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-: -: .r. ' X-' X-' X-' v ,. ... ..... ..-... ..-... . ( , . ....... .. ........ : ' . . - - ' . VOL. LXXX. NO. 217 TUCSON, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 13, 1918. On Trains and at Nawi Stand. So Copy By currier, 0o per mouth IB AG n FIBSTCDNCERTED Pershing Reports the Capture of 8,000 inrniniii nniup - ' L . , , , . HH II t ED SUCCESS REPORTS CAPITAL Bodies 6ixteen Months of War Effort By the United States Shows First Fruits in Tremendous Blow By Gen. Pershing's Men QUARTER OF MILLION -AMERICANS -AMERICANS 'IN DRIVE Reports to U. S. Capital Tell of Attaining All of Objectives in Record Time; Americans Have Foe Trapped in Sharp Salient (T A. P. LRABKD WIKF) : WASHINGTON1, Sent. 12. Sixteen month of vaHt war effort by the United States reached Its first goal today, when Central Pershing's forces struck their first all-American all-American all-American blow in France against the German army. Reports tonight show that success Is meetin gthe American commander's effort effort to fling ihe enemy out of the sharp salient thrust In behind the fortress of Verdun In the first year of the war. But of even greater significance to. govern-ment govern-ment govern-ment officials was the fact that the all-Ameilcan all-Ameilcan all-Ameilcan attack meant that the months ', of ceaseless toil and efrort have brought forth a third great organized army, backed by its own supplies and millions more soldiers if needed. No Report From Pershing, t'n to a late hour no official report from General Pershing had come. General General March, chief, of staff, and his officers officers were gathered about the great war mai, however, tracing but the liens of the conflict from press accounts as they aw, received.-. received.-. received.-. " - First reports were vague. They told meiely that the American army had launched an attack around the St. Mlhiel salient, the only sharp thrust toward the heart of France that remained to the German leaders to show for their offen-ive offen-ive offen-ive efforts since the war began. It eeemed possible that the objective of the attack was Metz, .Just beyond the German German border on the Moselle river. Pershing Using Pincers. Later accounts made it clear, however, that for his first blow, General Pershing had determined to employ the pincer tac-tirs tac-tirs tac-tirs Marshal Foch has used with repeat ed success in hurling the foe back from the Marne an dout of the Picardy and Flanders salient. The chance lay ready to the American leader's hands. Almost due south of the war-wrecked war-wrecked war-wrecked fortress of Verdun, which has defied every German effort, the town of St. Mi- Mi- hlel stood at the "apex of a great enemy wedge driven, into the French lines and whiih all but cut Verdun off in the first German rush toward Paris. At the eastern eastern curve of this salient American troops have stood months holding the llnesv Americans were on, the line between Verdun Verdun and St. Mihiel, but St. Mihiel itself was held by the French, for the fate of Verdun rested on that line. German Retreat Cut Off. Surging forward on a twelve-mile twelve-mile twelve-mile front to the east of St. Mihiel, Pershing's men have rolled over the complicated defenses of the enemy all along teh line and thrust steel-shod steel-shod steel-shod Jaw out into the territory behind the enemy forces that hold the town. From the other side, another American thrust has carried the lines forward to meet the bulge from the'east and a grim trap Is being drawn about the enemy forces that remain in the salient. It wa sonly twenty miles across the mouth of the pocket and the reports tonight tonight showed that this had ben closed in to less than fifteen miles. Through the ann-owing- ann-owing- ann-owing- ann-owing- gap the German German forces in the depth of the salient must escape; and to withdraw without contusion that might turn the retreat into a rout, they must shake off the French forces which are battering them ll along the 8t. Mihiel front. . On the face of tonight's reports offi cers here believed there was good promise promise that General Pershing might succeed in closing the neck of the bak and trap ping a considerable force. 250,000 Yankees in Drive. The American attack, as it now shapes HP. leaves no doubt thai! the strongest American forces yet employed are en raged. Possibly a quarter of a million American troops either are in action or hi close reserve. The advance of the eastern Jaw rests "n a wide base. - Reports Indicate that It ad broken through at the first rush WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. American troops operating in the St. Mihiel sector made considerable gains today, General Pershing reported in his communique to the war department late tonight Already Already 8,000 prisoners have been counted and the movement is still in progress. The statement follows: Headquarters American expeditionery forces, Sept. 12, 1918. "Section A. This morning, our troops, ooeratine in the St. Mihiel sector, made considerable gains Assisted by French units they broke the enemy's resistence and advanced at some points to a depth of five miles. We have counted 8,000 prisoners up to the present. The operation is still in progress." Great German Peace Drive s. Opened; Armistice for Winter Months Proposed Neutral Countries flooded With Peace Propaganda By Kaiser's Press Agencies; Intimate Germany Is Ready. to Restore Belgium and Alsace-Lorraine, Alsace-Lorraine, Alsace-Lorraine, Revise Treaty Made With Russia at Brest-Litovsk Brest-Litovsk Brest-Litovsk (T Jk. T. LEASED WIRE) , MANCHESTER, England, Sept. 12. Speaking at a luncheon after the presents presents (ion of the freedom of the city, Premier Lloyd-George Lloyd-George Lloyd-George said: "There are some men who say drop It and let us have peace by negotiations," and added, "there Is no compromise be tween freedom and tyranny, no compromise compromise between light and darkness. I know that It Is better to sacrifice one genera tion than to sacriflcp liberty forever. That Is what we are fighting for, and heaven grant that we fight through to the end." "WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. Official dis patches today from France say that peace maneuvers, of which the speech today of Emperor William is regarded as a part, are being extended into neutral countries. German press agencies are supplying pe ciaj articles and information on the subject subject to the newspapers of German proclivities proclivities in' Holland, the Scandinavian countries and Switzerland. In this connection the dispatches note that the German conservatWe (leader, Erzberger, identified in the past with .other peace movements, has turned up in Copenhagen, where a Scandinavian parliamentary session is to take place and that the Dutch Socialist pacifist. Troelstras, has Included Germany in his return trip to Holland from northern' Europe. According to the same dispatches, some light is thrown upon the veiled utterance utterance of Count Burian a few days ago that there mighty be opportunities for 'Sa calm exchange of views some sort of direct informative discussion which will be far from being peace negotiations," negotiations," by what is regarded as an Inspired article in the Dutch prs,s, which e German authorities have taken pains republish in Germany. This article says that the two emper- emper- WOULD RESTORE BELGIUM. COPENHAGEN, Sept. 12. That Germany might restore Belgium without without conditions or Indemnities in case no other country be better situated as regards Belgium than Germany, was the belief expressed today by Frlederich von Payer, the Imperial vice chancellor of Germany, In a speech delivered at Stuttgart Herr von Payer was speaking on the depression felt in Germany and aliied countries, which he attributed not to recent military events, but to the prospect of a fifth war winter. "If we could be sure that no other country would be better situated as regards Belgium than ourselves," said Herr von Payer, "1 believe I could venture to lay that Belgium could be restored without conditions and without without Indemnities." Big German Naval Base in Virgin Islands Seized by U.S. Property Custodian r (Continued on Page Two.) The Weather New Mexico: Thurs day generally fair: warmer northeast portion; Friday fair. Arizona : Thursday and Friday fair; not much change in tem temperature. "TUCSON SHINtS." maximum tpmnrntnrjk 9 J'nimum temperature 7 '"d. northwest; clear. ors, at thein recent conference, decided ithat the time would be ripe at the beginning beginning of winter when all war opera tions would be paralysed ,to propose an armistice instead of a straight peace conference conference and adds that the proposal of an armistice- armistice- in Itself might be an Indi cation that Germany not only was ready to free Belgium and indemnify her from an international fund, but also to dis cuss the evacuation of northern France and the restitution of German colonies and even to settle the Alsac-Lorraine Alsac-Lorraine Alsac-Lorraine problem in a way to save French feel ,'-gs. ,'-gs. ,'-gs. Finally, on condition of certain in domnlties and concessions, Germany might consent to revise the Brest-Litovsk Brest-Litovsk Brest-Litovsk treaty. If this proposal for an armistice Is rejected,' rejected,' the Dutch paper holds that the moral position of Germany would be greatly strengthened. BBBSE EXPECTEO SB BY I). S. FOR DRIFT IN PI COUNTY AS ,,, , , cidct RESULT OF RNE ORGANIZATION flHI,IT l! Blb -J -J m All but Ten Small Precincts Within County Heard From By Local Board Early This Morning; Official Estimate of Those io Register in County Was 4561, but Figure Is Far Exceeded; Report By Precincts Fully UO0O men' between the ages of the householder questioned as to the male 18-21 18-21 18-21 and 32-45 32-45 32-45 were registered in Pima I members. county yesterday between the hours of 6 and B p. m. ; These figures were obtainable at the office of the local ex emption board a an early hour this morning. All of the figures were complete complete with the exception of ten small precincts located far in the country, which are expected, to report early today. It was organization to the nth degree which enabled Pima county .under the leadership of C. W. Hinchcliffe, chairman; chairman; Dr. G. A. gehnabel, member, and J. -Cress -Cress Meyers, Secretary, all of the local board, to better its estimate by approximately 400 registrants. , The total registration complied last 'night was 4695. The ten precincts not iheard from will carry this figure over the 5000 mark. Total Exceeds Estimate. The Phoenix head of the draft machinery machinery in the state of Arizona based its figures on the first draft and estimated that this county should register 4561 men. This figure was secured on a basis of one and one-third one-third one-third times the number secured secured in the first registration. Various registration official throughout the county worked from early until late. In the city of Tucson members of the Hundred Per Cent American club cooperated cooperated with the local board and every nook and corner of the community was .combed. . Each house was visited and Make Out Duplicates Today. Today, starting early this morning, from 10 to 12 expert men on clerical work will start writing duplicate cards "of the registration. These must be perfected at an early hour and dispatched by the local board. After the returns had been received last night the numbering of the cards was commenced. "I am very much pleased with the excellent excellent result secured by the registration," registration," said Mr. Hinchcliffe last evening. "Through the co-operation co-operation co-operation of everyone and the generous aid extended to the board by the clerical toelp and others we will be able to perfect the first step in this registration in a very short, time." Through the efforts of the management management of the Mountaian States Telephone and Telegraph Company the returns from accessible precincts were secured by telephone. telephone. Registration by Precincts. The various precincts, as reported to the local hoard last night, are as follows: Precinct No. 1, 717; Precinct No. 2, 563; Precinct No. 3, 328; Precinct No. 4, 261; Precinct No. 5, 376; Espee Precinct, 866; Continental, 179; Tanque Verde, 22; Arivaca, 64; Twin Buttes, 112; Pantana, 42; Sahuarita, 37; Fort Lowell, 39; . Silver Bell, 277; Ajo No. L 545; Ajo No. 2, 85. NATION'S ' MAN POWER MOBILIZED ON SECOND GHEA W T DRIFT DAT OF ; 13,000,000 IN REGISTER LEASED W1E) (T A. WASHINGTON. Sept. 12. A potential German naval base In the Virgin islands has been seised by the alien property custodian and will be used for the needs of the American navy and customs de partment. The base consists of lands, buildings, docks, warehouses, large water tanks and cisterns, lighters, loading para phernalia and coaling facilities formerly owned by the Hamburg:American line. In announcing the seizure of the marine plant, which Is located at St. Thomas, Alien Property Custodian Talmer said the fact that Germany considered that it ad mitted of possibilities as a naval base was shown by the fact that their prin cipal building commanding the harbor is of reinforced concrete and the plaza in front of it is said to have an eight-foot eight-foot eight-foot foundation of concrete, fit for gun em placements." After the United States acquired the islands from Denmark and when it ap peared that it would declare war on Germany, Germany, Mr. Palmer said, the Hamburg- Hamburg- American line agent, who also was the I German consul, "sold" the plant to the lines lawyer, a uamsn cuizen nameu Jorgensen. The sole consideration mentioned mentioned was a note for $210,000, which Jorgensen was said to have given the German company. This note was payable three months after date and renewable every three months until after the war, and bore no Interest, Mr. Palmer Bald. Darwin O. Curry, the alien property custodian's representative at St. Thomas learned of the transaction and Jorgensen finally executed a deed to the alien prop erty- erty- custodian, but not, Mr. Palmer said. until after he had protested and sought refuge in his Danish citizenship. The alien property custodian assumed whatever obligations obligations ewer attached to the note Jorgensen Jorgensen had given the German company and the note itself was seised. One of the reasons for the purchase of the Danish West Indies- Indies- by the United States was the fact that St. Thomas offered offered a natural base for the defense of the Panama canal. It is the intention of the government to fortify the harbor andestablish a naval station there. (bt . r. leased wire) I WASHINGTON, Sept. ,12. Thirteen million men, probably most of the force from which will come the reserves to wl nthe war, were registered today in the second great mobilization of the nation's man power. As these men were moving in every city, town and hamlet over the country to add their names to the roll of the 11,000,000 who had registered before, the nation's fighting army overseas was hurling itself against the enemy In the first distinctly American offensive operation operation on the western front. Wait In Line to Register, Demonstrations of patriotism every where marked the registration. Long before the appointed time for the regis trars to begin their work, lines of citizens citizens were waiting to enroll. There were no reports of disorder. With registration day now history, the next move of the draft machinery will be in the numbering aerially of the registration registration cards. Until that work Is completed completed by the local boards the drawing of the order numbers which will determine determine in a measure the relative standing of the registrants cannot be held. In the meantime, however, questionnaires questionnaires will go forward to men between 19 and 21 and 31 and 30 eo that they may be classified and some of them thus made ready for call in October after the national drawing Is held. . Complete Returns Saturday. Complete repoVts from the registration today are not expected by Provost Mar shal General Crowder before Saturday. These will show the total men registered as well as the proportion of this number to the estimate in each district, and may form the basis for activity by the department department of Justice in rounding up those who have evaded the law. j day; R ill MIHIEL More Than 250,000 Americans Crash Forward in Drive To Eliminate St. Mihiel Bulge and Straighten Out Line at Verdun; Pershing Uses Foch's Pincer Plan . In Successful Thrust, Which Traps Enemy Between Two Advancing Armies; Yanks Still Smash Forward BKRUN VIA LONDON., Sept. 12. (By Associated Tress). The German, high command has little to say of the American drive in the St. Mihiel sector, merely mentioning the attack in its official communication tonight and the fact that fighting is still going on. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE LORRAINE FRONT, Sept. 12. (By Associated Press, 6. p. m.)-,St. m.)-,St. m.)-,St. Michiel has been recaptured by the French, according to the unofficial information information here. AMERICAN ADVANCE AHEAD OF SCHEDULE. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE LORRAINE FRONT, Sept. 12. (By Associated Press, 3 p. m.) The Americana in their drive reached the first objectives at some points an hour ahead of schedule time. -v -v ; Seven hundred prisoners have already been taken. All along the line the advance has been carried out on schedule, near "TEeraisfne Ifoops went ahead against machine guii fire by crawling and tanks were sent to their aid. To the north Les Eparges hill and 'the neighboring hill 322 were captured; numerous of the enemy surrendered at the latter place, The American casualties have been remarkably low. U. S. Cavalry Operating Ten Miles Beyond St. Mihiel Francisco Villa Killed Again; Now Leading Gen. Kornilof f By One Death (ST A. T. LEWED WISE) EL, PASO, Sept. 12. Mexican Consul Consul General Andres Garcia announced late today that he had received of0-cial of0-cial of0-cial advices from Chihuahua that Francisco Villa's horse, with a bloodstained bloodstained saddle, had been captured near Satavo, Chihuahua, on Wednesday, Wednesday, following a battle between Villa forces and federal troops under General Pedro Fa vela. There is an unconfirmed niir jr in Juarez that Villa has been kiUled. Premier Lloyd George Stricken Suddenly IB (BT A. r. LEASED WISE) MANCHESTER, England, Sept. 12. It was officially announced late tonight that Premier Lloyd-George Lloyd-George Lloyd-George is suffering from a chill. He has a high temperature and may be prevented from fulfilling all his engagements In his present tour of Lan cashire, the statement adds. BRITISH STATESMAN DIES. - LONDON, 8epL 12. Sir George Reed, former high commissioner for Australia and member of parliament for St. Georges, died In London today, after a prolonged Illness. "WORK OR FIGHT" EXPLAINED. WASHINGTON. Sept. 12. Provost Marshal General Crowder announced tonight tonight that the work or fight order now being enforced by district boards wouia not affect all industries failing to obtain a place on the preference! list recently established by the war industry ooara. An erroneous Impression was current, he said, that the list of non-productive non-productive non-productive occupations occupations In which men of draft age cannot be employed if they wish to retain deferred classification had been enlarged to Include all Industries which the preference preference list omitted. "Selective service boards are expressly directed until further notice to bring no other occupation under the work or fi(?ht j .-Trent .-Trent .-Trent those expressly listed," said said the provost marshal general. The Difference list of the war Indus tries board. General Crowder said. strengthened the position of a limited number of Industries most essential to the conduct of the war in that they are recommended to the district draft boards as being necessary and the boards may take advantage of that recommendation in determining whether an indispensable man In such an Industry should be given deferred classification. j CONGRESSMEN EXEMPT. WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. The impression, impression, prevalent in many quarters, that members of congress are subject to draft was removed today by a ruling of -General -General -General Crowder, read to the house in an-swef an-swef an-swef to an inquiry by Representative Gard of Ohio. Congressmen, General Crowder's letter stated, are "bsolutely exempt by statute from the draft law and cannot waive their exeemptnoel ym..ilcg' .Vafm their exemption." He added, however, that upon resignation from congress, members would automatically become subject to the draft, if withirt the age limits. 400,000 IN CHICAGO. CHICAGO, Sept. 12. More than 400,000 men were enrolled' for Chicago's new army today. Tabulations were delayed because of the magnitude of the regis tration, but officials predicted that the total passed the 410,000 estimate for the city by the war department. 1,000,000 IN NEW YORK. NEW YORK, Sept. 12. New York's new army, nearly a million strong, marched to registration centers today, voicing in all the fifty-odd fifty-odd fifty-odd tongues of the polygot city their willingness to Join General Pershing's men over there. In many places they gathered In groups and sang "The Star Spangled Banner." The work went forward swiftly and without disorder throughout the city. Members of the various allied missions on duty in the city were permitted to register at the draft director's office. Nearly 400 of them, many attired in picturesque picturesque uniforms, were registered in the first three hours of the morning. Several hundred men, members of the crews of Dutch and Norwegian ships in port here .registered. A deputy warden registered 591 prison- prison- eers in the Tombs. Jeremiah O'Leary, who Is awaiting trial On charges of treason treason and espionage, was among them, He expressed his willingness to fight. ASSOCIATED PRESS WAR RESUME. The American first army, under command command of General Pershing, is in action against the Germans on a 20-mile 20-mile 20-mile front on the famous St. Mihiel salient in Lorraine, Lorraine, which has stood a sharp wedge In the French line southeast of Verdun since the commencement of the war. In the preliminary thrust ground was gained on both sides of the triangle and also at its apex at St. Mihiel and at last accounts, the Americans, with whom some French troops are brigaded, were fast sweeping across the salient in an effort to close the mouth of the big pocket before the Germans can extri cate themselves from the perilous posi tion they are: in as a result of the suddenness suddenness of the blow and the element of surprise it carried withlt. Cavalry Outstrips Tanks. Although the advance of the Americans was swift and sure and gains in excess of four miles on the southern half of the battle area were made, the cavalry far outstripped the tanks and footmen been recaptured by the French. The fighting front at ..the commencement commencement of the battle aggregated 20 miles, eight miles on the western and 12 miles on the southern. . Germans Caught In Bag. The fighting was preceded by an ex-tiemel ex-tiemel ex-tiemel yheavy artillery bombardment and the troops advanced under barrage, which was carried out with matematical precision. From the war maps it would seem almost lmiwssible for the Germans to evacuate the salient, as they apparently apparently are trying to do, without huge losses in men and material. The first reports show that the Americans took 700 prisoners in the first stages of the ' battle and had suffered remarkably small casualties. The strategy of Marshal Foch in the. present move cannot bo foreseen except that it has as the first objective the levelling of the St. Mihiel sector and the straightening of the allied line from the region of Verdun eastward. The obliteration of the salient would be necessary necessary before a direct thrust toward Ger- Ger- and was last reported operating along the man territory from this region would be railroad near Vigneullcs, almost in the center of the salient and some ten miles northeast of St. Mihiel, and also northwest northwest of Pont-A-Mousson, Pont-A-Mousson, Pont-A-Mousson, Pont-A-Mousson, Pont-A-Mousson, through the forests and along the railway line dunning dunning northward to Metz, the great German German fortress, the southern outer fortifications fortifications of which are less than ten miles distant. Penetrate Meuse Heights. Thiacourt, Bouillouvllle, Pannes and several other towns in the south were captured In the initial dash, while an the west at the northern edge of the pocket the village of Combres was captured captured and the environs of Domarton La Montagne were reached. To the south everywhere the Americans penetrated into the heights of the Meuse and the French " fought their way Into the outskirts outskirts of St. Mihiel. Unofficial reports are to the effect that the town has possible. Whether Marshal Foch has In view a campaign up the Meuse valley, or Metz and the Moselle valley In mind remains to be seen. Halg Pressing on Cambral. In the north. Field Marshal Halg still is hard after the Germans in the region of Cambrai. Here he again has advanced his front toward the much desired German German base, penetrated into the old British defense line, crossed the canal Du Nord north of Havrincourt, taken Havrlncourt and another section of the Hindenburg line and sent a thousand Germans into the British prison cage in the rear. The Germans fought hard at Havrlncourt to stay the British, but al their counter attacks attacks were beaten off. Further advances for the British also are reported In the region south of La Bassee canal and northwest of Armen-tleres. Armen-tleres. Armen-tleres. Ambassador Fletcher Registers in Mexico Pershing in Personal Command Writes Correspondent (bt . r. leased wire) guns told of the Impending assault. To- To- LONDON, Sept. 12. The London Daily wards & o'clock the hour of the attack Mail's correspondent at the American ! front sends the following description of the battle along the St. Mihiel setter: The first American army under per sonal command of General Pershing for the first time went into action today in the St. Mihiel salient. Never before has there been such a large concentration of American troops for one operation and never before have the Americans bean in such complete control of their own operations. The vent has long been anticipated. WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. Ambassador Ambassador Fletcher was the first American in Meii.o c.ltv to register todar Tinder the new man-nower man-nower man-nower act, the state depart-1 depart-1 depart-1 ment was informed. The message said I Some people assigned to It grandiose ob- ob- that practically every American citzen in the Mexican capital within the new age limits followedlhe example of the ambassador, ambassador, although the law does not require require Americans In foreign countries to register. If they return to the United States, however, they must enroll wtihin five days. Jectives, but in reality the attock Is for limited objectives only. "At I o'clock Thursday morning the artillery preparation began with a roar. that could be heard many miles away and all night it rose and fell with pecu liar fluctuations. From all the roads that ran parallel the flashes of Innumerable the firing became even more rapid and its sullen tone mingled strangely with the sound of the-rain. the-rain. the-rain. "At dawn whole fieets of tanks, manned by strong young Americans and French, were to be seen moving out of their shelters to lead the attack. They lumbered lumbered on, but the Germans offered little opposition. The American Infantry fol lowed In open order, plowing through the mud, but they were little troubled by the feeble artillery resistance. "At one point, near Relcheprey, where the Americans had previously fought desperately desperately with the Germans, machine gun and automatic fire swept down upon the Yanks right flank, but the tanks and artillery quickly moved in that direction and the Americans went steadily forward. forward. "At 7 o'clock the tanks had disappeared (Ouitinued on Paga Three)

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  1. Arizona Daily Star,
  2. 13 Sep 1918, Fri,
  3. Page 1

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