28th Division 112th Infantry
FAMOUS U. S. ARMY DIVISIONS 1 I8ih INFANTRY DIVISION THE KEYSTONE DIVISION, competed erlg- . . inally of units oi tha Pennsylvania National Guard, was nicknamed the "Bloody Buck*!" Division by th« Gannons who wilted bilora the (ury ol U* attacks. It* history includes all tha wars in which the country has parici- patcd. Tha 109th Field Artillery Battalion nod Ihrsa separata companies in Washing* Ion's Continental Army: the lOBth Field Artillery Artillery dates back to 1840; Battery B of the 107th Field Artillery had a brilliant record in tha War Between the States; the 110th Infantry Regiment served in the Philippines in 1898-99. and tha entire Division distinguished itself in Franca in 1918. In the present war it entered the Federal Service February 17, 1941, under command of Ma). Gen. Edward Martin, a veteran of the old 110th Infantry in tha World War. and now Governor of Pennsylvania. The 28th went overseas in October, 1943, its components being the 109th, 110th and 112th Infantry Regiments, and the 107th, 109th. 229th and 101th Field Artillery Battalions. It entered combat early in July, 1944. with tha First Army in Normandy and was in the thick of the hedgerow fighting until August 20 when it could enjoy rolling down tha highways oi France. It assisted in the bagging of thousand! of German prisoners trapped west of the Seine and on Auguit 29 entered Paris. Advancing an average' of 17 miles a day, it swept on into Belgium and Luxembourg. It came up before the Siegfried Lino September 11, the first Division to enter the Reich in force. The Division endured all the horrors oi the fighting in tha Hurtgen Forest and captured the towns ol Vossenaclt, Kommeischeidt and Schmidt. When Von Rudstedt unleashed his otlensive in December, 1944, the 28lh Division stretched along a 25-mile Iron! faced the full fury of the attack. At one lima the 28th faced nine German divisions. The Keystone rocked under the weight ol this assault but it did not become panic-stricken. TJie Division's defense was termed by one correspondent as "one of the greatest feats in the history ol the American Army." Early in 1945 the 28th went on to defend the Meusa river and the following month captured the city ol Colmar. It conlinuod on by crossing the Rhine-Rhone canal and by February 23 took positions along the Olef river near Schleidon. During the weeks which followed tha Division cashed in on the disorganized condition of the German forces and by the war's end was at Kaiserlautem, Germany. The 109th Infantry Regiment received the French Croix de Guerre for the capture of Colmar. Maj. Gen. Norman 0. Cola commanded the 28th Irom August. 1944. to the present. Brig. Gen, lames E. Wharton was commanding commanding general lor one day in August. 1944. While visiting a regiment a few hours after taking command he was fatally wounded. The shoulder patch is a red keystone, symbolic oi Pennsylvania the Keystone Slate.