More Than 50,000 READERS See Your Ads Daily Latest Happenings HOME EDITION Of World Events HOME TOWN VOLUME 89, rom. LOGANSPORT PHAROS-TRIBUNE SATURDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 21,1938. ALL, LJDADINO XARXKT* PVBLIMIBD DAILY MEMBER A. R C. FEAR DESPERADOES' ATTACK Wide Alarm Mass State and Civil Authorities To Combat Criminals' Terror Reign Fear That Attack Will be Made Either Upon State Prison or Pendleton Reformatory Reformatory by Heavily Armed Gang:; Precautions Also Taken to Guard Jails Where Dangerous Criminals Are Held. JURY DECIDES ESTATE CASE FOR PLAINTIFF FSDIASAPOLIS, Ind, Oct. 21—(UP)—Fearing a wholesale wholesale delivery of widerworld characters In Indiana jails and nrisoBS, law enforcement official* today took drastic steps to combat » roving band of desperate criminals. The band contains at least five of the ten convicts who escaped from the Indiana State Prison Sept. 26; John Dil- tfoffer who was freed from the Lima, 0., jail last week; Vnrftt Longbrake, who escaped from the jail at Bellefon- talae, O.. and Harry Copeland, a paroled convict from the Indiana prison. Striking 1 first in Ohio and then in Indiana, the bandits have killed a sheriff, raided two police stations of arms and awanitioBS and spread a reign of terror throughout the two states. Their latest move was to hold up the Peru police station tart night and raid the police arsenal. A week ago they con- dieted a similar raid oa the Jail at Auburn. IB treeing Dillinger they killed Farmers Strike Begins Estate Battle Proves Longest Trial in Hls-tory •( White County Court MONTICEL.LO, Ind., Oct. 21. — The Most prolonged legal action lever tried in White county circuit I court ended today when a Jury re- I turned a verdict in favor of Daisy Welcome Dangerous John Dillinger Al Smith Leads Fugitive Convicts To Fair In Daring Peru Robbery Tuggle against her Elijah In the will brother Arch contest case Sheriff Jees I* Barber of Lima. Official* believe that the supply of weapons is being gathered for as* in some desperate plan, possibly possibly to free companions from th* state prison ot Pendletou reformatory. reformatory. ;. • ,Jfc to alM MU*a4 that au at- will be **•» to ft** five of held in the' Marlon Jail IB conaectton with the fatal ebootlng of an Indianapolis police sergeant duritig a holdup here. Sheriff Back Sumner of Marion county today asked county commissioners commissioners for an appropriation at 11.000 with which f.o construe-, a steel plate cage in the prisoner ranway at the Jail. In this fortress he would elation a man 24 hours a day. He also plans to aak the commissioner* commissioner* for 25 additional deputies to serve at least CO days. Al Ftcney Outlines Oflenilve AI. O. Feeney, head of the state police department, will station aix nen at the headquarters here lor 24-bour duty. They will be quartered quartered either at the statehouse or in • nearby hotel. Teener said he would ask Gov. Paul V. McNutt for 34 more men to be kept on the force permanently. permanently. He also will ask for funds to provide hia men with bullet proof veats. "These criminals are well organ- lied." said Sheriff Sumner. "They all are vicious characters, real desperadoes. They are gradually gradually obtaining sufficient arma to make them a formidable army. "What they, plan, I am sure, is a pitched battle with guards either at Michigan City or at the Pendleton' Pendleton' reformatory, or both placer-, "If they succeed in removing their companions from these places they will recruit a large force of criminals and start on one of the worst crime waves this country ever has seen." Sumner pointed out that the Jones slaying suspects would make admirable reinforcements to the gang. He said he would write to Gov ernor McNutt and ask that he mobilize National Guard troops at Michigan City and Pendleton to augment' the regular guards as long as the bandita are at large. Feeney said that Longbrake Is a Dew addition to the gang. "And he will be an apt member." Feeney added. "He is almost as tough as John Dillinger." Both Dillinger and Longbraka are wanted for Ohio bank robberies and Dill'inger has been Identified as member of a gang which robbed the Massachusetts Avonue State Band here. DEATH DELAYS LOCAL TRIAL Wife of Plaintiff In Case Here Dies Unexpectedly at Home In Fern t Mrs. Charlotte Stewart, 59, wife of Paul A. Stewart, manager ot the Klckapoo Gravel company at Peru and the nlaintiff in the insurance collection suit trial now in progress progress in the Casa crcut coutt, died unexpectedly from a heart attack at her home, 105 Bast Fifth street, Peru, at 12-30 o'clock Saturday morning. WJille she had been in failing health several weeks her condition had not been critical previous to the fatal attack. Besides the husband she is survived survived by a sister, Mrs. Amelia Pfeifer Pfeifer of Terre Haute. The body is to be removed to Terre Haute where funeral rites will be held at the St. Benedict Catholic church Tuesday morning. Members of the firm of McHale, Douglass and Myers, local representatives representatives of Mr. Stewart, are expected expected to go before the trial judge, John S. Lairy, Monday morning and ask for a continuance of the trial until after the funeral services. services. Iowa Farmers Refuse to Join in Movement to Halt Shipment of Livestock Livestock and Produce. COURT WILL RULE ON MOTION MONDAY CH1CAQD, Oct. 21—(UP)— Farmers of the middlewest, .desperate .desperate because of failure of farm produce prices to respond to the National Recovery program, struck today In an effort to force federal relief*-^. , ; .|i-j i ; r .;--. •%*i. l ii«:^--"---i--> Farm organizations claiming•.>*, membership of 2,000,000 farmers in 27 states called on their members to halt movement of livestock and food to market, and to boycott merchants until farm prices raacn cost of production. The declaration of "economic warfare" was Issued by Milo "Reno, militant president of the National farmers holiday aesiclation, effective effective at noon today and to continue until farmers receive a ''fair price" tor their products. Opinion aa to the support which the movement will receive from the great majority of farmers not affiliated with the asaociation differed. differed. Leadere of other organizations organizations withheld comment. Support of efforts to focus federal attention on the plight of farmers came from at least five governors ot mid-western states—Norti Dakota, Dakota, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota. Endorsement of the strike as a method of obtaining obtaining relief was not given by all the governors, however. The Iowa farm bureau federation, with a membership of more than 1,000,000 farmers, announced it would not participate in the strike and predicted not more than 10 percent of midwest farmers would take part. Leaders described the present strike as "a mistake." Reno and other leaders of the farm holiday association, however, were confident of success. The farm situation, he said, has reached the point where millions of farmers farmers have concluded federal attention attention can be attracted only by drastic drastic action. involving 900 acres of land and a personal estate of $12.000 left by their father Orrin Elijah. The Jury deliberated • from 6 o'clock last night until 8 o'clock this morning. The case has been in progress for the past five weeks. The Jury found that document signed by the elder Elijah was not a true will. The instrument had been drawn up in 1926 and specified that two hundred acres of farm land in Jasper county be left to Mrs. Tuggle Tuggle and the remainder of the estate estate consisting of 700 acres of farm land and personal property to the son. Orrin Elijah passed away In 1930. ' It was contended by the plaintiff during the trial that her brother had come into possession of $30,000 $30,000 in bonds from Ml' father's estate estate besides the personal'property that, was Involved in the present 'action;-•' ~ - • -_. -;p~~ : • r :i-'--fyjf°"^'f-:^ r,;-^ A- battery of '-attoraefs repreV sented ths plaintiff and defense. Mra. Tugglo's legal representation included Judge Rawley of Brazil; B. F. Carr of Delphi; G. V. liove of Monticello; Hume Sammons of Kentland; and Milton Graves ot Morocco. For the defense the attorneys attorneys included William Robertson Robertson and Tom Ryan of Frankfort: George Marvin ot Monticello; Ted Cunningham of Kentland; and H. C. Rogers of Morocco. The case was tried before Judge Ralph McClurg. Former Sew York Governor and Presidential Candidate Will ' Speak This Aftenoom CHICAGO, Oct. 21.— (UP) —Al Smith arrived today in a downpour of rain to be guest of honor of the World's Fair. The former New York gofernor and presidential candidate refused to discuss politics, except to speak jokingly to George F. Get*, newly appointed treasurer of the Republican Republican National Committee, who supported Smith in his 192J race against Herbert Hoover. Mr. and Mrs. Smith hoped to escape escape the crowds long 'enough to see the fair as ordinary citizens, Smith said. He planned to speak this afternoon In the Hall of Science, but declared that the NRA and politics would not come "before "before the house.". More than 5,000 persons greeted the governor when he stepped from his train. / When the weather failed to Improve, Improve, It was announced all the former governor's addresses scheduled scheduled for today at the fair had been postponed until Monday. He was suffering from a slight cold, it was explained. Notorious Criminals Clean Out Arsenal in Police Department and Even Tak« Badges of Policemen Victims; Gang: Traced to Kokomo and Are Bettered to Have*Headed For Hideout in Vicinity of Indianapolis. LARGE FLASHLGHT FOUND ON ROAD 24 Believed at first to hare possibly been lost by the bandits who raided raided the Peru police station Friday night, a large flashlight found on state road 24 east ot here Saturday morning waa turned over to poliqe. The light was found immediately west of the overhead bridge by Clarance Courter and George Etter, Etter, both of Penj, employes of the Northern Indiana Public Service company. EXPLODE TWO HEAVY INNHNEWAR nifaoln Factional Mine Union Fend 1 Still Retarded Extremely Critical SPRINGFIELD, III., Oct. 21— (UP)—Two bombs exploded near the homes of working miners here today as factional mine union war fare broke out anew. The bombs were characterized by police as loaded with unusually .powerful explosives! They were set off in the rear rot homes of United Mine Worker* of America in a miners' community In southeast southeast Springneia neat1W Teiboay Coal Company mine whkfn resumed operations, under a wage scale contract contract with the United'Mine Workers Workers of America today. There were no pickets -at. ths Peabody mine from the ranks of the Progressive Miners of America which have beeir combatting operation* operation* of mines -working under U. M. W. of A. agreements. None was Injured by. the bombs but «tate soldiers and county and city police were mobilised In the vicinity. No arresta were made. PERU, Ind., Oct. 21—(UP)—Three members of a band* gang which raided the Peru police arsenal last night wen identified today as Merritt Longbrake, John IHlllnger and Charles Makley, all notorious criminals and escaped prlaom- ere. Longhrake escaped from the Bellefontaln*, 0., Jail where he was being held*on bank robbery charges. Dillinger was freed from the Lima, 0., jail last week hy confederates who killed the Lima sheriff. Makley was oa* of ten convicts who escaped from the Indiana State Prise* Sept 2«. Longbrake was recogniied by Kokomo police when the gang went through there. He was arrested at Kokomo early last summer, taken to Koscinnko county jail at Warsaw and then turned orer to Belief on talne authorities. BULLETIN WINCHESTER, Kr., Oct. M —(UP)—Two m« were killed and trre injured ken today when •• air line at tke Ken. tacky PIp« Line Company exploded. exploded. The concern pimps KM to Louisville. The dead are L- i- Wagner ••«*. H. CUInoa aa« the to- Jired, H. J>. Bebb, plant ». perlatendent, and Bert Sob- lette, Joseph Johnson, J. P. Wells and U. L. Cheuvroat, all reside*tt of Winchester. !• response te a call frei Pen a f«w •laate* after the daring holdap of the police station station In that city Friday MlgM, a detachment ef Lofanspert police, heavily armed, threw np a vigil OB roads leading late thin cltr from tke east. The •quad was comprised of few members of the departmeBL Verdict Of Suicide Returned By Coroner In Swadener Death Finding is Made Following Report of Chemists; Found Seven Grains of Sodium of Cyanide in Stomach of Logansport Merchant. A decision on motions by both the defense and plaintiff for a directed verdict will be handed down by Special Judge John S. Lairy when the case of Paul Stewart against an insurance company is called again Monday morning. Arguments on the motions were concluded Friday and the special judge took the matter matter under advisement until Monday. Monday. DAVID WILL ADDRESS LINCOLN CLUB Bob David, local young attorney, will address a meeting of the Lincoln Lincoln club at its headquarters over Turman's drug store. Sixth and Broadway, Monday night at S o'clock. A business meeting •will follow the address. Ruling that the death of Rusael N. Swadener, found dying in his •place of business on Third street, October 6, I>r. Don Miller, coroner, coroner, today was preparing his official official verdict to be filed with the county clerk. The officer reached the conclusion conclusion that Swadener had taken hia own life after the report of the chemist was received, showing that seven grains ot sodium cyanide was within the man's stomaca The local typewriter dealer dropped dropped to the floor of his work shop while pulverizing sodium cyanide presumably to use in a cleaning compound prepared for application on office equipment. He died before medical aid arrived- arrived- Since the passing of the business business man Dr. Miller has been investigating investigating circumstances ' surrounding surrounding the unusual death of the local man. One of the first acts was to have the stomach sent to an Indianapolis chemist for ex- amination. ] Circumstances, the coroner declares, declares, points to suicide and the report of the chemist bears out the indications. In the opinion of ,he physician it would have been impossible for Sir. Swadener to have gotten a total of seven grains ot the poison in his stomach accidentally. accidentally. At first it was pointed out that it would have been possible for enough of the poison to have flown into his mouth as he worked or that he might possibly have gotten it off an Injured finger. The coroner could find no person person who had left an order for work on a typewriter for that day and unless such an order had been received received it is believed that Swadener Swadener would not have prepared the cleaning compound. If Swadener elected to take his own life members of his family can think of no motive, they state He had been in good health and apparently was In good spirits when he talked to members ot his amlly and other persons that day. He was known to have a good lowledge of the chemical with which he was • working and only a few minutes before he fell to the floor he warned Kenneth Swartzlander about its deadly effects effects and is said to have pointed oat that an injury to • a finger while working with the chemical might lead to accidental death. Just before Mr. Swadener toppled toppled to the floor Swartzlander hear him yell "Ouch" accidentally struck as if he had his finger. However, th«r wa snot sufficient time for the poison to have taken effect after the supposed Injury was sustained, according to the investigating officer. A few days ago a will, prepared by Mr. Swadener in 1932 was probated probated in the Cass circuit court. In the opening paragraph the writer refered to "in case of my accidental accidental death or death by short illness". illness". WOMAN SAYS THREE MEN 'SET' ON HER, FILES DAMAGE SUIT Also Charge* That Trio loaded Her Into Automobile And Took Her te Police Station Alleging that three represents, tlves of a sales company treated her roughly when they forceably removed a aewing machine from her home, Mrs- Nonnle Palmore has filed suit In the Cass circuit court to collect $1,000 damage*. Attorney Frank V. Guthrle appears for the plaintiff. Ear| Tucker of C»«» county, CUude Barber of Miami county and John Ware of Howard county «r« named co-defendants In the action and accused of being the men who entered the home. In the complaint Mr*. Palmore sets forth that the three men "assaulted "assaulted and beet the plaintiff, twisted her arms, "set" on her arsd otherwise mistreated the pl.iint'lf by removing her from her home, placing her in ait automobile against her will and over her eb. jectioni, and removing her to the police station." BITES 1I05DAT PERU, Oct. 21.—Funeral services services for Milo wilt, 55, who died Friday will be held at the Drake funeral home at 2 o'clock Monday afternoon with burial In the Godfrey Godfrey cemetery. WEATHER 1 FORECAST Loral showers ton lib t followed by generally fair Sanday; much cooler. Tor the r«-«lon of t he Strut lakes: Told of the week; «ot much pre- clpltatloa iideated. Coming U. S. Soviet Conference Expected To Lead To Russian Recognition WASHINGTON, Oct. 21—(UP)—Formidable obstacles in the path of American recognition ot Soviet Russia will confront President Roosevelt Roosevelt and Maxim LJtvinoff, Russian foreign minister, when they meet in the White House to bring tfie two nations together after IS years of diplomatic estrangement. Political experts generally expected the obstacles to be overcome and recognition to result from their series of talks. Th« 57-year-old, astute Russian diplomat who once proposed total world disarmament and who also has strengthened his country's position position by negotiating: a serie? ot non-aggression pacts wtth potential European enemies, is expected here within two weeks. The goal is the exchange ot ambassadors between Washington and Moscow and the situation of profitable trade between two of the world's most populous and richest nations. The obstables they must overcome are: 1. Financial claims. Russia's obligations to ths United States are of three kinds: (1) The defaulted $187,000,000 loan made from the U. S. Treasury to the Kerensky regime. (2) Some $90,000,000 of miscellaneous miscellaneous notes given American bankers by the Czarist government. (3) Individual claims of American citizens for property confiscated by Russia, Russia, totalling about $300.000,000. 2 Communist propaganda in the United States. The Soviet Union, it is understood, is prepared to negotiate an agreement wito the United States that both powers undertake not to interfere in the other's domestic domestic affairs. 3. Trade relations. It is quite possible that during Utvinoffs visit the United States and Russia may negotiate a commercial treaty. Some financing by the U. S. Government may be necessary to-stimulate Russian Russian trade. The RFC is considering an advance of $75,000,000 for the purchase here by Russia of cotton and non-ferrous metals. Vastly important repercassions throughout the world were foreseen from the probable resumption o* diplomatic relations. One was a sobering sobering influence on Japanese expansion in tie East. Both Rus- sia and the United States have opposed Japan's Asiatic policy, Raisla because of its Interests in Manchnria and Mongolia, the United States because of the Philippine Islands and the American commercial market in China. Mr. Roosevelt's momentous announcement meant that two of the most powerful lations, the United States with 120.000,000 people and the Soviet Union with 160,000,000, were preparing to forget their predellc- tlons for political social systems in a common effort to promote peace and prosperity. Trade experts declare Russia offers a tremendous market for American American goods. In 1931, despite the depression. Russia purchased products of American farms and factories worth $111,000,000. But by 1932 this trade had shrunken to $12.000.000. one-tenth the previous amount. Soviet Soviet sources said this shrinkage was due to the fact Russian purchasers could not obtain satisfactory credits here because American bankers and business men. In times of depression, were reluctant to offer credit to a country which the United States did not recogniie. Makley and Dillinger were rec- ognised from photograph* ahewa;; to patrolmen. Bldon ChUtum and Eddie Roberts, Roberts, victims ot the police stattoB holdup here, and Ambrose Clark, a merchant policeman who wae la the station at the time of the robbery, robbery, also recognized the two men from photographs. It Is believed that five men la- stead of three were in the gaa» which raided the police station. One bandit herded the officers into the chiefs office and held them prisoner with a machine gun white his companions cleaned out tb* arsenal. The loot included nut- chine guns, riflee. sawed-off shotguns, shotguns, tear gas guns, long barreled shotguns, bullet proof vests, three police badges and ammunition. * Before leaving they robbed the patrolmen and Clark of their badges badges and revolvers and locked them In the basement . Seen on Road No. 31. The bandits sped out of town on highway 31 and went to Kokomo where they changed from their heavy automobile into a smell Maroon, sedan with red iflr* wheels. Kokomo police ought a gHmpM of them and said there were fire in the gang. It was then that Ix>ngbrake was recognized. * Deputy Sheriff Robert Tillett of Peru drove up to the police station Just as the bandit gang was leaving. leaving. He did not know of the rofc. bery but was suspicious. He sa(4 he followed the car about six mile* out of town on highway 31. H* obtained only the first three ntu»- bers on the license plate. From Kokomo the gang continued continued south on 31 toward Indianapolis. Indianapolis. Sixteen state police were assigned assigned to this district this morning morning to assist local officers in the search. It was feared that the gang te planning a bank holdup or some other spectacular crime and wa« arming itself accordingly. Leo Eakinn. 53. a night cook IB ft restaurant fovr doors away, walked walked into the police station durhtff the holdup. He was met at the door by one of the bandits and ordered into the chiefs office wltli the other victims. When ghown photographs of tke 10 escaped Indiana prison convicts Baklns vaguely identified two ot the Peru bandits as Joseph Fox and Harry Plerpont. Plerpont was serving a 10 to Jl years sentence imposed In Howard county on bank robbery charge* when he escaped from the prlsom. Roberts and Chittum were lew positive in their identification* than the Kokomo police. Both m*» insisted that only two bandits entered entered the police station. Thee* two were identified by the police aa Dil!ing«r and Makl«y. The Pern police said, however, at least three other men may hare been waiting outside in th* perkM ear.