy Council' since 18S1; was a law member of Council of Viceroy of India for five years; was Commissioner of Endowed Schools, and member of London School Board. This uncle has written an open letter to the papers In his niece s behalf and says every reasonable effort will be made to bring this case to the calm arbitrament of law. The entire family is conspicuous In the literary and ecclesiastical life of England. It Includes an M. P., a Bishop, an editor and a Judge of the High Court at Calcutta. What the Government" did to Miss Hobhouse, whether accidentally or through intention, cannot go unquestioned. Miss Hobhouse went to South Africa some time ago, just as Clara Barton went to Cuba. She found the concentration camps more terrible tban any place where she had ever seen human beings suffer. She found men, women and children of the Boers there suf. fering terribly. She did not believe, nor did she say, that this was the fault of any one man. The fault was In the system, and the systim had been decided on by Lord Kltch. ener and the Secretary of War as the best one during the condition of affairs brought about bya prolonged war. She found that, no matter how kind the Intentions of a Government or a commander toward these Boers, the condition was something fearful. ,AII sorts of terrible results., physical and mofal, bad arisen from the system. She gave her entire time, money and work to relieving the evils, but found the task beyond that of one woman or any corps of nurses or Philanthropists. She made up her mind that .7i .ith ..V . to struggle with. She wrote and argued ( with Lord Kitchener, and his representative In South Africa, saying that these camps j were a hideous nuisance, and that some ' other method should be employed at once In taking care of the people. LORD KITCHENER OBJECTED. She got no results from her work or her pleading. ' Lord Kitchener was not going to have his plans upset by a woman. He believes they are all sentimentalists. He takes what they say with a barrel of salt. He knows that war Is cruel, and that while It shocks the refined nerves of a lady, there Is a great deal to be done that is barbaric If one's King and country . demand success. All war Is barbaric. There Is nothing humane about It. There Is no gentle side to It. It Is all the extreme of cruelty. And It Is no place for a woman, and the sooner she gets out the better for every one concerned. So Lord Kitchener paid no attention to Miss Emily Hobhouse. He let her go her way, do what she wanted to do; If there was an evil she could miti gate In war she could do It If she would only leave him alone and not point out bis business to him. There Is a great gulf fixed between 1 Napoleon and Kitchener, but they were both ' BAM cn nnA ml i nin d anA hod 4h "' UMU UOVJ LUC OUUIC attitude toward women. When Mme. de Stael went too far Napoleon banished her. When Miss Emily Hobhouse went too. far Lord Kitchener had her arrested. She had gone far enough, however, to win out. Her arrest touched the button that set off the most tremendous movement of the war. Sir John Broderlck, Secretary of War for tbe Crown, announced at the Primrose League that the concentration camps In South Africa would be broken up; that the Bunibeia In all camps would be reduced; that Cape Colony would get the overflow ! from Orange River and that Katal would i "- "'""jr. me "turn is one to ne get the overflow from the Traqsvaal, and ' feen 10 reattr advantage on an open plat-that the Government hoped to provide at I 'n' uon " ,h tt-clle(J "elevated stage" once permanent shelters on the coast. of ,be three-ring circus; but the very re-Miss Hobhouse went to South Africa ! "frictions Imposed In Keith's In this re-merely to work as a philanthropist. She : sf(ct t0 tD difficulties of the ensem-had no Intentions of meddling with political I Dle riding, a,nd, In consequence, to Its at-utfalrs, or disturbing Lord Kitchener. Her ! tractlveness. A handsome young woman did iu'yz" r at? th.f,mt:;- 'ben i '"uu" "c'"uu "er "reugm sne re- turned to England. There she told her friends of the terrible situation in the con- centratlon camps. ward by the Liberal party, and finally per- ! suaded to put what' aht aw. heard and knew Into a pamphlet. This she did. nuv nil uruujgui. lur- I RETURNED TO THE CAMPS. ! Last June Mlsa Hobhouse determined to return to these concentration camps, taking I wiin tbe Ing corps were quickly nipped In the bud by a oeremn tory refusal from the Secretary of War to allow her to go to these camps. She couldn't go without bis passport, and so the good lady's mission came to a standstill. Mr. Broderlck was said to have acted In accordance with the wishes of Lord Kitchener that this woman was simply to be kept out of the way. Miss Hobhouse decided to go to Africa as a traveler and citizen of England. Her Intention, as she says, was to work among the starving refugees on the coast. Thousands of persons had fled to the coast.out Of the path of war, and, like most refugees, line only thing they had was life, and were 'rapidly losing that through lack of shelter and food." She thought she could probably do as much good among these people as she could In the camps. Her work was to be Just like Miss Barton's, without reference to creed ' sex or race. . ' She sailed away on October S for Cape Town. She went under her own name, and carried a letter to Lady Hely-Hutchlnson, whom she meant to consult as to the best method of work to employ on the coast. When she arrived in Table Bay, on Octolier 27. an officer came on board and said she , was not to be allowed to land; that she was ner an tne money she eon d snd dolnir rrMifiriira, junun Koie, tiuamon. best in her power to remedy the suffer-1 Ju . i If,' ,. ."""j wno displayed ber and evil, tj working a? the he.S of '. T .b ' iv"!' Of philanthropic women. Her plans I terestlnz. ,u- to remain on ship under supervision; that she was to hold no communication with anybody, and that she was to return on Wednesday on the next ship. She told the officer that he brought no warrant or statement of her offense. She asked him to carry a letter to Colonel Cooper and Lord Kitchener, . telling them she was only going ,to work among the refugees, but If they wouldn't allow that, would they allow her at least to get off the steamer and live quietly In Cape Town until she regained her strength, that she was too ill to move, from her very rough voyage of nearly month's duration, and that she couldn't stand a return voyage at once. WHEN SHE WAS ILL. The commandant of Cape Town answered her letter, saying that the military orders were Imperative, and that she could not leave the ship. They said if she was III she could have the military doctor. She begged for a consultation with her own doctor, who was then In Cape Town. That was denied her. Colonel Cooper came to see her personally and told her that martial law prevailed and that she could, not be allowed to land. She saw the fllmslness of the whole thing, and that the whole martial law was directed against her and no one else. Nothing she could say or do could change the orders. . She was to sail back at once. In telling of her forcible removal from the ship she says two army nurses came to take her by force from the ship and transfer her to the other vessel she was commanded to sail on. She spoke quietly to the nurses and asked them not to lay violent hands on her, as she was III. She appealed to them not to molest a sick woman, and both nurses turned and left the room. An hour later two soldiers appeared with the military doctor. He asked ber If she would go at once. She replied she would not; that she was a free woman, too sick to be taken back on a wrrible voyage. Ho signed to the soldiers to come forward. She appealed to theui. asking If they would like their mother treated In that way. But they had to obey. They bound ber arms with a shawl, forced ber to the deck and carried her forcibly on the deck of the other ship, on which she was twenty-four days at sea, too 111 to move. When she got back to England and told hervstory the howl against Lord Kitchener and the Secretary of War was worse than the protest made la ber behalf In the spring. At the darkest hour came victory. "MY LADY NELL" A melodrama compounded of familiar materials, called "My Lady Nell," and writ, ten by Owen Pavis, author of several popular pieces of the kind, was acted for the first time, in the Standard Theatre, yester-day afternoon, by the company of the theatre. It was repeated In the evening, when the usual Monday-night gathering was In attendance, receiving the entertainment I with fervid enthusiasm. There were suggestions of M Iiss, "Ranch 10," and numerous other old dramas of the frontier in the course of events, which had to do with a waif, a valuable mine to which she was heiress, a pair of thieves who come Into unlawful possession, a heroic young miner and an upright youug woman who eot the waif her rights, and a Chumley. like English nobleman who in the end mar. rted the waif. "Comic relief" In the customary proportions was furnished by a Milesian couple and an amorous valet. Mr. Arvine was the hcroie miner; Miss Russell, the upright aunt of the waif; Mr. Cofflu and Miss Pavey, the schemers; Mr. Stock-dale and Miss Oarmontelle. the comic Celts; Mr. Lewis, the nervy Englishman; Miss Granger, the walf-"My Lady Nell." Miss Granger and Miss Carmontelle Interpolated songs, a fire in the mine was realistically ft forth, and the audience was delighted. "Reilly and the 400" Revived. Edward Harrigan entered on the fourth week of his engagement in the Glrard Avenue Theatre with a revival of his great success of the early '90s, "Reilly and the 400," repeating bis amusing and comic Impersonation of the shrewd, philosophical, good-natured Irish pawnbroker. The perform, ance, In many respects, was the best given since the beginning of his engagement here. Both Miss Maddern, who again was cast In a former Mrs. i'eamans role, and Mr. Mid-dleton, who had John Wild's old part of the self-satisfied Salvador Magnus, have caught 'I" Harrtgan spirit admirably, and were f(lctor limVen!ng'B success. Nellie caliabau was the Maggie Murphy, Emma pollock's old role, and. as had been expected, scored witn tne song mar giormes me cum forts of that young woman's home. Marie Warren went Into Dlackrace as Lizzie boun, the "bid" negress, and did well. Mr. Moore (his first appearance since Mr. Har-rlgan's-coming), Miss Crelghton, Mr. Mo-Grane, Mr. Elton, and other favorites were In the big cast. The play has more than the usual number of catchy farahaui melodies. Variety in the Grand Opera-House. Harry Linton and Leila Mclntyre scored the hit of the evening's entertainment In the big theatre In North Broad street, where they gave the sketch called "An Unloving Lover." Miss Mclntyre won applause, as usual, for her baby-songs. Barney Ferguson and John Mack, a pair of veterans of the varieties, bad a sketch called "The Dimple their grotesque and acrobatic foolery. Fields i and Wooley. In a "turn" of rapld-flre non-! ! sense-talk; Hooker and Davles, In an exhl-1 bltlon of danclntutbe Fonti-Bonl Brothers n the r curious lui tatlons of deep-toned ui.. Ttt .h. .n.n '".kn. coon," were ofher 'received with favor by the evening's audience, which had a meed . 5,f arplsse for the Collbrls Mldgets.Wllllam v nuni xjnitn. .li.iu ,.,,.., aui vio.- Modeler. McNatnee, the other contributors to the bill. Kaufmann Bicyclists in Keith's. The only novelty In the evening's bill In Keith's Theatj was offered In the exhlbl-tion by the Kaufmann troupe of bicyclists, who came last on the long programme. Therere eight riders In the troupe, which, as a body, gives the best showing we have had since the well-remembered Elliott family appeared here on tbe high-wheel ma- c.nln('l, 1?" ceM the "safety" of these j Ing, and was followed by an equally-talented r aOTKS mnn riderj aft(,r whlch tw0" of ,he m thrilled the aiMine with iim.vno.iort and wholly novel dash heeU-over-bead hi- j ...... i across a five-foot table. Ninth- ' K'ufmann's "turn" has ! fWi.. i nr('" J 'n" other performers engaged for ; ' the weli. TIiobo lnfl,A4 th. mnnn iic.i. ers. Haines and Vldocn whr, mi. ii,n. l"K,,e wnul(1 D" ntfe as funny without the OTHER OFFERINGS People's Thrathpi "Th rnint. Organist," a four-act melodrama with a pas- j ,vmb n,,,g, u y ivuiimn d. urav on his popular song of similar title, was acted hers by a company headed by J. H. Wright and Frances Whltehonse. and Including J. K Wlllard, (Jeorge Wharnnck, Charles Allison, and several Juvenile singers, who rendered "The Palms," "The Holy City," snd the rest of the sacerdotal repertoire that has come Into vogue with the general public. The entertainment was received with considerable pleasure by the evening's gathering. , -Park Theatrs. Hal Iteld's melodrama called "The Nlrfit Before Christmas," with Its atmosphere of rural Ohio, was acted by Elmer Grandln and the company recently sevn in his support in the People s Theatre The play Is nulte as effective In Its way as the same author's "Human Hearts," which bad a period of popularity with our theatregoers. -Eleventh Rtiief.t Opera-Houbhj. The popular songs of Irish sentiment were revived for tbe evening by Dumout's Minstrels, snd took the place of the up-to-date ballads usually rendered In Part J. It would ap-pear that a great many persons In the evening's large audience had beeu attracted had the the the XI. self-sacrificing with Its the well-liked new Its mid- return Miss was earlier, a as but seul. and cess; the Strom-berg esses the targe acter the in batic ters; and clay-modeling, specialties the chief who tbe were won their a down Lee, were She E. sliver Kathe-rlne her has rejoin Sir next accompany of be A L. n,s began various In "The played "Man roles has the with Mansfield, engaged. ' Brosd I D Glurd Grand Psrk Walnut spring, dull which They which deep dcllcutely-varle-gated The with Is Ing Aad The which thread

Clipped from
  1. The Times,
  2. 18 Mar 1902, Tue,
  3. Page 7

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