War Declared On Japan By U.S.
0 CLIPPER MAIL SCHEDULE Lata eaa mkM AItmh ftwwto rm Coat n. Ctia.. 7 a. m. Ta Coax aa. CH.. Prl., 11 a. m. rram Ortanv k. Clip.. Dae. IS Ta OHant Ana. Cna., Sun, S a. m. Pram n. ea. CI'... TNura.. p.m. Ta H. Z- A aliapar. Oac 14, p. in. STEAMER SCHEDULE Pram Coatl LwrHaa. Dac. 1 7 Ta Caail Lttrllna, Oae. 1 J A. EDITION TWO SICTIONS Evening Bulletin, Ent. 18S2. No. 1127 Hawaiian star. Vol. XLVUI, No. 15360 24 PAGES HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, U. S. A., MONDAY, DECEMBER 8, 194124 PAGES fcfr PRICE F1YE CENTS i. . r 5 D 0j A nD a m lA Li Aa'Uv. o-o o-o P Lf ootr oo oo A IS' oo oo oo oo Btiiryp OO Mini sua iro ' V.. - . . V.I: ' V '. V; Si KALIIII RAID VICUyi: Among KaliM residents Injured In Sunday's a" dr raids on Honolulu was John Hopean, 23, of 2912 Democrat St, pic-T-fured here In his hospital bed-r Slar-Bulletln photo. , - 3,0a'si!iaitoes Are Goidocated on aian No official figures of army and navy casualties were available here today, but it was learned from Washington that approximately 1,500 Americans .have been killed and as many wounded by the Japanese attacks. Most of the casualties occurred in the defense areas. It was also learned from Washington that one old battleship capsized in Pearl Harbor and one destroyer was blown up. . The reports from Washington were made on the basis of official announcements by the president. Many reports are circulated here as to larger damage to U. S. vessels and great loss of life among service personnel, but there is no official confirmation of this, or official indication that it is true. Ep UbMs em a Baas SSoiice Syiidayl3Dgii,& No 'Japanese air raids of any kind have been launched I -t "the Hawaiian islands since the sporadic raids of early 1 -TSundav niirht. armv authorities announced todav. , ' With the armed forces throughout the territory taking all measures necessary for the protection and defense of the islands, the dawn of the second day of hostilities between United States and Japan passed without sign of an enemy attack in this area. .Roundup of those persons engaged in subversive activities is continuing. No others are being molested. Army regulations were designed to allow life in the islands to proceed as normally as possible, but civilians were again warned they must instantly obey all instructions and orders issued by the military and civilian governments. Civilians are reminded that use of private vehicles was lo be restricted to a minimum. No parking bans were in force along the entire length ft School, King, Nuuanu, Beretania and Dillingham Blvd. Us of telephone for private conversations was ordered topped to all but emergency calls. - Workers at army and navy projects were returning to work as usual. .HONDURAS DECLARES WAR TEGUCIGALPA. Dec. 8. (U.P Uonduras today declared war on atapan. f S0PPM& 1 KM j Christmas kjg Fort St. Stores Are Doing Lively Christmas Business Department stores on Fort St, and other firms appeared to be doing a lively Christmas business today. The business section was crowded with pedestrians. Those on the sidewalks seemed much less bewildered, much inore gay than were pedestrians Sunday after Honolulu's first enemy bombardment. . . They assumed the attitude of "veterans." Two dress shops on the main thoroughfare were closed. One restaurant did not open Its doors, while the owner of a beauty shop said she was going to close for the day because her girls had "gone home." . OILILETOKIS Text of the proclamation on martial law by Governor Poindexter and the corresponding announcement by Lieut-Gen. Walter C. Short, commanding general, appear on Page 4 of this issue. Business To Continue As Usual. Doty Announces Edouard R. L. Doty, territorial director of civilian defense, announced at 7 a. m. today that business downtown "will continue as usual." Mr. Doty warned people not to take undue chances and to use as few cars as possible. Bus travel was suggested for those who feel it absolutely necessary to go out. Forty nine Oahn civilians were killed in yesterday's air raids by Japanese planes, the most recent count revealed today. Fifteen are unidentified. Injured persons totaled S3. Listed as dead: John Adams, Kaneohe. operator of a sedan bombed opposite 802 Judd St. His father. Joseph Adams, Kane ohe, and Joseph McCabe, Kaneohe, riding in the same car. David Kakookele, 27. with the Adams, wearing Pearl Harbor badge supply department, No. 01876. Toshlo Toknsakl. 5, Peleula lane. Jitsuo HirasakL 48, Jackie Yoneto Hirasaki, 8, Shirley Kainue Hira- saki, 2. Robert Yoshito Hirasaki, 3, 30 S. Kukul St. George Jay Manganelli, or George Akiyama, 14, 30 S. Kukui St. Patrick J. Chong. 28, 1457 Fort St Mrs. M. D. White, 44 Dowsett tract. Tarao Migita, 27. company D, 298th infantry. Paul Inamlne, 19, flyweight and bantam weight boxer. Robert S. Ixuml, 23, 19 Peleula lane. Peter Iiopes, 24, 2841 Kamanaikt St. - Gertrude Ornellaa, about IT, 2705 Kamanaiki St Her sister, Barbara Jean Ornellas, 9, 2705 Kamanaiki St Ralph August Watson, 1935 Kalia Rd. Clarence Melvin Formoe next of kin, Mrs. C. E. Formoe, 512 N. 49th St, Seattle, Wash. Melbourne Alexander Manning next of kin. Holla Manning P. O. Box 538 Brandesville. Miss. Mrs. Emma Gonsalves, 30, 1215 Kinau St. Edward Kondo, 25, 1613 Leilehua St James Koba, 26, 2209 Young St Hiso TJyeno, 26, 15 Peleula St. Frederick Malarsie, Hickam fire man. Frank Ohashl, 29. 2705 Kamanaiki St.. Pearl Harbor badge No. 6677. Nancy Masako Arakaki, 9, 1220 College walk. Fire Chief William Benedict, Hickam field. Miglta Taro, 26. Schofield. Al Hlrada, 54. 922 Hauole St Bob Tyce, operator of a flying service at John itodgers airport Philip Eld red. 36. 103 Underwood Ave., navy housing. William Chong, no address. Fifteen dead are unidentified. INJURED The list of injured: Bruce Ridley, 24. 3811 Waialae Ave.; possible skull and leg "fractures. Fujio Oshito. 14, 119 OiU Rd.; shot in left hand. Arthur Paval, 49, 14 Marmlon lane; miscellaneous injuries. Kenneth Sesoko, 468 Webb lana; cuts. Jnanlta GUI, 18, nary housing; ragged cut left foot Ellen Kondo, 11. 1630 Leilehua St; compound fracturo of right upper arm. Alice Ishlro, 14, 22, Peleula lane; abdomen abrasion. Mildred Irvine, 8, Pt Ruger; Internal injuries. Malanl Chun. 21. 212 Coyne St; shrapnel wound, left chest John Hopean. 23. 2912 Democrat St Abel Gleason. 15, 32-P Leilehua Turn to Page Z. Column 3 Huge. Planes Attaching Hawaii Are Believed From Carriers WASHINGTON, Dec. 8. UP Probably most if not all of the Japanese warplanes that attacked Ha waii came from Japanese aircraft carriers offshore. White House Secretary Stephen Early said today. These planes were of the dive bomber type, Mr. Early said. 'The attack came at dawn and 1he carriers naturaUy would have had all night under the cover of darkness to approach. . Then planes would take off. come in at high altitude to launch the attackcoming in from the darkness." He said there was no further ex planation of how the Japanese were able to deal such a heavy blow. Mr. Early s comment was in re ply to questions as to how be deemed it possible for Japanese aircraft to reach the outer de fenses of United States strongholds in the Pacific Naval officers, meanwhile, said that . the American counter offensive began the moment the first Japanese bomb exploded. Chairman Andrew May of the house military affairs committee sked if an American expedition- rv force would be organized, re plied: "xtae American ana Brmsn navies will be able to take care of that We must be prepared in full for ; all eventualities," he added. ! Rep. May said he anticipated a complete blackout of Pacific coast 1 cities, "particularly those in which munitions plants are located." Troop Movements Not To Be Disclosed WASHINGTON, Dec. 8. (U.R War department officials announced that information concerning routes, schedules and destinaUon of United States troops, either within the con tinental United States or outside of its limits, is considered restricted information. Japanese Banks Seized WASHINGTON, Dec. 8. U.R The treasury department today took custody of the premises of Japanese banking and business concerns throughout the United States. ' BULLETIN A series of loud blasts, believed to. be practice shots fired from behind the city, were heard beginning at noon. Many people, jittery from the events of the past day and night, assumed that they meant a new sir raid and The Star-Bulletin was deluged with false reports. WAR NEWS TODAY War news today will be found on Pages 1, 2, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. ceaGiu Ado4 roeiraltteinis-Oini- mi Offensive - Against Japan Starts With First Japanese Bomb Dropped on Pearl Harbor By RICHARD HOTTELET United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, Dec. 8. -The United States pressed huge settle naval and aerial operations against Japan in the Battle of the Pacific today, Washington sources reported. The United States counter offensive began at the moment the first Japanese bomb exploded in Hawaii, according to naval officials. Immediate objectives of the Pacific and Asiatic fleets was to hunt down marauding Japanese naval units in the Pacific and blockade Japan, cutting off, if possible, all approaches to Japan from the sea. The fleets planes plus the army's land-based bombers from the Philippines also were expected to press home aerial attacks if feasible against Japanese naval bases. Striking With Full Force No details regarding the United States action were di vulged and only the general statement that the United States navy is striking with all the forces at its command. Movements of the Pacific fleet which departed from Pearl Harbor after the Japanese bombing were secret. The Asiatic fleet was believed to have been at sea when war began, as- sumedly in the area south of the Philippines. It was believed probable that the Asiatic fleet will co operate with British naval units and utilize the British base at Singapore. The United States Atlantic fleet is ready for any Atlantic hostilities should Germany enter the war on Japan's side. Reports that Japanese aircraft carriers were sunk off Honolulu were not confirmed. (A strict naval censorship was clamped on Honolulu and no news was allowed sent out after the first brief flashes regarding the raid cleared.) Japanese planes engaging In the Hawaiian bombing were believed operating from South Pacific islands as well as from aircraft carriers. Guam, which only last year received congressional approval for fortification, also was heavily attacked. Japanese Submarines Near Japanese submarines apparently were operating as close as 700 miles to the United States Pacific coast the distance from which a U. S. cargo vessel sent distress signals. A U. S. army transport was reported torpedoed 1,300 miles west of San Francisco. Scattered Philippine points were bombed. A report reach ing the White House stating that Manila was bombed later was believed to be untrue. Undoubtedly the major attack occurred at Pearl Harbor. Naval officials were awaiting reports regarding the ac tion the British and Russians would take in the Far East. A Netherlands East Indies declaration of war against Japan assured the United States navy of additional bases in the South Pacific as well as the reportedly strong Dutch naval forces, including submarines and planes. Singapore Open to U.S. A British declaration of war against Japan presumably automatically would open the world's largest naval base at Singapore to the United States fleet. It was estimated that the Russians have upwards of 100 submarines based at Vladivostok. The U. S. Pacific fleet alone was believed at the outset to be at least equal to Japan's maximum strength, while the arrival of strong British units at Singapore in recent days would give the Allies definite superiority. The United States navywj purpose would be to blockade Japan which will be attempted immediately. However, it will not be a blockade in the old technical sense, according to naval experts. For instance, there will be no stationing of ships off Japanese ports. Instead, it probably will be a remote blockade conducted along the great arc from the Aleutian islands to Hawaii, thence to the "Philippine anchor. The Allied strategy,- according to experts, will be to hold the blockade at all costs and bomb Japanese bases to force the Japanese fleet into home waters. Congress Takes' Prompt Action' WASHINGTON, Dec. 8. (U.P.) The United States today was officially at war with Japan as President Roosevelt signed a declaration of war passed in both houses of congress. Both houses of congress passed resolutions declaring that a state of war exists between the United States and the Tokyo imperial government after hearing President Roosevelt describe Nipponese assaults of December 7 as "infamous treachery." Senate action was unanimous; the house vote was 388 to 1, with Rep. Jeannette Rankin voting nay. Text of the resolution introduced In the senate by Senator Tom Connolly (D.-Tex.), fol- "Declaring a state cf war exists between tho imperial Japanese government and the people of the United States of America: house that a state of war between the United States and the imperial Japanese government, which has been thrust upon the United States, hereby formally is declared; "And that the president hereby is authorized and directed to employ the entire naval and military forces of the United States and the resources of the government to carry on the war against the imperial Japanese government; "And to bring tho conflict to a successful terminatron, all resources of tho country hereby are pledged by congress." lacHcouts (DoiiftiiEiu Police Chief William A. Gabrielson announced this morning that blackouts will continue until further notice. He asked that all persons stay at home unless they have urgent reasons for going downtown. Chief Gabrielson also called for calm and cool headed-ness and asked that persons be sure of reports of parachutists before calling authorities, as many calls have been false. Attacks yesterday on American military establishments in the Hawaiian Islands caused "severe damage." the president told a tense, hushed joint session of both houses. The "unprovoked, dastardly at tack by Japan" yesterday on the is land of Oahu resulted In "very many American lives lost," the president said. Earlier, the White Hons dia closed that there were I.OOO American casualties In Hawaii. Including about 1.500 killed and as many wounded. However, only "one old battleship" eapsised. and only on American destroyer wai blown sn, the White Hons said. In addition to the damage caused in Hawaii. American ships were reported torpedoed on the high seas between san Francisco ' and Honolulu, the president told congress. , The Japanese government yester day also caused attacks to be launched against British Malaya and last night Nipponese forces attacked Hwigkong. he said. "Last night Japanese forces at tacked Guam." the president told congress. "Last night Japanese forces at tacked the Philippine islands. "Last merit the Japanese attacked Wake island. "This morning the JaDaness at. tacked Midway island.' Japan has therefore undertaken a surprise offensive throughout the Pacific area. "Tho facts of yesterday speak for themselves. , "The people of the United States nave "already formed their opinions and will understand tho implications to the very We and safety ef our nation. "As commander in chief of the army and navy I have directed tha aU measures be taken for cmr -' fense. "Always Will we rpmprr.lvr tL character of the onslaught sgabasv us. . "No matter how long it may take us "to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people In their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. I believe that I Interpret the win of congress and the people when I resolve that w will only defend ourselves to the uUtr most but will make very cerftala that this empire shall sever endanger ns again. Resolutions providing for the war declaration were before bosh houses of congress within 15 minutes of the time tho president ended his seven minute, 600 word extraordinary message. There was a half second of uncertainty in the house when Representative Jeannetta Rankin (D.-Mont) objected to unanimous eon-sent for immediate consideration, of tho war resolution. Speaker Ray burn then brushed her objection aside. It was she who in the small hours of April e. 1917. faltered and wept and then finally voted In the negative on a resolution of war directed against the imperial German government. When the eierk of the house came to Miss Rankin's name today she again voted in the negative. A chorus of hisses and boos greeted her vote. She and Rep. Harold Knutson oi Minnesota are the only present members of the house who voted Turn to Page 5. Column S Schedule For Pearl Harbor The navy public Ttr announced this after following schedule Harbor workers -? until further r- Trains wit?" way & 2 daily t-v - -jL . - I, erlRan- Pear? jVf workers to . , y Jja ttaticn at ' ,ke day shift i arbor. tor the day at .--ill be from 6:45 izu, and for the night a. to 6:45 a. m. 4TORS SENTENCED iOLIS, Dec. 8. U,R jpersons accused of con-i advocate the overthrow Jnited States government ntenced today to prison anging from i69 days to if