1898 American Tragedy Bull Run
"THE flPfllCflrl GOflFMGT." - m Leading Incidents and Episodes of the War of the Rebellion. By HORACE GREELEY. BATTLE OF BULL RUN. (Continued.) NEW TROOPS SLOW IN MANUVEltlNG. THE BATTLE ON THE TERRIFIC FIGHTING OVER RICKETTS'S BATTERYJEFF. BATTERYJEFF. DAVJS ARR1VE3-RE-VERSES FOR THE UNION TROOPS. REBELS DO NOT PURSUE-THE LOSSES. The movement of our army was to Lave commenced at 2:30 o'clock a. in., and the battle should have been opened at all points at 6 a. m.; but our raw troops had never been brigaded prior to this advance, and most of their officers were utterly without experience; so that there was a delay of two or three hours in the flanking divisions reaching the point at which the battle was to begin. Gen. Tyler, in front of Stone Bridge, opened -with his artillery at 6:30 a. m., eliciting no reply; and it was three hours later when Hunter's advance, under Col. Burnside, crossed at Sudley Spring ; his men, thirsty with their early march that hot July morning, stopping as they crossed to drink and fill their canteens. Meantime, every movement of our forces was made manifest to Beauregard, Beauregard, matching them from the slope two or three miles west, by the clouds of dust that iwc over their line of inarch, and rc.iinent after regiment was hurried northward by him to meet the imminent shock. Ko strength was wasted by him upon, and fcarcely any notice taken of, our feint on his rijht ; but when Burnside's Brigade, alter crossing at Sudley, had marched a mile or so through woods down the road on the right of Bull Run, and come out into a clear and cultivated country, stretching thence over a mile of rolling fields down to AVarrenton turnpike, he was vigorously opened upon by artillery from the woods in his front, and, as he pressed on, by infantry also. Continuing to advance, fighting, followed followed and supported by Hunter's entire division, which was snon joined on its left by Heintzelman's, which had crossed the stream a little later and further down, our attacking column reached and crossed the Warrenton road from Centerville by the Stone Bridge, giving a hand to Sherman's Brigade, of Tyler's Division, and all but clearing this road of the rebel batteries and regiments, which here resisted ourefforts,i under the immediate command of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Here Griffin's battery, i Beauregard's official report of the battle, battle, which was dated Manassas, Aug. 20, i i i . t ,.... .1 -it . lauer nu nuu rcceiveu arm rttiu an our i official reports,) gays of the state of the battle at this time: ' Heavy losses had now been sustained on our side, both in numbers numbers and in the personal worth of the slain. The 8th Ga. regiment had suffered heavily, being exposed, as it took and maintained its position, to a fire from the enemy, al-rrady al-rrady posted within a hundred yards of their front and rfeht, sheltered by fences and other cover. 11 was at this time that Lieut.-Col. Gardner was .severely wounded, as also several other valuable officers; the Adjutant of the regiment, Lieut. Branch, was killed, and the horse of the regretted Barlow was shot under him. The 1th Ala. suffered severely from the deadly fire of the thousands of muskets which they soc'aunt-lessly soc'aunt-lessly fronted, under the immediate leadership leadership of Bee himself. Jts I rave Colonel, E. J. Jones, was dangerously wounded, and many gallant officers fell, slain or hors de combat. "Now, howcv 2vcr, with the surging mass j Federal infantry pressing on of over U,GC0 their front, and under the incessant fire of at least 20 p eces of artillery, with the fresh brigades of Sherman and Keycs approaching approaching the latter already in musket range our lines gave back, but under orders from Gen. Bee. . "The enemy, maintaining their fire, pressed their swelling masses onward as our shattered battalions retired. The slaughter for the moment was deplorable, and has filled many a Southern home with lifelong sorrow. " Under this inexorable stress, the retreat continued until arrested by the energy and resolution of Gen. Bee, hupported bv Bartow Bartow and Evans, just in the rear of the l?ol-inson l?ol-inson House, and Hampton's Legion, which had been already advanced, and was in position near it. "Imboden's battery, which had been handled with marked skill, but whose men were almost exhausted, and the two pieces of Walton's battery, under Lieut. Hichard-son, Hichard-son, being threatened by the enemy's infantry infantry on the left and front, were also obliged to fall back. Imboden, leaving a disabled piece on the ground, retired until he met Jackson's Brigade, while Richardson Richardson joined the main body of his battery near the Lewis House." PARTIAL PROSPECTUS. Some Features of The ( National Tribune, 1898. We have to announce this week that wc have, already sent to the J 1 Napoleon and His Marshals. By J. T. ITendlcy. Splendidly xiuuu cm ui bjjcuiu vt.u vjiiijiuiiutsiiij oiiuj. ixeniy xtrozneyn, a;i ujustrated more extended notice of whom will be found in another column, i Si KL lie will lie heard from in next week's issue, llis record as a soldier and his talents as a writer warrant great expectations. We shall also have a weekly letter from Ass't Surg. Guy Oi! M. Godfrey, of the U. 8. Light Artillery. Awake and imbued with the spirit of this enterpiising age, we have stopped-at nothing in the way of trouble and expense to secure attractions. a Our object is to enlist the largest anny ot readers marshaled under the Hag of any publisher in America. The National Tuiimim: is a current review of the great questions which occupy men's thoughts from week to. week. Tho inteiests of the Nation arc paramount, and therefore such inirj portant matters sus the .Spanish-American war, Hawaiian annexation Jiritish complications, and Alaskan gold discoveries are treated in a cyclopedic manner as they arise. t With all these l'eatuies The National Tmkun-k is a pictorial paper, illustrated as well as any monthly magazine. We are now publishing The Story of Paul Jones. By Augustus Bbell,. author of " The Cannoneer." This writer needs no introduction, as his place in the regards of the readers of The National Tkibune is established. established. A File of Infantrymen. By John McElroy, The American Conflict. By Horace Greeley. The most trenchant review of the events of the Avar period extant. A complete complete history. Fighting Them Over. Brief stories of thrilling incidents contributed by soldiers themselves. The Forbes War Pictures. The truest and most spirited sketches of araiy life-produced by any artistrof the war. Uncle Snowball. i'u.soi.af iJekollekshuns of an Army Cook. A series of iuimtable sketches" depicting the ludicrous side of camp life. - . , - ... which, with RicketU's, had done the most effective fighting throughout, was charged with effect by a rebel regiment, which was enabled to approach it with impunity by a mistake of our officers, who supposed it one of our own. Three different attacks wcrj repulsed with slaughter, and the 1 a'tery remained in our hands, though all its horses were killed. At 3 p. m. the rebels had been driven a mile and a half, and were nearly out of, sight, abandoning the Warrenton road entirely to OUK VICTORIOUS TROOP& Gen. Tyler, on hearing the guns of Hunter on our right, had pushed Sherman's, Sherman's, and soon after Keyes's, Brigade over the run to assail the enemy in his front, driving them back after a severe struggle, and steadily advancing until checked by a heavy fire of artillery from batteries on the hights above the road, supported by a brigade of rebel infantry strongly posted behind breastworks. A gallant charge by the 2d Me. and 3d Conn, temporarily carried the buildings buildings behind which the rebel guns were sheltered; but the breastworks were too strong, and our men, recoiling from their fire, deflected to the "left, moving down the run under the shelter of the bluff, covering the efforts of Capt. Alexander's pioneers to remove the heavy abatis, whereby the rebels had obstructed the road up from the Stone Bridge. This had at length been effected ; and Schenck's Brigade and Ayres's battery, of Tyler's Division, were on the point of crossing the run to aid in completing our triumph. But the rebels, at first out-numbered at the point of actual collision, had been receiving reinforcements nearly all day ; and, at this critical moment, Gen. Kirby Smith, who had that morning left Piedmont, Piedmont, 15 miles distant, with the remaining remaining brigade of Gen. Johnston's army, appeared appeared on the field. Cheer after cheer burst from the rebel hosts, but now so downcast, as this timely reinforcement rushed to the front of the battle.2 Smith ACCOUNTS 1JY 3JEHFX NEWSPAPERS. 2 The Richmond Dispatch of Aug. 1 has a spirited account of the battle, by an eyewitness, eyewitness, writing at Manassas .function, July 22, from which we extract the following: following: " Between 2 and 3 o'clock, large numbers numbers of men were leaving the field, some of them wounded, others exhausted by the long struggle, who gave -us gloomy reports; but, as the firing onl both sides continued steadily, we felt sure that our brave Southerners Southerners had not been conquered by the overwhelming hordKs ofc the North. It is, however, 6ua to truth to say that the result result at this hour Jiung trembling in the balance. We had ilost numbers of our most distinguished officers. Gens. Bartow and Bee had been stricken down; Lieut. -Col. Johnson, of the Hampton Legion, had lecn killed; Col. i Hampton had been wounded. " But there was at hand the fearless General whose reputation as a commander was staked on this battle; Gen. Beau reran! reran! promptly offered Unload the Hampton Legion into action, which ho executed in a style unsurpassed ad unsurpassable. Gen. Beauregard rode -up and down our lines, between jiie enemy and his own men, regardless of , the heavyfire, cheering and encouraging our troops. About this time, a shell strucJcLhis horse, talcing .his head olT, -.andJcilUng theHfhorties: of J hia Aidsp Messrs. Ferguson and Hay ward. " Gen. BeauregardJs A;ds desnrve honorable honorable mention, part'cula'rly those just nameu, jtnu uols. . rorclior Allies, James Chestnut, John L. Manning, and A. H. Chisholm. Gen. Johnston also threw himself himself into the thickest of the fight, seizing the colors of a Georgia regiment, and rallv-ing rallv-ing them lo charge. His staff signalized tnemseives ty ineir intrepidity, Col. Thomas being killed and Maj. Mason wounded. " Your correspondent heard Gen. Johnston Johnston exclaim to Gen. Cocke, just at the critical moment, ' Oh, for -four regiments ! ' His wish was answered; for in the distance our reinforcements appeared. The tide of battle was turned in our favor by the arrival of Gen. Kirby Smith, from Winchester, Winchester, with 4,000 men of Gen. Johnston's Division. Gen. Smith heard while on the Manassas railroad cars, the roar of battle. He stopped the train, and hurried his troops across the fields to the noint hist I where he was most needed. Thv wem nf first supposed to be the enemv, their arrival at that point of the field being en tirely unexpected. The enemy fell back, and 'a panic seized them. Cheer after cheer from our men went up, and we knew the battle had been won." The LouisvHIo Courier, a thoroughly Secession Secession sheet-, had an accountfrbm its correspondent, correspondent, "So Dc Kay,' who was an officer in the Kentucky battalion attached to Gen. -Johnston's army, which reached the battlefield among the last, and who, writing from Manassas, Monday, July 22 after stating that Beauregard had been driven two miles, says: "The fortunes of the day were evidently against us. Some of our best officers had been slain, and the flower of our army lay strewn upon the field, ghastly in death or gaping with wounds. At noon, the cannonading cannonading is described as terrific. It was an incessant roar lor more than two hours, the havoc and devastation at this time being fearful. McDowell, with the aid of Patterson's Patterson's Division of 20,000 men, had nearlv outflanked us, and they were just in the act of possessing themselves of the railway to Richmond. t.Thcn all would have been lost. But, most opportunely I may sny providentially at this juncture, Gen. Johnston, Johnston, with the remnant of his division our army, a we fondly call it for wo have been Si Kleffg as a ever written. " Three Months in Gtn.) Fremantle. of the 1 A Hunting Trip on the Amazons. By Dr. J. IT. Porter. J The following, among other things, will appear in future at atl early date: I A Loyal Home Worker Abroad. By Elsie Pomeroy !Mc-Elroy. !Mc-Elroy. This is a series of letters from Eurojie by this girted young Waiter, with whose work our readers are familiar. " Inside of'Reheldom. By Dr. ,L P. Cannon. A second installment installment of this graphic narrative, going back to the beginning of the war. ' The Truth of History. This will be the actual history of the war, drawn from ollicial sources, told in an interesting way, and set in opposition to the rebel side of the story. Battle Days of the Roundheads! A sketch of the famous 100th Pa. By J. 11. Ifolibangb. Public Buildings of Washington. By Kate Brownlee Sherwood. Sherwood. The Brady War-Views. From photographs taken during the war. The Santa Fe Trail in the Old Days, and A Journey to the Manitoba Country in 1849. Both by Gen. John Pope. Reminiscences of Gettysburg. By .las. Pulton, M. D. War Events in East Tennesson By W. E. Doyle. Sabers Again to the Front. By Biraey McLean. The Shelby Raid. By Wiley Brittom... The Pennsylvania Reserves. -By-R, E.- McBride. The Firing on Fort Sumter. By a young Ohiormecl-anic.- Scouting Adventures. Thrilling-. epUo.lua of army life. By Maj. Henry Romeyn. -, Aiicl.'maiiy other attractions, arrangements for -jvliicli are in progress. - almost instantly fell from his horse, wounded but the command of his brigade brigade was promptly assumed by Col. Arnold Elzey, (a Marylander who did not 'go with his State) who pressed forward, backed by the whole reassured and exultant rebel host, who felt that the day wa3 won. Our soldiers, who had been 13 hours marchiug and fighting, fighting, wear',. hungry, thirsty, continually encountering fresh rebel regiments, and never seeing even a company hurrying to their own support, became suddenly dismayed and panic-stricken. Elzey's and Early's fresh battalions filled the , woods on their right, extending rapidly toward its rear, firing on them from under cover, and seeming, by their shots and cries, to be innumerable. Two or three of our regiments recoiled, and then .broke, rushing down to the run. JEFF. DAVIS ON THE FIELD. Jefferson Davis, who had left Richmond Richmond at 6 a. m., reached the junction at 4, and galloped to the battlefield just in time, it was said, to witness the advance of his cavalry, 1,500 strong, under Lieut.-Col. Stuart, on the heels of our flying troops. He telegraphed that night to his Congress as follows: Manassas Junction, Snnilay night. Night has closed upon a hard-fought field. Oar forces were victorious. The enemy was routed, and fled precipitately, abandoning a largo amount of anus, ammunition, knapsacks, knapsacks, and baggage. The ground wa3 strewed for miles with those killed, and the fann-houscs fann-houscs and the ground around Avcre filled with wounded. Pursuit was continued along several rentes, toward Ix;esburg and Centerville, until darkness darkness covered the fugitives. "We have captured several iiold-battcrics, stands of arms, and Union and State flags. Many prisoners have been taken. Too high praise cannot be bestowed, bestowed, whether for the 'skill of the principal oflicerSj or for the gallantry of all onr troops. The battle was mainly fought on our left. Our force vas 25,000; that of the enemy estimated estimated at 35,000. Jkffkiison Davis. Had Davis been aware of the utter demoralization demoralization of our soldiers by panic, he would doubtless have had them pursued, not only toward Centerville, but, if possible, possible, into and beyond it ; and he would not have needed so grossly to understate the strength of his army in order to magnify his victory. no puksuit bv mi: jieuels. Before 3 p. m. there had been fitful cannonading and skirmishing, but no serious engagement, on our left. But, when our defeat on the right became manifest, Gen. Johnston again ordered Ewell to advance and attack ; which he did, but. was received by the Second Brigade, Col. T. A. Davis, with so rapid and spirited a hre ot grape and canister that he precipitately retreated. There were still more than three hours of good daylight when the rebels saw our routed right rushing madly from the field, like frightened sheep, yet their pursuit amounted to nothing. They came across Bull Run, preceded by their cavalry, and seem to have taken- a deliberate, though rather distant, distant, survey of the Eifth Division, drawn up in good order along the slope west of Centerville, and eagerly expecting expecting their advance. But they appeared to have been aware that their victory was a lucky accident, and they did not choose to submit its prestige to the chances of another fray. Having gratified their thirst of knowl edge, considerably out of musket-shot, they returned to their previous hiding-places hiding-places in the woods skirting Bull Run.3 During the forepart of the night, some of our men, who "had not been stam peded, went down toward the battlefield and brought away one or two guns, which had been abandoned in the flight, but not captured by the enemy. Our friends and brothers in camp and field for three months reappeared, and made one other desperatcstrugglc to obtain the vantage-ground. Elzey's Brigade of Maryland-era Maryland-era and Virginians led the charge; and right manfully did they execute the work." - 3 Beauregard, in his official report, thus lamely explains this modesty: ' Harly's Brigade, meanwhile, joined bv the lflth Va., L'eut.-Col. Strange) of Cocke's Brigade, pursued the now panic-stricken, fugitive enemy. Stuart, with li s cavalry, and Beckham, had also taken up the pursuit pursuit along the road b- which the enemy had come upon the fuld that morning;' but, f-(Kn encumbered by prisoners, who thronged his- way, the former waj unable to attack the mass of the fast fleeing, frantic Federalists. Withers 's, Tt. J. Preston's, Preston's, Cash's, and Kershaw's regiments, Hampton's Lcuion and Kemper's'battery, also pursued along the Warren ton road by the Stone Bridge, the enemy having opportunely opportunely orer.ed a way for them through the heavy abatis which my troops had made on the west srdc of ihc bridge, several days before. But this pursuit was soon recalled, n consequence of a false report, report, which unfortunately reached us, that the enemy's reserves, known to be fresh and ot considerable strength, were threatening threatening the position of Union Mills Ford." Veteran. One of the most popular, stories the Confederacy." British Armv. By Col. (now Lieut.- DOCTORS DON'T DENY IT. The frank testimony of a famous physician. V7hen Dr. Ayer announced his Sarsapa-rilla Sarsapa-rilla to the world, he at once found the physicians his friends. Such a remedy was what they had looked for, and they were prompt to appreciate iU merits and prescribe it. Perhaps no medicine known as a patent medicine is so generally administered administered and prescribed by physicians as Dr. Aver's Sarsaparilla for blood diseases, and diseases of the skin that indicate a tainted condition of the blood. Experience has proved it to be a specific in such diseases, and sores of Ions standing, old ulcers, chronic rheumatism, and many othcr like forms of disease have yielded to theperseveringruseof Dr. Aycr's Sarsaparilla Sarsaparilla after other medicines had utterly failed. The testimonials received from physicians to the value of this remedy would fill a volume. Here is one leaf signed by Rich'd H. Lawrence, M. D., Baltimore, Md. "It affords me pleasure to bear testimony to the success which your preparation of Sarsaparilla has had in the treatment of cutaneous and other diseases arising from a vitiated condition of the blood. Were it necessary. I might give ycu the names of at least fifty individuals who have been cured of long-standing complaints simply by the administration of Dr. Aycr's Sarsa-pa-rilla. One very remarkable instance was that of a quite old woman who had lived at Catonsville, near this city. She had been Fifth Division, constituting the reserve, now become the rear-guard, of our army, remained in position until after midnight; midnight; when, under peremptory orders from Gen. McDowell, it commenced its deliberate retreat to the environs of "Washington. The impression that the rebels, had they pursued, might have captured or dispersed our Hying forces, is unsus-tained unsus-tained by fact?. For between the panic-stricken panic-stricken fugitives and the victors were not merely the reserve (Fifth) Division, which remained in position, and had not fired a shot, but the First (Tyler's) Division forming our left, which had suffered little loss, but had signally repulsed repulsed the demonstration made upon it at the close of the fight; -while the better portion of our beaten right and center, including the Eegular infantry and cavalry, still stood its ground and sternly faced the foe. Maj. Barry, our Chief of Artillery in the battle, in his official report, after noticing the loss of 10 of his guns at the close, through the flight of their supporting infantry, savs : "The army having retired upon Centerville, I was ordered by Gen. McDowell in person, to post the artillery in position to cover the retreat. The batteries of Hunt, Ayres, Tid-ball, Tid-ball, Edwards, Green, and- the !New York 8th regiment, (the latter served I by volunteers from "Wilcox's Brigade,) 20 pieces in all, were at once placed in position ; and thus remained until 12 o'clock p. m., when orders havingbeen received to retire upon the Potomac, the batteries were put in march, and, covered covered by Richardson's Brigade, retired in good order and without haste, and, early next morning, reoccupied their former camp3 on the Potomac" Col. J. B. Richardson, commanding the Fourth Brigade of Tyler's Division, remained Unmolested in position, one mile in advance of Centerville, on the Blackburn's Ford road, until 2 a. m. of Monday; then retreated, per order, through Centerville to Fairfax and Arlington, entirely unassailed. 1. iaalW:'ii..n.i."jt.Mi,ucro; Ge. McDowell Gen. McDowell reports our losses in this engagement at 481 killed and 1,011 wounded, but says nothing of how many wounded or others were taken prisoners. Among our killed were Col. James Cameron, brother of the Secretary of Warof the 79th KY. (Highlanders) ; Col. Slocum, and Maj. Ballon, of the 2d E. I., .and Lieut.-Col. Haggerty, of the GUth N. Y. Among our wounded were Gen. David Hunter and Gen. S. P. Heintzelman, commanding divisions ; Col. Oliver IS. Willcox, of Michigan; Col. Gilmau Marston, of the 1st JNr. H.; Co!. A. M. Wood, of the 14th K Y.; Col. H. W. Slocum, of the 27th N. Y; and Col. N. L. Farnham, of the 11th N. Y. (Fire Zouaves). Col. Willcox was also taken prisoner, as well as Col. Michael Corcoran, of the G9th IT. Y. (Irish), and Maj. James D. Potter, of the 38th N Y both slightly wounded. . Gen. Beauregard reports the rebel VtrLlm t. m nlr ' "7Sl3U3fe fc"V ?'V HIB Hr&I MMSrVgP il IBC-MJfftyr i r i m&jm --m IX 9B A 'iffll VflDHirBT- .yilBBH Bff&VPfli BhBI V & jflHHH VBhhBhM I BBM. m mw !BBBBBv 'rHHBBBBBBlHTFi'v''',,ii IfiH j 'BpAUiHvAvAsi f 3p" . fS" jfcL .ABBBjK-ic?IByWiy'"Uyya"tf ' t " " - ""- - ' ' w " . jfi Y "fH I - afflicted with the rhetimatfcra for thre years, and had taken as she had informed me, more than one hundred dollars' worth of medicine to obtain relief, yet without any beneficial result. I advised her to try a bottle of Dr. Aver's Sarsaparilla and told her that if it failed to do her good, J would refund the money. A short time after ward, I Jearned that it had cured her. and a neighbor of hers similarly ataicted wa also entirely reliered of his complaint by it-s use. This is the universal result of the administration of your Sarsaparilla. It is without exception, the best blood purifier purifier with which I am acquainted." There is no other similar medicine caa show a similar record. Others have imitated imitated the remedy. They can't imitate the record. Dr. Aver's Sarsaparilla has the friendship of the physician and the favor of the family, because it cures. It fulfills all promises made for it. It has healed thousands of people ct the most malignant diseases that can mutilate mankind. Nothing has ever superceded it and nothing nothing ever will until a medicine is made that can show a record of cures gTcateria nnmber and equal in wonder to thoe wrought by Dr. Aycr's Sarsaparilla. Dr. Aver's Curebook. a story of cures told by th'e cured, is sent free on request by the j. C. Ayer qompany. Lowell, Mass. Writa for it. los3 at 269 killed and 1,533 wounded; in all, 1,852 ; saying nothing of any loss in prisoners, of whom 200 or 300 were taken by our soldiers in the early part of the battle, and duly forwarded to Washington. He says he had sent 1,460 wounded and other prisoners to Richmond, Richmond, and estimates (five weeks after the fight) that the number may be increased increased to 1,600. That is certainly a very lean exibit of prisoners a3 the fruit of so decisive a victory ; hut the fleetness of our soldiers soldiers is to be taken into the account He guesses that our losses will amount to 4,500 in killed, wounded, and prison ers, and adds : "The ordnance and supplies captured Include Include some 23 field pieces of the Lest character character of arms, -with over 100 rounds of ammunition ammunition for each gun, 37 caissons, C forges, 4 hattery-waons, 64 artillery horses, completely completely equipped, 500,000 rounds of aniall-arms aniall-arms ammunition, 4,500 sets of acconter-ments, acconter-ments, over 500 muskets, some 9 regimental and garrison flags, with a large number of pistols, knapsacks, swords, canteens, blankets, blankets, a large store of axes and intrenching tools, wagons, ambnlance?, horses, camp and garrison eqnipage, hospital stores, and some subsistence." Our reports admit a Ios3 of 17 guns ; other accounts make it 22. Beauregard, Beauregard, writing on the 26th of August, should have been able to state the exact number. His statement of the number of musket3 taken at "' over 500," including including all those dropped by our dead and wounded, proves that the stories told by excited correspondents and other fugitives, of our men throwing away everything that could impede their flight, were gros3 exaggerations. At 7 a. m. of Monday, the 22, the last of our stragglers and wounded left Centerville, which a rebel cavalry force was about to enter. But there, was no pursuit, and no loss on our part after the battle, but of what our men threw away. Beauregard explains hi3 failure to pursue, after our discomfiture,, as follows : " An army -which had fought like ours on that day, against uncommoa odds, under a July sun, most of the time without water and -without food, except a hastily snatched axd His Oederly. meal at dawn, was not in condition for tha toil of an eager, effective pursuit of an enemy immediately after the hattle. Cm the lollowinp day, an nnnsually heavy and nninterniittinjr. fall of rain intervened intervened to ohstmct onr advance, with reason-ahle reason-ahle prospect of frnitfnl results. Added to this, the want of a cavalry force of sufficient, numbers made an efficient pursuit a military impossibility." (To be continued.) '" 1 1 .i .I, EDITORIAL NOTE. The causes of reverses to the Union arms at Bull Run are set fortl in a graphic and historically valuable way in the next installment. Other great events of the civil war will he detailed in future issues NoSvFBROR3foRBEFFICACIOnsEEMEDYCaa be. had for Com: lis, or uny trouble of the throat, than "Brown's Bronchial Troches.'' "Wideawake dealers consult the wishes, of customers, and do not offer something just as good" when you ask for an advertised advertised article. Every tissue of the body is made stronger bjt the use of Hood's Saruparilla. ' "