Bohemia 1855

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Bohemia 1855 - ; A4JSTRIA. (nOM oua wi oeaaaaroKDKvr.) TJ...
; A4JSTRIA. (nOM oua wi oeaaaaroKDKvr.) TJ EXNA, Dan. ITT The lata Concordat has produced an unfarotzra abl Impression ia Bohemia, but the reports re re, acooraing bo we Vienna papers, so very vague that but little importance ia attached attached to them. Now perfectly reliable Informa tion haa reached me, that very great religious agitation prevails in Boheaata, aad it ia considered probable that whole oomrauattie will at no distant period join th Protestant church. In order. however, that your readers may understand th exact position of affair, it will be necessary to lay Dcior tnem a brief account of what ha been done in Bohemia in religious matters aince the beginning of th fifteenth centurv. In 1402 WlcklytTe't writing fell into the hand of John Hus and they produced such a powerful enect on him, that be became to Bohemia what John Knox wa to Scotland a aealou and fear - reformer. Th H nasi tea Husalten, at they were called aoon became extremely numerous. and after John II ust had been burned alive at Constance, to which city he had gone with " safe conduct" that had been given him br the Emperor Sigmund, many Bohemians of the highest rank became mem ben of the new sect. The Aran eQ of Couttanoe excommunicated the Hussite, but tbe ban of the Church wa powerless In Bohemia ; aad Wenoealaus the King of that country, luued orden that several churches should be placed at the disposal of the new aect. Aa it would be oat of place to relate how ZUka, Hau'i friend, subsequently fought againat and defeated the imperialhts it will suffice to say that the Council of Basis at last requested the Emperor Sigmund to treat with the heretic in the name of the Church. Negotiation began, and in 1433 a compromise wai effected, which ia generally known a th Agreement Agreement of Prague. The promises made to th Huss ite were not kept, but at th beginning of the 17th, century Rudolph IL waa forced by his brother, Matthew, Matthew, King of Hungary, to improve tha position of hi Protestant subjects. By letters patent (Xaiata't - ryf bearing date July 11, 1C07, the Emperor Rodolf IL secured to the Bohemian Protestant the free exsrdte of their religion, a consistory and a university, and the right to buiM new churches an schools. In 1619 the Emperor Ferdinand IL revoked revoked the ordinances of the Emperor Rudolf IL, and with his own hand cut to piece tha "Maitttati - Brief," which had been given to the Bohemian Protestants. Th Protestant teachers were dis missed, thousand of Bohemian emigrated, and the Jesuits were recalled. Ferdinand II. intended to have suppressed Protestantism entirely, but the landing of Guatavu Adolphue in Garmany, and hit alliance with the Protestants prevented his putting hit plan into execution. After the death of Gus - tavut Adolphut the Emperor returned to hit pre vious idea, but he was oon Involvsd la a war with France, and die! before it waa at an end. The Bohemian Bohemian Protestant were tolerated by later Emperors, but were not permitted to hare towers to their religious edifices or to make use of bells. During the rero. lution of 1843 the old Hussite spirit showed itae f in many part of Bohemia, and particularly in those Czech district in which no German is spoken. There waa a great deal aatd and written about Huts and Ziaka ; but Government let people talk and writ and tbe impending storm bleworer. raeBjhemisns who poetess as much astuteness as the other Sola - Xonic rices, are not now likely to display any political hostility to Government; but if Cardial! Prince Schwarzenberg presses too hard on their withers, they are very likely to join the Helvetic or Reformed Church. During tbe revolution, and even ainoa, rereral Roman Catholic priests hare, in Bohemia, given proof that the example of Hast has not been lost eight of ; and of thla fact the Imperial Government must be perfectly aware.; The new lawa relative to the future position of the Protestants in Austria are now before the Council of the Empire, and they will probably bj era unsatisfactory than thi world I inclined to believe. People here profess not to car for public opinion, but you may be snared that the storm of indignation to which the Concordat hat given rise in Germany and other countries ha made them feel extremely uncomfortable. Indeed, there h proof positive that such Is the case I Th draft of the new marriage act or law, which ha been male by the Archbishop of Vienna, will, instead of being at onoe accepted, be referred to tht Crown lawyers. The following extract from the pastoral letter of the Archbishop of Milan will aaffice to show that the Italian prelate 1 already inclined to go beyond the Concordat : Tb Coooordat sot ooJr rirM tb Bishops tho right to prohibit bad books, oaaor the msnaeo of ooslooastloU paalafcmeata (?), but alto to prohibit thoU bang road by tb faithful. Tb eo - opeTstioa of tb Boate to provost their promalgatioa b poos tlasi. " AU law matters nhtinj in tb mairMaoalal Ua boloag to tb oharoh aloe (!). Br th Coaoordat, tha Immaculate btU of Christ (tb Bomaa Catholic C&arah) ha aoqalrod fkoodoaa, powor, aad glory throegboat tbe vast Bnptn. Cast dewa is every barrier which bad been aa latpeotaoat to hot 'gtaat Wpa,' brokoB is ovary fovter which kspodsd fcsr action. Th Church ha tb right to. oppose au kind of srrer aad UmpUuoa, s wU oa. th ateg as la tb prou. Tb CoBoudat is a work which givvs a briUlaot ax. avplo of religions foliar oa tb one aMo, of moderation ca tb otbax, and of th porUet pradsac aad wiadom of both parUas."

Clipped from The Times21 Dec 1855, FriPage 7

The Times (London, Greater London, England)21 Dec 1855, FriPage 7
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