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 - For Mitchell Polict Chi«f- FBI Academy Climaxes...
For Mitchell Polict Chi«f- FBI Academy Climaxes Career By MARK WINHELD Republic City editor Off the Pint (Radical slogan) Support Your Local Police (Bumper sticker) "A policeman's lot is not a happy one," according to t h e Gilbert and Sullivan operetta written more than half a cen* tury ago, and recent events in the U. S. and elsewhere have proved they weren't just whistling Dixie. Cop • killers present the most obvious and dramatic threat, but police have other enemies as well: self - appointed savi- ours who would remove .all restraints on law enforcement officers — and throw on them the job of being parents, judges and clergymen; politicians who are big on "Law 'n' Order" but who disappear when the time comes to vote appropriations for improved police salaries, training and equipment; and some officers themselves who have given the profession a bad name through corruption and excessive use of force. Mitchell Police Chief L. E. (Sam) Addy feels that the biggest enemies of all are apathy and ignorance. He feels that the more the public and police know about each others' problems and responsibilities, the more each will realize they are both interdependent parts of the same community. One remedy for apathy and ignorance is quality training, the type of training Addy completed last fall on graduation from the 88th session of the FBI National Academy held in Washington, D. C. • Addy, 32, a former Mitchell police patrolman and Davison County deputy sheriff, considers the course a high point' in his career. "Unbelievable" was the word he chose to sum up the experience. "It was like graduating from college- arid knowing you have a friend in each of the 50 states." Selection to the Academy is based on a minimum of five years experience in law enforcement and supervisory capacity. Mayor F. Wayne Unzicker submitted Addy's name to Regional FBI Agent Richard Held of Minneapolis. Then commenced a complete background investigation comparable to those conducted for prospective FBI agents, with the final decision being made in the nation's capital. Sam Addy and Souvenir THE FBI ACADEMY: "ONE BIG FAMILY" From this five - state area there was one officer from each state invited to attend the Academy. Addy received his invitation to attend the 88th session beginning Aug. 16, 1971 through Nov. 3, 1971. The only obligation was that the city continue to pay the police chief's salary and that Addy remain in law enforcement for three years after graduation. The federal government paid transportation and a per diem for living expenses in Washington. The first day of school began at 9 a.m. in the Justice Building with 100 officers representing each state and nine students representing seven foreign countries. Instruction — conducted by teachers with at least • master's degree — covered police management, forensic sciences, criminal law, behavioral sciences and education law enforcement arts, with tests given before and after each course. The officers also received instruction in defensive tactics, physical training, and two weeks of extensive firearms training at Quantico, Va. The officers had to maintain notebooks, type all notes, write a research paper and prepare a 10 - minute speech. As in all schools, some of the most valuable insights resulted from bull sessions around the coffee table. "By graduation," said Addy, "we were one big family." Mutual respect and kidding are part of any healthy family, and the Academy was no exception. Addy learned to admire the high standards of law enforcement in the countries sponsoring the foreign students. Officers from New York were subjected to a fair amount of ribbing - mostly good - natured on the revelations of the Knapp Committee investigating widespread police corruption in the nation's largest city. It is no secret that severe tensions have developed recently within the FBI and between the FBI and other government agencies, but Addy stated that these problems did not seem to impinge on the Academy. The ...F. -11 i: AA nKi^f urafi p.lfiflt- rounds per man during the two- week period at Quantico. Discussing hypothetical situations, he instructors stressed heavily he general rule of drawing a irearm only to protect oneself or others. Discouraging over - reliance on "muscle," the instructors characterized physical force as a last resort rather than a way of solving anything. In conversations with Addy, officers from large city departments admitted that recruit screening does not always eliminate the "bad apples." Speaking of police - community relations in general, Addy stressed "cleaning up our own backyard" as a first step in upgrading the police image. John Wayne movies to the contrary, there is often no clear-cut line between the "goodies" and the "bad- dies." Lincbln Steffens, a crusading turn • of - the- century journalist, put it as baldly as possible when he stated that any police department must have underworld connections simply to keep track of what criminals are up to. This grey area includes use of informants, infiltration into militant groups suspected of planning violence, and — closer to home — use of undercover agents to sniff out drug trans actions. At an Academy round table on the role of the infiltrator, instructors drew the line short of advocating or participating in crimes; "Don't be the one who ihrows the bomb." This, of course, is difficult, and not all departments and agents have been successful at it. If the undercover man hangs back, he runs the risk of blowing his cover. If he goes too far, he may be guilty of entrapment or worse. "It's a thin line;" said Addy, "sometimes it's so thin it's unwalk- able." On a more informal level, the officers enjoyed swapping impressions of TV cop shows. Most of the students Addy talked to were amused by shows like m 'Hawaii Five-0" in which actors race around shooting revolvers and extracting confessions with scant regard for filing reports and no difficulties whatever in Binding parking spaces. Shows like "Adam 12," however, were praised as relatively authentic jortrayals of the policeman's day-to-day job. POLICEMEN: THE MEN IN THE MIDDLE According to a recent magazine article, police are on the "cutting edge" of social up- leaval — thrown into disintegrating cities, often between resentful whites and newly race- conscious blacks — with instructions to keep order where other institutions have failed, but without violating anybody's rights in the process. Confrontation does not allow much time for thought. Those on opposite sides of a demonstration only have time to remember past experience and what they have been told about what they are seeing — yet past experience is often bad, and what they have heard, far too often, are stereotypes. To the policeman, a black may be the man who gunned down his buddy in a ghetto ambush last week. A bearded college student is the pampered son of a privileged class, misusing an education the hardworking cop may never have the chance to give his own children. To the black, the policeman is the pig who frisked him with casual brutality in front use non - lethal force such as rubber bullets, beanbag missiles And the like? Are police crippled by Supreme Court rulings? Why are drugs prosecuted and slot machines ignored? Addy did not have specific answers for all these questions, but he stressed that police are enforcers, not creators, of society's rules, and that society itself is often torn by confusion. A common result of confusion is passing the buck; thus, said Addy, police are too often saddled with responsibilities not directly related to law enforcement. Certain moral laws, he went on, are the province of parents, ministers and teachers. Pornography has not even been adequately defined in the courts. Non - lethal weapons are fine, but funds are needed to buy them, maintain them and train officers to use them. A newsman once asked the late Justice Hugo Black if recent Supreme Court rulings made it hard to convict a suspect. The old Constitutionalist replied that the rulings were supposed to make it hard. The Academy gave Addy more, understanding and respect for wha£ the High Court was attempting, although he says he does not agree with all of its decisions. Court decisions and public feelings 'converge on the policeman, who is a man and a citizen as well as a symbol of authority. During crises, said the police chief, a common fear among officers is how long they can take mental strain before coming apart at the seams. THE POLICEMAN AND THE COMMUNITY Sometimes it takes a shock to make officers and other community residents aware of each other. That shock was provided by drug raids last spring, involving some 15 area youths and young men, resulting in legal action that lasted until December of 1961. "We tried to tell people about drugs before," said Addy, "but they didn't believe it at first. The arrests were a sad way of illustrating drug problems ex- uiiuius^ "".. — ,. , _„ ni.nt. wiui toauai uiuiauv; 111 uvuv Mitchell police chief was elect- f w ^ j t fc because - ed secretary of the class and received a plaque from FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. He remembers being "overwhelmed by the chance to talk personally with Hoover, who impressed him as "a very dedicated person. LAW ENFORCEMENT: BLACK, WtttTE, GREY Assessing the value of the courses, Addy rated police management and police - community Relationships highly. One of his majo; goals, stimulated .by Academy training, is eliminating ^understandings between the police and Mitchell. other citizens of he happened to be strolling in the wrong neighborhood at the wrong time. To the student demonstrator, the badge means the kind of blind force that cut down four youths at Kent State. The tragedy is that when people believe the worst »• bout each other, their acts usually make these beliefs facts. Things are not this desperate in Mitchell. However, Addy pointed out that police and other citizens have far to go in understanding each others' roles and accepting each other as fellow citizens. Do police have any business arresting suspects in "crimes without victims" involving, for ist. "It can damn well happen to the arrests, defendants and here." In response many of the their friends accused the courts and law enforcement agents of applying a double standard of justice. They were not the only ones who made this accusation. Other young people wondered vhy action was taken against drugs but not against gambling in local clubs. "The young people know," said the police chief. "They often know more than adults think. Society knows some things are happening and permits them. We can't exist under a double standard and our problems will continue until we get off it. Let's legalize gambling or else crack down on it." Addy called on all segments of the community to communicate more in solving common problems; "Too often we cry a lot and do a little." However, the chief had reservations about sensitivity training, a technique which has gained widespread public attention over the past five years or so. In a discussion at the FBI Academy, Addy remembers that most of the officers present did not feel this technique provided the answer. uated from Canistota High School in 1957 then farmed in the area for about a year. Three years as a cable splicer for Northwestern Bell were .'ol- lowed by two years at Gambles furniture store (now Kleinsasser Gamble) on N. Main in Mitchell. Talking with policemen during coffee breaks got Addy interested in law enforcement. He cites variety, investigation, and the chance to meet all types of people as the major attractions of his job. The job also includes working with community leaders. "I don't mind criticism," said Addy, "as long as the critics try to offer suggestions and solutions." The police chief meets with supervisory officers at least once a day, rides in a patrol car at least once a week and holds at least one department meeting per month. Partly as a result of his Academy training, Addy is planning a new training -TO- gram to include all department personnel. The goal of this program, he stated, is to give officers a better understanding of their jobs and improve police- community relations. "A policeman's lot is not a happy one" — but only if the policeman does not enjoy variety, challenge, and working with people. Sam Addy enjoys all three. Bill a businessmen inn, that asset. "The Commerce 24 it much factory fiso.OOO ;he turn your Corn travelers of senator areV will position Federal 400 highways for to out - have as a lave but outdoor know it. If receive tourist than and He be who complete advertising R. D. Duerfeldt Rites at Burke By Republic News Service BURKE — Funeral services for Raymond D. Duerfeldt, 74, will be at 2 p.m. Saturday at the Grace Lutheran Church with the Rev. Roger Vomhof officiating. Friends may call Friday at the Clausen Funeral Home. Burial will be in Graceland Cemetery. Mr. Duerfeldt was born July 1, 1897 at Barada, Neb., to Mr. and Mrs. Edward Duerfeldt and died Jan. 12 at his home. On Dec. 22, 1917 he married Olga Staack at Fairfax. Survivors include his widow; two sons, Melvin, Burke, and LaVerne, Modesto, Calif.; two daughters, Mrs. Leonard (Muriel) Wernke, St. Charles, and Mrs. Cameron (Mildred) Clausen, Burke; 13 grandchildren; seven great - grandchildren; and five sisters, Mrs. Esther Metzger, Lincoln, Neb.; Mrs. Niels Jensea and Mrs. Blanche Rastad, Rapid City; Mrs. Leta Mutchler, Newell, and Mrs. Luella Christensen, Barrington, 111. Cubs Take Tour Of Newspaper The following Cub Scouts from Den 4, Pack 77 toured THE DAILY REPUBLIC recently: Spellman, Kevin Devin Hughes, Brad Darren, James Lerdal, Danny Runestad, Jon Mitchell, John Ridgeway, Kevin McCardle and Jeff Blaalid. They were accompanied by Den Mothers Mrs. Robert McCardle and Mrs. Kenneth Hughes. Charles Rands, Alexandria, Dies Charles Rands, 60, Alexandria, died Thursday morning at a Mitchell .hospital. Gary to Davison agent Carson's Feb. Regents County Carson, South in After employed credit 1969. Mitchell county „ mittee, IllllvCC, cees, fireman director of District Service of University county provide area economics The One of the officers recalled a^der the direction of the Mont- community T - Group (sensitiv- jgomery Funeral Home. ity session) held in E. St. Louis attended by policemen, -blacks, radicals and other citizens. They reportedly got their feelings about each other out in the open Funeral arrangements are un-, board — but apparently had trouble Next meeting of Ad Hoc Com ary Carson, Mrs. be three .......... mittee on halfway house feasi-U. an( . getting them back in again. Pri- Ability study 7 p.m. Jan. 18 in vate citizens and law officers 'Public Library conference room. did gain more mututal under-! Democratic Party rally Jan. standing but insights never ,21, time and place TBA. reached* the stage of commun- ^McGovern slate-making mee ity involvement. "ONE HAY IN THE LFE OF..." ing 3 p.m. Saturday at Holiday Inn. Regular Lower James Co&ser- vancy Subdistrict board meeting 10 a.m. Jan. 19 at Holiday Inn. Public invited. Chamber of Commerce legis farm the i Addy starts the morning by Chamber of Commerce legis-: opening his mail A letter <on-,lative trip to Pierre Jan. 20-21.|died gratulating an officer or the! Call CC office, 996-5567. as early;local aeparWnt - or a letter of as posible for reservations. ! complaint — usually sets the *Each 'officer shot about 400 i example, illegal sexual orac- rounds per day from a variety of weapons during firearms training, or » total of 5,000 tices between consenting adults? j chief Peace Officers Auxiliary 8 the p.m. Jan. 18 at 508 N. Duff, 'eral challenge:"" said the St. Joseph Hospital Auxiliary 'you never know 'vhal. general meeting 2 p.m. Jan. 18 tone for the whole day. , Should police try to control j will happen. ---- ..... ---- , . t . , pornography? Why can't police I A Canjstoba native, Addy grad- to gw« cooking demonstration.) conference room. .m. jau. ^ Ernst Wirtl

Clipped from
  1. The Daily Republic,
  2. 13 Jan 1972, Thu,
  3. Page 3

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