Delmas Hypolite Guesno
HE MADE Krrtal Correror.dnce of Tfc Inter Ocean.- Ocean.- NEW YORK. Nov. 6. Aa old Creole. H. Guesno by came, who came to New York a year and a half ago and Is living with bis family in the upper part of the city, laya claim to the distinction of being tbe first lean to manufacture and cell corncob pipes. Guesno was born in Louisiana seventy-aeven seventy-aeven seventy-aeven years ago, and was brought up In the French colony at New Orleans. He was taught to be a bricklayer and practiced bis trade until he came to New York, at 75 years of age. He made his first corncob pipe In 1967. He had seen tbe slaves tmcklng them on tbe Southern plantations, and to pass the time one day he decided to make one himself. himself. At this time he was working on a large sugar plantation about twenty miles from New Orleans. Alfred Msyroce. the owner or the plantation, had tent for blm to mend a broken boiler belonging to the plant, and tiuerno had gone from his home in tbe city to tbe plantation. He was used to whittling and carving, and found no difficulty In carrying cut his Idfa. When he bad almost finished the pipe be looked up from his work and saw his employer employer ttsndiog near watching him. "What are you going to do with that thing when you've finished it?" asked Mayrone. "If you care to smoke It." answered Gum-bo. Gum-bo. Gum-bo. "I'll give it to you. It's a corncob pipe." "I thourbt to," tald Mayrone, smiling, "and I think I can t-ll t-ll t-ll you the name of tbe firrt white man who ever made one. Do yon know who It was?" No." "It was Andrew Jackson. President of the foiled States. My uncle, St. Arrr.acd. was a soldier under Jackson when be was a Major Genersl In the United Ststes army. My uncle saw him smoking the pipe while they, were in ramp on Jan. 8, 1S15. and Jackson Jackson told him he'd made tbe pipe himtelf. He tdurt have ten tuch pipe made by the slaver." Mayrone evidently referred to a time Just previous to or Immediately following the attack made on Jackvon's forces by Colonel Thornton of the Britlih regulars. In repairing repairing this attack Jackson gained one of the greatest victories of bis military career." career." f "After that." tald Guetno. In telling of his experience with Mayrone. "I gave blm the pipe, and be went away. But sometime afterward he came to me again and acked me wty I didn't make, some of the pipes and exhibit them at the next fair. He also tald It was too bad the pipe had burned out so quickly. That was tn the fall of 1867. and there was to be a big fair in New Orleans the next spring, held by tbe Mechanics' aod Agricultural Association of the State of Loultlana. I made up my mind I'd go and how tome pipes, but what Mr. Mayrone had said about bis pipe burning out to toon set me thinking, and I tried to Invent some way of Raking them all fireproof. "When I went back to New Orleans I got THE FIRST a big book telling about drug, and after a while I found what I wanted. Then I went to a doctor and asked him If it would make my pipes fireproof to sosk them In that drug, and he said it would. Then I asked if it would hurt anybody to put the pipe in bis mouth afterward, and he tald It wouldn't, for they often used that drug In medicines. So I bought some of it and took It home with me. . , "Then I made a lot of plpea and soaked every one In the drug for half an hour, and afterward let it dry in tbe sun. It made every one fireproof. . "After that I shellacked them all and polished polished them, and when the fair came In tbe spring I took them there and exhibited them. There were twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five altogether. No one else showed any such pipes, and they made a lot of talk." Guesno has In his scrapbooks a large number number of articles published by the Southern papers In reference to his exhibit. At the end of the fair he received a bronze medal. At the next exposition. In 1870, he exhibited exhibited another lot of pipes, and was presented with a testimonial, which reads In part: "Certificate awarded to H. Guesno. New Orleans, for the best assortment of corncob plpea." In showing this tbe old man smiled and pointed to the word "best." "There were no others." be said. "I was the only one who showed tbem." After each fair he sold the pipes, and for a time continued to make them for sale. "The regular price was a dollar for a common common one," said Guesno. "but I made fancy ones, too. and got big prices for them. One time a man who had seen a pipe of mine came to me and said: 'I want a fancy pipe to send to friend of mine in France.' "I made a fine one for him and he gave me 15 for it. Then another time I rot 125 for one. That was tbe highest price I ever got. It was a very fine pipe, with a silver top, and I put It In a box made entirely from small pieces of corncob and lined with eitin. "I've made a great many pipes, but It was really just for pastime. I had my regular work to do. and so after a while I stopped. During tbe last few years I've just made tbem from time to time as presents for my friend?' . . Until h ram to New Tork Guesno lived all his life In New Orleans. For a time he was employed by tbe city as Inspector of bridges. Two years sgo one of his daughters married and came to New York to live, and ftr time he followed ber with the rest of his family. He" spends most of bis time among bin book and papers, of which be baa a cellar full, but for a man of 77 he Is wonderfully stronr and healthy and at tbe present time Is looklnc for a Job. "I dc.n't have to work, but I'd rather." he id. "For some time after I cam to New York I hd a job as a watchman. Tbe other men lsiicbed at roe tbe first time I went to work, but I showed them I was as strong as thv were. . "If I coald apeak English better I could GOB PIPES get a fine position, but French and Spanish are my languages, and the English I picked out of the dictionary and have to speak slowly." Guesno often has difficulty, be says. In making people believe that he was tbe first man to make and sell corncob pipes, but he has his certificate, with its accompanying date, and his medal, as Incontrovertible evidence, evidence, to show to any one Impetuous enough to challenge blm. Hla method of making the pipes fireproof be considers a very valuable secret and refuses to disclose the name of the drug or the way In which it must be used. A Vanished Totvril Down 4n "Egypt," on the right back of Big Muddy river, about four miles southwest of the flourishing city of Murphysboro. are a few heaps of stones all that Is left of old Brownsville, once the county seat of Jackson Jackson county, Illinois. In the early part of last century, or. to be exact', in 1816, this village waa laid out by the pioneers. Then they heard the bowl of wolvea and on many occasions occasions they stood by their own fires and shot deer at eight. They bartered, too, with tbe Plunkthaw, or the Klnkald, or the Kaekaskia for a choice piece of venison. For twenty-seven twenty-seven twenty-seven years this place enjoyed the distinction distinction of being tbe only village In tbe county. There is scarcely one of the old settlers left to tell the story and, unfortunately, tbe ravagea of fire destroyed many of the most valuable records. Much interesting information information has been entirely lost, but tbe best records records and tradition tell a great deal. It Is there that once each month every man in the county used to meet to "muster," and there, too, the men used to gather and discuss discuss matters which were of mutual Interest and to vote viva voce on all questions. Conrad Conrad Will used to make salt for the settlers at Brownsville, and they would, on mutter and election days, gather around bis camp and "swap yarns." Lieutenant Governor Jenkins Jenkins learned the carpenter trade there and the later distinguished Jurist, Sidney Breese, lost his first lawsuit In the village. The old courthouse was a two-story two-story two-story frame, used both as a temple of justice and as a schoolhouse. Governor Dougherty taught in this building. On tbe night of Jan. 10, 1843, the courthouse waa burned; Everything was destroyed except except a few records which D. H. Brush, later a Colonel, saved at tbe peril of his own life. Everybody knew this was the funeral pyre of old Brownsville. .The pecplo had long wanted tbe county teat nearer the center of the county, and after a short, but bitter, contest It was located on a twenty-acre twenty-acre twenty-acre tract donated by Dr. John Logan, father of General General John A. Logan. This was the beginning of Murphysboro, or, as it wss then called. Shleldsboro. The stores were all soon moved and old Brownsville soon became a deserted village.