Clipped From The New York Times

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THE NEW YOKK TIMES. AS BAIRNSFATHER VIEWS AMERICANS XX " : "afU.n rruce Calms f :'' r, vf.'i t-tly t-tly t-tly as-Ia-neO as-Ia-neO as-Ia-neO as-Ia-neO as-Ia-neO to " ,k fartm of American " !?! " In the trenthes aruij ''I ' t I!n.4, reached an : r an 1 b-rs.n b-rs.n b-rs.n to father ' ' ' 'I." r of t!i first thin he! 1 a t t oit. lth an Amrlftn -r. -r. i a trart tf land where hun- hun- i f j A.i. Titan neff Jitsinjt t '."' i:,v j b'.Uer told and the 1 a Oar-.aln Oar-.aln Oar-.aln Ealrnsfather It. ' vjt!.' It was a r. '.v country, and, what with - ; -. -. ell and the roughness cf i k - , !, ,; pjins trenches In It n . - O.rf.rult a yh as 'one rouM TV, run Here covered with i I r 1 .:' 3' i, there were atones and - if troun-I troun-I troun-I through the! i t t " t f f-.. f-.. f-.. 1 tut r and stimulus ' - t'.ie crf dirt and cold ' ' a oik. And ai the English r V.el store; the trench. . ; iu Ar.-.-rlt Ar.-.-rlt Ar.-.-rlt Ar.-.-rlt Ar.-.-rlt ar.s at woi k trying o: ; r.w an J then bit of what aUout. aith ee snd . t . n f. r th-t th-t th-t arduous ts-W ts-W ts-W of ft-1- ft-1- ft-1- ft-1- .. "Iv !." a t antrularly muddy , ..-r ..-r ..-r f!utk his head "out f-f f-f f-f a ! . i-.-vn i-.-vn i-.-vn i-.-vn i-.-vn l." as Captain V.alrna i ' ll. and grinned at the a-- a-- a-- :..s t ''i. r. " v ,i wouldn't think I ia a. nilnis-' nilnis-' nilnis-' - i. to s--e s--e s--e s--e me now, would you? " ; wn Ce o.rty young toiler's only j ,-.t ,-.t ,-.t on I ! and it gave Bruce r fr.! fr rtaflly a list he was look C f T. . . : " '! '. t it the cartoonlfl f i- i- r.- r.- !. f I . a ally, i. (pending a w ! In Nw Tor n route to Aus-' Aus-' Aus-' ., 1 .a ta'minj about hla epri- epri- tn tiie Airteritan front: " That - ... I nli.r!j that I know so well . " r van men. I got tt straightaway. n a!:nt rr.y first contact with the ' ; tn j" 1 ser. Ana It waa exactly ' A--1 A--1 A--1 a;i -r -r tSat ih, I ivnt alx U Arr.rUn. 1 had a ' -f -f I ! ve. They re aplrndid! Tve m t-t t-t t-t a ! li e fronts, from 0end to . hi t if I could chooae, I'd rltfioae A'!'t1'-ii A'!'t1'-ii A'!'t1'-ii every time! Tl-.ey're Tl-.ey're Tl-.ey're a .. , ,n-d ,n-d ,n-d ' - ; 1 ' .ri si.l may of. looking at M h fa; tain L'-alrnaf L'-alrnaf L'-alrnaf .Uier finda - .r . ri- ri- ar.a ehare with the Ilritish - i c ne of the qualities that . I .m f!.-t f!.-t f!.-t about our soldier. Cut f i..i the great! or mo.t con- con- I w.t.t ii tie Americans from tha y f, run of their ai-rlval." ai-rlval." ai-rlval." he '. I rw their debarkation ar-i ar-i ar-i r r ' i . t.'ieir billets, helr trenches. - a t, r-n r-n r-n timing Into harbor, tusr-1 tusr-1 tusr-1 t' e villages, going Into tha 1 fvt them in the fight Itself. - t ; feature ct what I fa ! f.:-t f.:-t f.:-t da with your arrny i .iril'ini' marvelous auapta t - Y -ir -ir r'n he actually been able to .t hi a few daya the war (x- (x- -! -! of their allies for the last four T!it Is a sober fact. They get ; i . t' ri t rf It all. Thry t a ie sny tin being amateurs, i r tht In. with th French and i ff i t!. start, and, as I aaid. - ' . i t ! '.r t r-erlonce. r-erlonce. r-erlonce. They don't ve ( i l. ja at t'ne beginning. It's vt i I' j tlvis that same ad,ipibi!-!i ad,ipibi!-!i ad,ipibi!-!i ::Ujs. tlo Int a village .m ni. ri-an ri-an ri-an f ir e Is hilleted, and i . r.i'.t from the beginning, as m ! and efficient an organization if t v lad been in the war four i ii t.t.-y t.t.-y t.t.-y police, everything. In ex-!l ex-!l ex-!l w.ui, I:. g order. They don't have to r-: r-: r-: ruTt snd take 'adapting ti"'..i' to elrarge conditions and ! .ii. r nw iTiey re right there, '! it t itl:'y Is Jilned with their in-h,i.;-:::ir in-h,i.;-:::ir in-h,i.;-:::ir in-h,i.;-:::ir in-h,i.;-:::ir nd goxl humor In the i ' ..r i'h whih they live alorj;ide t ).; !" of tl.e villagts. They get i -U -U ilh the I-'rent I-'rent I-'rent h people. And t : j on d,ime tu think of It. la a r' thing ti be quartered In vil-- vil-- vil-- a i. I l ave everything harmonious ;! 'et f.M- f.M- the village pt-oplt. pt-oplt. pt-oplt. It i I n rn.-v rn.-v rn.-v thing for a village to have i t'e t.K.t of armies settling great Cartoonist Likes the Doughboy's Humor Humor and Pluck---Gerrnany,s Pluck---Gerrnany,s Pluck---Gerrnany,s Pluck---Gerrnany,s Pluck---Gerrnany,s Greatest Blunder Was Letting Us Enter War bands of soldiers In Its. midst. The way I the Americana have adapted themselves I to all that la most Impressive- Impressive- ; They are a fine crowd of men." Captain Balrnnfather's aslgnment " to the American troops looked on the face of it like what he calls " a. difficult proposition." lie bad made certain types famous in hla cartoons of the British British Army. lie waa ordered to go to the American Army and do the same thing " create " types of American soldiers similar to those three engaging Tom mlcs who are his best -known -known work, and make cartoons that would show the American soldier at work and play " aa he is." But Captain Balrnsfather knew few Americans. In hla study of American American soldiers he had to begin at the very beginning, master their customs and their characteristics In thorough-going thorough-going thorough-going fashion, from the ground up. ; It waa a surprise., and it inurt have ben a relief, when he discovered that the Americans and the British had at h-ast h-ast h-ast one salient quality in common. He found Cist out first when he saw and listened to the young " minister's son " digging in his trench, and all through his travels and visits among tha Americana Americana he became better and better acquainted with the same thing; It is what for want of a better name we call a rense of humor, and It contains within It the significant attitude of the soldier toward his part in the war. " I always try to draw what people tliink rather than what they look like." Captain lis Irr -father -father said. " I don't want to begin to, make any pictures until I've gone at the thing from the beginning up. So I hung around everywhere everywhere where the soldiers were. and really got acquainted with the men. And I reached the conclusion that the American American soldier'a sense of humor, and his attitude to the war. is very similar to our own. 'It's an Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon thing, tha way the soldier looks at his part in the fight, and at tha enemy, and the ultimate victory. " Tow know, we have a way we have it in the British Army, and I've seen enough of ywir armies to know that you have It too a way of being ' at war Instead of In one. It is a kind of humorous detachment, a sort of cycles! superiority to all the discomforta and difficulties. It's a magnificent fighting quality. It takes one right over the hard thingr that smiling, cynical supe riority to all that one's got to bear. It's the making of the successful fighter, I think. We Just look down c-n c-n c-n our difficulties, difficulties, and on th enemy. Thinga don't ' get " us that way. Tour soldiers and our " coldlere.V smiled Captain Ua!rnsfthert " don't fr one instant think of the German as an equal; he is Just a nuisance that la going to have his head smacked. It will only take time. They haven't ft doubt of the victory in th end It doesn't ever occur to them to . trouble about that. All that ever does bother them is the amount of Urn it may take to get rid of this disagreeable and objectionable, objectionable, person who has run amuck all over Europe. As I say, they'va got a kind of cool cynicism that, is all one with their humor and their optimism and their doggedness to make them the splendid fighters they are. " And the Americans," added Captain Ralrnsfather with a laugh. " are certainly certainly a cheerful crowd. They're cheerful cheerful anywhere, in all circumstances. Why, I knrsar a Jolly hanglrtg-out hanglrtg-out hanglrtg-out place along the western front where you get Ju.-t Ju.-t Ju.-t aa cheerful and optimistic an atmosphere atmosphere as at a Broadway roof-garden roof-garden roof-garden show and now that I've seen a roof-garden roof-garden roof-garden show I can speak out of personal knowledge of both! I've ben with the soldiers when things weren't easy, and I've been . astonished at their complete lack of depression. They're a thoroughly optimistic set. I've seen them come into port, cheering from the transports, and I've seen them In the fight It's all the same thing with their spirit. " One of the first things I did when I got among the Aruericana." he went on. "waa. to spend some time with a Marine Battalion In Alsace-Lorraine Alsace-Lorraine Alsace-Lorraine and I've really never In my life seen a finer collection- collection- of men than the men of that battalion. They were among the" first Americans ta get to Franee, and they bad a long and severe training, training, and the only thing that bothered them was that they weren't In the trenches yet ! They wanted to begin ! " They art a fine healthy lot. too, the American soldiers, healthy and cheerful ', and atrong In every way, . And I want j to say how well-cared well-cared well-cared for they are. Everything that the army authorities and the Government back home do for - them seems to be dona In the very best way. They are thoroughly well looked after. " I feel very strongly about the cheerfulness cheerfulness of the Americans over there," Captain Balroafather added. " I admire it very deeply. I know what It la like to leave one's family and friends and go off to fight tn a foreign land. I've had my share of war, and I know it's hard. But for me. and for all of us. It was only across the Channel : we were always always next door to home. Tour men are 3.000 miles away, in a thoroughly strange country. And they are Just aa cheerful as the best of us. or more so! " When Captain Bairn-father Bairn-father Bairn-father reached New Tork. a few days ago. he felt even more strongly thsn le had felt In France the suicidal Ignorance, as he calls It. of Germany In " allowing such a thing to happen " as America's getting Into the war. He law In Europe, he explains, that we had splendid fighters: but when he reached this country he couldn't help sensing at once the united and organised organised nation behind those fighting men in France. " One look at fifth Avenue Juat now is enough to destroy any one's last bit of faith in German diplomacy," he said. I keep wondering and wondering, why were they ever so blind and ignorant aa to let this happen, those stupid Ger mans? Well, ther committed suicide that day 1 Tou ll finish them! The way you are earning on this liberty I an campaign is wonderful. There lias cer tainly never been anything "In Great Britain like It. Ton know, in Great Britain we get there In the end. but we show no such enthusiasm aa you do here in America. Ton are so alive. One feels right away; that every one la In this business of settling tip the war." Captain Bairn -father -father In a alight, boy Ish-looking Ish-looking Ish-looking young man. with the quietest imaginable manner in saying enthusiastic enthusiastic things: on has the Instant and lasting lasting impression. In talking with him. of sincerity, esrnestnes. a thoughtf ulneea, that makes his praise seem very valuable. valuable. One has a sense of the keenness of observation that gives his comments significance. significance. . " "This great organisation of yours came into the war like a fairy godmother." godmother." he said. "The moment when the States came in was a pretty dark time for us. Itunsta was going to pieces; tilings were hard; I never had any doubt of the ultimate victory, but tt looked aa if it would take a long, long time. Then you came. " And well. I feel pretty enthusiastic about an early finish. I feel more than ever enthusiastic enthusiastic since I reached New Tork. It'a cheered me up tremendously! ' Of course." he added. " the Germs n still underestimate what la going to be don to them. . They do It deliberately. And it doesn't do for us to relax any efforts now ! What we want to do now." he declared, vigorously, " Is to ftnlsh It up In record time ! " When I get back to Kngland I want to tell them." he continued. that they haven't the slightest conception of the enormousness and strength of your organisation organisation here. In every department. It'a wonderful. It waa a good while before you cam In, and you. are certainly certainly In it thoroughly! " I w ant to tell yon. though.- though.- lie added, quickly. " that they have a tre-mendoue tre-mendoue tre-mendoue admiration In England for President Wilson. They feel that he is the great leader, and that he has managed managed things In the very best way. Tom don't hear anything but praise for your rrewijent." Captain Bairnsfather succeeded, of course. In finding hla American types. J He found that 4ha could isolate thee types Into two. Instead of three, as Is the ca.-e ca.-e ca.-e with hla British army cartoons, and aa In hla work with the British Army, h spent most of hla tirm with the rrvau. " They Interested me too at." he xald. " I owl to hang around the billets, rookshops. everywhere. I spent a good deal of time. too. with ft merry bunch of. good fellows near Neuve Chateau, where I had ft room In ft villa inojs hotel and made my first rough skctt h--. h--. h--. h--. I r.'-vrr r.'-vrr r.'-vrr tried to do IM finished work unli. I got sot new here where I ra il have a comfortable room and work will out being disturbed." Most people know that Brace Bairns father began to draw the pictures that made him famous as a means of en livening the depression of a hard Winter Winter and the Flanders mud . He amused himself with "making Jokes." to use his phrase, of the difficulties of his surroundings, and little by little snore and more of his comrades In the trenches and dugouts began to hear sf his drawings and be amused too. Thy used to get the " Jokes " frwrn him and stick them op on the wails of their dugouts dugouts with their bayonets. And as they toM more people about them. Raima-fiit Raima-fiit Raima-fiit her the soldier txxame Bairnsfather the famoua cartoonist In a short time. That or something of It most people know. But very few people have ever heard of the young cartoonist's real-arrested real-arrested real-arrested but later successful " start." He was an engineer In Fngland In ths years before the war. but hejtad studied drawing, and he had made pictures for this own pleasure and that of hla friends all his life. In the early 9ummer ef 114 he waa engineering In Newfoundland, Newfoundland, and there, a everywhere, he made pictures to while away hla Idle hours. Tie happened to shew some of them to a man he knew there, and was Instantly and earnestly advised to give op engineering engineering and make his drawings hia day's work. Po urgent was his friend in insisting insisting that the young engineer had real talent aa an artist that Bairnsfather decided decided to follow hla advice. He gave up hla work In Newfoundland, turned his hark on tnglnertng. and returned t Kngland to devote all his time to what heretofore been only a pastime. And Jut then came the war. " I thought. Here's an end to drawing for me. " laughed Captain Balmafather. " And 'long about the end f 1IV he addfd. passing over the months between, between, " when I had made a good many pic tuns. I got a letter from Newfoundland. Newfoundland. I opened It. and read. What did I tell you? "There waan't another word ! " A FRENCH MESSAGE TO US THE French League of Patriots has distributed throughout ' Franco leaflet, reading aa follows: TEN COMMANDMENTS OF THE FRENCH CONSUMER DCRINO THE WAR. 1. Io not forget that we ar at war. In your smallest expendlturea never lose sight of the Interests of your native land. 2. Economise n the products neces aary for the life of the country: Coal, bread, meat, milk, sugar, wine, butter, beans, clothes, leather, oil. Accept rations. rations. Ration yourself as to food, clothing, clothing, amusements. 3. Save the products of French soft lest some day you deprive your father, your son. your husband, who are shedding shedding their blood to defend you. 4. Save the product that France must buy from foreign countries. Do not drain reservea of gold which are Indispensable Indispensable to victory. MILITARY CRITIC'S ANALYSIS X Waste nothing. All waste Is a crime which Imperils the national defenseprolongs defenseprolongs the war. 8. Buy only according to your needa To not hoard prevision-; prevision-; prevision-; your selfishness selfishness raises prices and deprives those of smaller nvans of things indispensable to existence. T. Do not travel unnecessarily. Reflect that our trains are. before all. destined for the transportation of tha troops, tha feeding of the population, the needa of our national production. . IJo not remain Idle. According to your age and your ability, work for your country. I to not consume without producing. Idleness Is desertion. t. Accept without murmuring the privations privations which are Imposed upon you. Iienect upon the sufferings of thoa who aN flrhtlna for voti nrwin tk dom ofi the population who, Heartha have been devastated by the ene-py. ene-py. ene-py. in. Remember that ltory belongs to those who can hold out ft Quarter of aa hour the longest. That "ranee may live, aha most be victorious :

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 06 Oct 1918, Sun,
  3. Page 50

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