Germans (WWI) Helped Lenin to Seize Power in Russia

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Germans (WWI) Helped Lenin to Seize Power in Russia - a it re-I , 1 1 , the Constitutional Democrats,...
a it re-I , 1 1 , the Constitutional Democrats, the so. called "bourgeois" party. which alone It .almost as, numerically Important In some of the large cities 'as the -Bolshevik'. themr5elvea. lk.foreover. 'these parties bate been' more friendly to the entente than ,to.the Germans. The Bolshevik!,. on tbe. contrary. have been steadily Germanophile and hostile to the entente: They are not pro-German in the sense of being prokalserists. but they , are pro-German in the sense of being pro-German So-1 cialista Thia, is. almost as , danger. ous, for, whilo they accept the leader ship of the German Socialists (who themselves are in varying degree under the influence of the German government), these same .Bolsheviki repudiate utterly all the representative labor organizations of Great. Britain. America, and France! : , Reign of Terror., The Bolshevik rigitne has been a reign of violence,- not to say of real terror. It is utterly Impossible that It 'should be recognized by America or any democratic government. Mr. Swope and - others' assert that the gores mitent has discovered " that no sinister German influence lay behind the Bolshevik program." While It is true that the -Bolshevik' are not pro-kaiser and have received none of the kaiser's money, it is equally certainand entirely well known , to the governmentthat all the vast tnachittery of .the Geiman, propaganda in Russia. with its hundred thousand agents, was used for the purpose of overthrowing the , Kerensky government and establishing the government of Trotzky. , There can be no question that the overthrow of the genuine and constructive democracy or Russia was accomplishei1 . solely because of the aid of this vast German propaganda machine. The kaiser, then, has steadily been 1 pro-Bolshevik. Of course, he intends merely to use the Bolshevik' for his Purposes. These purposes are first to bring. Russia to chaos and utterly to disorganize her army. This purpose has, already been largely accom-plished-, Torture Middle Clalees. The setond hope. no doubt. has been so to torture all the middle classes of Russia, Including all persons even with a small education or with a small amount of property, as to drive them as the last resort to welcome the in. tervention of the kaiser himself. in Russian politics. If' the Bolshevik' continue in power another six months this purpose will also doubtless . be accomPlished. In the third place. Germany has a dozen different economic - objects to negotiate with Russia. Even if there Is no separate peace, even if the Bolsheviki refuse to grant Germanys economic demands as a whole, there Is another Immediate danger almost as serious for the military successes of the allies. What is to prevent an economic armistice even if :Germany cannot secure all the supplies she desires? Why could she not enter into a period of barter with the needy Russians supplying herself.- for example, with such dire necessities as fats, copper, etc.? Further, if Trotzky will not release the German and Austrian prisoners fori.war purposte s. will he not perhaps release a part. of them. in exchange Coroner Orders New QUiz Into Death of Suicide Information received from -relatives I yesterday caused Coroner Peter M. RotImn to order a further investigation into the death of Saul Baba of 119 -West Ontario street, who, according to a coroner's report, committed suicide on Jan. 16 after seriously wounding Catherine Tamraz, 17 years old. Coroner's , Physician Joseph Springer was ordered to make a post mortem examination of the wound. , Dail. according to witnesses at the Inquest, entered the home of the TamJ'az girl with two loaded revolvers and began to shoot. Two of the bullets wounded her and he then shot himself through the left ear. Relatives declare another bole as found in the top of the head. After . . for Russians,' for the purpose of work- Ing in Germany's fields and factories? opportuntIt is absurd to suppose that the Bol- sheriki will suddenly change their na- tura and cease . to be Germanophile and become friendly to the western " cap P- italistic an bourgeois nations." For years Lenine and Trotzky have been not only preaching their . doctrine in italistic an bourgeois nations." For years Lenine and Trotzky have been not only preaching their doctrine in Russia but trying to. si5rea.d it over the govern-World. They ' are encouraged at the present moment in a propaganda . to convert the western democracies to Bolshevikism. The suppomition that we can turn them around. and convert such fanatics to democra d. cy is absurd. On the other hand. the entente has millions of friends Ir. Russia who are! today sacrificing their Alves and prop- erty and everything in the hope of resnming the war ,against. Germany. 1 They make one condition and one alonethat the western democracies do not recognize the Bolshevik' nor compromise with them.- k . , - Nothing could be more fatal at the present moment than to recognize the Bolshevik!. for it would be regarded as an act of treachery by all the par" ties in Russia who have made such vast sacrifices in - the past on behalf of the entente. . Friends Would Be Foes. Indeed, if such a policy of friendli- nese, were long continued it would be certain to drive these parties into the arms' of the kaiser.. America .would have sacrificed her friends among the middle classes and intelligent working class and peasantry of Russia in ex- change for a wholly Imazinary under- standing with utterly unreliable an- archistic Socialists. . , There is no time for delay.: Appar- ently the ro -Nve is already on foot to recall Amt.issador Francis, who. as Mr. Swope asserts, accepted the be- lief that the Bolshevik! were moving towards a separate peace which would have been a German peace." This is not a belief on the part of Ambassador Francis. It is an abso. lutely established fact. It is established by the separate peace negotiations of by the separate peace negotiations of the , Bolsheviki, by the assertions of their leaders, and above all by their declared peace program. While they were not willing to accept a German correspond-peace as far as Russia is concerned, there has been no indication whatever that they were unwilling to accept a German peace as regards those " capimostly tallatio and imperialist nations " America, France. Great Britain, and re-Italy. comPrograms Are Compared. What an extraordinary scene was that in the house of representatives on the llth when congressmen sat calmly and listened to a diatribe of Meyer London in which he stated that the peace terms of President Wilson and those of the Bolshevik! were prao- Rustically identical! Let us compare the American and the Bolshevik programs: - 1. PresMent Wilson demands indern- nities or " restoration " for Belgian", Serbia. Montenegro, Roumania, and northern France. The Bolshevik' de. mend that there shall be " no indem- nities." They propose, on the contrary, that the territories laid waste by Get- many shall be restored from an inter- national fund and not by Germany.' 2. The president proposes in regard to Alsace-Lorraine " that the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 should be righted." The Bolshevik' do not regard this as a wrong to be right- ed. They demand a plebiscite in which all the Germans who hive been tin- ported into Alsace-Lorraine up to the begin-war should have a vote and all the j French expelled from this province should up to that moment be deprived of a vote. 8. President Wilson -demands an in- dependent Polish state. including " all territories inhabited by IndismItably Polish populations." The Russian Soviet demands an independent Poland. but it does no insist upon the inclusion of any of the territory of Austrian or German Poland. Plebiscite for Irredenta. 4. President Wilson demands for the Italians of Austria that the Italian die- tricts - should go to Italy. The pleb- Iscite demanded by the Bolshevik!, be- ing undefined, leaves us to suppose that it would be on similar terms as to-that proposed for Alsace-Lorratne. 5. Prisident Wilson demands for the subject peoples of 'Austria-Hungary and Turkey an ' opportunity for au- tonomous development "--" the freest . , ,. ' the separate peace negotiations of e , Bolshevik', by the assertions of eir leaders, and above all by their eared Peace Program. Whil they ere not- willing to accept a Gere man ace as far as Russia is concerned, ere has been no indicatIon whatever at they were unwilling to accept a mman peace as regards those capi- Ustic . and Imperialist natiens "- netica, Franca Great Britain, and sl . y. Programs Are Compared. 0 at in the house of representatives What an extraordinary scene was h h men sat te llth wen congress and listened to a diatribe of Imly eyer London in which he stated that e peace terms of President Wilson d those of the Bolshevik! were prat- !ally identical! Let us compare the American and e Bolshevik programs: - I. President Wilson demands indem- Lies or "restoration ' for Belgium, rbia, Montenegro, Roumania, and rthern Franca The Bolshevik' de. snd that there shall be " no indem. ties." They propose. on the contrary, at the territories laid waste by Get- xny shall be restored from an inter- atonal fund and not by Germany.' 2. The president proposes In regard Alsace-Lorraine " that the wrong ne to France by Prussia in 1871 ould be righted." The Bolshevik' do t regard this as a wrong to be right- . They demand a plebiscite in which the Germans who hive been "in- rted into Alsace-Lorraine up to the o should have a vote and all the ench expelled from this province Duld up to that moment be deprived . a vote. I. President Wilson -demands an In- pendent Polish state, Including " all ritoriiah eps opulations inhabited e l." The by IndintItably Russian viet demands an independent Po- td. but it does no insist upon the in- ision of any of the territory of Aus- an or German Poland. . Plebiscite for Irredenta. I. President Wilson demands for the liana of Austria that the Italian die- cts - should go to Italy. The pleb- ite demanded by the Bolshevik!, be- Undefined, leaves us to suppose that would be on similar terms as to-that mos ed for Alsace-Lorratne.' ; President Wilson demands for the Dject peoples of 'Austria-Hungary I Turkey an " opporttinity for au- tomous development "-" the freest

Clipped from
  1. Chicago Tribune,
  2. 20 Jan 1918, Sun,
  3. Page 6

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  • Germans (WWI) Helped Lenin to Seize Power in Russia

    BobbyFischer – 10 Mar 2018

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