Clipped From The Havre Daily News

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 - uproar. of turmoil Washington by Indians, ol...
uproar. of turmoil Washington by Indians, ol heat a springs oil ear mis its Amer been the the :pe cies wherever possible. More Than a Discoverer Nothing could be further the .truth that, the Drake well o; 1853 "discovered" .petroleum, troleum had for thousands o! years been p r i z e d , ' a n d crudely refined. There were at least six small" refineries iu Pittsburgh -before .Drake produced petroleum from .a drilled well. In Scotland, one James Young produced petroleum from shales, and made a very good illuminating oil. He pat-1 entod his process in 1S49, and later im an infringement suit testified that he had been making profits of 51,500,000 per year. All this before Drake had heard of Oil Creek. Nevertheless, Drake's , discovery that petroleum could be produced in large quantities by drilling wells rather than in insignificant quantities by s k i m m i n g oil springs, was the bo.ijin.ning of the modern industry. Heftr-re he triefl d r i l l (xi8nnie;j.ti!d iinsucr.or.r f u l l y wit.:; trenches and pits to draw in ;he oil. There is a story i i ' Drake sitting iiiu.or a big pine tree watch- M o n u m e n t Erected by Daughters -of tho A m e r i c a n R e v o l u t i o n Over the ''Drake Well." ;.hat .a new route to wealth was opened, a great industry torn. It is d o u b t f u l if in any of the famous gold rushes cities were .built so Htoi-aUy overnight, money niade and lost so fast, as in the oil re- Oil City bocEime the center. ing his ditch diggers and racking ai'Sti the d e v e l o p m e n t ivr-s 1 ( ,! :;lc.r.jg ,Oil Creek, '.vhic'i; Hows !;·.; ' ' - . H o ATlygheny River .it O i l ;:.ay. Thu ri.'.E,ioii Ifi'ip.;; i n m i a l a i i . e M w iincl w i t h o u t railroads, oil in barrels was floated down tho creek to Oil City on llatboals, thence to Pitts- his brain for method. The hi;: to him of boring moro effective idea f i n a l l y came straight into the ground.. Me promptly posted off to Tarentnin, a few miles d i s t a n t , whore salt wells were drilled. Petroleum f r e q u e n t l y seeped into these and ruined the salt. Why not drill for the petroleum instead of the.salt? At Last the Great Find! At Tarentum Drake learned about drilling and the tools required. By dint of much effort and ingenuity he got together the rude tools and small capital with which the first oil well was drilled. On the afternoon of August 2G, 1S59, the well had reached a depth of 60 feet, and the crew stopped work for the day. Next morning the nearly -full of - excellent petroleum! "~'The -Drake discovery had been ··made. burgh via the Allegheny. Thousands of teamsters hauled oil to the creek, and when the earliest pipe lines were opened there was well nigh civil war, the teamsters rioting and pulling up the pipes. M u s h r o o m Cities Everywhere Cities sprang up between days, Pithole, a few miles from Titusville, being the most famous- When the first (lowing well came in there such a rush started that within three months the town had 10,000 people, then 20,000, perhaps 30,000. Including transients it is said to have sheltered at times 50,000. The first pipe line was from Pithole to the railroad, four miles away. Three railroad lines were later graded into Pithole, and trains ran on one of them. Big hotels were bunt, an oil exchange established, and the post office business was exceeded only in silent iu the open work steeple. If the motorist stops a moment for the splendid sweep of mountains and valleys about him he may hear faintly the chug-chugging of a gas engine. It pumps each day a tow barrels of oil from the last v.-oll r e m a i n i n g to attest former glories ol' Pitholo City, once ra.t.;".l an thr; eighth wonder of the \vorld. A n A m a z i n g D e v e Stupendous as seemed Pithole's production, it would be scarcely is a drop in the bucket today. it mounted to 20,000 or When 30.000 barrels daily the market broke. Oil became almost valueless, and men wont to hod at night millionaires to · awaken in the morning paupers. In those days petroleum's value lay in lubricants and knrosono. Tho age of machinery was only beginning, with its insatiate demand for lubricants, while kerosene, though the best illuminant ever known, was dangerous because poor refining left in it gasoline that was liable to explode. It is difficult nowadays, when the world is being combed for more petroleum to make more gasoline, to realize that gasoline was once nuisance and a menace. The internal combustion engine created the demand for gasoline, now the primary product of petroleum. The demands of millions of motor cars

Clipped from
  1. The Havre Daily News,
  2. 18 Oct 1926, Mon,
  3. Page 5

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