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 - MAT IS. 1809. THE NEW YORK ' TIMES SATURDAY...
MAT IS. 1809. THE NEW YORK ' TIMES SATURDAY water. The death-dealing death-dealing death-dealing bacillus typhous la not among them. It Is simply a little rod, as Its name Im plies, of which it would take 12,500 rows, each row consisting of 4(,000 little rods, placed side by side, to fill a square inch. The aim of filtration is to remove over 09 per cent. of the bacteria existing in the unfiltered water. The effect of such filtration on the health of the city using the filtered water is to reduce the typhoid fever death rate about 50 per cent. The cost of filtration is estl mated by Mr. Hill to be $037 per million gallons fil tered.- tered.- This is for an average water and includes in terest on plant and a sinking fund. If this is so, it is easy to see that with the value of a life at $5,000, the Michigan standard adopted by Hill and Hazen, filtra tlon is a real economy. But more than this, it .would result in a diminished use or rather waste of water. The excessive waste of water, in American towns has keen the subject of discussion for years. It useless, expensive, and unsanitary.. Water which, v lien flow ing free in its natural channels, has no intrinsic money value, becomes when stored, conveyed in pipes, pumped. and distributed to a community, a costly commodity, Its value is measurable by the cost of delivering it to consumers. The consumer ought to pay for it in propor -tlon -tlon to the quantity he uses,-In uses,-In uses,-In Europe this is generally recognized. In the United States the fallacy that water should be as "free as air" has prevailed for many years, and is not dead yet, although a good many communities have come to a realizing sense of its ab surdity. In bringing about this result Important serv ice has been rendered by the weekly Journal which was started in 1877 under the name of The Sanitary Engineer, but since 1887 has been styled The Engi peering Jlecord-,Inahe,fortyvolume,ofthla Jlecord-,Inahe,fortyvolume,ofthla Jlecord-,Inahe,fortyvolume,ofthla -valuable -valuable paper the arguments for the reduction of the useless waste of water have been set forth with great force. and a collection of important, data bearing on the sub ject hAa"Deeri" Issued under Iho' Ulle of " Walef Wat8 Prevention," by Henry C. Meyer, (New York, Engi neering Record Press, $1.) Now that the water meter has attained its present mechanical perfection, and particularly particularly since the measurement of large quantities of water flowing through pipes has been rendered easy at small cost by the ingenious and highly scientific application application of a principle in hydraulics discovered 'by the Italian scientist Venturi a hundred years ago, but never before put to practical use on a large scale, there is no excuse-for excuse-for excuse-for the sale-of sale-of sale-of water by guess-work guess-work guess-work to either Individuals or communities. This interesting and useful useful apparatus is described in " The Venturi Water Meter," by Clemens Herschel, C. E., (Cas6ier's Magazine, Magazine, March, 1800.) Unnecessary , waste of water Is moreover prejudicial to the public health. Except in the seaboard towns, which discharge their wastes into tidal waters, all water wasted by a town is returned to the sources of supply for other communities in a fouled state. . It must be purified by some means before it is fit for use again, and the greater its quantity, the greater will be the labor and cost of Its purification. The removal, and purification of sewage is therefore an important branch of hydraulic and sanitary engineering. That the public public health demanded the prompt removal and purification purification of all domestic and manufacturing wastes, in such a way that sources of water supply would not be contaminated contaminated thereby, was first forcibly imnFeeslm the American mind by the late Col. George E. WaringXJr., in ar series of .-articles .-articles .-articles inrTheAtlantlie Monthly lnrlff73. These papers, since republished inLhook form un the title " The Sanitary Drainage o Houses and Towns," ty George E. Waring, Jr., (Boston, Houghton, Mifflin & Co., $2.) are still worth reading, for the charm of their style and the soundness of the doctrine they inculcate. inculcate. In 1880 the first technical book on sewerage, " Sewers Sewers and Drains in Populous Districts," by Julius W. Adams, C. E., (New York, D. Van Nostrand Company, f 2.50,) appeared. In the voluminous literature of sewerage sewerage and sewage disposal since that date, the writings of Col. Waring hold a prominent place. Always attractive attractive -in -in style and novel in. their presentation of the subjects treated, they were of great, value In the education of the public. As regards technical details, they excited much discussion, mainly owing to the author's author's tendency to restrict his recommendation of specific specific methods and materials to such as be had a proprietary proprietary interest in, a course which interferes with the Judicial position an engineer ought to hold. In the rapid advance of this branch of science most of what was written between 1880 and 1807 is now out of date. A convenient and useful resume1 of the progress and present status of the matter is found in the potest vol-.uma vol-.uma vol-.uma Issued from the press, " Sewer-Design," Sewer-Design," Sewer-Design," by H-N. H-N. H-N. Ogden, C. E., (New York, John Wiley & Sons, $2.) which, the author states, represents a course of lect ures to the students of Cornell University. : It embodies a large amount of valuable information not easily accessible accessible elsewhere. As regards the practical design and construction "'of"sewerS,"lhelatestand besnsummary "of "American practice at the present day is found in "The Design, Construction and Maintenance of Sewerage Systems," by A. Prescott Folwell, C. E., (New York, John Wiley & Sons, $3.) It is clear, concise, and full, so far as it goes. It does not, however, treat of the disposal of the sewage after its removal frdm the inhabited district. This, indeed, has become a science by itself, and a most important one, too.-For too.-For too.-For a general review of the subject, reference ma be made to ," Modern Methods of Sewage Disposal," by George E. Waring, Jr., (New York, D. Van Nostrand Company, $2,) in which the subject is treated rather in a popular style, but for a full discussion of principles and practice, and descrip tions of executed works, recourse must be had to Sew age Disposal in the United States," by George W. Raf ter and M. N. Baker. (New York, D. Van Nostrand Company, $.) Another edition of this valuable work is needed, with some additions, to bring it fully up to date. Pending its appearance, the comprehensive book, Sanitary Engineering," by Col. E. C. S. Moore, R. E (New York,D. Van Nostrand Company, $10.) which gives the fullest details of English practice in sewage disposal, disposal, as well as design, may advantageously be con sulted. Another handy volume on English practice Is " The Purification of Sewage,", by S. Barwlse. (New York, D. Van Nostrand Company,) and, while on English mat ters, "The London Water Supply." by Arthur Shad-well, Shad-well, Shad-well, (New York, D. Van Nostrand Company,) will be found to contain a good deal of interesting informs tlon. So far the sanitary works constructed by the community only have been considered. The part of the individual is also an Important one. What he ought to do is very well set forth in the latest book of Mr. W. P. Gerhard, "Sanitary Engineering of Buildings," Buildings," by William Paul Gerhard, (New York, W. T, Cmstock.) a treatise replete with sound doctrine and fe-od fe-od fe-od -suggestions.- -suggestions.- -suggestions.- It is rather odd that In all that has been written on the subject of water supply there is no battdy manual for the water works promoter giving in a succinct form the reasons why a water supply Is a good invest ment for a small town. There are now enough statis tics to be gathered relative to the precise effect on health, on the value of property, and on the growth of population caused by the introduction of water into a ,to.nia.inataiUworth such a little book, devoid of technicalities and easily comprehended. To frequent inquiries for such a book the only answer that can now be made is that none BUcn exists. The title of " Water and Public Health." by James H. Fuertes, (New York, John Wiley & Sons, $1.50,) leads one to look at it, but it is found to relate only to the death rate reduction in towns of over 60,000 inhabitants from using filtered rather than unfiltered water. It is good in this light, but it does not cover (he desired ground. : Until such a book appears, the best thing that any one who wants to know wtiat sanitary engineering Is and why it is one of the most vitally important branches of science, can do is to read through" The Elements of Sanitary Engineering," by Mansfield Mer-riam, Mer-riam, Mer-riam, (New York, John Wiley & Sons, $2,) in which the whole theory and practice of the art as existing to-day to-day to-day are most lucidly and interestingly expounded in terms intelligible to the meanest capacity. And When the book Is finished the reader will doubtless be prepared to agree with Prof- Prof- Merriam's conclusions that " of all branches of engineering that of sanitary engineering is the most interesting and important It is interesting and fascinating by reason of its wide scope, wherein the results of the labors of the physi cian, the chemist, the biologist, the hydraullclan, and the constructing engineer find application. It is Im portant because it is work for the welfare of the com munity, and has its influence upon all surrounding communities, and upon the Nation. The city engineer who has built a water works system and a sewerage system finds in his completed work satisfaction and pride of a high degree, for through these the public health is promoted, the spread of disease is prevented, and therefore the world Is rendered stronger and bet- bet- " MR. KIPLING'S SIDE" LETTER FBOM IRV ING PUTNAM'. To The Kcw York Timet Saturday Review: r - Referring to the article, "Mr. Kipling's Side," in last Saturday's Issue, will you give me space to correct one or two statements of fact? First It is alleged that the pages containing the " Vampire " and " Recessional " are folioed Into the Seven Seas." This is not so. The "Vampire" and the " Recessional " are " Critic Leaflets " Nos. 1 and 4. They are not folioed at all, and have . their distinct title page, showing them to be published by the Critic Company. Company. They are not included In the table of contents of the "Seven Seas," and it is evident that they have been bound in merely as a matter of convenience, be cause too small to make a separate volume. I can state, on the best authority, that Mr. Kipling was perfectly perfectly aware of and made no objection to their publication publication as " Critic Leaflets." Second It is stated that the general index of the set is, folioed into the' volume "A Ken of Kipling." This is not so. The index Is folioed by ltBelf. " - Third It is stated that the "Ken of Kipling" was published contrary to the wishes of Mr. Kipling. I have the best authority for stating that up to the pres ent time no objection or protest to this volume has been made either to the author or; to the publishers, the New Amsterdam Book Company. The book pre tends to be neither more "nor less than it le-a le-a le-a sketch of the author, with some newspaper anecdotes. It does not profess to be in. any way authorized by Mr. Kip-' Kip-' Kip-' ling. It is written by a reputable man, Mr, Clemens', published by a responsible house, and is freely sold in every bookstore that keeps - miscellaneous stock. If Mr. Kipling had real ground for grievance against this book," it would seem u if the ordinary and natural protest would be addressed to the author or to the publishers, publishers, whoaxejgellIng it in quantities, and not to one of the booksellers who are handling a few score of copies. - v " Fourth Finally, I should like to add that, while

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 13 May 1899, Sat,
  3. Page 17

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