mm r KKO Today Solution for Germany The Honorable Course A People's Rebellion Can't Draw Blueprint Treatment as Adults I By Walter Lippmann- IN HIS address to the College of Cardinals just before the Allies entered Rome, the Pope spoke of "the courage of desperation" which is instilled into many Germans by their belief that we mean to "destroy national life to the very roots," and he asked that "this fear should give way to a well-founded expectation of honorable solutions. The problem here is how deeply rooted in the national life of Germany are the power and the will to conquer. For this evil thing we must destroy to its very roots. Are the Germans right who say that if e uproot their militarism thoroughly, we shall thereby destroy not only Hitler's Reich, not only Bismarck's Reich, but the German nation? If they are right, then there Is no hope. If, as they argue, German nationality and German militarism are identical and inseparable, that they have the same roots, then how could an honorable solution be found? An honorable solution must rest on the assumption that German militarism can be destroyed to its very roots without destroying the German nation. The corollary of that is the German nation must itself participate in the destruction of German militarism. If it does, it will not only make possible, but it will compel an honorable solution. We should be deluding ourselves 5th Army Chases Shattered Nazis North of Rome By EDWARD KENNEDY ROME, June 5 (A. P.) . Allied armor and motorized infantry roared through the Eternal City today not pausing to sight-see -crossed the Tiber and proceeded with the grim task of destroying two battered German armies fleeing to the north. Flashing forces of Allied fighter-bombers spearheaded the pursuit, jamming the escape highways northward with burning enemy transport and littering the fields with dead Victor Emmanuel Yields Power To His Son By CLINTON B. CONGER NAPLES, June 5 (U. P.). King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy today signed over his royal powers to Crown Prince Humbert as Lieutenant General of the Realm, carrying out his pledge to Allied officials that he would give up the royal authority he has held for nearly 44 years when Allied troops liberated Rome. The King did not abdicate his throne. A formal statement said that he had turned over all his powers "without exception" to Humbert, who would hold them "irrevocably" as long as he lives, but that Victor Emmanuel would remain King of Italy and head of the House of Savoy. KEEPS PLEDGE The historic documents were signed at 3 P. M. in the King's closely-guarded villa at Ravello. The action carried out to the letter his 12 to the Allies that and wounded Nazis. The enemy was tired, disorganized and ' bewildered by the slashing character of the Allied assault, which in 25 days had inflicted a major catastrophe on German forces in Italy and liberated Rome almost without damage to the historic city. QUIT TIBER BANK (The Vichy radio said Monday night the Germans had abandoned the entire left bank of the Tiber River from its mouth to Rome. Included in the area is the port of Ostia.) Joining the relentless program of destruction, 500 American heavy bombers blasted rail yards at five points in northern Italy between Venice and Rimini through which the Germans might attempt to move reinforcements and equipment to bolster Marshal Albert Kesselring's beaten armies. At 10 A. M. today Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark, commander of the victorious Fifth Army, entered Rome in a Jeep and drove to the city hall, where he formally proclaimed the Allied occupation and praised the valor of his troops. 20,000 NAZI PRISONERS Hie PENMAPK 1 . MIPPLCSBROUGH rffl pupun ? V n f at 'V I J NOTTIN6HAM 7T.rM0FT BIRMINGHAM 'Ji 'Lu vSWANSEA ) NETHERLANDS V?T WISTOL LVIN! T i ROTTERDAM f Osnabouck V SOUTHAMPTON 11111 PLYMOUTH y.. .Portsmouth v2bm NKi2SIMUNP f niishChcinnelmv0Wl Vessels JcoAi y J. BELGIUM 3 F DM AM V ISLANDS jt V , ST.QUtNTIN ( J Ss fm CAEN X BEAUVA,S REIMS WBOURG JvKHmHvJ S PENNES (MTZ'KA0lSfiUHE EEELORIENT P D 4tN C ES llMCY -Z AOr ST.NA2A.R,Ef4W-AS TOUDS M V NANTES V-rT s mahousiK -S Vf.POCHEFOOT VCHY I S -ft (ROANNE L -s jr0 j (J ferbanp I LYONS XtL m j .BOtVE ). VIENNE I VSV ST.EriENVt V" ' BOBPUXsg- G-ENBt TURIN MitAN o V e .VALENCE "Ps--. PX "SS .MONTAUBAN ALES if GENOA r oicur savona g 7 MONTPEIUED AVI6NON tTI'MP.A V L TOULOKyANNEs" MILES NPfPPIGNAN O tOO 2QO " VF EUROPE IB n n no n n rz n n Naval, Air Units In Giant Assault On Axis Europe SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, June 6 (Tuesday), (A. P.). General D wight D. Eisenhower's headquarters announced today that Allied troops began landing on the northern coast of France this morning strongly supported by naval and air forces. The Germans said the landings extended between Le Havre and Cherbourg along the south side of the bay of the Seine and along the northern Normandy coast. Parachute troops descended in Normandy, Berlin said. - Berlin first announced the landings in a series of flashes that began about 6 :30 A. M. (12 :30 A. Philadelphia time). The Allied communique was read over a trans-Atiantic hookup direct from General Eisenhower's headquarters at 3:32 (E.W.T.), designated "Communique No. 1." A second announcement by the Supreme Headquarters said that "it is announced that General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery is in command of the army group carrying out the assault. This army group includes British, Canadian and United States forces.' The Allied communique did not say exactly where the invasion was taking place, but Berlin earlier gave these details: Allied naval forces, Including heavy warships, are shelling Le Havre. "It is a terrific bombardment," Berlin said.