Korea Divided Into Two Nations
KOREA DIVIDED INTO 2 NATIONS American, Russian Zones in Country Have Divergent Politics, Economics. By PALMER HOYT, JR. SEOUL, June 20 lp Koreans emerging from Northern Korea to the American rone have indicated that for all practical purposes Korea has now been divided into two nations, with two sets of governmental, political and economic practices. The American occupation zone is ruled through United States Military government, headed by Maj. Gen. Archer L. Lerch. This government was established in September, 1945. shortly after American occupation forces landed in Korea. Lt. Gen. John R. serve your Baby foods from the J MEAT VBCBTABUB8 mum BKSSBRTS CEBEAL Start baby right on Heinz Hodge, commander of United States forces in Korea, baa said that the American plan calls for transfer of as many administrative and executive powers to Koreans as possible, as soon as they prove their ability to take them on. This ability seems to have been proven rather well in the past few months. In an interview with United Press Lerch said he believed the Koreans were capable of taking over nearly all functions of government right now. Later he said he believed Koreans were ready for self-government and hoped they realized this soon. Americans Only Advising. Latest announcements from Military government have indicated that this transfer of actual governmental functions is actually taking place, and rapidly. For several months there have been two directors in every bureau of the National government, and two officials in many other important posts as well. One of these was an American officer. The other is a Korean. Now. in many of the bureaus, the Americans are acting in a purely advisory capacity, while the Korean administrators are doing all the actual work. General Hodge explained American aims in Korea early this year. He compared, the Korean government to a pyramid. The Americans, he said, are attempting to build that pyramid from the bottom, laying a firm foundation in civil servire administration so that when the Provisional and later the independent government is formed, the top government heads can be placed on the pyramid without dislodging any of the stones. In line with Hodge's policy. Military government has inaugurated a civil service for Korean administrative jobs An ordnance recently was issued calling for all government employes to pass the required" civil service examinations and completely eliminating the old Japanese system of appointments through the Japanese throne Korea's civil service was organized along lines of the United States civil service, and actual organization was done by Amer ican civil service heads. All jobs have been placed on a merit basis. Tncumhents can keep their jobs if they can pass the examination or if their length of service and cap abilities satisfy higher officials.