Bolshevik Movement Financed By German Imperial Bank (Column 1)

BobbyFischer Member Photo

Clipped by BobbyFischer

Bolshevik Movement Financed By German Imperial Bank (Column 1) - Bolshevik Movement Financed By German Imperial...
Bolshevik Movement Financed By German Imperial Ban One Memorandum From Reichsbank To Lenine Announced That 50,000,000 Rubles Of Gold Had Been Placed To His Credit To Pay Red Guards And Agitators. Washington. Sept. 15. The part played by the German Imperial Bank in financing the Russian Bolshevik movement, the care taken by the German military authorities to prevent spread among their own people of the socialistic preaching of their Russian tools, and the plans laid for German control of Russia economically and financially during and after the war feature the disclosures in the second installment of the sensational series of secret documents which the American Government i.- making public. Copies of the documents, given out tonight, carry the file numbers of the Reichsbank or of the German General Staff, and in some instances notations by Lenine or Trotzky, the Bolshevik leaders now shown to have been in the pay of Germany since long before they overthrew Russia's new democratic Gov-i rnnient and virtually turned the country over to the Teutons. There are illuminating explanatory notes by Edgar Sisson. of the Committee on Public Information, who has directed the investigation which has resulted in the disclosures. One of the Reichsbank memoranda dated last January announces to the Commissar of Foreign Affairs (Lenine) t hat "M) K).0()0 roubles of gold had been placed to the credit at Stockholm of the i-oprescntativcs of the commissars to i.ver the cost of Red Guards and agitators. Another of a few days later teiis nf a credit of "i.OOO.OOO roubles for the issistant naval commissar in the Far Fast, who is entrusted with the task of carrying off or destroying the great American and Japanese stores of war Material at Vladivostok a scheme that m-obably was well under way when the landing' of American and Allied forces .it Vladivostok ended the sway of the Bolsheviki there. Future Jrip On Russia. A resolution adopted by the (Herman commercial banks under the auspices of the Reichsbank outlines an elaborate program "for control of Russia by i Germany and the barring of America 1 and the' Allies from the Itussian com-i mercial and industrial field after the ' war. What lias happened to this . scheme is not definitely known, but it is suggested that it may be the subject j ot one 1 the secret sections oi tne uer- man-Bolshevik treaty. How Lenine and Trotzky were betraying their Socialist friends along with Russia is disclosed by a sharp note to Lenine from the Xacli rieht en bureau demanding to know what steps he would take to make good his personal promise tliat Socialistic and agitational literature would not be circulated among (Herman troops. Trotzky wrote on the margin, '1 nsk to discus's it- L. T." The concluding document of the installment is a (Herman warning on January -! to Lenine that unknown agitators were circulating propaganda telling in advance of the plans of the Bolsheviki to openly surrender to the Germans as they actually did later. How Itolshevilvi Were Financed. The following documents show in detail how the (Herman Government financed the Russian Bolshevik revolution through the German Imperial Bank. They show what rewards the German financial and industrial interests demanded in return for the (Herman ip-port of the Bolsheviki. And they show how the Bolshevik leaders betrayed their own followers and abandoned the preaching of their social revolution wherever the Germans ordered that it should be abandoned. POCTMKXT '0. S. I lit ichabink No. 2, Jan. 8, 191S. j Yvry Secret To the Commissar of Foreign Affairs: Information lias today been received i.y me from Stockholm that 0,000,000 -oubles of gold has been transferred to be put at the disposal of the representatives of the People's Commissars. This credit ii-ts been supplied to the Russian Government in order to cover the cost of the :;; ep of the lied Guards and agitators in ;':e country. The Imperial Government nsiders it appropriate to remind the Soviet of People's Commissars of the I'-eessity of increasing their propaganda i the country, as the antagonistic atti-ude- of the south of Russia and Siberia o the existing Government is troubling lie German Government. It is of great m porta nee to send experienced men verywhere in order to set up a uniform ..ivernment. Representative of the Iin-; -rial Bank, von Schanz. Note. Members of the Red Guard vere paid from 12 to 10 rubles a day, a heras soldiers were paid hardly that number of kopecks. This letter shows where the money came from. The Bolshevik Government also required factory owners to pay regular wages to their workers while the latter served in the Red Guard. The notation on letter indicates that it was referred to Men-shinski, the Financial Minister, whose expert councillor was the (Herman, Von Toll. Menshinski personally conducted the wrecking, of the Russian banks, a maneuver that deprived all opponents of Bolshevikism of their financial means of warfare. It was a classic job of destruction, done in the name of reconstruction. Have photograph of this letter. DOCUMENT NO. 0. rteichsbank No. 8. Jan. 12, 1913. Berlin. Very Secret. To the Commissar of Foreign Affairs: I am instructed to convey the agreement of the Imperial Bank to the issue of a credit of 3.000.000 roubles for the dispatch of the assistant naval commissar. Kudriashoff, to the Far East. On arrival at Vladivostok he should visit the retired officer of the Russian licet, Mr. Pan off. and instruct Butten-liolT and Staufacher, who are known to Panoff, to come to see him. Both the mentioned agents will bring with them Messrs. Fdward Shindler, William Ke-i erlein and Paul Diese (or Deze). With these persons it is necessary to think out a plan for carrying out the Japanese and American war materials from Vladivostok to the west. If this is not possible then they must instruct Diese (or Deze) and his agents to destroy (he stores. Shindler must acquaint Kudriashoff with the Chinese agents at Xikolsk. These persons should receive the agreed amounts and should be dispatched to China to carry on an agitation against Japan. President of the Imperial Bank, Von Schanz. AVnnteI luian Industries. DOCUMENT NO. 10. Kt-khsbank No. 5, Jan. 11, 1918. To the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars : My Dear Mr. Chairman The industrial and commercial organizations in Germany interested in trade relations with Russia have addressed themselves to me in a letter, including several guid- ?! ing indications. Permit me to bring them to jour attention. 1. The conflict of the Russian revolution with the Russian capitalists absolutely does not interest (Herman manufacturing circles In so far as the question does not concern industry as such. You can destroy the Russian capitalists as far as you please, but it would by no means be possible to permit the destruction of Russian enterprises. Such a situation would produce a constant ferment in the country, supported by famine of materials mul i of products- also. Thp I'.i.rii.h Amori. can and French capitalists take advan tage ot this disorder and understand how .. 1 1 . i. i .. . ".' viauuMi nere corps ot tneir commercial agents. It is necessary to remember that German industry in the first years after the general peace will not be in a position to satisfy the purchasing demand of the Russian market, having broad similar parallel tasks in the Near East, in Persia, in China and in Africa. 2. It is essential, therefore, tn mn- I duct a canvass and gather statistical in-I formation with regard to the condition of I industry, and, in view of the absence of I money in Russia, to address in business conversations whichever is desired of the groups of German commercial banks. DOCUMENT NO. 11. Reichsbank, No. 12378, Berlin, Dec. 28, 1917. Resolution of cont'd ence of representatives of the German commercial banks convened on proposal of the German delegation at Petrograd by the management of the Imperial Ban!" to discuss the resolutions of the Rhine-Westphalian Industrial Syndicate and Handelstag. All loans are canceled the bonds of which are in the hands of German. Austrian, Bulgarian and Turkish holders, but payment must be realized by the Russian treasury in the course of a 12-months' term after the conclusion of separate peace. There are banished and for five years from date of signing peace are not to be allowed English. French, and American capital in the following industries : Coal, metallurgical, machine building, oil, chemical and pharmaceutical. In the question of development in Russia of. coal, oil and metallurgical branches of industry there is to be established a supreme advisory organ consisting of 10 Russian specialists, 10 from the German industrial organizations and the German and Austrian banks. The Russian Government must not interfere in the region of questions connected with the transfer to the benefit of Germany of two mining districts in Poland Dombrosky and Olkishky and to Austria of the oil region in Galicia. Germany and Austria enjoy the unlimited privilege of sending into Russia mechanics and qualified workmen. Other foreign mechanics and workmen during live years after the conclusion of peace between Iiussia and Ger-manv are not to be allowed to enter at all. Note. The penned indorsement on the photographed copy of the resolution is "Chairman of the Central Executive Committee Commissar Menshinsky requests that this resolution should be taken under advisement, and to prepare the ground in the Soviet of the Workmen's and Soldiers' Deputies, in case the Council of People's Commissars will not accede to these requests. Secretary-It. Raskin."' Meshinsky is Minister of Finance. All of these terms, wholly punitive to American. English and French capital, could lurk in the secret section in the present (Herman-Russian treaty. I do not know the fate of the resolution on this, its early winter appearance. Traitors To Own Army. DOCUMENT NO. 12. S'ecrcf. To the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars: After conferring with the People's Commissar Trotzky, I have the honor to ask you to urgently inform the agents of the secret service at Stavka, Commissars Feierabend and Kalmanovich, that they should work as formerly in complete independence and without the knowledge of the official staff at Stavka and the General Staff in Petersburg, and particularly General Bonch-Bruevich and the secret service of the northern front, communicating only with the People's Commissar Lieut. Krilenko. For the head of the department, R. Bauer ; adjutant. Bukholm. Note. Across the letter .is written "Inform Mosholov. X. G." (Oorbunof's initials I. In the margin is written '"Passed on to the Commissar of War. M. Skripnik." The significance of this letter is that it is to Lenine ; that the two chief secretaries of himself and the council passed it on for action, and that Trotzky and Lenine on February 27 were continuing to hamper the Russian commander at a moment when the (Herman Army was threatening Petrograd. Mosholov was one of the commissars on the staff of Krilenko, the commissar representing the Council of Commissars in the command of the Russian mi'itary forces. His achievements as a disorganizer were notable. This letter indicates that he had the confidence of Germany. DOCUMENT NO. 13. Very Secret. To the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars : According to reports of our secret service in the detachments operating against the (Herman troops and against the Austrian Ukrainian corps, there has been discovered propaganda for a national rising and a struggle with the (.Hermans and their allies, the Ukrainians. I ask yu to in form me what has been done by the Government to stop this harmful agitation. For the head of the department, R. Bauer; adjutant, Henrich. Note. Across the top is written "Urgent to the Commissars of War and Special staff. M. Skripnik." The last sentence is underscored, and in the margin anpears a question marked, initialed "L. T." The first is Lenine's order through his secretary and the second may possibly be taken as Trotsky's opposition to any action. DOCUMENT NO. 14. To the Commissar of Foreign Affairs : According to information of the secret service department it has been ascertained that the promise given personally by you, Mr. Commissar, in Brest-Litovsk, that socialistic agitational literature would not be circulated among the (Herman troops is not being fulfilled. Tell me what steps will be taken in this matter. For the head of the department, R. Bauer; adjutant, Henrich. Facts Foil nl Out At Front. Document No. 15. The counterespionage with the Stavka, No. 311, special sec-Lion, Jan. 29, 1918. A Warniny. To the chairman of the Council of People's Commissars : The counterespionage at the Stavka advises that at the front is being spread by unknown agitators the following counter-revolutionary literature : 1. The text of circulars of various German Government institutions with proofs of the connection of the German Government with the Bolshevik workers before the passing of the Government into their hands. These leaflets have reached also the German commanders. The supreme commander has received a demand from General Hoffman to stop this dangerous agitation by all means possible. 2. A stenographic report of the conversation of General Hoffman with Comrade Trotzky, whereby it was supposedly proposed to the latter to make peace on conditions of considerable concessions on the part of the Central Empires, but on the obligation of the Russian Government to stop the socialization of the life of the state. Comrade Trotzky supposedly offered the termination of the war without peace and the demobilization of our army. When General Hoffman announced that the Germans would continue the advance. Trotzky supposedly replied '"Then under the pressure of force we shall be forced to make peace and fulfill all demands."' This document has created indignation among the troops. Against the Council of People's Commissars are heard cruel accusations. Commissar S. Kalmanovich. Note. This letter is a warning of the slow rising but coming storm that will sweep these boldest pirates of history from the country they have temporarily stolen. To get a real understanding of the meaning of the second, and important section of the leter, it must be pointed out that until February 1 the Itussian calendar was 13 days behind the Western European calendar. The real date of this letter, therefore, is February 10. This is the date Trotzky's "No peace ; no war" pronouncement was made at Brest-Li-tovsk. The news of it did not reach even Petrograd until the next day. Yet on that day printed circulars were being distributed at the front stating that Trotzky had agreed to do the very thing he did do, and giving an augury of events that did take place a week later when Germany did begin its advance and when the Bolsheviki did fulfill all demands. The fact is that simple truth was being told. Nor is the means by which it was secured at all obscure. A few daring and skill-itil Russians had found a means to get information from Brest-Litovsk. d I a at

Clipped from
  1. The Baltimore Sun,
  2. 16 Sep 1918, Mon,
  3. Page 3

BobbyFischer Member Photo
  • Bolshevik Movement Financed By German Imperial Bank (Column 1)

    BobbyFischer – 22 Mar 2018

Want to comment on this Clipping? Sign up for a free account, or sign in