Pro-Confederate account of the Battle of Gettysburg

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Pro-Confederate account of the Battle of Gettysburg - SiHTO, The Virginian is published every Friday...
SiHTO, The Virginian is published every Friday morning, at $5.00 per annum, if paid in advance, or within three months after subscribing, otherwise $0.50 will be charged. _ No subscription will be received for a less period than six months, for which $2.50 will be Charged. No subscription will be discontinued except at the discretion of the proprietors, until all arreari*ges shall have been paid up. Any person procuring five responsible subscribers, shall be entitled to a copy gratis. Terms of Advertising. One square of 10 lines or less, $1.50 for the first insertion, and $1 for each continuance. The number of insertions must be marked upon the margin, or the advertisement will be continued till forbidden, and charged accordingly. To those who advertise by the year, a liberal discount from the regular rates will he made. All dues to the office may be remitted by mail, in good and available Bank notes, at the risk of the Editors, the person remitting taking the Postmaster's receipt that the money was deposited In the mail. . . Obituaries of more than 10 lines will be charged at advertising rates, also tributes of respect, and $5.00 for announcing candidates. The Battle of Gettysburg. To the exclusion of most of our editorial, We insert the following interesting details of the late terrible battle of Gettysburg from the Richmond Examiner: Though a number of officers and soldiers wounded at Gettysburg have, within the past two days, reached the city, yet, as they were for the most part struck during the first day's engagement, tbey know of subsequent events only from hearsay. In the entire absence of official dispatches, we are therefore without any connected or intelligible account of the bloodiest battle of the war. We know the battle was begun Wednesday morning and lasted for several days, with the loss of twelve thousand on our side and mere than double that on the parj of the enemy, but how or when it was brought [d a conclusion, and what were the subsequent movements of the hostile armies, we have no positive information.— - From what we can learn from the most trustworthy sou-ces, it appears that .Wednesday and Thursday we drove the enemy before us with unparalleled slaughter. Again on Friday, after a sanguinary battle, we put them to flight,*but our pursuit was checked by certain hills, intrenchments and rifle pits, behind which the enemy took refuge and made an obstinate and determined stand. Our loss before this position was very great. Five or more attempts were made to carry if by direct rssault, and each time our ranks were fearfully thinned by the fire of the enemy behind earthworks, rifle pits and stone walls. — Two of our divisions, Rodes' on the left and Pickett's on the right, carried the portion of the position in front of them, but, finding it commanded by a still stronger position in . rear, were forced to retreat. From participants in the engagement we have the main facts of the first day's battle. As usual, to A. P. Hill was assigned the duty of opening .the ball. Tuesday evening Bkirniishing was begun between a division on our side and Reynolds' corps on the part of the enemy, and lasted until night. Wednes- I day morning, Pender's division having come up on the left of the division already engaged, both Were, after an hour's skirmishing, attacked by the enemy. Our artillery, sta- ! tioned on hills in the rear, played over the heads of our advancing columns. The Yankees fought well and contested the ground obstinately. About noon Rodes, of E well's division, came into the fight on our extreme left. The enemy also sent forward heavy reinforcements and the battle raged with renewed fury* The conflict began in the open country, some three miles west of Gettysburg, and ended long after dark by our driving the enemy to the east of the town. Unlike every previous battle of the war, the movements of the two armies were not hidden by forests and dense thickets. The country was broken and rolling, and in a high state of cultivation. On every, side were wheat and corn fields, surrounded by stone fences, and dotted here and there by groves and clumps of open timber. The movements of each army were visible from every part of the field, and the game of battle as thus played on a.clear board, is said' to have been of absorbing interest to such as had time to -watch it. Our troops, infantry and artillery, were handled with consummate skill. Again and again they turned the enemy's flank, and drove them from one stone fence to another— from one range of hills to others,further east. . On our left, Rodes had, at one time, to dislodge the enemy from a long breast work, instructed chiefly of bales of hay. This was an important capture, as it saved much trouble in seeking forage for our artillery horses that night. ' The enemy's loss in killed and wounded'in this day's fight was at least three to our one, and we captured from four to six thousand prisoners. The field from the point where the battle was begun to Gettysburg, was thickly strewn with their dead an* wounded, and every house in the town, when we took possession of it, was a crowded hospital. Thursday morning Gen. Hill with Redes' Division renewed the battle east of Gettysburg, the other two divisiens of Ewell's corps falling in on our left, and Longstreet coming up on our right. This day also we met with uninterrupted success, buj we are without any particulars of the battle except that by nimtfall we had driven the enemy six miles east of the original battle field. Of Friday's fight we have heard very little and confess ourselves unable to understand that. The enemy seem to have retreated to some strong position from which we were unable to dislodge them, and ip front of which we lost great numbers of our men and many valuable officers. It being impossible to obtain as yet accurate lists of our casualties, we have determined to mention none, thinking it better to omit them altogether rather than run the risk of , stating as killed or wounded an officer or sol-2 dier who is unhurt. In this connection we will state that Col. Aylett, reported to have . been wounded at Gettysburg,'was heard from ) . as late as the Bth inst'., at which date he had J received no wound. t # LATER. Since the above was in type we have, through wounded officers who reached the city last night, some particulars of the last day's fight at Gettysburg. After the battle of Thursday, which was kept up with undi! minished ardor on our side until a very lato ! hour, the enemy took position on three inrj mense hills, or mountain spurs, and Friday ' morning's light showed but too plainly that they had not been idle during the night. A' long heavy line of earthworks, bristling with cannon, fringed the base of each hill. In , front and on the flanks of these the Yankee army was drawn up in line of battle. We made the attack and drove the enemy into their entrenchments. Taking the intrenchments was a more serious matter. We were repulsed several times, and finally succeeded in taking the outer line of works only to find I that it was commanded by another equally » formidable higher up the mountain side. In ] the retreat from these intrenchments our greatest loss is believed to have been sustained. The enemy brought their howitzers to bear on our columns, cutting them to pieces horribly. Our artillerj' charge when we took the enemy's works is said to have been magnificent. One hundred and forty of our pieces charged up to within three hundred yards of one of the enemy's works, and silenced it in a short space of time, but not without very great loss. Our loss in horses in this part of the fight wns heavier than ever before known in a similarlength of time. One of our batteries alone lost thirty-eight horses in as many minutes. Having abandoned the idea of storming the enemy's position, General Lee fell back towards Gettysburg, and rested that night.— No pursuit was made by the enemy then or during the next day. On Saturday, our ambulance and wagon trains began to move back towards Hagerstown. Seeing this movement, and suspecting a design on the part of General Lee to turn his flank and march suddenly on Washington, Meade left his position and turned towards Frederick. That night General Lee withdrew slowly towards Hagerstown, were the army now is, in as good condition and spirits as before the, fight. The strength of Me«de's army at the battle of Gettysburg is an open question. In his address to the troops after, the battle he says, "with an inferior force, &c, &c." On the other hand all of our officers state positively that his forces were vastly superior to ours, many of them estimating them at two hun- Wdred thousand men. Of the loss on either side we here in Richmond know absolutely nothing. We have heard ours estimated at eleven and the enemy's at forty thousand men; bow far either or both may be of the mark we have no means of knowing. We lost between fifreen hundred and two thousand prisoners, and captured net lass then six, and perhaps as many as sixteen thousand. Gen. Brass's Retreat from Tullahoma. The New York Times, of July 4th, has the following editorial on the retreat of General Bragg; The intelligent reader of the elaborate expositions we have been enabled to give in the Times' correspondence from General Rosecranx's headquarters ot the Military situation in Middle Tennessee, remember that nc very valuable results were predicted from the advance Gen. Rosecranz has just made.— Gen. Rosecranz himself doubted the policy of an advance, and for cause* that his march, so far, appears to have verified. Our army has reached Tullahoma, the point to which Bragg's army fell back after the battle of Stone's river; and Gen. Bragg is found again to have retreated/ This is precisely what Gen. Rosecranz feared, and because of which fear he did not see the military propriety of advancing. Bragg has abandoned SheU byville, abandoned Tullahoma and the line of the Duck uver, and has fallen back, it-is supposed, upon Chattanooga and the line of the Tennessee river. Our correspondent with Gen. Rosecranz, anticipating the occupation by the Union army of the enemy's Duck river line, in a letter written June Bth, asked: "Where is Shelbyville? What is Tullaho- ' ma ? What is the line of the Duck river ? Nothing—absolutely nothing! They are neither points of manoeuvre nor geographical objective points. The rebels are not brought a step nearer destruction than before. .They retire to a new and stronger line along the Tennessee river, in the vicinity of Chattanooga, and we have the barren victory of thirty additional miles added to the already too deep line. If anything, we are worse off than before." In a subsequent letter, written June 24th, our correspondent stated that the "sound heads" of Gen. Rosecran's army had little hope of getting a decisive engagement out of Gen. Bragg at Tullahoma, or on the line of the Duck river, though an advance upon that position was about to be made. It was thought that Bragg would fall back to induce Rosecranz to extend his line by pursuit, and then would assume the offensive by attacking the communications of Gen. Rosecranz, with the hope of driving the latter back even to Nashville. But there was no danger of our able and cautious commander falling into any such trap; and it was clearly observed in pur correspondent's second letter that if Bragg did fall back from Tullahoma, the country "should not indulge in expectations of much in the.way of pursuit." The plain reason was, Gen. Rosecranz did' not have army enough to guard his extended I

Clipped from
  1. The Abingdon Virginian,
  2. 24 Jul 1863, Fri,
  3. Page 1

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  • Pro-Confederate account of the Battle of Gettysburg

    staff_reporter – 17 May 2018

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