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Vikings enlivened by rebuilt York village, pt. 2
Chicago Tfibuno,. Sunday, April 29, 1984 Section 12 5 Travel rebuilt York village shoes, coins, pottery, Jewelry and antler combs. Five tons of pottery fragments and another five tons of animal bones were among the finds In the dig. A stunning, pre-Vlklng pre-Vlklng pre-Vlklng Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon helmet from the 8th Century, found on the site, Is preserved In the nearby Castle Museum. Addyman says the Archcological Trust nad three alms In creating the Viking Center: to explain to people what Viking life was like in the 10th Century, to show them how archeology archeology works and to make money. PHOFITS FROM the center, which may be several years away, will be used to finance further digs In York. "What you see here are a couple of tenements, but Jorvik consisted of nearly 2,000 tenements," Richard Hall says. "It was not a village. It was a big town by the standards of the day. Hall, who has written a book about the excavation called "The Viking Dig," says this is known from the Domesday Book, the survey of property property holdings in medieval England made for William the Conqueror. . "We know from the Domesday Book where the Viking royal palace was, in King's Square. There are whole areas of the Viking town we know about but where wc haven't . had a chance to dig yet." ' Hall says redevelopment schemes, such as the one undertaken at Cop-pergate, Cop-pergate, Cop-pergate, offer the only hope that these sites will be uncovered. But the archeologists must be given the chance to explore the sites Before the developers start work, he says, because modern pile-driving pile-driving pile-driving equipment destroys archcological relics. "Once they have built on a site, you've had It," lie says. "These sites will have to be excavated In this generation, or never.". T1I13 GROUND beneath York undoubtedly undoubtedly holds a vast archcological trensurel for the city has been inhabited inhabited by Romans, Angles, Saxons, Vikings and Normans. York was founded In about 71 A.D. as the Roman military fortress of Eboracum. York Minster, built be tween the 13th and 15th Centuries and the largest Gothic church in Britain, stands on the site of this vast fortress. Some of the Roman remains, and a scale-model scale-model scale-model reconstruction of the Roman fortress, can be seen in n museum beneath the Minster. In the Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon period, and on into the Viking era, York was a great international trading center, n royal center and a center of religion and learning. At one time it was England's second second largest city and a prosperous one, with wealth built on the wool trade. At the confluence of the Ouse and Foss Rivers, it is today a city of about 200,000 population, past its prime but enduringly charming with some of the best-preserved best-preserved best-preserved medieval buildings in England. In the Viking Center, human figures stand frozen in time, wearing Viking-style Viking-style Viking-style clothing and there s not a horned helmet in the lot of them.