Blockade Runners Galveston

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Blockade Runners Galveston - so that do box. Is 11.30 /or m to Miss BrOr-...
so that do box. Is 11.30 /or m to Miss BrOr- Bell IJiz- Oo- DOJ-- Jno. Tenrte Mrs, WaT- Orcwe L ffitt- A. a, 11. K Dyke Charles, Albert. L Lemon R. B. and Edward. Mc- Ben Smith Dr., AVel- Jack captured and. recaptured and confined iwonths and months in prison, lie is still active, and hia Tnenrory, involving events dating- back thirty to thirty-four years, is as fresh as thongfti they were ordinary "happentags of only yesterday. "You are a spry man to be .hobbling- around on orutcfces, commander," facetiously remarked on« of Ws old friends -the ofher-.^ay. -The truth of t'he matter ds 'he'ttvrfcHwiway 5is crutches the 'tiiird year after "he"Ieft t'he New York federal! prison and *he h-asn''t been on "them since. * -The sliapely neck ajid «houlde-rs and the well polled head and finely drawn features furnish an index to Che remarkable character and 'the darlngr and fearless spirit ot the man who daring: the early sixties was a terror to federal Interests on the .Lfh -seas. Capturing 1 a vessel there a-nd running the biocl-:ad»*yonder, 'his movements were aHways a surprise to -the enemy tincl they were executed with 'tiie most remarkable nerve and. courage. Success ·meant life- and failure death. This expresses the situation -that fund -him at all times with a eool mead and quick and unerring judgment, and with means at lam! to meet all' emergencies. Northern fleets blockaded southern ports end set a strong guard over each, entrance so that It seemed Impossible to, but in aptte of ·hia the confederate cause was often helped, out of a hole by the arrival of supplies and munitions of war brought In by men ·who at the risk o-f their lives, by stealth or trick, successfully ran the blockade. '-Blockade running 1 ,'.' jSald Veteran Brain .o a Xewp man who asked him tor a story m this subject, "is n. science. It is at- eiL'Jed with greait rlslra and dangers, but' When properly s'tiVdled .it may -be ope-i-aifrd vit-h absolute -success and comparative frty. I hear it said In -these times that blockades can not be run now on account of the search lix'ht, but I can run a block- ice now. I would tret a fiearch 'light too. While It Is 'true that t'he number of ves- ,c j ls in a ficc-t 1s known to each in the cordon, the location ami position of eacTi ut all times is known, and -for that rc-a- e uncertainty that would surround 'he i-Jcn'tity of a -blockade runner carrying a search lifrht -would Rive 'her an advan- aRft and afford an opportunity to reaoiJi a oant of saTety before she was discoverwl. "Enormous pro tits were mode during the ate wair by blockade running by both prl- ·ate nai-ties and corporations. The only lorts of the confederacy for running- tlie -If.-ckario v.vro Galveston, T«x., Mobile, \la., Charleston, S. C., and Wilmington, V. C\ ThP latter wns tho principal port, 'or the rer.son that it waa'more access!- lt:, it having* two channels leading into he port--the new nnd old Inlets. Tho old nlet, being the southern entrance, was guarded by K-ort Caswc-H and Fort Fisher. 1'hc new inlet from the nortli was guarded mly by Fort Fisher and a small battery m luml. Hoth of these inlets lead Into .'one I'"ear .nv:r, on which In situated the ity of \Vilminjjton, twelve mjlus from Us nouth. On the coast on each aide of the n l f t HyinR batteries of artillery, command- d by Colonel Lamb, C. S. A., wore kept strolling the chores at nljrht time lo pro- et-t uny bJoekade r u n n r r l l i a t might have i be- run nshore to koe.p her from fiillin;; n t o the 1-ar.df. oi" t h e onemy. Those bat- prios reiifiercil vnlnablp services. "XotwithstaiitiinK the ii] cro\eni- nent iliil all in f t u power to offeotually seal :p cr blorkndo this port, it having at one ime nt-arly 1500 VCSKC-IM in the blockading (luadron, in one nlifhl iwolve vessels oret'il tho block j. do ? uceCKSt'ully and en- c-rt'd th^ 1 port. Fourteen attempted to ef- ect entmnne, but 1\vo were captured, heso veRsels were loaded with provisions, iftlical Htorey. n-rnis nnrl munitions of war or the eonfedrrnte government. MXOUMOITK Y A M ; K OF COTTON. "The iiuluccment for running the block- de was the enormoufl v.ilue of cotton, it ting bought In the confedo.rncy for 2o and 0 cents a pound In j;o]d, or its equivalent, :1 i.'o;.l cutHldR for $i.fift to Jl.SO per pound; ronacaucnlly the profits wore enormous, even if the rinks were great. Most of the blockade r u n n i n g was done by cor- pwdtkms. Among the largest of these «MI- ttagci] in thf liiiHlnofffl was the lice company of Charh'Hton, H. C., who ownctl the famous hloeknde r u n n e r Cyrone. She ran the blookti'irt f b i r t y - t w i i tifnes In and out of Ch.'i.rl'.-!*t(m, S. ?. When (.'hurk'Wlon wiw oviu:iiaU'i1 slie \v,i.s lying a! h f r wharf there ami her owners burned her rathe r than nl- low IHT to t ' u l l i n t o tJie huH-lp of tho enemy. Tim conf*.·(!(Lmtf* government owned sr-vcrnl ftiil'ply store, i:ni a-l^o veveml ^iates ov. jitO hld'jRinle run-iierri, «ino-n^ 'them Vir^l-niii ! and Nu-rOi CfiroHna. To KTive u n Idea how i iulckly t'he?t Khips were (!Oiis!nirL.d, itn o:\kr fo-ulil be given to a ship buiMe.r on tho Aler^y or Olyde for a j-'Jilp eo-itinjf frjin/KMiOO 10 6o.OlW \K\- -J-3 sterling, JiilRi.MO Mir- river ready -for sea RO dviya arter~thtf contracts were e!rne»1. *niic*o vt««vl« mMf) ·Hffh-t tliAiitfhl, requiring not over i;in* feet of wat*r, and had u speed of flr'u-en to t knots «4i hour, ' * so as to give -the ship al-l t'he steam fha ·could camr- Every vessel -had'steeim blow- off co^ka below the water H-ne. No. lights ·\Vere nhown on. the vessels while at oa and all vessels burned anthnaolte coal, WUITUH is conipajia lively smG'Ke'l'ass, ar.d cost from $18 to $20 a- ton. No do-gs or roosters .were al-lowed on board ship. O-f- ficens and men wh-He ru-n^n-in-g fhe blockade were always in t'heir stocking feet. "In running a blockade the leadsman !s stationed in the main ch ains, the signal officer generally amidships with his signal boxes, the captain and pilot and two man at the wheel on the bridge and two men aft at tlje wheel, KU in case the bridge is shot away they can unshackel ths chains and steer the ship from the stern. All lights are extinguished. The land was generally made by the ship six to ten mites to the southward of th* old inlet at Wilmington and about the same distance to the northward or new inlet. The coast of North Carolina bsing of a shplvinp nature, when you were In ons fathom of water you were exactly one mile off land. The blockade was generally run from a quarter to half a mile off the coast and sometimes nearer. Military telegraph offices were stationed at close Intervals along- the coast ten to fifteen miles to the southern or old inlet, and the same distance to the northern or new Inlet, and by the signal officer aboard the -blockade runner catchins one of these telegraph stations with his signals communication was at once made with Fort Fisher and Fort Caswell to the effect that such a vesesl with Captain so and so, giving his name, was In the act of r u u n f n ? the blockade and to look out for her and protect her, which was ofton done when the blockade runner was chased by the enemy. BL-OOTCADE RUNNING STORIES. "The blockade was run only twice during the war in Wilmington Jn the day time. Once by the Gibraltar, the ex-confederate war steamer Sumter, which was commanded by Captain Semmcs, and which hy the way, was the first war vessel ever floated by the government. By a trick she succeeded In running it from the north'ard by hoisting the federal ilag. She ran down to t'he fleet, ·t'he federals thinking she was -a transport- from the north. She had on board fuur 200-pound "\Vitworth guns and other munitions of war for Fort Sumter, Charleston harbor and Fort Fisher. She KO\ under the protection of Fort Fisher before tha- federals discovered their error. The Will o' the Wisp. Captain Caper owner . nnd commander, succeeded on another occasion in running- the blockade out in the daytime. The captain WHS a Scotchman and one day soina of the blockade runners on the board of trade were guying hi in about the Insignificant appearance of his ve-Hael, which was small, b;tt one of tbe bast for Bpeed in the port. She could make eighteen knots an hour. They offore;' fo bet him 100,000 pounds npalnat ftQ.ftJo that ' around her botiy. Her bo-ay wis recovered '"file Greyhound in nin-n-lng 1 the blockade out of 'WiJmJ.'ig'tc'n v.-as c^iptur-dd by the Uni'UKl Stuiti-H stoop of war Ccniiec'ticut. __ Jin-S- »v3: a , put in ccintnJiiiti of hor vrith orders to take her to New York. Sho h-«irt as pa*i?£ng*rs Mr. Polalrd, tkU'Wr nd pro-pi*i*i;6r of the Riclnnond 13xamiaier id the famous Belle Boyd. "The confederate government built the lirst steel ships at Lul-rd's yard In Liverpool, England, that w.ere. ever ljullt. These were for tht purpose of running the blockade and \v«re christened the OTT!, the Bat ' tiie Wren. The Bat and the \Vren and , . lie couldn't rim the blockade in, {lay time He took them up. It was eusjornary for blockade runners to load «uti run down and anchor off Smithville, at/ the- m o u t h of Cape- I-'oar river, under pmtVvtinn of nur Torts nnd then make the blfx-kiide r-t night The federal fleet saw the yvni o' th.-* Wisp coming down tho rivjr rt m l Kiippuuud o£ course she would nm-horY jj^t instead she shaped hfir course r i g h t ifhronsb Ihe fleet. They had n o t h i n g that /could cat'.-h her. I'hfjy tjrf-d two shots ay i, ( . r , m i o pafv-in;* through her cabin nbove/t) U - water lino and the other vr.irym;,- u^ny h"r Mitu-staff. Captain Caper won life 100.000 pounds and jeronie. the hero of Uio day "S;iowtnff th- format;-,: manner in fhf( J h ihe blockadj; wad run, I ivmembi-r he Virglnrn tmpAVtinw and -exporting company or I'etor^bf/i'p-, v,i., who owned a lin« of two fin? ship-.-, nainml the City of Petersburg and Ine 'old Dominion, w h i c h , for over two yf-n-f,. , vln tho bio-.-hado out of port of \Yllmington -nn.l port of St. - - - - - the .·i:!vei'''v-"tl ti-nu-. K.ich of Ifnese j-liips (*..»-;t SiV.OOO fiKul Ml';t-r the war they wrro t u k f n ito I j i v t r p o o j , Kni;.. iuul ina.:!p- n "Inlly l'-i:o l/e'.w^en -tU-, rii-y of Kivt-ri-c-al, Kn-g., and Hhe city fa: Dublin. "Mnny_/ -H;r.iing-i? niinH 3 wtr^ tfivon to ahlprt ry,:inlnjf tho bkx-knclt 1 , among; t'h^ni 10 a lojfmlon bl^.-kiule rinniLi.; Him. T?u.-%" 1»at.--. r wtrft L-hristentil 'Ix-t'l-'r U,' I^tti-r Go'\ T^-ttHi- lllp.' Tlw lliwwt verwl !n th« Uju.*lnc'33 only niadi: one voyn^e; Ft!« VMS 'chrlsti:if.d Colonel Ln.mb ami was bniH/ to rarry lo.noi) U.iK\s of coiicii. Tho w»r/nn,It 1 )! .-=.-on n f t r r sh.- w;ts b u i l t IIK! put ini *nj to her caiv.M- a.^ a. bLjckade ru.ii- nnr.f le \vuv? i-ixinCL'lol Hili/i a slilp b.*- io J»nu s H. OrtMi^haw of Rich- VtL Hi. 1 ) *-'hip ckurt.*! In ''· fni 1 St. ^, Btrnuulfl, fl'.'.tl her pilot, named ·h.Mtl h«i1 ycllt.w Tcvor n,nd w-a.s recoverMiiff frorn U. TliP raptn.ln asrkx'd i If he .would t-iiko 'I'h© sti'p in, Jle jv- d tlv.i't h« would If It w:ia tlio l.%gt whip *hf cv- T pilot r.l. Tin 11 n l u h t Uio Mh!p n^-.t;to tlv? t*c.i:si ln i.uok » rolapHi- aiul wan onr- rlcj ofi I'ao bi'JiU^ hi « v-hiilr jiiid Mntvi-." i jf- f u l l y ill./;.f;1 tJif .-fliip Inl-o |Krt nn! wli««n ;hf: ship dropped nn-chor his Hplrtt -wwi't a'lofl. "AnotlbT dislr^ssVnj? lnoUJen.t wits w-hm tho Grcyho-unO. ("aplaln Hffml, «MS ru-n- iilnff In H;H» n * w hi)?i f h o a-.vHfnt-ally run u*hore. Mrs. Qmdiiliiw. who \vo* $o lorwc were captured on their first or second voy- airc in running the blockade. These ships were so line that the Bat. after iheir capture by tho federals, was fitted up and put in condition as ;i yacht for Mr. Lincoln, and was used for that purpose all through the ^s';ir. The Uwl, which was conunondt-tl by Captain J. N. Moffett, was one of The moat successful blockade runners of the ·war. After landing mu with dispatcheg for the confederate government in January, 1SB5, at Loekwood's Folly (oi- Windy Hill), uud not bulnjc able to lind out whether Fort Fisher was caatured or whether or not Wilmington had fallen. Captain Moffett un- cUrtook to ascertain this inforirmtlon himself. He ran In under Fort Fisher, which had fallen, and anchored with a hawser off Smtthville. He sent the pilot ashore with orders, in case the Yankees we're'In possession, to bring; Mrs. Moffatt 4ml their children and return to the ship. The pilot was pone about ten minutes, when he returned with his wife and children and -reported that the i-nemy wan in full possession. The men wrre standing by with tf.ukle Immediately hitched en to the boat and swung it aboard with its piecious burden. Caittain Moffett had a man stationed at the bits, and as soon as all were safely on board ixased the wotrtl to cut :h*; hawser, which was done, and the ship's id swung around and ahe stood out to sea. Three or four other blockade runners entcrins port that night, unaware of the enemy's posaeasion of the fort, were tapmred as they were in the act of drlnk- _ng their wine while jollifying over the delusion of having successfully -run the blockade. R U X X I X G TN T TO GAIA'ISSTON. "Captain Moffett returned to St. Georgea, Bermuda, where ihe coaled up his ship and cleared for the port of Havana, Cuba, where be took in a cargo for tht fcrans- MisGiEsippi department. Safely running the blockade into the port of Galveston, after discharging his cargo, he loaded up with a ret i: fa cargc of-'otton, which \v«is the inst cargo of cotton curried out of the port of (inlveHton d.ivr!njr the war. He iv- ned to..Hu.vaim and laid there some tiniu I was ordered to take the ship to Liverpool. Englmid, which ho did, and his vessel socu wont to the boneya-rd. These blockade runners were useless as merchantmen, because they were too light- that IP, thoir capacity was too. small and they consum-M too much coal. They vvwe always speedy nnd were soon out of the reach of uny \vur vessel. "In May, 384, I was in command of ihe blockade r u n n e r Annie, a Kovt-rnnient VM- sel. On-a Bu-tuj-'.lay night fourteen of us ji.itempied to run tho blccka.dc and twelve of ufi pnc.Ti^iPd in potiin?- in. I had f o r t y boxes o" I c i n t / n ^ and -twi boxes of ornngtt; for t h e hodpiiul.!. ?iJ.U'J;i in govcrimcnt gold, p.rmn, bacon, pipr le.irl, iron and v u l i u i b l n s-t^ivs. In ]^li^ wtK-n thf 1 r o n f c d i - r a t t - H woro hard up for salt a Captain Me.Mtlian of Charleston, 9. C 1 ., ran ;L blockade to the port of Nassau, where he pun-liasctl a liirgo fore- a:nI a f t -u:iUT board j-vhoon«r ami loculiMl ln;r w i t h suit, rlearinir hi-r from tho port of Xa.^riiiu to t h e port of I t a l i i - mr/ru. h!^ purpose iK-lns 1 . of course, to run tho blockade in Charleston. C a p t a i n Mf- Milliin kept two logs--;; fala^ lf,g iin*l n true lot;; his f:i]?e log slimy. 1 ') H i n t he was bt. 1 - t\*'evii Cni 1 * 1 I i . T t t i - r a ^ nnd O.ip^ Jli-njy when he wns really off Charleston. He, dropped lKih hi? aiH-hoi-s oveiboard, dnmajc^l his w h e n ht i t'l^'hu-d tho 'foderal tlftirt off Chark-ston. Ho nt-pealeil to the federal mini Ira! far as?i^'tan*'i\ H«? lieinar a k i n d - hi'.-trtwl man suppiitNl him w i t h nnchora and -.'(nt a sailmokor :nnl -his crow abc:inl sp nt two il-iy? w f t h th« l't'*l^ril (h 1 ' t. \Vhr.n ho W f n t ab.ianl tho ihi^rship he b;uU; t h w admiral Ru*)-iby ;nn! thanktvl him for his klmlni'rfs. TH.: uffi-ri',1 him a t(/wl)cat u tow h i m to tin 1 wlnijword. This w;i:i w h a i tin- i . i i . t s l n d ^ I n ' i waii!, b u t In- couldn't roliiHo it. ;=o lu i wa:i towod a short iti.--.:ami\ wli.-n !^ fro; r!i; .-:' t i n - - i n ; - . , huisi- injr bj'i-k i n i o t i i o di-i-r. As s-*on »n hid r i f t n . l a.s far r..s lit? t h o u g h t .safe lie '1 Topped hip C':n(t*r bcuinl ai;d HUi'cCHSfully ran (he block.idc. A f t e r lo;ui;n« up w i t h co it on bo utti'inpfi'd to run tlu 1 blot-ktuic out, but h» ^-ii« iT.Mtuiv.l. Tho admiral snl-1 'I hnvo pot yvu now, my boy. Von playi-il mo a smart trick, 1 wiii t r e a t you v-«-!l. T v.'ll! scml y.m tn \( w York.' And ho iliil: h»r treated h i m well." CM-iVKHI-Y T r i l N B D T1U3 TAni.liS. One of tlio e a r l y I n c i d o n t s of blwk.ulp r n n n j n ^ , aivoi'vi-liii; lo Commander liru.!n, WO.H the cnpturK of the Kmtly Bt. Petvr, a ilnf Kn«li:ih clipper Khln wl'ih a cargo of gunny -baiftfintf. Cuutaln Wll*on» bound take the s h i p 'to Xt\v York. U a p Wilson, 'hii; ste^-an] and cnhin hoy. be-inr?- aJ- ·low«I to remain on bonrj the s"hlp. succeeded in ovorcnminrr the prize crew and safely lu.ntled -them in Liverpool Inst«ud of aii=w York. He was huncJsoineiv rewarded by the ship's owners and IronlztKl by his people. *, . v v Another Incident showing Lhe^tleJcrmlna- ·tlon or men ia trying; tlmoa occurred on bcari.1 the L-loel:«de runnoi* V,xry Ccilcste A.r.avjU ofik-er 1n command of UTI esijedi- tJpn was a passenger on t-h-e ship wl*h offlc-E-rs. His purser curried his drafts on S^T P Ji' £holm * * 0/ d r L-ivyrpoai foi- $30,000. 1'hc -SFeond day oi;-t the n-avaj officer requostfid hia purser Lo get "n-la drr.frs and tho purser.-could not find rhemjr. The ·nai-al officer wc-.-n to 'ihe captain nnd requested him to have the ship setfrchtert the papers. The ca^inln rEpliTTTm-t it was of 7io use 'and The naval officer re- tvr-tea; "Ytru oan 'have t'he shio searched or I \v-ll take chcrge o-f it and commence by Keafcbl'ns 1 you first." He then gave o*-_ uers to scarcJi the ship. Afti--r the search v.-as a-bout haif through tht naval ofneer ordcn;u his purser to look where he s]«tt and Hfie if he could find the papers. The pip-ser looked and found the papers They had been returned to the spot while the search was under wc.y. Positively cured by these little Pills. They aiso relieve Distress from Dyspepsia, rndigcstio^ and Too Hearty Eating. A per. feet remedy ibr Dizziness, Nausea, Drowsi. ness, Bad Ts:;te in tlic Month, Coated Tain in tliu Side, TORPID LIVER. They Regulate the Bowels. Purely Vegetable. Small Pin. small Dose, Small Price. 3. P. E VAN'S. TNH tor of the XPWS, used the KM-:OTUO1*OISK lor rheumatism; iK-uratolH. ;u-rvoi:s p r u n t r a t l o "that H Is all It i;i u^oiunu-nded to bt\ t h a t it w i l l s'lvi- jvliei when other full. ?! will l r l v e u i i t dl^f.-irte and Ihe system rapidly ELM-) xurely," T VAX AT^TYXR TRXAS, f Tnstrumonts rotunl to responsible per* PUDS. Fivr ; fony-p;iKi? de,»'ripHve el.-vnlaa of the givat fin-alive u^i-nt mldi-L-?8 \V. S. SWYM.MKK,. jrent for YPSUS. N\v Alex loo and Arlzon** B. w. cor. liSd and Strand, Galveston, Tfitt SEMWBBKLYTO $1 PER YEAR'

Clipped from
  1. The Galveston Daily News,
  2. 03 Nov 1895, Sun,
  3. Page 6

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  • Blockade Runners Galveston

    TXHooper – 17 Mar 2013

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