1896 assassination discusses Babis and presence in akka

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1896 assassination discusses Babis and presence in akka - f M. CitAKrEttATX 1 demmxl in n a - - n a...
f M. CitAKrEttATX 1 demmxl in n a - - n a complain, baa been con - ranco by various kdueatioaal ! authorities: and organizations were formed to opposo it before any 'of it provisions had been known. This serves to account for the mistakes and misrepresentation which hav9 been made about its actual contents. IU enemies hare found the fault which they expected to find in it, and have denounced it not fur what it is, but for what they thought it was likeIyto be. M. ChamberUix refers in detail to the unfounded 'attack which have been made on it by some educational expert at Birmingham, who have pasiod sentence without informing' themselves of the facts ; and having shown that the Bill is not what it critics have fancied it, and that it does not contain the elements of mischief which they have discovered in it, he passes on to explain what its objects really are and what benefit may be ex pected to come from it. It aims, in the first place, at saving the voluntary school from the extinction extinction with which they have been threatened by the unfair competition to which they have, been exposed. On this point Mr. Chamberlain as a interesting to recall tha fact that it endeavoured to retaliate by attempting the life of the Stun as far back as The successor of tho. B A now reaidaa in Syria, and Aerw is a Bab! Mecca to which Fenian sectaries make surreptitious pilgrimages. It 1 easily conceivable that some fanatic among them, excited by tha preparations already begun to celebrate tho - Shah's jubilee,, may have thought jt a laudable thing; to revenge, even at this lateperiod, tho wiougs inflicted upon hi co - religionists. There has, indeed, been no lack of. continuing provocation for any man capable of imagining a reasonably just form of government.. The Shah of Persia, is an absolute autocrat unfettered unfettered by laws, and 2Tasrxddlx was cot very largely endowed with the personal virtues which alone can mitigate tha evils of sachra system. In the ordinary courso of nature a vacancy on the throne - of Persia might hare been expected at no very distant date, although the lat ruler is credited with simple and abstemious personal habits favourable to longevity. The motives of. tho assassin in anticipating the ratural etrxrse of events are chiefly interesting ia so far aj they upportor of the Bdl, and Mr. Dixox, as iu aight 'thxwr. some light upon the .ituatioa now opponent, have confessedly changed sides. Mr Dixox in 1870 held that the Education Act was intended to supplement, not to supplant, the existing voluntary system. Ma. Chamberlaix at that time, wa more aggressively disposed. He wished to get rid of the voluntary schools and to bring the School Board system into use everywhere. everywhere. He has changed his mind now, not since ho has joined the present Ministry, but ten years ago when he had no thought of taking office. Experience has brought conviction. Ho has seen that the voluntary school have so increased in number, that they now provide for the education of four - sevenths of the children of school age, and that they have become so popular that they may claim to supply a real national want. Then there is the question of cost. In 1S70 Mb. Chamberlaix was rash enough to put faith in Mr. Forster's assurance that the School Board rate would never be more than threepence in tho pound, and would not as a rule amount even to this. iHu finds the rate at Birmingham more than a shilling in the pound, and he sees that if onlr from receral knowledge of the country he ia the voluntary schools were extinguished it would J dtined to govern, but even from active govern - riso possibly to twice what it is now. For these , ment 0f fa provino, wbicli he has nominally reasons, therefore. Mr. Chamberlaix confesses t. - - t ir , - r, ,arl;.r. n himself a convert to the views which Mr, Dixox 'subordinate to his Vizier. Little is. authenti - of - it to of be It created. In countries like Persia there is always some risk of a disputed succession, bat the chances of disorder aro obviously much greater if the assassination was the outcome, of widespread present discontent than if it was simply the act of a fanatic brooding over persecution. The hair - apparent to the throne is Mozaetee - sd - dix, at present Governor of tho province - cf Azerbaijan, who has the advantage of royal descent on both sides. But ho has 'an elder brother, the Zlt - ts - . Sultax, who at one time played a great part in Persian affairs, and is still, notwithstanding his fall, a person of much weight and inSasnce. He is Governor of Jspahan, and at .one time had under his rule tho gTeater port of Southern Persia. Though he has acqaiosced in "his reduced importance, his earlier career show him to be not devoid of ambition. He has also had far larger opportunities of acquaintance acquaintance with affairs than his loyal brother, since, in accordance with Persian tradition, the heir - apparent has been rigorously 'excluded not held and professed in 1870, but which he has ceased now to hold. A further object of tha Bill is to bring about decentralization of control. Mr. Chamberlaix, as an old member of the Birmingham School Board, has felt the heavy band of the Education Department, and has been irritated at its constant interference with every detail of school management. Local bodies know tho wants of their districts better than any central office can do, and the Bill will enable them to vary the supply a they uiay find expedient, expedient, and to give to local peculiarities and aspirations aspirations a fair play such as thoy will now for the first time have an opportunity of securing. There is good sense in the remark. After all - that has boon done, the educational problem has not yet got beyond tho experimental stage, and it is well, therefore, that the experiments should be varied, and that each district should hare a chance allowed it of contributing in its own way to a solution which has not yet been reached. jSext comes the question as to the educational authority' to which the new powers of control are to be assigned. Ma. Chamberlaix give reasons for the selection of the County or Town Council as the most representative that cap. be found, and he remark correctly 'that, what ever jealousy School Boards may feel at the choice, it is not for them but for the ratepayer to have a 'determining voice given them. On the question of expense, Mr. Chamberlaix shows that the Bill does not involve, the cheapening of education and its consequent loss of quality. It would have been well, perhaps, if the Bill bad really boon open to remark on this coro, and if it had. been so constructed as to contract even more narrowly than it does the powers of School Boards to indulge in lavish expenditure for no real educational wants. As for the qualifications of town councils" to deal with educational matters, Mr. Chamberlaiu at Birmingham has an easy task to prove that they are adequately possossed of them. An enumeration of their good work dono at Birmingham and else where, warrants him in asserting that they are really not incompetent to. deal with the business details of teaching little children their ABC Finally, Mr. Chamberlaix ventures into a defence of the Bill as intended to meet the complaints made by .Nonconformists that they cannot always secure for their children the religious' instruction which they prefer. The Bill provides that reasonable 'facilities - shall in every cose he granted for the voluntary teaching of any religious system which a fair minority of parents may approve and ask for. It is not certain what amount of advantage will bo taken of this clause. It is the ministers of each denomination denomination rather than the parents who commonly raise the outcry which the Bill is constructed to silence. But Birmingham, in any case, is not likely to disapprove a proposal which its School cally known about his character and capacity, for he is seen by few Europeans, and their opinions are. very far from concordant. Orientals constantly constantly surpriio the world bydevelopingaptitudea for rule which their training seems admirably fitted to smother, but it does not invariably happen that a carefully - secluded heir to the Throne is able to master the comparatively simple rules) of - absolute despotism. It may be noted 'also that "Northern and Southern Persia are separated as well by social and moral difference as by the physical barrier of an extensive" desert. It may be hoped, however, that the heir apparent will be allowed to ascend the throne of his father in peace, and that Persia will be spared internal dissensions which cannot but hasten a disruption always ' well within the range of political vision. The 'guard of the Russian Legation in Teheran, together with the Cossack or Turkoman bodyguard of the Shah with it Russian officers and training, probably comprise the only fighting men in Persia of whom serious account need be taken. Corruption of the most . pronounced and hopeless Oriental type has destroyed every vestige of patriotism and of national coherence. From the highest :officiJ down to the lowest every man at once bribe) and is bribed. What elsewhere is an accident or a disease of the body politio is in Persia tha warp and woof of the fabric Russia may respect the impotence of her neighbour for a time if thing go on quietly, but she will hardly tolerate disturbance on her borders when its sTTppreasion is at once easy and remunerative. The Queen has been pleased to approve tha "appointment of her Royal Highness Frinceaa Henry of Battenberg to be Governor ex ue lade of Wight. We are able to announce that, with the lano - tion of her Majesty the Queen, iheJArchbiahop of Canterbury has deputed the Bishop of Peterborough Peterborough to attend the approaching - Caronation at Moscow as a representative of the Churah of England. "Aliex Immi3axis axd Is txctious DisEisn. The Lonl Goircrrunerit Board Las iuoed a opy of Dr. Theodora Thomson' report on tha method adopted al certain porta for dealiog with alien immigraaU. Tha report state that the camber of alien arriving, bo stated to be tn route to America and other places, wa 31,700 inlS34, zinst 33,133 in 1893 and 38.047 ia 1891. On the other hand, the somber of aliens ctatad to be passing through this country wa 33,311 in 1894, against 79,318 in 1893 and 98,705 ia 1891. It i stated that tha .latter, called ' tracsmigraata.' are cleaoer and man npectabhi than tha former, or " immigrants." 'Ibe measure taken at the various port witn'a view to preventing tho importation of infectious disease are elaiaed under two heads 1) Those that were taken especially in view of danget from cholera : and ( i) those that the port sanitary authorities had been ia the habit of takiug at times anterior to the vcent threatened approach of cholera. Vita respect to cholera, medical la.r.t. hm, Iwn Amioidti in London in sulflfirnl iSoara nas aireauv carried into euect, nor is it number to admit of one being always on duty at urTe - eosy to show that "the rule can be described with i 'pd iPrt " rttneU. try alien U examia.J.jaad ' , . . ,. . .. i. 1 the crew of all veawls coming from an infected port, any fairness as tending to create the rebgious u injections diseases, it U stated thai difficulties which it will serve to appease. Into i nothing approsehing ixupection of la systematic sort some otner aetans oi tne liitl air. chamber - lain" does not enter at length, valuable as he deems them, especially for the transfer which it makes of pauper children from the care of i the guardians to the new educational authority, which will free them from the pauper taint. The assassination of the Shah has removed from the political stage a figure by no means unfamiliar unfamiliar to the people of this country. By his earlier visits to Europe and his apparent sympathy sympathy with Western civilization he raised hopes of social reform and commercial progress in Persia which were never justified ; and when he last appeared, among as about eight year ago either familiarity or disappointment or both con siderably diminished popular interest in hi movements. Yet aa a man known to many among us, and known by sight to a tolerably large circle, hia sudden and violent end must arrest attention to a greater degree than if he had remained in obtains under ordinary circumstances. In Halt tho procedure procedure for the prevention of cholera is nearly the s - ure a 'in London, all passenger beinx inroreted, whether aliens or not. TraosmiranU are provided with' special accoounodation wbile (pending the night on shore. All veswla are innrected with a view to detect infection dweates generally. At Urimsby, adedcate inspection appears to depraa upon the tfewnce of pr. Simpson. In his absence tbv port inspector t ucahle to board all vessels in every instance. At Hartlepool no spec al precaution precaution aja:nit cholera, other than those Oeal.n; wit infections diseases.' are ordinarily undertaken. The port inlctor of nuisances is stated to board every vessel ia tne outer harbour, and to report case of. sickness to the port medical otter. So spucial arrangements exist for the shelter or feeding of aliens, teasels arriving at Harwich, carrying immigrants or transmigrant, are said to be rarely inspected either for case of cholera or other diseaaca. At Southampton, all vessels are boarded by the medical o&cer or the port inspector ot naisaneea. Public Local Rates. A return has just been issued a a Parliamentary paper showing for the fnanrisl year ended in 1893 (1) the total amount of the puhlie local rates raised in Kngland and Wales, excluding - rate charged for water or fa supplied to private individuals, or for private improvement works ; and (3) the net expenditure on (al the relief of the poor, () elementary education, and (c) poLee, borne by such rate ; and similar returns for ecotlaod and Ireland. Tae total amount of such rates raised in Fnglsnd and Wales wa expenditure borse oj sees The reiser of tbe poor, . . - mi bos i Scotland the aemi - fabulou. obscurity that normally en - 1 waa"' f.Uow, veloDS far - oif Oriental potentates. Our brief : 6.730.369 r ( elementary education. JC3.0O4.vO3 telegrams suggert two explanation of hi. aasi - j I'V; "wtSM uauuu, nuiui, uj us y, waa cartieu out m a f toe poor, 700.14.1 ; (I j elementary euocation, aouJ.vwi commonplace estern lasoion. Una is that an excessive issue of copper coins had led to an in tolerable rue in the prices of the neceaaaries of life, and that the Shah fell a victim to .the discontent discontent thus aroused. On the other hand, the statement that tbe murderer is supposed to be a Babi point to fanaticism oA revenge as the motive of the crime. Nearly half a century ago, soon after the Shah ascended the throne, the Bab literally "the Gate" a sort of religion enthusiast or Messiah, led a crusade against the corruption of public and private manners. Bis doctrines spread with great rapidity, and hit followers quickly aroused the apprehensions of the authorities. They were pat to death by thoo - ands, and Xasx zo Drr probably congratulated himself on having exterminated a pewtiUnt berasy. Thee thingl, howarar, are nrtrwiaeJy uningm u uie, ana wwa m vuuu im soi.uuuii BiUalfailed to cxtiiiiete the ebnoxioBi mL II (r) police, 381,381. The amount raised m Ireland we 3.37.04 ; the expenditure wa () the relief of the poor, A - MO.UZ : ft) elementary eauesuoa, A,ew t ) police, 44,126. Palmer' Ixdex to "Th Tmes." Mr. Samnel Falaer, ef Shepcertca(whoihia eww pohliaher), has already brought out the Erst part of h;a axles o the contents of ear eel anas for tbe moutha Jsaaary to March inclusive f the current year. The feature of thi instalment is the length and variety ef It Parliamentary " cUpertnsevided into - Speeches and ProeeWmr - "The votasne he the nseal tmaa ef railway and ether aeodaela. af P"," ether sensational matter. ASam na Bewta Airiest occupy a eoMWIerabU rpeee.aa migll be eiweted. sokdee the beading ef "Jaes - nw." "Ejxarr." Transvaal." e. M aiM do Egypt aad th Sodas. The grow ef the Wineaaf the I&irr Cavrt i. shew, by the f ae ton tha entries ef the tanas beard ia London extend ever itoWthaa eoohansu Tie lis of death, owing - to the MuMaem ot M wsier aad early spemg. ie shorter than anal: but it metade the new is oi Prince Henry et Baiteaaerr. Ar - Moanne Deaieao, Xr. Oeerge Hirrmvmrt. bTTu7 Bsdaewte, the Arcabiaaap (Qeg) of Aratagh. Lord Uirttoe, the Coon de Taaeyraad Mnri, tee Orsnd Deebese ef OMcaburg. the Arr. nke Alaert, aad tee xer. witness Minsai, oe i

Clipped from
  1. The Times,
  2. 02 May 1896, Sat,
  3. Page 13

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  • 1896 assassination discusses Babis and presence in akka — bottom of first selected column, top to middle of second column

    smkolins – 27 Mar 2013

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