Coutts Trotter in Scottish Review is reviewed

covers Shiah briefly into extended discussion of Babi Faith

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Coutts Trotter in Scottish Review is reviewed - and a party man, b4ia gnpposed to leave all...
and a party man, b4ia gnpposed to leave all that behind hint when be accepts the Chief Magistracy, a tnaea aa a lawyer when be takes hi aeat on the beach. It seems from this that, while under M Procidentia!" Government the Chief Ex ecutive is properly re-eligible, re-eligible, re-eligible, it ie not ao in Parliamentary Government In ordef to eliminate as much aa possible hla " personal equation," and to remove from him tho temptation of aiding with one or the other of the parties from either of which he may be required to accept the responsible Ministry, Ministry, be must, we repeat, have nothing to fear or to hope. This seem to involve either hie election for life or else his elec tion for a aingle term and hia ineligibility for a second. Tbe President of the French Republio ie certainly raiaed above fear or hope for the duration of hla term, lie lathe first citizen of the republic; he receive th largest salary, perhaps, that is paid in the world ostensibly aa a salary for publio services, and he ha nothing to desire. All these condition would dispose him to let well enough alone if either a continuance of these conditions were assured or were rendered rendered impossible without usurpation. But the very enviableness of his place put upon every man who occupiea it a great tempta tion to secure a continuance of it, to become the active and ambitious politician the theory of his position requires that he should not be, to use the influence of his great place to secure his re-election, re-election, re-election, and. if he can, to make the course of national poli tics depend upon hi personal ambition. This tendency is harmless, at least com paratively in the case of a President who is the representative of a party and who is chosen a such, because he can promote his own ambitions only by promoting the in terest and the strength of his party. President President Harrison does no harm by being au active politician and by trying to make himself necessary to hia party. That is what everybody expects of him. Queen Victoria, or'any English sovereign, ia un der no temptation to become an active politician. politician. A truly constitutional monarch monarch cannot better himself except by breaking down constitutional barriers. All that people expect of him is to look dignified dignified and not to meddle in what does not concern him, but to accept the will of the Nation expressed through the constitu tional methods. A Chief Magistrate who is theoretically only the figurehead of the State, like a constitutional monarch, but who is practically and perforce an ambitious ambitious politician, like a party President, seems to unite the defects and weaknesses rather than the excellences of the two systems. Wherefore it ia inevitable that the question whether President Cabnot shall go to Nancy and hold a review two years before his term expires becomes a question of practical politics and excites the antagonism of every Frenchman who would like to succeed him in the Presidency. Presidency. A HEW RELIGION. That there is in Persia so little happiness and so little protection for life and property property is no donbt a reason of the interest which the people take in matters of the unseen world. It is there anticipated that the Imam Mahdl, the expected descendant of Au, will appear and will act all things right. An account which, brings home to Western eyes the strange life of far-off far-off far-off Persia is that which Mr. Coctts Trotter gives in the Scottish Stview of the rise of the greatest sect in the country. The Shiah division of Mohammedans, to which the Persians belong, who reject the first three Caliphs and consider Au the only rightful successor of the Prophet, are especially fruitful in the production of new sect and new prophets. Among these new prophets was a certain Au Mohammed, a reputed Said, i c, a descendant of the Imam All. a young man who was the son of a merchant of Shirax. This young; man attained to great celebrity on account of the purity and austerity of his life. It waa he who, about the middle of this century, waa the founder of a aect that haa become very influential He was barely thirty year old at the time of his death, in 1850. Six years before be had gone upon a pilgrimage to Mecca, and, on his return, produced some sacred writings, which, in tbe estimation of his followers, bear about the same relation to the Koran that the New Testament does to the Old Testament,. Hia views appear to be rather a rationalistic variation from accepted Mohammedan doctrine. He haa dispensed with a material helL While holding that nothing in nature is impure, he inculcated and himself practiced abstention from coffee, opium, and tobacco, although the prohibition aa to the last article was rescinded rescinded by a later and pleaeanter revelation. revelation. A very new doctrine ia that women are equal to men. Women are relieved from pilgrimages on account of the fatigue incident to them. The prophet alao decrees that when the faith shall have been established established temples are to be erected on the sites of the martyrdoms of the chief teach era of the new religion and upon that of hia own martyrdom, which In Persia it perhaps perhaps required no great prophetic gift on his part to foresee. After the prophet's return from Mecca he waa proclaimed by hia followers aa the Bab, f. c.. tbe Gate or the " Way of Eternal Life." Aa a reformer he attacked the cor ruption of the clergy and appealed to the Shah to be allowed to come to Teheran aud argue the points of hia faith with the mollaha, or orthodox doctors. The Shah did not like the clergy, and perbape might have found aome diversion in hearing the argument, and the prophet showed charac teristic courage in making the proposition, for death wonld have been the result if he had been worsted. Bat the Shah ultimately declined to receive him. About thia time the BaVs gospel receivea a very enecuve recruit in a young, beautiful, and highly accomplished woman, the daughter of a f amon inollah ot Kaswin. She waa known a the Delight of the Eye, or Her Excellency the Pure, which last designation, according to testimony testimony of friend and. foe alike, ah -ue-ervad. -ue-ervad. -ue-ervad. -ue-ervad. Eh went about preaching, and waa heard with delight by tho multitude and by many learned doctor, her lad none no donbt much assisted by her beaatr. for In tho ardor of speaking her Yell would aometlmea fall aside. Such unconventional behavior wonld not have been appreciated by tho relatives of a clever yonng woman In moot conn tries and waa not approved In Persia. Her ancle, a distinguished moUah. preached against her from hie pulpit, for which he waa assassinated by aome of her admirera, . , : : . Conversions to the new religion Increased rapidly in all part of the kingdom, , There was at last a collision between tho Shan't Government and the aect, and aome two thousand of them were surrounded in a mountain fastness by an army led by tho princes of the blood and maaaacred. The day soon came for the BaVe own anticipated anticipated martyrdom. He and two of his followers followers were led through the ' streets of Tabriz, beaten, and tortured One of hia two followers, Said Hcsseix, waa offered hla life if he would curse the Bab, which he did. Two years later, deeply repentant for hia apostasy, he underwent martyrdom with great courage. The other disciple, Mikza Mohammed Au. young, rich, and of good position, notwithstanding that his wife and little children were brought to implore him to recant, remained firm and died with his master. At the conclusion of a day of torture the two were taken out and fired upon by a platoon of soldiers, when an extraordinary incident occurred Mirxa waa killed, but, to the astonishment of the crowd, the Bab remained untouched. In Persia miracles are matters of universal belief and of great importance. What might not have been the result if the Bab had sow escaped T But, overcome with the day's suffering, he ran, aa if from a natural Impulse, to the nearest shelter, a guardhouse, where the soldiers, seeing that he was mortal, cut him down. This movement, which had been intended by its founder to be religious and social only, at last became political. The enmity of the sect to the Shah'a administration led to an attempt npon hia life. As a result of this many executions took place at Teheran. Among the sufferers was the Delight of the Eyes, who, although offered her life in oaae ahe would renounce her re ligion, refused and foretold that she should die on the following day, which, indeed, came to pass. Among the victims were many women and children, and all showed great conrage, even the children singing as they went to execution, "We come from God, and are returning to Him." The Shah hia present Highness and the Prime Minister, not wishing to concentrate upon themselves the vengeance which might follow, cleverly distributed the executions among the various high functionaries. functionaries. A share was offered to the Shah's physician. Dr. Cloquet, but the Frenchman Frenchman excused himself upon the plea that he had already killed so many people in the exercise of his professional duties that he had no wish to add to the list. Several successors have appeared to the Bab, and the sect still remains the most numerous and influential in Persia. ' ' WHAT WE LA VOH AT. A constant need of these times, in thia country if not in others, is -food -food for laughter. laughter. This great people must have some thing at hand to langh at in all its leisure momenta. The accepted and often pro claimed theory ia that it is so bard at labor in working hour, uaing np brain tissue in th problems of commerce and finance, tiring mlrid and muscle alike, that there is no chance for serious things when work ia done. The publio mind must then be speedily taken away from care. Hence the makers of food for laughter accumulate fortunes. The clown is the hero in the theatre, theatre, the caricaturist the best-liked best-liked best-liked of all artist; the jester's broad conceits are eagerly listened to, the writer of comic jingle is the peoplo'a poet. In consequence the quantity of manufactured manufactured fun current is always large. The supply is kept equal to the demand. It quality doe not often bear close and fastidious fastidious examination; bnt It ia harmleu and decent Vulgarity, in the more restricted aenae of that word, indecency, and profanity profanity do not please this big. complex, heterogeneous heterogeneous public of ours. Yet the things that are langhed at the loudest are so often merely inane 'that the idea ia irresistible that merriment ia sometimes its own food, andtthat when people must langh only for the aake of langhing It matters little what the thing they laugh at ia Perhaps, as Byrox says, this kind of laughter may leave us "doubly serious ahortly after," but while it lasts it seems to serve a good purpose, In the New-York New-York New-York theatres, in thia month of June in the four hundredth year after the discovery of America, there ia nothing but fan, excepting light mueio that ia rarely better ihan mere jingle, and the showy pictorial setting. The range of current stage humor ia from the pleaaantly dry and antique vein of Mr. Baknabxx of Banker Hill to the aggressive juvenility of acrobatic acrobatic farce. Euphrosyne'a relga ia not to be disputed when a gentleman in one of tbe current plays gravely sharpens a carving carving knife on nothing at all. or when the great Jupiter in another carves a tongh tnrkey at the ample board of Juno. Thia burlesque of tho god of the classic, by th way, doea not differ much in the quality and barrenness of it humor from BuRNAJTD'a "Ixion" of 1868, or Kaxk 01lAiu.' " Midas" of a hundred years be-fore, be-fore, be-fore, except in the frequent allusions to xne iwo prevailing "national ' game" baseball and draw poker. . These allusions are rarely humoroua aave in their irrel evancy. Nothing essentially fanny ia said about either game. A mere reference to " abort atop " or a " atraigbt flush " will act a thousand' usually, rational persona to laughing boisterouely. . Who shall say that the laughter ia not wholesome though the caoae of it bo email t It ia no' politely as sumed amile beneath which , ' ' " the cold heart to raia ran ' wail' ? . --v --v --v darkly th but a laugh that eaaea the mind and re fresh ea it . The jeat ia labored, bnt it aervea to stimulate, and. therefore must b wel comed. ' , . Front tho theatre to that other solace of tho cocking food for laughter, tho eomie press, it ie agreeable to tarn, because tho

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 05 Jun 1892, Sun,
  3. Page 4

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  • Coutts Trotter in Scottish Review is reviewed — covers Shiah briefly into extended discussion of Babi Faith

    smkolins – 27 Mar 2013

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