Big article with small mention of Thomas Gallaudet

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Big article with small mention of Thomas Gallaudet - 4 EDUOATIOII OF THE DEAF FEATURES OP THE "WOBK...
4 EDUOATIOII OF THE DEAF FEATURES OP THE "WOBK AT 'l THE INDIANA I2STTTXTTIL Teaching; the Deaf to TJnderrtaad - Speech Work and Amusement of the Pupils. "i . ' . Although the regular school sen!oa of the Indiana Institution for the Education of the Deaf does not be fin unta September September 13. Mr. Johnson, the ruperlntead - ent, to a buy min. Folders and circulars circulars are being sent, oat, describing . the work of the school, and what la necessary necessary for a child to be eliglbre to membership. membership. With these is also a lone list of question, that have been carefully compiled, compiled, with the Idea of f urnlAhlng reliable data as to the cauie of deafness of the . Of course, the children who enter the school "are handicapped te a creak extent extent by teir . Inability to. hear, and If Is often the tase that from their birth they VALKNTIXfi BALL are rather neglected by their parents; so Jt Is necessary to teach them many j ikli. that the ornlnarv chUd learna at ' home. The whole course oil tudy Is so arraneed aa - to cover ten' yVars. and - is divided Into primary. Intermediate and academic courses. Tne primary ana intermediate intermediate courses embrace spelling, reading, writing, drawing, arithmetic, geography, history arid grammar. The two courses are divided into seven grades, five primary and two intermedi - j ate; and the time required to complete, them la seven years. The academic : course takes three years, comprising, ad - j v a need work In old studies, and taking up sciences. The number of years a pu - - pil may remain in school Is regulated by ; a time schedule, and depends on , the j mental abil ty, Pogresa and conduct of the pupil himself. He may remain Ave . years, ana as mucn longer up io iun - teen years as hla conduct and promotions from year to year may warrant. To Make Pupils Self - Supporting. ' It U the Intention of the trustees to render render the pupils self - supporting In greater i or less degree after leaving the Instl - : .4 tutlon. by teaching them some, useful j f' oDject for wnicn iney siana. an.i near - , T Ing and speaking, persons unconsciously en I t SILENT BUT ANIMATED. trade; or occupation. Among the trades taught are cooking and other light part of housework, and the various trades Into which - the needle enters; for - the boy, typesetting. . presswork. carpentering, carpentering, cabinet making, woodturnlng, painting, painting, giattng. cutting, fitting and repair kof shoes, harness making, blaeksmithlng. tinworklng, barberlng. baking, cooking, freehand and mechanical, (s taught to ! alt pupils !urlng the first Ave years, and in the four' higher grades all girts and elected boys are taught sketching, designing designing and modeling, woodcarving and painting In oil and water color. In the education of the deaf there are lu .general uae two methods of imparting imparting Information the manual, or French method, lnc.tudlrg the use of the sign language, manual alphabet and writing, and the oral, or German method. 4n which is employed speech and speech reading - and writing. A combination Of the two. called the American or combined system is used here and - ln.the majority of the American - schools. In the manual depart - ' ment. embracing five primary, two inter mediate and three academic grades. In VvTAi 1 Lf V " flrrer alongside the nose to call to his attention, nasal ribration. , Attention Is also drairn to the xaovements of the lipe and of the positions of the orpins wlU - ln the cavities ot the mouth and throat, by actual sight or by diacrams tUos tratlYfc ? tbeir positiorj. The pupil is then ur - d to imitate the positions, rlvic - Tcice. for certain slnie sonndst or combinaxkyiis of two or more sl'irle sounds, or stlil larrer combina - tloss aceorcir.r as the exigencies of the cae renalreu IefectiTe voice, improper register. weakne,4 casaiity. stammer - lnj:. etc is overcotrve by explanation. trminia of the ra - js?siiar sense and practice. practice. Speech - readings comes of close ob - servation and constaiit - practice. - Krrwn the very there U practice, ana the teacher adorts the most natural of methoos conetajit repetition of spoken words and short sentence. These the claidren soon become acquainted with, and through the knowledge thus gained, the rate of acquisition increases more or le rip:iiy. acx - ordi - ig to the intelligence aad attention of the pupil. Speca read - can not be learned f rdm the movements movements of the lips.ioniy. as the term lip radlngf. often Incorrectly used as synonymous with pech: reading.' seems to signify, but mfrtt be learned from the movements of the - lip and other - risible, portions of the organs of articulation, all of whH - h are interpreted to some extent bv facial exprsion and natural actio - a. The oral method was used as early as MOCK HAND. 179). principally in Germany, and the tlrst tc - acher to i..Ut on its being used as the 'e mraiia u iiiBiruciion u " - 'vc At this same time the Abbe de l'Epe in France. devled and perfected the manual manual method, and Insisted on signs as the only system of imparting information to . the deaf. It wa the latter method that was adopted by the founders of the ; American asylum for the deaf, at Hart - I ford. Conn., in lal7, the first institution 1 f r educating the deaf in the United 1 State. On account of this, the manual . method "ooii had a strong following In various parts of the country, but in iy one or two schoc i - were started in New F.ngiand for thi - purpose of teaching all deaf persons by the previously condemned condemned oral method, and despite - consid consid j..,.,,,,, of tms method was simply atvomi,Utlhni.rit. ;,nd" of no real pract erable opposition, ami the claim tnat a an piisnment. ana oi no real practical value, it gradually grew in favor. From time Immemoitlal there haa existed existed a sign langnaRe rf a primitive nature, nature, but the education of the deaf has resulted' in its development and the widening of its scope and use. Many of the signs are natural ones that is. thy fend to outline or suggest the idea, action make frequent use of them in fiaily intercourse. intercourse. Others are hlehly arbitrary, and have grown to fixity through custom or tacit agreement, there serming to be no natural reason for their 'being. The order wherein the qualifying attribute follows the objective is adhered to in the sin lanpu - ie. and. In thin It differs from the syntactical ord.jr of the English language language , Use of Manual Alphabet. In addition to the sign language., there Is still another method besides writing by which one can communicate with the deaf, and one which Is universally used! by them the manual alphabet, or finxer spelling, certain positions of the fingers representing the letters of the alphabet. It Is a borrowed art for the deaf, as it was neither originated by them - nor for them. It seems to have been used by the Assyrians and evidences of Its ""existence have been traced on monuments of art down to - the fifteenth century. Many methods of finger spelling were Invented by monks, under rigid vows of silence, and others who desired secret manner of communication. They all seem to be btse;i on the linger signs for numbers in use among the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. The ' first finger alphabet adopted In teaching the deaf was a Spanish one - hand alphabet, as devised by Pedro Pone de Ieon. a monk who lived in Spain between 1Kb and 15M. Later, with some changes. It was Introduced Into France, and again later, 1S17, Into this country by Br. T. H. Gallaudet. In Eng - j jan1 aad Bome other places the alphabet In common use la the two - hand alphabet, and the one - hand is as uncommon there as the two - har.d Is here. It was In 1M1 that the first teacher of deef mutes wandered into 'Indiana. He was Jamos McLean, a graduate of the New York Institution and opened a small school in Parke cour.ty. For a few months he struggled alcng iwith his school of five or six pupils and then grew discouraged and gave up. In 1M2, however. William Rales, the ffather of a deaf mute, got a bill through the General Assembly appropriating a small sum of money for the payment of a teacher forj the deaf, and In 1S43 he fathered, a bill providing for.a special tax for the maintenance maintenance of a school. At about this time. William Wlllard. a graduate of the American Asylum, at Hartford, and a sons as some imagine. Of course, aa children, children, they are BkelV to appear a trt2e dull for their ags becae.i through lack of heartrg. they lose much that other children gather unconsciously, but after they have learned to understand others and be understood they make , rapid progress progress in many instances aruL a number of them have made en y table reputations as artisans, artists and writers. He laughed at the idea that deaf children were lacking lacking la imagination and cited a case that came to his notice last season. He noticed noticed that u animated arrcTseat was going on among a j number cf or and. upon lnr - Lir!ng into the cause. was informed informed that a llttSe tow - hairsd fellow - was tnsixtir that the sen. upon setting every evening, was washed in the sea and came up early next morning ail cleaa and fresh for the day's work. In addition to keeping up their ejudl the pupUs are expected to do "police - daty. In the shape of sweeping, scrutbaig and keeping the grounds and buildinga clean in various wayi The older toys, not old - enough to Ta their study of some trade, howprer. see that the school bt iidings are kept clean, while the little fellows sweep the wks and see that the grass i? kept free ci peper and such litter. litter. Al! is not wo at the Institution, however. At certain tan dyrtrtg the yeaj parties are ptven for the pupils, and they, are entered with a vinf that iwould make a Jaded society leader a - rious. ' it. Valentine Night's Party. Of . all the parties. though. the maouers.d:e, which takes plac? on St. Valentine's nirht. is the star attraction. Fcr we - ks thead teachers' and pt:rii are busy at work every spare mornest. pre - papir'fe cortuTTfa and laving plans for an affair that will comp!'eiy e - - lipse the .preceding f;:nct!or given by oihr committees. committees. It is in the maa - jeraie party that the bard aprears that ha caused some unfavorable comment from the un - ir.forn - .t - d In regard to the exsravazancs of keeping such . a luxury at suh an in - Bti'tJtion. A lurahcr or lrvtrument ar i rorrowe3. and the lss the porformers know about thir "ue the halter, from hfir point of view. JIa - .y cf the" teachers, teachers, and a!! of the pup;l'mak. and The ' - vering 1? always a merry one. with Fames of all sort and even dancine. for some of the deafmute? are exceedlniy clever In'fhi?. keeping time to the music by mean? of the flour vibrations. Of course, it !s understood, without savinR. that Christmas is a bit: dav. or rather two nights for on Christmas eve is th tre with a present thtrepn for every chiid. as, when the little fellows are s'lirhted by thfir own people. Mr. Johnson Johnson sees that" they are not forgotten, and then on. Christmas night there is another celebration in the form of a - party. Purine Purine these holidays the children are not allowed to return to out - of - town, homes, however. wl;hout special permit from the superintendent. MUSIC NOTES. Campanarl will sine next season in "La ISohem '' fir.d "La Tosc." Herm 1 1 Zumpe bcr - n, selected to succtei irrian Levi as conductor at Munich. ' The Leipslc Philharmonic ftix - lctv will m:ike a tour of this country beginning in November. Grace CoKlen prima donna' soprano soprano of the Engl!5h opera company in New York this season Edward Lloyd, the English tencr. will nu'ke a farewell tour of this country er.rly njx ytvir. Lillian Klauvelt ha tone to her bungalow bungalow ne - r Lake Placid In The .V'iion - ojcks for the ret of the summer. Arthur Frledhefm. who has heeh connected connected with a Chicago school, will return to New York this season and give his time to concert work. An effort is beiig made in Chicago to provide a local school of music. It will be connected with - the Chicago University. University. The position of director will be offered offered to ThefKlore Thomas The song writer. Mrs. Guy d'Hardelot, lives in Regent Park. Lor - i m. in a house once tenanted by Mrs. Siddons. and her real name Is Mrs. Rhodes. Her father's homo was the Chateau d'Hardelot. near Boulogne, Frapee. Gounod encouraged her. Victor Maurel sang oneof her songs. "Saris tol." and made it popular. The passionate press agent Is doing particularly fine wi.rk for Kennerley Rumford, the English barytone who was recently married - - to - Clara Hint, the contralto. It is announce l that he Is "a gjod horseman, a skillful golfer, an expert expert angler and an ardent cricketer, but above all. - a finished, intelligent (artist. " Sullivan's latest comic orerai "The Rose of I'ersla." will be produced under the management of "Charles Frohman. at Daly's Theater. New York, Septem - lor . The work will be stagtd by Richard Richard Rarker, who prcpan d it "for the Savoy Savoy Theater,' London. The Ijondon company company Is engaged for the New' York presentation. presentation. PRIZE WINNER IN THE ' - ' - - " t .' . j j j j j j

Clipped from
  1. The Indianapolis News,
  2. 25 Aug 1900, Sat,
  3. Page 10

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  • Big article with small mention of Thomas Gallaudet

    snl – 15 Oct 2013

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