First issue of the Weekly Democratic Statesman, 1 August 1871

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First issue of the Weekly Democratic Statesman, 1 August 1871 - mwMtii.ijan ""'-7 i1". " THE STATESMAN....
mwMtii.ijan ""'-7 i1". " THE STATESMAN. TRI-WKEKLY DEMOCRATIC STATESMAN titn'gleeopy.aia month-.. Hngle copy. ooe noDtb.. . 3 tMI ft WEEKLY DEMOCRATIC STATESMAN. 1 Blogleeopy.ow year..... 1. J , Singw coi.y, ii atataa ' Fie eoptto, ouc year 19 wv ? TbaabovAflMeianrpaele. uu , The Executive Committee.: . . Tbe Central ui Senatorial Executive Com-ki Com-ki miuee chosen by tbe Democratic State Con-- Con-- ventioo, art a followi: ; V j " '. A: 8. WALKER, Chaisjum.. ; 1 it. H. BOWER.", . Jun m-i-w i ' w. u. wiuoiL : a sEED. 1 Centre! Kiecuuve Committee. i . . ' iBUttTOUA. DISTRICTS.. . j . lit Distriet E.B. Pickett, Liberty.- !, 2d do S. B. Bewley, San Augustine', " 3d ' t -4th -..!" 6th 6th do T. K. Bonner, Rate. . -.do -: Jemea W. Ewing, Palestine. . do ;, June H. Jones, Henderson. , do J. P. Douglas, Tyler. ; : flo James W. Pod. Marshall.' 'Tin tiuisth '-'-do H. P.Vabry, Jefferson. iioSthi. 4o..i W. B. WrigbtCUrkirille. 10th "lltb i 12th 13th. S, Utb ' 15th 16th 17tb . 8th 19th - 20th iJ 21 1 do ' Wm. A. Wortham, Hopkioi. do 8. B. Maxey, Paris. rtn' S R. I. Foltnn. Qalvaiton. S "' -P.S. Peareson, Richmond, do J. W. Henderson, Houston, do? J.M. Maxey, Huntsville. do Ti Seth Sheppard, Brenbam. do - Q. J. Ooodwio, Bryan. , . do . A. W. Terrel, Calver. do .' Capt. Geerge Clark, Waco, uo ' : C. M. Winkler, Corsieana. ? do Jobs Henna, Dallas .' do K. .T. Brongbton, Sherman. do ' W. R. Hughes, Weatberford, ' do ' R. U. Forbes, Calboun. .22d 36tb 5 i. v. 27th r 28th . 29th"V 30lh ; do Wells Thonpson, Columbus. do J. U. Bayeis, Bastrop, do do Jo do W. D 8. Caak. Gonzales. . ' J. W. Posey, Georgetown. ) ? GebiM. MaTeriek,SanAotenio J. B. Cerpentr,Corpus Cbristi. , ATTSTlTff. , ! "TCESDAT.- ..AUGUST I, 1871. TO THE DEMOCRACY OF , TEXAS. , The Democratic State Contention that aa sembled in Austin last January, after the adoption of Its platform, passed the follow ing resolution : " . "Setalved, Tbat the Central Exee'ntiTe Committee be;' and tbey are hereby in-- atructed to take immediate steps to raise, by . joint stock or otherwise, a fund, and at the . earliest possible time establish a central "organ to be nnder the control of a committee ' ef tbree to be selected by the Central Cob - nltteeo Which resolution was adopted." meeting of the State Executive Com-mittee Com-mittee was held in the city of Austin subsequent subsequent to the adjournment of the Convention, at which meeting the State Executive Committee Committee passed a resolution directing tbe four resident members of the Central Executive Committee in Austin and tbe Chairman to carry out tbe resolution, of the Convention by the establishment of a Central Democratic Democratic Paper. In accordance with the resolution of tbe Convention 'and of the Executive Committee at large, the undersigned report that tbey - have entered into arrangements with the Statesman Publishing Company" to publish a Democratic newspaper in Austin to be ' styled the Dimocritio Stitesmi, which 1 paper will be sound in its support ot Demo- 1 cratic Doctrine. Under the management of editors, counseling with a competent com mittee, tbe undersigned trust that the paper will, in all respects, meet with the approbation approbation and support of the Democracy of Texas : We earnestly solicit, for tbe interests of the party, that every member of the Demo cratic Executive Committee, and Democrats at large, use their influence to extend tbe circulation of tbe paper. A. S. WALKER, . Chairman Democratic State Ex. Com. S. Q. SSBED, 1 Wm. M. Wiltos, V Central Committee. M. H. Bowis, DEMOCRATIC STATESMAN. This paper, under its present management, supersedes tbe " Statesman," the prospectus of which appeared before tbe public recently. recently. - The Democratic Central Committee found it to be impracticable to organize a joint 1 stock company by private subscriptions in establishing a Democratic paper. They are satisfied that tbe only plan that can be successful successful is in private publishers of sncb a paper as the Convention contemplated -by its resolution. . . After a delay, which has been mainly caused by endeavors to promote tbe harmony of tbe party, tbe Committee, is at last able to report to tbe committee at large that the doty left to them has been performed according to their beat ability. We hope, however, that tbe paper will , improve in appearance and interest. . , It Is the hope of tbe Committee tbat every Democrat will lend bis aid to circulate tbe paper. . Our BeElnnlng. In the lack of ail "exchanges," in tbe making np of the present number of this . paper, our readers will, perhaps, sea a valid excuse for the want of tbat variety of matter, tbey may expect hereafter. , Democratic Barbecue. ' ' The Democratic citizens'of Travis county - will give a free Barbecue, at Barton's Spring, ' near ibis city, on Tuesday next, August 1. Tbe public are invited, as well from Travis as from all adjoining counties. A large assemblage assemblage is expected, as there will be several ' speakers who will address the people. All are invited to attend. As ladies will be - present in good numbers, a pleasadt time Is expected. Ths present issue of tbe Democratic Statesmam is distrlbuted'in order to apprise tbe Democrats, and all others opposed to tbe continuance in Texas of the present Radical rale, tbat tbe Executive Committee of the Democratic Party of tbe State bave com meuced, as best they could, to obey tbe instruction of tbe Democratic Convention, in issuing, from this city4 a newspaper express the sentiments of. tbe party in .the 8tate. We eall upon all who may feel an interest ia tbe subject, to send in their sub-' . scriptions without delay. Upon ihis we are depending. Promptness in this matter is indispensable to success. Let Democrats now show their faith by their works. This first number of tbe DixecBATtc Statesman is sent to a great number of persona, persona, who are. not as yet subscriber, in the . hope tbat tbey may become such. This umber is not a fair specimen of what we bope to make it hereafter. . We decline to make rash promises in advance, but we do assure our readers that we have some, good reasons for believing tbat many local difficulties difficulties in the way of our enterprise will gradually disappear, and thus we shall soon be able to make this paper useful to tbe country, and creditable to tbe Democratic party of this State. : A uksksal estimate of tbe supplementary lection in France sbowe tbat of about ISO Deputies eicUd, 120 are Republicans, 8 Leg-'tiu.L.ld aoa'ii Bonaprtists. it is said ' inat the Assembly will, ut soon as the DepSr ties take their seats, pass ti bill prolonging iL jot.- of Thiers fsr rur A BfitllltL girl of seiettwu, i'i-j . n-nun n-nun McCorriick, wss suotdei &t St'aelo i-t Qeova, L'eKa'.ti co'juu, l:!.Qo;a, 1 e Mria-baud Mria-baud but3 Jouu Rc.i, becsnse tha refused to scia-Bpan; nim to a picnic. . . In Sew York tbe hot waiter has dtv5-op4 dtv5-op4 tw to-To of cbal, rtt ' it! ssterj- kt.J yjilew feier ia its fytM WEEKLY ffi VOL, I. j To the feople 1 Texaa. ! -In beginning the publication of a new Democratic paper at the Capital, it is deemed proper to state, ia general terms, the line f conduct that it will pursue. Tbe Democratic Platform, passed at the State Convention in January last, is the com mon creed of our party ia Texas, and in it were embraced those principles .on which there was a common accord and a complete harmony.' Although,' prior to the conven tion, there was t difference of vleas among members of the Democratic' partj; and to some -extent strife among the -various journals, claiming attachment to the party, yet, when: met in convention, the present Platform i was adopted without a dissenting voice so one desiring to add to or take from it a single expression. It embraced all that was desired by those who were deemed extremists by some, and was accepted with enthusiasm by tbe entire party, as being the common point of onion on which all would unite and support each other against Radicalism. Radicalism. ' This paper b established in' support of the principles f Democracy as set forth in that Platform. As that Platform was the result of a due deliberation on tbe part of the delegates, delegates, chosen by the mfs.es of Texas Democrats, Democrats, and .brought a harmony and, union of our before divided elements, to it alone should we look as tbe continuing ground of harmony and .common brotherhood. As tbat Platform brought the Democracy of Texas together as a onit and consolidated them effectively for attack and defense, it will be the steady aim of this paper to keep the principles embodied therein prominently before before the people, and preserve that harmony which is so essential to success, which is our only hope' for relief from oppression and ruin.: -i 1 It canuot butT be apparent to Democrats, that our only hope for saving this State from ruin,' is through the success of our party. Without some self-sacrifice, as regards indi vidual views , and without that conciliatory spirit which will keep the Democracy as a unit, our auceess is doubtful. It ia especially dangerous to endeavor to engraft on tbe party new principles which are not Inevitable sequences of doctrines in tbe Platform. One chief aim of this paper will be, the preservation of tbat harmony tbat pervaded the party .on tbe rising of tbe convention ; and .binding together and rallying for tbe contest with our enemies, every Democrat in Texas. As regards the views of the Democracy of other States, there should be no cause for difference among tbe Democrats of Texas. The Democracy. .oleach State is a unit on its own platform. When our delegates meet in National Convention, then there will be time and place for discussions and concilia tions so as to form a common platform, on which all can make a battle -in National political contests. If those compromises can be made, and" there can be a common creed for union purposes," tbe Democracy of the United States will again be in the ascend dency ; if otherwise, as a party we cannot know what will be our fate. Our aim in Texas should be, to send sound men to tbe National convention those who see our great danger, and trust to their wisdom wisdom in their action to do for the best. We certainly cannot gain any advantage in Texas by making Texas Democrats enter into a controversy with each other regard-ins; regard-ins; the lint of othar Stales, thus creating discord and distrust as to our party. Nor can we hope to change the viewa of men of other States. The questions now before the country have been under discussion for six ' years, and it is only through our next Na tional convention that we can hope for an entire harmony of State, platforms: We stand as Democrats on our own creed, and unless the Democracy of Texas in convention convention should change its views, our delegates to the next convention will "urge measures in accord with our State creed. Jt ia on this creed that we plant ourselves, and as its advocate, we will seek the perpetual harmonization harmonization of all Democrats. Tbe aim of the convention in the estab lishment of a paper at the Capital, which should be under an editorial corps chosen by the Executive Committee, has been thought by some to be injudicious. It" has been feared that such a paper would assume a dogmatism that would be obnoxious to tbe Democratic, press of tbe State and create a discord. If there be complaints in advance, we only ask Democrats to delay judgement and the press to not plant on a theory that will be baseless, and to their prejudice and tbat of tbe party. All Democratic organs in this State should battle from one base alone tbat is the State Platform. Such is our dogmatism, tbat we go for its support at all times, without enlargementwithout diminution. As regards the public measures that are not necessarily of partizan character, we bave much to say, and shall be active ia advocating ancient Democratic administrations administrations on economy laboring for tbe wellfare and interests of tbe whole people. Tbe columns of this paper are not opened to mere individual advancement, nor to petty prejudices against certain men in poli tical matters. Without endeavoring to frame, as a journal, the action ot" conventions, the papar will be ever ready, as should all Democrats, to support the nominees of regular regular conventions of tbe party. When the people act.in convention it will be our aim to assist that action to success. As a newspaper, while the effort of Democrats Democrats ia expected on tbe grouod that we will be sound in politics and true to their interests and' tbat Ibis paper ie an establishment of the Delegates of tbe Convention, yet it. will be more. It is the aim of the publishers to make tbe paper, ia point of mechanical execution, execution, and miscellaneous news attractiveaess, unsurpassed by any in tbe State. Like all enterprises, this psper must depend for suc cess on its merits in all other departments as well aa its soundness jo . politics. It will show for itself the energy and industry of those who conduct iu columns. We ask the lavorame consideration of all ; and, not unmindful of the difficulties of our position, and relying on good counsel, will endeavor to ce-operate with the Democratic press in all things in promulgating and educating to sound doctrine and thus promote tbe interests interests of the people. Bloody Riot In Ken York. On tbe 12th of July, inst., an association called "Orange men," In celebrating tbat day formed a - procession and inarched through certain streets in the city. This was deemed offensive to the Catholic Irish, who got np a I ot winch bid to be ff'.TcJ T'r !f:":;; . n'.i.-i. r-iuw-d the death cf 6tK.-. one b;;i.-li;i b;;i.-li;i czi r : persons. A ;s on the "on"i.-eete ;a Railroad ws j,rri.iu'.fcJ !ut tae Rit.tr while crossing crossing bridge over .i-.jetij Riyer, sixteen taiJea frcT5. V.h.(ic .-ni, "f Moa- -:' ' - : "illed. Taxes I Taxes II We submit to a candid public whether the subjoined correspondence does not manifest a condition of things that demands a speedy and certain remedy. i In 1669, the taxes paid by the people was twelve end a half cents Jo the hundred dollars dollars to tha State, and not exceeding one-half that amount to the counties on a sworn valuation valuation of their property. In 1867, tbe rate of taxation was EfLeen cents to the State and seven and a half cents to the counties, on tbe one hundred dollars worth of property. , Now we pay at the rate of $2 25 on tbe hundred dollars to tbe State and a large proportion proportion of that rate to tbe counties. Besides this onerous taxation, those who live in cities bave to pay still another tax. ,!l ' When the rate of taxation was, as hi 1860 and 1867, we had an abundance of money to carry an tbe affairs of Government. . In those years, tbe State was not in debt, save to a small an)6unt which could aad would bave been paid off without a material increase increase of taxation. The question at once addresses itself to every .thinking man, to every tax payer, can the administration be honest, which re quires so much money ta carry it on? If honest, where tbe necessity of such vast sums, over and above what was needed to carry on a cash paying government in he years gone by? Where does the money go to? Into whode pocket, and for. what expended? expended? Tbe answer is as ready as tbe inquiry. inquiry. Tbe administration is not honest. The money of the people is not expended properly. Dishonesty rank and bold, is about is in high places, clothed in tbe robes of office. Tbe people of Texas are being robbed tbeir money if going into tbe pockets or men, and in sums tbat the law condemns. ' Jf the people, approve honesty in public men, and in their hearts denounce and condemn condemn profligacj or; peculation, they should turn . tbe present administration out of power. Whatever tbe democracy may do when it takes charge" of the state Government, Government, matters cannot be worse than they are. In and under present management, there are bankruptcy and ruin combined, bankruptcy to tbe public credit, and ruin, to tbe citizen. Read the correspondence and reflect : Office Comptroller Pcblio Accounts, Austin, June 28, 1871. Hon. John Hancock, Austin, Texas : Sir : I am in receipt of the following communication, communication, viz.: Austin, June 24, 1871. Hon. A. Bledsoe, Comptroller, etc., Austin, Sir : Will you please inrorm me from tbe papers and records of your office 1st. Tbe amount of taxes assessed' and collected for tbe year ending tbe 31st of August, August, 1860, and the ampunt ot money expended expended to carry on tbe State Government for the fiscal year ending 31st August, i860. 2d. Tbe amount of taxes assessed and collected collected for the fiscal year ending 31st August, 1867, and tbe amount of expenditures to carry on the State Government for said year. 3d. Tbe amount of taves assessed and collected collected for the fiscal year ending 31st August, August, 1870, and a9se8asd and required to be collected for tbe year ending 31st August, 1871, and tbe amount of money expended, and appropriations of money to be expended for each of said years to carry on the State Government. 4th. .What was the outstanding debt of the State exclusive of indebtedness to the School Fund, on the 31st of August, 1867, and what it will be, as near as you may be able to determine, on the 31stof August, 1871. I ask this information in the interest of the public, and shall esteem it a favor to obtain it at your earliest convenience. Very respectfully your obedient servant, (Signeo JOHN HANCOCK. In reply I give such tacts as can be hastily gleaned from tbo records, etc., of this Department, Department, in' answer thereto, to-wit : Amount of taxes assessed for the rear 1860. Advalorem $367,894 55 Occupation 59,163 72 Poll Tax 27,740 00 Total $454,805 27 Amount expended same year $710,724 77 Amount assessed for tbe year 1867. Advalorem -....$224,507 51 Poll Tax....- r. 95.895 00 Income and Salery 23,805 85 Total ..: $344,208 36 Amount collected - 448,825 43 Amount expended - 470,678 80 Ibe assessment of taxes for the current year it is estimated will reach $5,837,953 B8. ine rate ot taxation in 1860 was 12 cents per $100: in 1867 it was 15 cents per $100. and in 1871 it is $2 25 per 100. Tbe value or taxable property in the State for the year 1860, was In negroes - $106,688,920 Otbet property 187,626,769 For 1867 it was 170,005,645 For 1871 it is estimated at 259,464,617 Amount paid lor arrest o: fugitives from jus tice in 1870 $3,303 00 Expired portion of 1871 916 46 18.71. Amount expended and appropriated to oe expeaded by last Legislature i 1 ,700,000. rours, respectlully, A. BLEDSOE, Comptroller. Congressional Candidates. Each of the four Congressional Districts, into which tbe State has been divided, has regularly (according to Democratic nsage) selected its candidates for Congress, and we are glad to learn tbat tbey are in the field addressing tbe people, with zeal and power. Such of th8e gentlemen as we personally know, are men of talents, honor and sound political principles, and those with whom we have no personal acquaintance, having the endorsement of the Democracy, among whom they reside, are doubtless equally so. They all stand upon tbe same platform and are pledged to tbe advocacy of tbe same principles. With their high character and acknowledged ability they cannot fail to arouse the whole people to a proper sense of the danger to which our liberties are now exposed, and induce every one, entitled "by law, to register and rote. They can, doubtless, doubtless, make it quite plain that this is a duty which no honest patriot dare neglect If this conviction can be, as it will, impressed upon tbe conscience of every man who values liberty and law, as be does life and honor, tbe Democracy will sweep tbe State by tbe largest majority ever polled in Texas. We understand tbat each of these-able, earnest Democratic candidates intend to devote themselves to the duty of a thorough canvass of tbeir respective dislri '.a. Let no honorable . means of winning a glorious triumph be overlooked. Let every voter be convinced, by facts and fair arguments, of the importance of tbe present struggle, and be can but choose to vote himself, and urge bis neighbor to do so. This is no ordinary occasion, but in fact one upon the favorable issue of which all that we bold valuable, all that we hold dear and sacred, iminently depends. Tbe Democracy who are familiar with the course of the Radical journals in this State caanot hot have noticed the' studioosness with which tbey seek to blacken the charac tera and political reputation of the Demo cratic candidates. They are endeavoring to weaken tbe confidence of tbe Democratic TOW tr Tbe rT.c -D a uur staaJar.! biarcra if t':.o CcCti- i Pal c&iupaiu. La' ib'ie strMageai ot 3 ibetu hmuBfibeir ' 9 ot a wily, aJroe ad ir.diff? 'cce on Tfc .(.:. ootioc 'a.-. V. . algLed - ' xCoae c u . i icoieui )'.r . Li WS ; SO l eUiOr;; l.eJ it" fiends. Let not ti e prfjs ir.du letb tl raiuds of Dem that cociIaateJ on: ctl that can be a fo co pwge, we muit c : ars defeated, MOOBATIC AUSTIN, TEXAS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1871. ; Radicalism Arraigned. One of the leading objects of tha Demo-. cratic; Statesmak, ia the approaching cam paign, will be to point out reasons and motives motives for bnrling from power the party now holding tbe government of Texas. . We are fully impressed with the conviction tbat constitutional government in this State is in danger of utter extinction, and that the cause of human rights aad civil liberty were never in greater peril. The crisis is truly alarming." It is an alarming truth that tbe Government of Texas is now in the bands of ben who openly disregard tbe law of gov ernmentthe Constitution tbe embodied will of the people and that these men clAim the right to tubitilutt their will and pleaiure as the rule of action, Instead of the will of tbe whole people, tbe Constitution: ' We also charge tbat this usurpation, this fuMUution of the tcill of officials for tbe plain terms of the Constitution, has not been prompted by good or patriotic motives, bat on tbe contrary, from tbe most selfish, sordid and wicked motives. In preferring these grave charges, we are perfectly aware of their gravity, as implying the very highest crime a citizen can commit against bis country. Tbe proof is full and complete. M us enter into a lew specinca-tions, specinca-tions, under the general charge, the evidence of which is already before the public : Specification 1. Tbe Constitution of Texas expressly limits the terms of office of members members of tbe Legislature to two years. Tbe present Legislature, with the approval of tbe Governor, have deliberately declared tbat the same shall continue for tbree years or more. If this term of 'office, so prescribed by the Constitution, may be thus extended for one year, or even one day, it may be extended indefinitely, and thus become perpetual., This is nothing leas than revolution by usurpa Hon, and shows tbe disposition to dispense with the people altogether in the matter of government. It looks to the establishment in Texas of aa odious, self-constituted oligarchy, oligarchy, like thoae attempted in ancient Greece, and like the celebrated .Rump Parliament Parliament of England, at the end of tbe reign of Charles tbe First and the beginning of tbe Commonwealth under Cromwell. The history of altbe States in this Union affords no similar example. Uf all the states, through .their entire existence, no such gla ring usurpation has been attempted, bnt it has been left to the Radical .party of Texas, in these latter days, to aspire totbisiiamous distinction. Specification 2. The Constitution of the United States expressly prohibits a State to pass any "law impairing tbe obligation ot contracts." Tbe charter of a city, or other corporation, is a contract, aa well settled in law, in the United States and in every State thereof. The charter of the city of Austin, and all the other cities in the State, expressly confer upon the citizens thereof the right and power of electing tbeir own officers. Tbe present Legislature have, without the consent of these corporations, deprived them of the right and conferred it upon the Governor, wbo has, in all cases, proceeded to exercise it, and thus the cities of Texas are, for tbe most part, governed, domineered over, taxed and literally fleeced by strangers, carpet-bag adventurers, needy, rapacious and unscrupulous. unscrupulous. Specification 3. Tbe Constitution of Texas declares that tbe Legislature shall provide for tbe election of District Attorneys by the people (t'ue legal voters) of each judicial district. In total violation of this provision, theXeglslatnre bave 'authorized the appoint ment of these officers by the Governor. If this is not criminal usurpation of poicer, we know not what would be. The motive for this criminal usurpation is patent on its face it is to prevent the people from select ing such officers as will observe tbe laws of tbe land, and to ensure tbe appointment only of such as will obey the party behests of the Governor. Specification 4. The Constitution of tbe United States, and also of tbe State of Texaa, foibids that any citisen shall be arrested upon any criminal charge, ualeas tbe same shall be preferred on oath, before some judi cial officer, upon which a warrant for tbe arrest may issue according to law. Iu plain violation of these provisions, tbe Legislature has authorized tbe Governor to cause the illegal arrest of several citizens, npon highly criminal accusations (in Walker abd Hill counties) without any such affidavit or war rant and several such illegal arrests have been made. Specification 5. The Constitution forbids tbe trial of any citizen, except upon presentment by a grand -jury in tbe district or county of his residence, before the courts of law of the State; and yet the Legislature bave author ized the Governor, and he has in several in stances ordered citizens arrested and tried before a military tribunal of bis own creation, creation, in time of peace in the State, without ABy of tbe securities of personal liberty guaranteed by the Constitution. Specification 6. Tbe Constitution forbids the Suspension of the writ of habeas corpus in time of peace; and yet tbe Legislature have, by an act, authorized the Governor to sus pend the writ of habeas corpus at bis pleas ure, in any part of the State. And this illegal illegal and dangerous power be has repeatedly executed in time of profound peace. Specification 7. There is no authority un der the Constitution of the State, or of the United States, to suspend the laws of the land or to declare and impose what is called martial Ian, or more porperly speaking, the u-ill of the Governor, instead of tbo law of tbe land. And yet the Legislature bave authorized, and tbe Governor has, in fact, in more than one instance suspended the civil laws of the land, and declared bis will or martial laic as the only rule of action for the government of the people. Specification 8. Tbe Constitution of Texaa aad of the United Stales forbids tbe trial of a citizen upon any criminal charge except by a jury of bis peers, before tbe regular courts cf tne State; and yet tbe Legislature bave authorized, and the Governor has repeatedly ordered citizens to be arrested and tried by a mere drum-bead court martial. without a jury, and without any of the safe guards of personal liberty provided by the Constitution, in times of profound peace There are other instances to be specified, to wbicb we shall hereafter call attention, of vio lation of the plain letter of tbe Constitution equally gross and flagrant. Tbe full proof of these numerous specifica tions and no one of them have at any time . been denied that we are aware of fully sustains sustains the eharge tbat those now in power open ly disregard theConstitntion,which thbs' sworb to siippcit RL(i dtenJ; n-f it oa'y i.nains to incite whether the DKti4 of tija officials were jod and Atriu'.ic, or s-lCsb, wicked and corrupt '1 So far as we are avare, they set up uo other eitase lor t-es-i big 'j -handed vio.atioas of t! or'.bs and the Cocstitutioc, iban that tLy Lire tUOUglil ihesi lil na..ital I.e. r-iafT M pra;5r?a tbeiuseifes ;;i 3.jr Tlicy Lava ; iiit, ail s-.y, n ttui :ha? it tte c-t tbe I land and the rights of the citizen remain in power, -.he Radical party would fall to pieces, and the officials would cease to get tbe spoils of office. Can a motive be more sordi 1, selfish and corrupt than that? If the. Governor, Governor, the head, of this party, were impeached and brought to trial for these high crimes and misdemeanors, what defense could be make? Could he plead Ignorance, even IT such a plea -were a legal defense? We mpposo he cannot be allowed the benefit of that plea, even in extenuation of the' moral turpitude of these great crimes against the liberties of his country. He has been a 'lawyer and a judge im Texas for many years, and no one cad presume him to be ignorant of these plain provisions in the Constitution of tbe country. This plea of ignorance could hardly be admitted as in extenuation, in fa- vorof the most ignorant negro in the Legis lature, much less in favor of the Governor and the white members of that body. The? must be adjudged to have violated these sa cred principles of free government willfully and kaowingly, for the base and corrupt purpose of keeping themselves and party in power4 Shall they be permitted to accom plish this purpose by such means? - If the officals are : indeed totally ignorant . of tbe Constitution which tbey bave sworn to support, support, and of the cardinal principles of civil liberty secured by it, then tbey must be ad mitted on all bands to be unfit to hold the r'eias of government, and should be dismissed for wortblessness and gross ignorance. But if willfully guilty ot conspiracy to subvert tbe Constitution of the country and 'destroy the liberties of their fellow-citizens, then they are criminals and ought not only to be turned out, but punished as such, as an example to other usurpers and tyrants. They are, per haps, at liberty to choose between tbe horns of tbisdelimma. Civil Service Reform. Flake's Bulletin of the 18th of July exults over the prospect of the proposed reform in the manner of selecting civil officers, and the tenure of those offices. The commii. sion, it appears, bave agreed upon a plan, substantially as follows: "It contemplates establishing ad examin ing board, who are to hear and determine claims of applicants, granting either prizes or certificates in accordance with their mer its, or .qualifications, as their examination may bave demonstrated. ' This examination will inquire into tbo character, personal fits nesa and general qualifications of all as piranta to positions, and in tbis 'respect will largely Initiate the English and German systems. "Where an applicant passes a satisfactory examination, he will receive from tbe board a certificate which shall entitle him to tbe first vacancy, in tbat particular (trade of office, for wbicb he applies," etc. Does it not occur to tbe Bulletin tbat the Constitution of the United States stands in tbe way ot this very cute arrangement for the present Radical party of the United States, not oily to fill all the offices at present, but for all future time ? A Radical board of ex amicers, not only to fill all present vacan cies, but also all subsequent vacancies which may occur! We have not examined the sub ject, but from the Bulletin's account of it, it smacks very much of an attempt for the first board appointed to IsBue certificates to favorites favorites for all vacancies hereafter to occur. At all events it contemplates, or at least requires amendments of the Constitution, so put forth aa tbe Constitution has already desig nated the appointing Wwer, and the time of office. It appears that by tbe new plan ell officers are to be for life or .ood behavior, says the Bulletin. "Thieving Carpet Daggers.'' Upon bis return to New Tork from bis trip to Texas, the old philosopher,' Horace Greas ley, had something to say on tbis theme, which we see fit to record for the benefit of our readers: "Well, gentlemen, tbe thieving carpet baggers are a mournful fact ;' they do exist there, and 1 bave seen them. Tbey are. fel lows who crawled down Sontb ia tbe track if our armies, generally at a very safe' distance distance in tbe rear; some of tbem on sutler's wagons, some bearing cotton permits, some of tbem looking sharply to see what might turn up, and tbey remain there. They at once ingratiated themselves with the blacks, simple, credulous, ignorant men, very glad to welcome and to follow any whites who professed to be tbe champions of tbeir rights. Some of tbem got elected Senators, others Representatives, some SheriSj, some Juddes and so on. And there they stand, rights c tbe public eye, stealing and plundering many of them with both arms around ne groes, and their bands in the rear pockets, seeing if tbey cannot pick a paltry dollar oit of tbem; and tbe public looking at then, aoes not regard me nonest Nortnern met but calls every carpet-bagger a thief, wbidh is not the truth by a good deal. But these fellows many of them long-faced, and with eyes rolled up are generally concerned for the educatiou of the blacks, and for the sa!4 vation of their souls. 'Let us pray' tbey savi jmi tney span pray witn an e, and tbui spoiled prey) tney ooey tae apostolic in junction to 'pray without ceasing.' " . i Another (Negro) Richmond In , the Field- Flakes Bulletin of tbe 18th inst. baa Ihe following: ' "At a Radical caucus in Navasotav the Ranger says that a colored man named uampueu, iiuiu uanuiuu, luiruuucetl- mm sell as a candidate tor congress. Me was severe on the white folks told the negroes that tbey ought to vote for nonebut tbeir own color for office. Tbis man Campbell has great self-esteem, which ia attributable to bis ignorance. Nelson, and Gainer must look out . for their- laurels as we Jiave a thi; Richmond in tbe field, seeking to make tbe negr.i odious to every white man who would befriend them in the political rights conferred npon tbem by uengress." : SL'PH li.TIE COURT PETITIONS. Hon. Wealey Ogden, during the recess of the Supreme Court, baa been laboriously engaged in disposing of petitions for appeal in criminal cases. He is now absent at his home in Lavaft, and we trust will be bene fitted by a respite from bis labors. Tbe fol lowing orders have been made by him : Tbe State vs. John A. Eubank, Palo Pinto county. Making threats to kill. Appeal not allowed. Tbe State vs. D. M. Bntler, Anderson county. Selling liquor without license. Not allowed. uenry uauson vs. tne state, McLennan county. Theft from a house. Allowed. Jackson Jenkins vs. tbe State, McLennan county. Manslaughter. Allowed. - Doct. E. Hendrick vs. tbe State, Cherokee counts. Uaming. Hot allowed. . : Andrew McCarty vs. the State, Victoria county. Murder. Appeal allowed. Jesse Jergins vs. tbe Slate, Walker county uamiog. not allowed. Lorance Bumgartner vs. the State, Ellis county. Permitting gaming. Mot allowed. The State vs. Smith . Nicholsoo, Fannin county. Aggravated assault. Not allowed. VcUoeald- McDonald vs. the State, Fan Mer- ft&t a.iuwea. vs. tbe Stata, Uu-k cooctr-.o cooctr-.o Lb. drank. ATuned. W.tV says a k Utr-wriW -, i.bc o jf ihi Fifth Aves'ie Hate! aUtr pay- ir. .- '$:'(: year rest, are fii' a du.. irit the pi,.-1 of NV.5 i'otk, - . i . 1 6 Vi U9 "euelj carried tte jiari STATES The Situation. Early in the political history of the United States, Democracy opposed opposed centralization. - It confined the powers of the general Government Government within the express grants of the Constitution, and yielded all their domestic affairs and interests to the States themselves. Per consequence it opposed a United States Bank, internal improvements by the gene4- ral Government, and a high tariff for the manufacturer at the expense of the consumer. . As measures counter to these, it favored banking and internal improvetnents "by pri vate corporations and individuals, or if need be by the individual States, a sub-treasury system for the finan ces of the Government, and as near an approach ' as practicable to free trade, with a tariff for revenue only. These . specific questions, affected more or less by compromise, ceased to bs living issues at the overthrow of the patriotic and honest old Whig party.",' But "the" Democratic party still rallied around the cardinal doc trine of a strict adherence to the Constitution. In it, the mass of the intelligent and thinking people saw safety , to our liberties and the pre servation of the Governmentagamst anarchy and fanaticism. This doctrine doctrine was steadfastly arrayed against that fanatical- crusade upon the guarantees of the Constitution, whose triumph, in the passage of nul lification laws by three-fourths of the States North, tore asunder the time-honored old Union that Union which we all honored and revered, and which, we still remember with admiration and sorrow. The bonds of the Constitution broken and set at defiance, and the las trampled upon by the crusaders, the Southern States, knowing no rightful power of coercion, attempted to gather them" selves into-a fabric, the counter-part of the old Union. But the heritage bequeathed us by the Fathers of 'T6 was not to be rescued so easily from rapacious hands and violence. The Spirit of the crusade usurped the reins of Government, and with all the madness cf fanaticism, boasting a' "higher law"" than the Constitution Constitution or even than Holy Writ, waged the war of conquest upon this last hope of American constitutional liberty, whose scenes of carnage are yet red in our memories; and, on the ruins of our comely fabric, raised the nondescript despotism which has cursed the land ever since ; a dee potism which, long ago sated with blood, has not in six weary years ceased to belabor its prostrate victims, as they sue for peace to belabor with the outrages and indignities of its bru tal soldiery, with political disabilities, with defamation and contumely, with violencp to their social life, with the mockery of republican government without representation, and with the horrid rule of a servile race instructed in demoniac oppression by the basest scurf and. offscourings of its myrmi dons. Boasting that ' revolutions never go backward," and having cut the Gordian knot of constitutional restraint, its bounding rush and impetus have whelmed every opposition; opposition; and its hugo vessel of State is dashing at will, far out in the limit less and uncertain seas of unwritten constitutions. The sounds of maelstroms in the distance and of breakers ahead, however, however, it is hoped are waking apprehensions apprehensions and general alarm. Thee is still hope that the Democratic party may yet serve for ah anchorage to stay the plunging craft till it may be safely moored. . . . - Through the long ordeal of fan at icism the Democratic party, North and South, has not ceased its devotion to constitutional liberty. Brave men and wise, from limit to limit of the States, are waking the people to the absolute necessity of drawing back the Government within the limits and restraints of a written constitution. Startling enormities also, are warning them in -trumpet tones. Taxation, like a burning sirocco, consumes the land, while unblushing peculations and robberies by Government officials are perpetrated perpetrated on every hand it may be said, with Government sanction. Let the country rouse to that aci tivity which is demanded by the exigency exigency of the times, and as a solid party let U3 act together with one heart in the great struggle). Let each man be a patriot and sacrifice on the altar of his country, for the good of the people, if he have the interests of the people at heart, his own private personal advancements. . The Democracy are now rising and fast joining into olid effective fronts and" by their active will, if kept in harmony, save the State and the people. Tt Khftnoe hc-ft and vtall if thoi firmer. ihe;c i uctLa f the r.art'-'. Will j a man ;n su:h tiuii us ti-vsc '. j can Lave the hcatt to t-yy u'--; and distrn-i iu tl.e iu.tiJ:- oi lie pi-! pi-! pie, &.l ert-a.. -U-cntK-i aid ira--; tiv'-iv a-il dei'eat of the ihn. crw ! a!:d thua crir. tii'n j country ' oi tha bols. ; MM 0 NO. 1. Railroad to .Texas. . j A New Orleans correspondent of the Houston Telegraph writes as ollows:. I learned yesterday, that Oakes Ames, the great Boston capitalist, and one of the principal owners 'of the Chattanooga, New Orleans and Texas railroad, had been relieved from financial embarrassments and had liquidated all claims against him, and was now in funds, so much as to send out to his company here! three millions of dollars in cash ; to push forward the road to Houston. This amount, added to the one million and a half just received from : the 'State of Louisiana, will give them , the snug sum of four and a half millions in cash to press forward their .Texas line.. Indeed, we were informed by Mr. Hardey, assistant engineer of the company, that within the next sixty days tho whole line from Washington Washington to Orange would be let out by contract and that work would com mence simultaneously on that divi sion, and it is with pleasure that we. assure the readers .of the Ttlegragk that the Chattanooga company in- tena to reacn Houston speeauy.irom the fact that they have, to reach there in a given . time : or forfeit very large subsidy from this State. NiTiojUL vs. Stat Taxis. The United States taxes are one hundred per cent, less now than when General Grant was elected Tbe State taxes are three hundred per cent greater now than tbey were at that time. Reformer. Even if the first statement of our neighbor be true, Chief Justice Chase asserts "that Grant deserves. no credit for any decrease," and the evidence is on its face that he has had no hand in it. As to the State taxes, we fear, alas, its truth needs no further demonstration. demonstration. But. what remedy do the Radicals propose ? The next State election to be held is that of Kentucky, on Monday, August 7. A' Governor and other State officers will be chosen. P. II Leslie is. the Democratic candidate for Governor, and General John M. Harlan the Republican. ' Last Au gust, when the colored men voted for the first time, the Democratic majority was 31,664,'. and the total vote 146,206. In 1869 the Democratic Democratic majority was 57,848,' and the total vote 107.366, In 1868 the Democratic majority . was 76,072, and the total vote 147,704. The Texas Observer notices the fate of those whom it accuses of falsely testifying of lawlessness be fore the Legislature in the matter of the contested seats from Cherokee It say's L. D. Saunders, the principal witness, is dead ; K. M. Saunders in jail for murder ; G. R. Spaulding in jail for defalcation ; W. C. Trimble indicted for stealing hogs; and Judge Tunstall indicted for stealing letters and money from the postofEce. Toe jury in the McGehan case disagreed, owing, it i said, to partisan partisan influence. McGehan is the man whom Yallandigham was defending when he shot himself. The New York Herald, having chalked Grant as the Republican candidate for President, now chalks Chase and Hancock for the Democratic Democratic candidates. Then, as is usual with Bennett, after the thing is all fixed just right, he'll " walk off on h- is ear. Indian A'evts. Our fellow citizen, Col. Leeper, informs informs us that he has just received a letter from his son, Mat Leeper, wbo is acting as interpreter at Fort Sill, under date of June 19, which states that there ia a great probability of a general Indian war upon our frontier; and it is understood at Sill that Lieut. General Sheridan will take command of the forces to" operate against the Indian tribes. We also learn tha there is at this time a large concentration of troops g'oing on at the different forts on the fron-. tier. General Sheridan is most emphatically emphatically tbe man to operate against the wild Indians, who have been depredating depredating on our frontier so long, Captain Fitz Williams, of Fort Richardson, Richardson, who arrived on Wednesday last from the Fort, informs us that the two chiefs, Santee and Big Tree, are held by the military authorities until further orders from Washington Washington City. When these orders are received, it is thought they will be tried by the civil authorities of Jack county. Sherman Patriot. Cats. A writer in Appleton's Journal collates the proverbs, superstitions, superstitions, and curious facts about cats. This extract mav save some mothers worry: "A common snsperstition charges cats with sucking the breath of in fants, thereby causing their death by strangulation. This is a false accusation, as pussy's mouth is so formed anatomically that she would not be able to do bo sanguinary a deed did she wish it. Instances are on record where cats have crawled into a cradle or bed, and lain down on an infant's face, not probably with any criminal intent, though children have been found dead un der such circumstances, but purely for the sak of the warmth of the . infant's body and clothing. An emigrant, fresh from the Emer . all Isle, caught a spotted cat as he thought, in the wall, and pulling it out jrraspea nis nose, ana exciaimea, "Howly Mother ! what baa the crath-i crath-i ur been aitin V (Skunk.) South Carolina has increased in population since J-S60 only 1,952 TH&SXATESM4N, THE TRIVfrKsmiVV Is published every Tuesday, Tharaday and Saturday evening. . TUB TTKEKTLT Is published every Thursday afternoon.' ' All-business correspondence, communications, communications, etc., should be addressed to ' , ,, , , STATESMAN PUBLISHING COilPANT, Acstu,. Texas. TELEGRAPHIC . DOMESTIC NEWS. St. Louis. Julr 24. The steamer Olive Branch, hence to New Orleans, sunk tbis morning ten miles below Grand Tower. It is reared she cannot ba saved. The vessel is valued at $375,000, and insured for $23,000 in Cincinnati,: Wheeling and Eittsburg. WasBixOTOir, Julv 24. Tbe London bark Nicholas, with six of the crew, was lost off tbe Cape of Good Hops. " . .. New York, Julv 24. Tbe messenger of a National Bank was knocked down on tbe corner corner of Broadwav and Warren, and robbed of $30,000. , ' . . Mice and Cob urn met to-day and agreed to fight on tbe 30th of November, within 100 miles of New Jersey. - Stake $2,000." "The articles of agreement are to be signed, at Hew Orleans. . . . -- --r ..- ' - - - x - Washington, July 20. Secretarv Bout- well, Special Treasury Agent Madge and Col. lector Bobb thoroughly overhauled the accounts accounts of tGe Savannah Custom-house today, today, t ...... - -i i A. defalcation : ef $8,000 is fouad, which Deputy Collector Willman, under, a sworn statement, confesses was appropriated by nimseir. . . : The confession concludesf Hia.fBobb's) only fault has been in renreaentinir decree of confidence and trust in me, which' I bare abused, as before stated. . r ; ...-,- Secretary Boutwell exonerates Robb, and there will be no change in the' Oollectorsblp. . Governor Reed, ef Florida ia here, looking after a defalcation of about $S,0C0 iu tha Jacksonville post-office. Tbe money" was taken by a noney order clerk. The postmaster postmaster has made the amount good to the Government. Gov. Bullock, of Georgia, writes a letter to Senator Scott, which is published ia tbe New Tork Times. Tbe letter Includes a protest protest against tbe action of the Congressional committee in requiring information concerning the needs, requirements or condition of the State, other than can be mafie known by her own representatives in Congress. . It also contains a semi official statement of the exact exact condition of the State. ' FOREIGN XEIVS. London, July 20. Mr. Gladstone announced announced in tbe House to-day, tbat tbe Queen bad withdrawn the warrant legalizing tbe purchase of commissions. . k In tbe Bouse of Commons tbis evening. Gladstone announced tbat the Queen had solved tbe purchase problem by canceling the royal warrant legalizing tbe purchase ot commissions in the army. He declared tbe House of Lords, though impugning tbe government government plan for its abolition, , had failed to sustain the purchase system, bence the ministers ministers bad advised her majesty to take such actions as would effectually dispose of tbe question in accordance with the manifest desire of the country. ... -k The declaration was received with vehement vehement cheering in the House, but Disraeli and tbe tory members general were unable - to dissemble their anger, . and j bittedy ; denounced denounced tbe arbitrary coarse pf 'the Government. Government. ' ... V i-i-jjii. j Gladstone was defiant and; ehallanited.tbe opposition to move a vote of want of, confidence, confidence, v - " Earl Granville, in tbe HoosaicfLo nis, announced announced the determination of the. ministry to defend tbeir policy. It was impossible to depict the scene in either House on the announcement announcement of tbe fate purchase system. The Lords were deeply moved, mat decorous. In tbe House cf Commons astonishment, anger and uncertainty were illy concealed. The tories were confounded and tbeir leaders puzzled to suggest what action should be taken, an event which they were hardly prepared for, notwithstanding the obscure foreshadowing in tbe Standnid of yesterday and to-day. .. . . Tbe opinion of all is that tbe action of tbe ministry, is bold,' and even desperate, and popular feeling is led to anticipate tbe far- Kikqsto.h, Jam'ca, July 19. Tbe determ ined attitude of the government -bas fright ened the negroes, and no Tears are entertain ed of a rising. Nollegate, the leader, is now ridiculed by bis own followers. Jacmel, July 13. News from the north -western frostier states tbat the town of Ueca bas revolted, in favor of General Lnperon, against Baez. Berlin, July 20. It is officially reported tbat the Government bad received 409,500.- 000 franks to the fifteenth ln9t., and 52,900,- uuu were received since. Madbid, July 20. The ministers assembled this afternoon with the Intention of tendering, tendering, collec.ively, tseir resignations t '. the King. His believed tbe Cortes will adjonrn until tbe ministerial crisis is ever. - . - i The King is consulting with the leaden of different parlies, with a view to a formation of an entire new cabinet. -----.. Havana, July 24. Rafael Qaesada, with 200 men, landed near Guatemala with IS mules and some rifles, which be distributed among tbe Insurgents. ' ...:-. A bgbt wilh the party resulted ia a Spanish Spanish victory. Loss, Spaniards, 10 killed and 12 wounded; Insurgents, 23 killed. ; Advices from insurgent source claim a Cuban success, with a loss to the Spaniards of 45 killed and 750 captured, and the patriots patriots control. ' ; '- Tbe apprehended sailing of the Qnesads eipedition will create complications between Spain and Venezuela. Mysteries of Arizona. - i The Prescott Miner says: '"Arizona '"Arizona is certainly a land of mystery, and no spot on it is more mysterious than that part known as Chico' Yal-ley, Yal-ley, twenty miles" north from Pres cott, on the road to the gteat and mysterious San Francisco Mountain, which rises high above all other mountains in the Territory,", and which, from its sublime attitude and snowy purity, ia J held., jujjreat awe and reverence by the Indians of the present day. ; Every, thing. goea tj prove that the valley ia qutjsuon was once occupied by hundreds, perhaps thousands, of those semi-civilized Indians who once held sway here, and' who, no doubi, . were overt shadowed, murdered and driven put by Apache Ighmaelites. In it b.ih numerous springs of cool, pure water, from which flows sufficient fluid to irrigate thousands of acres Over-looking this water, on beautiful' knolls, are the ruins of dwellings, once occupied by that ancient peoplo we have before alluded to. One of these ruins was recently dug info by visiting friends in ' the valley," who inform us that human bones of im- mense size were exhumed with much pottery, etc We have riot' the di . mentions of the bones, but are assured assured that they were much larger than those of any man of our day and generation." I . - - . Henpeck "My love, I aifl happy to inform yon that I've insured my life !" Mrs. H. "Then you oughc to be ashamed of such' a1 selfish ac tion. Insure your own! . IS'otbiii done about mine, I suppose ! ' " Mr. J. N. Caeiozo, cf. Savannah, completed his eighty-fifth year vn the 17th inst. He iiaaj-been connected with prominent Southern papers fn; the last fifty-five years, hi- ... KASPAS'has a female law Croi- Miss Mary Wattle' 'and Mrs.'Hele Comb being tho ingredients. What'il beoome ot us a this sort cf thin geti to he fashionable':

Clipped from
  1. The Austin Weekly Statesman,
  2. 01 Aug 1871, Tue,
  3. Page 1

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  • First issue of the Weekly Democratic Statesman, 1 August 1871

    staff_reporter – 23 Mar 2018

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