FF Bondy 19 Nov 1941 Warning Is Issued in the Destruction of Boll Weevils
Warning Is Issued In the Destruction Of Boll Weevils Florence — "The burning of woods to kill boll weevils-is one of the most expensive and least -effective methods-that: a-farmer can use," states F. 'F. Bondy and C. F. Rain-water, 'Federal Entomologist Entomologist at the Pee 'Dee Experiment Station. ..'•.-......_ "Boll -weevils hibernate 'in many places where they cannot be killed killed by iburning. Large numbers'of. weevils pass_the_winter JrLSpanish moss hanging high in trees; surrounding surrounding cotton fields. More.than have often (been found. Clumps of grass and weeds along <litch banks, field roads, and at the end of rows afford ideal hibernating quarters. Many boll weevils hibernate hibernate in hay stacks ~ and around barns, gins, T outhouses, etc. Weevils Weevils also hibernate in surface woods trash, "but the records show that more than three-fourths do so within the ifirst 50 feet of the edges of woocis bordering .cotton fields. Practically none are found at distances greater than 150 feet from the edges of the woods." "These facts point to the absurdity absurdity of burning large areas of her in the belief that a large number number of boll weevils will be killed. In this case the remedy is worse than the disease." "Burning: woods damages the timber and kills the undergrowth and seedlings, the wild life soil erosion. Woods fires often get out "of control and larger areas are burned than intended; anc :> burning the woods docs It is also 'bad for and may lead to - . not E ut ri<] °£' the weevil. There are always enough left that cannot cannot 'be killed by burning -to start an infestation next spring, and i: weather conditions (luring June and July are favorable for weevi development, these will always increase increase so that control measures will be needed any way." "It is wiser to;~encourage the growth of young timber and to systematically cut and sell this in order to purchase dusting n\i\- chinos and calcium arsenate than to destroy the timber .by burning. herj'I'he most important'thing a farm- «r can do in thu F:ill is to cut his cotton stalks as early as possible before, frost so as to reduce the number of boll weevils that go into into hibernation anil survive the winter. More weevils will be killed by the early Fall destruction of the cotton .stalks than by the dangerous practice of burning woods." concludes the entomolo- j i gists.