Review of Brooklyn Disciplinary Training School for Boys

REF - Report on the Brooklyn Disciplinary Training School For Boys (circa 1913) - http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40377914

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Review of Brooklyn Disciplinary Training School for Boys - .VOL. 66. NO. 126. I'"' l tb rwt nfflce it...
.VOL. 66. NO. 126. I'"' l tb rwt nfflce it RtMklini. JT. T., Kmmkir 12. IB u Seroiid Clt.i ol Mill Uilltr, uudtr tut Acl ol Uitcb 3, 17 NEW YORK. SUNDAY. MAY 7. 1905. PAGES 1 TO 16. HERE THEYTAKE BAD BOYS Youngsters Have No Choice but to Behave In the Disciplinary Training School. UNDER MILITARY REGULATION. But They Are Not Harassed With Petty Restrictions and Though Vacations Are Unknown Work Is Not Hard. ' Two hundred and twenty boys, and all of them quiet and polite. And not one of them ever gets a Blap In the face or a spanking on account of any mistake he mar bars committed. They are away out at Eighteenth avenue and Fifty-seventh street, where the sky Is blue and the grass is green, and the roads go straight and far Into the trees. Here Is the Brooklyn Disciplinary Training School for Boys. In order to become one of the wards of the Institution a boy must come with a bad character. He must be far from the domesticated creature that he Is soon made to be. Not that the Inmates have records as Infant desperadoes. "Disorderly conduct" Is one of their previous accomplishments, "vagrancy" Is the limit of soma of their ambitions. Sometimes they have stolen things. At other times only blundered. Some diminutive waif, with a father in the last stages of alcohol and a mother In an advanced stage of negleot, goes out Into the world to beoome hapny. His world Is the gutter. He becomes thinner and dirtier month by month, so that he does not make mush of an appearance and has not the opportunity of using bis abilities and drawing en REVIEW OF DISCIPLINARY TRAINING SCHOOL BOYS. 1 .aUMijattji i i K i I tV, ..... Br nostlcated in the alarm which was sounded on this occasion. That It occurred Immediately at the start of his tour of Inspection was supposed to be a coincidence. This offset the scurrilous idea that the flghting-the-flame scene was gotten up for his special amusement. He had sent ia his card; one of the uniformed Disciplinary Training Schoolers took It in to the superintendent. Afterward there arose the thought that while the vlBltor was kept waiting In the waiting room, a conspiracy was put afoot to bamboozle his Innocent reportorlal soul with a false alarm. For, Just as be emerged into the yard. Ding, dong, ding pause-ding, ding, signaled that there was a fire In the frame building. youth came up, and, by putting his third finger under his ear, saluted the superintendent and gave information of the peril. He was ordered to destroy or capture the flames. In one minute and four seconds the apparatus was ready for aggressive work. This is the average time; no one took note of the teen's on this occasion; but being less than the average fire, it was amply covered by the average time. Squads of boys were at the hose, came forward with hooks and axes and filled the fire escapes of the main building. No flames being discovered on the frame structure, the boys with the hose watered the lawn. So there was no opening to relate how "the devouring element leapt from roof to roof until the devastlng conflagration left naught but ruin in Its wake." The boys sounded "assembly," and soon and Is nearly 12 years old, with a feeling of responsibility for the rest of the gang that he 'oas to drop all this hard-earned science and learn something new. It is this structure of unventllated Ideals that the training school must tear down. It must first give the lad a chance to choose. Whatever dust or gold of life be Is to trample through, he must not do so without knowing there are oilier ways. He must not purchase only the rag dolls of wickedness without being shown the tall white statues. In fact, he Is not to Injure and contaminate the world without knowing all about the world beforehand. Perhaps he has seen the world Cut sligtted It. The children of the poor are not exclusively In possession of the benefits or this institution. Authority states that parents worth $50,000, as worth goes, have bad to say "I give It up" after trying to keep their boys right, and put them In this place of Spartan instruction. Here their previous habits begin to squirm under the analytic eyes of Discipline. And they have the advantage, for a time at least, of seeing the plans and specifications of truth drawn for them with a ruler and compass. They can be kept until of age, but there are none now enrolled within several years of that. A few are 16 and 17. There Is one company In which all are about 8 years old. Most of the others sre 11 to U It Is plain that the Idea of citizenship has not percolated unto all of them alike. The set of one's cap, and the dust on one's shoes, the unstylish spots on snother's raiment, and other tawdry effects of time, food and earthly habitation are frequently found to ba I 'J ; ' J ' -ft.-- I If Disciplinary Training School Band. m en the best of the experience that has come to him In the seven years of his life. With bis gutter soiled mouth he smirks at Fate. He has not learned everything there Is to learn. In the fantastic, botchy panorama of life he becomes lost. He does not know It. He does not think about it, Some people tell him one thing; others another. He wants to do one thing or another, and then, 7 years old. he blunders. Life, with all its codes and dictionaries, aristocratic moralities, the splendors of etiquette, the Intrlca-oles of social science, he did not understand. Children, and some grown folks, do not like to obey what they do not understand. Instinctively this youngster had Interpreted or misinterpreted unto himself some sort of local option. He Is brought Into court and Is sentenced to be disciplined. He Is brought further Into the presence of the superintendent of the school, who turns up the wick of the lad's Intelligence, to see what kind of a light can be made there. If discipline, kindly treatment, good food nd practical arts can do anything for a boy, he will find his circumstances, luck and courage replenished under the care of James P. Farrell, superintendent. Discipline the boy finds In large quantities. He never before knew there could be as much discipline in the world. It seems to grow on every tree and be In all the food. But the boys learn to like it. The place Is run upon military regulations. From seven years old up, the wards wear their uniforms and brass buttons, take care of their guns ai d study the soldier's drill. It Is amusing to see some of the littlest fellows give ths military salute when they pass the su perintendent. There is no Intention to dis. cVPi'ie the individuality out of the bovs: tln, much of It is manifested in their variations of saluting. Some of them hold the jhand high with palm to the fore and finger rampant, as if to show how clean they have itept. Some give the air a swipe; some s eemingly grasp the imaginary mosquito, 'ward off the blows of criticism, scratch their foreheads, lift their shoulders to help aMong the general effect, while somc In the most unmllltary fizzle of a salute let the hand' droop hesitatingly over the nose and thencte fall Into place again. They arfe a natural looking set. Their faces are not bowed or cowed with restraint nor plowed! with severity. They are not the cowards that one meets with In some In-stltutloas. ! Beside relng soldiers they are firemen. The other day an Eagle reporter "happened'' to be on the grounds. Whenever a reporter the four companies of thirty-eight each were on the field, where a boys military hand of fifty awaited them. The band bad a great deal to do. There were many kinds of music to play, and each piece of music had hundreds of notes, which would get all ker-fiummixed if one did not keep up with the game. Some of the musicians were very small. One beautiful brat had a clarinet that reached below his knees, and he held his head back as he played. The drum major Is not an acrobat, nor a juggler. He held his stick like a dessert spoon and gazed far over the horlson as If expecting the dessert to come thence. When the band began to march the dessert spoon was used more like a can opener and was more Inspiring. There are some people who would not enjoy music played In this way. But cither their lives have become over-refined and superrazooed by too much study, or they were born In Massachusetts and are naturally fond of elegance only. These boy musicians can play the Centurion or Grand Vizier as If they were all Centurions or Viziers, as circumstances required. Maybe none of them could have defined the titles of the parts they played; but they had the spirit of the thing. It Is not difficult to learn to be a Grand Vizier, anyway. All you have to do is collect money and give banquets when so Inclined and have your head chopped off when the Caliph Haroun Al Raachld gets into a fit of temp'r, which he usually does when he1 can't get a fit of any other kind. It might also be thought that a waif 8 yesrs old has not the experience snd temperament to blow "College Life" Into his reed instrument. But watch him do It, with a combination method of higher mathematics, football and rah-rah-rah. The Royal Italian Band for those who like It; among whom count us. But for good, thumping, slap-bang honest-Injun music, give us once In a while the Training School Band. 4nd see how It has developed. Three years ago the band consisted of a harmonica; only one boy could play It at a time, and he did not have any leader or drum major In front of him. When the four companies line up In the field It can be seen at once that not one of them will ever yield to an enemy. It is the design to make them good American clti. lens. This, most of them never could have otherwise become, except by accident. They had no idea of citizenship. Their comrades In the streets never used the word, and thev wouldn't go to school, where they might have found out. Citizenship rests llshtly on most of them now. It la a sort of abstract matter. like finding out how manv men dig a ditch In how many hours. But the abstraction becomes tangible as soon as the young soldier holds a rifle barrel In bis '.lands, alms It. slng the "Star Spangled Banner." sees It Tapping from the rope. Is given a drawing snd goo Into the carpenter shop to make a model. He finds that citizenship Is well In 111 accord with the principles of government. As one of the squads lined up, the Superintendent noticed s somewhat vagabondesque pair of shoes, and Inquired of the frail owner who was standing In them how, why, etc. Although the lad had evidently been wear, lng the shoes for some time, he did not seem to know much about them; had nof paid much attention to the same. Elthei they were beneath his notice or he expected good Disciplinary Training shoes would take pretty good care of themselves. He did not say so. He was thunderstruck when the interrogatories were put to him. He answered with something that was nearer to nothing than to articulate speech. "How could you pass Inspection with ehoea like that?" asked Mr. Farrell In a kind but investigating voice. The delinquent started to think about It when he was further asked: How could you take chances of losing your omnerr He gazed up at his questioner as Into a light that was too strong for his eyes, but not having anything worthy to say refrained from utterance, which, they say, Is a good rule In literature, and which few writers follow. "Go to Colonel Fraser," the Superintendent aaviseo. And the little fellow, looking like the nair brother to a lost hope, departed. His place In the ranks was Immediately filled by a broad-nosed pickaninny, who, thus Brought into sudden prominence, wss found to have lost the nobblness of his attire, and wss sent to consult his captain. The royal Egyptian darky that next stepped Into this unlucky place held his head high and befjan working bis eyes to break the hoodoo. Fortunately, he was able to do this, and kept his place. But there was one hlggledy-plgsledy little pet who was not quite fit for parade. "That bow-legged little fellow," said Mr. Farrell, "has not been able to get a pair of trousers since he has been here. They are all too big for him. We keep cutting them off, and still they are too long. Instead of turning them up at the bottom, ho pulls them up In every other wav. Go to the captain, my boy. and tell him to have a pair of pants made for you." The companies drilled in good shape, bringing out, however, a few unconventional commands from the drill-master, such as "mind your own business," and a few other terms having not much to do with war Their execution of the silent drill, to fast and elow music, was a delight In military rhythm Then they marched and sang a new sons The words of this are by Itorv 0' Moore. Rory has done some dandy things; but he never knew much about training schools. So In this case, James P. Farrell wrote the song and let It go under Rorey's name. Here are a few lines from this Eatile he knew nothing about crime and punishment, being a resident of London, he worked as a reporter on the London Dally Telegraph. The paper sent him to General Benjamin Butler, who was doing things in New Orleans. Farrell got his credcntlas. was assigned to General Banks and went up the Red River and was present at the Battle of Alexandria. Of course, you all known the date, and how many were killed on either side; so there Is no use going further into detail. The superintendent bears also a record of having crossed the ocean sixty-nine times. Leaving the four companies on the field, a walk to the main building found the awkward squad In a corner by the stairs. Their awkwardness and littleness were about equal. Several things bad gono wrong with tbem; they were more or less Incompetent, but wherein, they did not know. . They were equally puzzled over the search for a remedy Dd when Informed were more in a muddle than ever. Standing two abreast and three deep, they were learning how to salute. Over In another part of the premises were two lads undergoing punishment. They had a wheelbarrow and were conveying rocks from one place to another. After the rocks were all wheeled away, they were to be brought back again. A guard stood over them to see that they did not talk nor scratch the rocks with careless handling. Dinner Is partaken by the boys with as much system and discipline as the fire and mllitarv drill; though they don't all take the same number of chews and swallow at the same Instant. They learn to discriminate between the office of eating and, say, bootball. One of the tables Is more ornate than the others. And here Is had a place for those who have gone through a week of good behavior. Sometimes there Is a fierce competition in quiet behavior. This prize table has a cloth, porcelain cups, napkins and waiters In white attire. When the meal Is over, the 220 diners sit with folded arms; conversation has ceased. Then comes the word to say grace, which Is done silently. Rise. About face. Forw.rd march! And each comen out salutlni !.. of all come the awkward squad. They are not yet fully impressed with the solemnity of the salute. But they obey nevertheless, lifting the complimentary hand as If it has suddenly grown very heavy. When the boye nave passed out, their plates and cups are found left in rows straight along the tables In the dormitories the same discipline Is maintained. Each garment is doffed at Its proper signal, and the sleepers all lie down at once. It Is a regular life; and It fits the boy tor that life where discipline may be less, but the competition is more. The boys make their own clothing. About twenty-five of them work In the shoe shop. They make shoes that would sell for 11.80 a pair, probably reduced from a much higher flgi:re. The carpenter shop Is the most popular. Wood carving has brought out some good specimens made from slabs that were taken from the seats of old chairs. Plenty of machinery la about, and practical things are made. Brackets for shelves give the young artisan a hint to brace up. Balusters from the wood-turning lathe suggest the stairways of hope. The head carpenter shows the boys a plan; one of them copies it; three or four of them then construct a model therefrom. The Inside telescopes from the outer walls and Is shown to be a complete house In miniature. Out in the yard Shakspeare's cottage has been reproduced "life size," by the boys. The tailor shop Is a place where the boys learn what Is perhaps the quickest trade In which to find employment. Each boy has four suits of clothes. His best uniform Is worn on Saturday's inspection drill and on special occasions. The printing ship Is the cleanest place of Its kind In existence. It is hard to see how anybody can print without getting Ink, type and paper over the floor, walls and windows. Vet the feat iii accomplished here. Another tradition of the typo Is smashed by the reformation, regeneration and complete transformation of the printer's towel. Many pressmen claim that this can never or should never be wathed nor even relinquished until It Is worn out In the course of years. They have never been to this training school. The wash room Is a new one on many of the new corner The clean towels that hang around In numbered places are a pretty display of white. Each boy bas hie own piece of soap, deposited on a pipe that runs along a trough. Under each piece of soap is an apparatus that gives the boy a chance to wash In running water. There is one boy in the hospital at present. He has rheumatism about sixty yeara aneai oi time, me precocious pain has made l,ie face paler than any of his two hundred companions. No vacations take place In this school. The boys have time for recreation. There are let-ups during the day. But neither the Christina holiday period nor the summer brines those long rcting times which are thp real times of one's life. Instead of this, the school has Instituted a farm day for once a week. Fifty boys have about two and one-half acres for this agricultural purpose. They have planted a field w ith red. white and blue top turnips, which rn growth will be found to delineate the Flag. There was s bill sent to Albany to abolish this Institution. Pome people think it costs too much. But the work that It Is doing i an never be too expensive. It Is the onlv municipal institution of Us kind in Greater New York. In a building more than a hundred years old. the boys have been made as lomforicl'le as modern methods can make them. Even the Grand Jury has said so, nnd recommends the continuance of the sehool. Originally the do Salles Convent the place has raned Into the hands of men who AFTER 11 YEAR OF WftlTING Instrument Church In Histrionic Old Which Beecher Loved, Made Over. ORIGINAL CASE PRESERVED. A Movable Console Tribute to Builder by Organist Scott Wheeler. Plymouth Church has bees a whole year without an organ, the historic old Instrument upon which Zundel played and which many noted organists have bandied having been under reconstruction all this time. Upon this organ was first played the famous church tune, "Beecher," composed by Zundel and set to the glorious old hymn, "Love Divine, All Love Excelling." The Instrument will be played upon for the first time on Monday, May 8, when a public recital will be given by Scott Wheeler, organist of Plymouth, assisted by Richard Henry Warren. On the following Sunday the organ will be played at church service for th first time. The church people are anxious to hear the instru ment and Sunday, May 14, will be a great day for the members, as well as the evening of the recital. In Beecher's time many recitals were given and this plan Is talked of again. The Improvements upon the organ have cost $15,000, which is about half Its value. The old case has been retained, and this alone is valued at (5,000. One set of open pedal pipes, also retained, Is worth (2,000, and several very valuable old wood pipes were not removed. With these exceptions, nearly the whole organ Is new. It is now one of the largest organs in New York City. It stands right out Into the church, instead of being In a recees or a bole In the. wall. In this way Improving the tone and giving every pipe a chance to be heard. One of the features of the organ is the console or keyboard, which is movable snd which will be placed at the side of the instrument Instead of in front. The keyboard has a cable 150 feet long, composed of 4o0 wires, and to show how instantaneous is the response when a key Is touched it can -jews11 'eTjjiy BaaiWflspsjpsvB n inn nil II in I II aftfea9ssBSaas 1 li New Console of If 1 Vs Lt no 77 IV 1 1 Hi f 4 1 i i r IT" ' y in 5 J 1 ll 1 1 . . i " " sissBisalassaVJia" stl Disciplinary School Calisthenics. goes anywhere, something happens, not caused by him but for him. On this occasion a bumble heo tried to sting an early lightning bug while the latter was asleep. There was a short conflict, at the end of which one of them shouted "fire." And one of the boys that heard It sent In nn alarm. Thnt Is the only explanallnn of how an alarm of tire was turned In when there waa nothing nllnme. The boys got a fire drill when Ihey lenst expect II. be- ause fire comos that way. Somebody tried i tell the reporter thnt there lapontanoouB, unexpected and unprog- thought of among men; he also finds that smoking and throwing stones, breaking win-dow panes snd playing tricks on the grocery-man are not very important In the making of citizenship as It now Is outlined to aim Tbo Utile friend of his In the basement next door must have given him the wrong tip. Strange and he always thought that fellow knew iiverythlng worth knowing on Atlantic avenue. It Is hard, after a young man has beeu trying to improve himself with all fje tricks he has ever heard of, can smoke a cigarette " " n ! iiKinru mn inside nia mouth, can Hymn of Boyhood, going back to fight ruuy after several defeats: H Is tuht some wholemms lessens to Improve each comtHK day. And r.rourne,1 in his efforts, at school, In ehop and ploy; That's why he's so obedient, for hers he' found the way To follow liay. In th footsteps of Washington and This Is not the first time Mr. Farrell has llleratured bis leisure hours. He Is author Pitch nn In curve and ni,. ,'"" I '""r.iuren nis leisure nours. He Is author pucn an in curve and swear like a teamster, of work on penology. Prior to that, when coupler their work as neeewwry and nious ,e religious activities of the'siB.erewho once lived on Its nine acres. ST. PAUL'S TENTH ANNIVEKSAEY. A, te tenth anniversary entertainment, to be flven ny the Martha Society of St Paul's Evangelical Luiheran Church, there will he pn-Mi.mn me rarce of "Freddv's rjrandsuni Arimi Hi Thursday. inn me operetta "Laila,' i, mum piace, near May 11, at 8 o'clock. at Broadway, he said that the current of electricity passes through the ca'ole into the organ, opens the pipe doors and gives out perfect sounds, proved by test, 350 to the second. Mr. Wheeler can have the console placed on the pulpit platform, half way down the aisles, in fact, in the entrance, and yet play the organ perfectly, hear his own playing and notice all the tone effects as well as when he sits close to the organ. It was suggested to him in a Jocular way that he could have the keyboard taken to his room, which Is near the church, and on jainy days do his practicing there, or play the organ there on Sundays If he did not feel well enough to go to church. The console weighs 400 pounds. In 1S66 was installed in Plymouth Church what was known as the great Beecher organ being at that time the largest and most celebrated Instrument in this part of the country. The organ was built by the Hooks of Boston and no pains were spared, either In money, materials or workmanship to give Plymouth Church a truly great organ. In 1SS2 repairs were made and again in 1900. but the organ remained practically the same as It was in the beginning, with slide wind chests and tracker action until January, 1904, when the movement was started to rebuild or have an entirely new Instrument. The conlract was given to Ernest M. Skinner of Boston and as a result Plymouth Church has to-day an organ built according to the most modern ideas an electric organ with movable console, new wind chests and new blowing plant. Of the old instrument very little remains, except the case and the old wood pipes, including the pedal stops and flutes. The Instrument hss been voiced with all due regard to the church building and its acoustic properties. Every pipe is allowed to speak with ease, and as a result there are none of the 111 effects of overblowing or forcing the tone. A feature of the new organ will be the absence of the ear-splitting tone from the former tuba and stentorphone. There Is no suggestion of harshness in the present organ, but the tone Is round and full, with plenty of reserve power. There la a great number of soft stops for endless variety of nuances something that has never before been heard In Plymouth Church. Another feature of the new organ is the ability of the Instrument to stand In tune. Each pips has Its own supply of wind, and when the full power of the organ is called on each Individual pipe has Its regular amount of wind, thus doing away with the robbing of wind and the depressing of the pitch, which were distressing characteristics

Clipped from
  1. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle,
  2. 07 May 1905, Sun,
  3. Page 9

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  • Review of Brooklyn Disciplinary Training School for Boys — REF - Report on the Brooklyn Disciplinary Training School For Boys (circa 1913) - http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40377914

    Wm_Bruce – 24 Mar 2018

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