English Time Machine: York combines a rich past with modern attractions, pt. 1
tl vVv O V v Yf 7 V i i I ' " h n w i m r , WOT V W' 'TOW ft vi i " : " r i . lit 1 1,. t if' a tl ' . 1 1 ' tl York combines a rich past with modern attractions ! ; rx uT, BY Kathryn straach The Dallas Morning News " T vidence of an ancient Viking village LtrJ was unearthed in York, England, more than 20 years ago. At the j resulting" Jorvik Viking Center, guests climb into time-travel time-travel time-travel cars and are transported back a millennium. But anyone who travels less than two hours by train north of sprawling London to the walkable town of York automatically makes a quantum leap into the past. Tucked in a chaotic manner behind ancient limestone walls, the compact city began as a fortress in A.D. 71 by the Roman 9th Legion. The capital of Yorkshire, York has evidence of occupation throughout the ages from Romans, Saxons and Vikings to presentrday residents. As King George VI said, "The history of York is the history of England." York proudly retains its diverse history, graciously graciously combining its rich past with modern-day modern-day modern-day amenities and attractions. It's a town where "bars" are fortified gates, and "gates" are streets, and you cut through the wiggly streets or gates by way of short alleys called "snickelways." The architecture is a hodgepodge of medieval, Georgian and Victorian. The Viking period lasted only a century, but its influence survived through the years, even with the name of the town: York is derived from the Viking word Jorvik. The Scandinavian equivalent equivalent of street is "gate," the ending found on many street names in York. The walls, which stretch for almost 3 miles around the city, are considered the longest and best preserved of any city walls in the country. Don't miss the opportunity to walk along the top (safely edged by wall and railing) for a great view of York. Although fragments from a previous Roman wall remain, most of the walls today date from See YORK T2 KATHRYN STRAACH Dallas Morning News In York, England, the narrow little street called the Shambles, Shambles, above, formerly home to butchers' shops, Is now filled with tiny specialty stores. The street is narrow by design, to keep fresh meat out of the sunlight. sunlight. Clifford's Tower, right, the remaining main structure of York Castle, sits high atop a grassy mound. It was built around 1250. t.