Clipped From The Iola Register

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 - Significant Session Is Concluded Legislature...
Significant Session Is Concluded Legislature Passes Sales Tax, Legalizes Beer, And Votes Social Welfare Laws (By the Associated Press) Topeka, March 31—Kansas' legislators, legislators, homeward bound today after a prolonged isession, left behind a record of Important new laws to- cluding a sales tax act, legalization of 33 beer-and social welfare en- act&ents. Working for hours after stopping thehr official clocks at noon Tuesday Tuesday —the deadline for consideration of all measures—the house and senate worked on untU early this hmoming unsnarling differences between between them on several Important bills; The senate quit at 1:30 a. m.; the house at 2:50 a.m. In all the legislature wrote approximately approximately 350 new laws, compared compared to 328 two years ago and 338 in 1933; hiked appropriations $1,935,86233 $1,935,86233 over 1936, but kept $132,712.77 inside budget recommendations for the 1938-39 biennlum. Total Up to 17 Million. Total appropriations for the bi­ ennlum were $17377,497.71 compared with $15,941,635.38 ^ 1935. Revenue to ftaance operation of the social welfare program and a school aid law was provided in one stroke in enactment of the 2 per cent sales tax. Proponents of the bill estimated its yield at from 8 to 12 million dollars annually, out of which $2,500,000 would be expended expended for school aid and $2,400,000 for social welfare. Three per cent <rf tlje. total, sales tax yield will go to COWM . costs of administering the act. "nien after deductions for social welfare and school aid are made, 80 per cent of the balance wiU be distributed back to the counties, 50 per cent on the basis of population and 50 per cent on the basis of valuation. The allocations are to be used for tlie reduction of property tax in the various local taxing imlts. , In the mahi the legislature gave Governor Walter Ai Huxman major laws along the line at least, if not li^^ «xaot Jonp,.he had.,aBke*in 'ms menage at the outset of the session nearly 12 weeks ago. Beer Status Defined. The social welfare laws, definition of non-intoxicants, general sales tax, school and agricultural legislation, legislation, revisions of drivers' license and motor inspection laws were among those he asked. The most notable of the legislature's legislature's enactments, perhaps, were the rdefinition of beverages of up to 3.2 per ceht alcoholic content as non-intoxicating, and the rigid regulations which will govern their sale after the laws become effective effective May 1. In passtag the bills the legisla- tiu-e had the assurance of proponents proponents and Governor Huxinan that it had performed a service not against prohibition but In the cause of it. Supporters of the measure predicted predicted it would make the prohibitory law more effective. The tax of 5 cents a gallon on beer, estimated to produce approximately approximately $900,000 a year, will go into the fund with the sales tax to be used for social welfare, school aid, and allocation bacITto counties for the reduction of taxes. Aid to Small Schools. The school aid law, sponsored by Senator Payne Ratner (R-Labette) and Representative Grant Waggoner Waggoner (R-Cherokee), is believed bf its sponsors to tiave lifted Kansas from 48th to 37th place in the list of states granting such aid. It provides that one-room schools with 12 pupils or more average dally attendance, and two-room schools with 25 pupils or more average daily attendance shall receive from the state fund the difference between a three-mill levy and $675. Schools of four pupils or more in average daily attendance will receive aid in proportion. An unemployment compensation law, enables the state to retain 90 per cent of the federal tax on employers employers of eight or more and create its own fund imder the administration administration of the state labor department, was enacted:. Under federal law, the employers were taxed whether the state set up its own macliinery or not, and without any benefits to | their employees. employees. By enacting the law, the state Is allowed an offset for its fund of 90 per cent of the federal tax. Soil Measure Adopted. After two attempts, a measure which the law-makers believed constitutional constitutional was enacted to stop soil blowing. It requires the planting of perennial grasses, shrubs or trees upon order, of boards of county commissioners. It provides that the counties shall create soil drifting funds by levying not to exceed one mill on all real and tangible property, out of which the cost of the program will be paid. The validity of the first law was challenged in the supreme court on the ground that it was not uniform and violated statutes against Invasion Invasion of private property. The The second law repealed the first. The trade-mark law, sponsored by Senator Skovgard (ft-Washhig- ton) and labeled a fair trade meas- ture, makes it unlawful for mer- chanta to sell merchandise at less than the stipulated price except in clearance sales and then only by removal of the traae man. Ratification of tbe child labor amendment to the federal constitution, constitution, asEed by Governor Huxman, gained a douhtful victory, when Its adoption 'was challenged in the state supreme court by Senator R. W. Coleman (R -Overland Park) and 20 other legislators. They petitioned the coinrt for a writ of mandamus ordermg the resolution recorded as killed in the senate on the ground tliat Lieutenant-Governor Lieutenant-Governor W. M. Lindsay had no constitutional right to cast the deciding vote there when the legislators legislators were tied at 20 on the vote. Coleman contended that the lieutenant-governor Is a member of the executive branch bf government and as such has no voice in the legislative, branch. The state school book commission was abolished and its powers vested vested in the state board of' education. The drivers' license law was revised revised to requhre payment of an annual annual fee of 50 cents, and a rigid uniform highway safety regulation law was .enacted, iWith authority vested in the vehicle commissioner to revoke the driver's license for violation. Kidnapings in which the victhn is harmed was made a capital offense punlsliable by death., The:bin to reconstitute the istate highway patrol, giving it only limited limited police powers except upon order of its director, a sheriff or chief of police was among the last measures to comie out of conference. It was approved by both the housie and the senate and sent to Governor Huxman Huxman for signature. Another measure gahiing last minute approval of the law-makers was the bill to increase salaries of state employees a total of $54,000 a year. Persons receiving less than $200 monthly would be restored to the 1931 level, and those receiving more than $200 a month would receive receive a ten per cent Increase. The land and water conservancy bill which would have divided the state into three districts under as many boards for water and soil control control died in the house when its proponents proponents failed to muster a^ constitutional constitutional majority. It received 58 votes to 37 against. The senate earlier opproved the report. History Made in Legalizing Beer Dry Kansas Now Defines 3^ Brew as Non-Intoxicating Non-Intoxicating Beverage (By the Associated Press) Topeka, fMarch 31,— Tacliling a problem that perplexed prohibition Kansas nearly four years, the 1937 legislature which ended its work today today made history hsj legalizing 3.2 ''^Is new Step in r »6hIbltlon annuals annuals of the state accompanied enactment enactment of a bill providiiiig stringent regulations on sale bf the foamy brew and another placing a gallon- age tax on beer. The legalization measure is a brief law defining an intoxicating beverage—^banned beverage—^banned under the prohibitory clause of the constitution— as one containing more than 3.2 per cent of alcohol. ! Since the/summer of 1933 3.2 beer has been sold openly under a coiurt ruling that in absenceof a legal definition definition of "intoxicating" beverages. Judges and Juries in individual cases should say whether the beer Involved was Intoxicating,. Virtually all held 3,2 non-lntoxlcatjng. No Action tai 1935. In 1935; the house sought to defhie "Intoxicathig" a^ any beverage containing containing more thap a half per cent of alcohol. The senite passed a different different bill. The neti result was that no bill was passed. Early in the 1937 session the house, flooded with petitions calling for action action to outlaw beer, passed a bill to make illegal -any beverage with any alcoholic corttent^hile the senate senate passed a beer tax bill. It appeared appeared another deadlock was in prospect. Near the close bf the session there was a change in sentiment among house members, attributed by some leaders to the fadt that the need for tapping new revenue sources was apparent. House drys made it known they would support a 3.2 legalization beer If sale would be liceivsed and regulated. regulated. Approved at Lasi Minute. The senate immediately passed such a measure. The house then approved approved the 3.2 legalization bill. In the closing minutes tlie two branches branches agreed on a beer tax bill. The regulatory la* gives cities and counties the right to license rer tail sale of 3.2 beer %t fees ranging from $25 to $l0O annually, the fee to be determined by; each city or county. Wholesalers? licenses will cost $300. Beer may riot be sold on Sundays or election idays nor between between the hours of nSldnlght and 6 a. m. on other days. Sale to persons under 18 is barred. Townslilp boards are given the right to veto tlife granting of any beer licen^ withip township limits by filing ,wrlttec notice with the county commissiqnersL Heavy Pena&Ues ^Provided. Stringent peni^ties' are provided for violation of the lliiw. Many cities nc^ htive ordinances governing sale <S the brew. Commenting Commenting on thisi Attorney General Clarence Beck sail today these ordinances, ordinances, if they conflicted in any way with the state la>r, must be revised to conform. i The beer tax bill,; which proponents proponents expect to^prcjduce api ^roxl- mately $900,000 antluallj-, hvlaa a tax of S cents ajailcm on bi;or sold by distributors, wiio also will be U- censed $500 yearly, Revenue derived will go into the same fund as revenue; from the state sales tax for dl«ti1bution for social welfare, school aid, a^ to local taxing taxing unite to reduce ilaxes. Five per cent of the collectidis will be retained retained by the rst&tis Ideiiteurtment of inspeotioD am} iFM [l8tratl|ii8,

Clipped from
  1. The Iola Register,
  2. 31 Mar 1937, Wed,
  3. Page 1

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