Billings Area Benefits from Northern Pacific Railway

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Billings Area Benefits from Northern Pacific Railway - is the first of 14 giant new locomotives...
is the first of 14 giant new locomotives purchased this year to power increased traffic across the northwest. It made through Billings last week. This engine weighs 473 tons transcontinental passenger and high speed freight service. t is It has 77-inch driving wheels which can roll it along left is shown the Northern Pacific's first locomotive, the in 1870. In front of it are shown George H. Daimond, 5. Clark, 78, retired Northern Pacific engineers who were in the early days. They drove the old wood burners, engines, and have followed locomotive developments for Daimond railroaded from 1871 to 1922 and Mr. Clark from enginemen's clothes to man the new 1941 giant tor a short from the factory, Billings, Laurel and Yellowstone Valley Benefit Greatly From N. P. Line; (This is one in a series of articles on the railroads and national defense.) By IRV WYATT Before analyzing the place of railroads in the nation's defense program, it is important to have some conception of what a railroad means to an individual community and region In more normal times. . For this purpose, a brief survey of the Northern Pacific railway has been made, with detailed information" on Montana, and especially the Yellowstone division which extends from Mandan, N. D., to Livingston. N. P. Shops at I IMIHIIIl.IIMIlf'"l"llTl'in- ;r'''.' "' " """ t?- .... n u ii ,, , 1 1 V .v . m m p rLJ U I! n ( OJc , r Above are three scenes of the Northern Pacific railway yards at Laurel, taken at the time of completion of remodeling and enlarging of the turntable at the roundhouse there to accommodate the giant locomotives employed on the line to take care of increased business on the line. boats. Then the lieutenant was taken Into the empty side of the hold, where, of course, nothing was found. One side exhaustively inspected, the lieutenant -was led into the other, which was also empty, the cars with the liquor having been safely transferred Into the part of the hold Just examined. It is needless to say that the Omega was released with a clean record. On this trip an amusing incident occurred, having nothing to do with liquor smuggling, but showing that Audubon's party did not escape the treatment generally accorded to pll- grlms. Audubon's botanist had boast- j ed of being able to tell the name I of any plant by merely seeing the I leaf. The French guide expressed The Old and the New Laurel Are Busy Jul astonlnhment at hearing thin, and said he would find a plant the botanist could not analyze. Borne Indians, who had spent the preceding winter where the boat was tied up, had dropped a few kernels of corn and these were now Just beginning to sprout. Carefully digging up a plant of this, and concealing all but the leaf, the guide brought It to the botanist. The latter, not expecting to find corn growing in that part of the country, could not make out what kind of plant It was, and finally had to confess the fact. The guide then removed the wrappings and disclosed the grain of corn, to the discomfiture of the scientist. (Continued on Page 10, Column 8) In this one division of operations, the Northern Pacific railway employs 2,587 persons, and pays them an average of $327,000 In wages. Approximately one third of these W employes live either in Billings or Laurel, and this fact alone is proof that these two Yellowstone county cities have a sizable economic stake In the progress of the railroad industry. In 1939, for instance, records show that 2,953 carloads of freight originated at Billings, and in 1940, this Increased to 3,600. City Grows as Trade Center During 1939, there were 1,392 carloads of freight shipped into Billings over the Northern Pacific, and last year this Increased to 1,590 carloads, a fact which also shows the continued growth of the city as a retail and wholesale trade center. Passenger ticket sales at Billings for 1940 totaled $154,305, and this year, Billings, along with principal cities along the line, will show further increases in both passenger and freight revenue, judging from the present trend. Billings and Laurel, considered as a unit, mars almost ine geographical center of Northern Pacific operations. About 800 of the 2,587 employes live in either one of the two cities, and with their families comprise more than 3,000 cf the population. The Laurel plant of the Northern Pacific Is an extensive one, with numerous buildings and structures. L. L. Perrin, advertising manager, pointed out. The principal buildings include a 40-stau rounanouse, car snop, powerhouse, oil house and boiler washing plant, a stockyard and a large Icehouse. "Each of these buildings Is In a cost classification of $25,000 or more. and there are numerous other buildings of lesser valuation. Our Laurel stores department carries thousands of Items, all carefully arranged and recorded from which supplies are drawn by various departments. 5 "These items range from huge bolts to spare equipment. The central reclaiming plant reclaims all waste journal box packing for the entire system. This material amounts to more than 3,000,000 pounds a year. Grit and metal par- tides, together with lubricants, are removed from the cotton 'waste', and the 'waste' Is again saturated with oil for re-use," Perrin explained. Build Can at Laurel . V "Our car shop consists of three main buildings, 100x250 feet, 12x106 feet and 110x251 feet. The first two are frame buildings, and the latter one is built of concrete and steeL A staff of 241 employes is now engaged in the car shop which repairs existing cars and builds new ones. During 1941, we are building 250 steel-sheated box cars at Laurel. They are modern, 50-ton capacity cars, weighing 46,000 pounds each, and have Inside measurements of 9 feet, 2 Inches wide; 10 feet, 6 Inches high, and 40 feet, 9 Inches long. The value of these cars will be approximately $698,364," Perrin said. The water treating boiler washing plant near the roundhouse takes water delivered there from the city's pumping station, and treats it to remove chemicals and slit, which are the principal causes of foam and formation of scale in locomotive boilers. Perrin points out that one of the most interesting departments1 at Laurel Is the wheel shop where machinery turns new surfaces on axles, bores car wheels and squeezes wheels onto axles under many tons of pressure. The annealing furnace, another feature, treats steel : car parts, subjecting them to high temperatures for long periods to reduce brlttleness and to remove the internal stresses that follow welding. Repair work at Laurel includes running and light classified repairs to locomotives which are handled at the roundhouse, and light and heavy repairs to freight cars and light and heavy repairs to work equipment which is done at the ca; shop. Service Other Lines "The Great Northern and Bur. lington railways make use of the Northern Pacific car repair service and locomotive repair service at Laurel as required. This work for these two railroads consists of serv icing their cars and locomotives and the making of such running repairs as will enable their rolling stock to reach its home headquarters, after breakages ocurr," Perrin commented. Principal Northern Pacific buildings at Billings Include the passen ger station, freight depot, power house and roundhouse. The power house supplies current for station facilities, and the roundhouse has 21 stalls. j';. Locomotives used on local runs are serviced at the Billings roundhouse, while the Laurel roundhouse Is equipped to service and repair all classes of locomotives, including the newest and heaviest passenger and freight power units, the mammoth A-3, A-4, Z-5, Z-6 and Z-7 engines. , The Northern Pacific maintains and owns 13.56 miles of main tracks at Billings, and yard and spur tracks add another 27.83 miles, or a total of 41 29 miles. At Laurel, it owns . and operates 10.44 miles of main .' i . (Continued on Page 10, Column 1) :

Clipped from
  1. The Billings Gazette,
  2. 12 Oct 1941, Sun,
  3. Page 13

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  • Billings Area Benefits from Northern Pacific Railway

    staff_reporter – 04 Jun 2018

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