Clipped From Durham Globe

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 - at THE STRIKERS' GRIEVANCE 0 u Nellie Bly...
at THE STRIKERS' GRIEVANCE 0 u Nellie Bly Interviews Pullman Pullman People. NELLIE TU1INS STRIKER. Many Tell Her Their Stories of Suf fering. Pullman Said to Hive Made Forty-Hre Thousand Dollars Out of the Water Rent Workers Must Live in Pullman Houses Those Who Went Hungry When Working Working Have Food Now. Did Pullman strikers have a grieyance ? The New York World sent Nellie Bly to the "model city" to get at the facts in the case. She says in her letter: "I visited the town intending in my article to denounce the riortous and blood-thirsty strikers. Before I had been half a day in Pullman was the most bitter striker in town. ' "Are the strikers getting enough to eatr' I asked. The man smiled. "We starved when we were working and we have food now ; that's the only difference. If Pullman had reduced the rents and given us a chance to buy food there would have been no kick." 'l'li give you a statement and sign it, too, if you want it," said a fine-looking man as he came forward. "I've been in Pullman thirteen years and know the story from the beginning. I am a tool-maker tool-maker or a steelmaker. I do the fine steel work in the cars. I used to live in another state, and the Pullman Company was looking for the best workmen they could hire. They came after me four times before I consented to give np my job and my pretty little home and move to Pullman. I had a wife and two chil dren, and as I say 1 moved here thirteen years ago. "When I came first I received $4 a day, and when I gave up my work I didn't strike, mind you, I was starved out on the wages and quit a month before the men went out I could only make $1 20 a day. "WTith the reduction of wages my living expenses went on all the same. They did not decrease. I moved into a four-room flat for which I paid $14 a month, with 71 cents for water tax. To give you some idea of the situation, say that I had been able to earn $2.75, a day, of course you understand I did not; I only got $1.29, I paid 50 cents a day for rent and water and that, if I had got $2 75, would have left 37.12 cents per capita for maintaining my family. But that average would have required that I work 3G5 days in the year. But you know we have Sundays and holidays and three weeks every summer, everything shuts down for repairs, so if I did not get $2 75 every working day it would only average average 20 cents a day per capita to support and edncate my family, and with the poorest beefsteaks 10 cents per pound, you can understand how much I could do "I can say for myself and brother workmen," he added, "that if rents had been redaced with the pay there would have been no strike. Instead of that rents have been increased since I came to Pultman. A cottage of five rooms costs thin $14 71, and now we have to pay $14 71 for a four-room flat." "Another trouble," spoke up a man who hat': been listening, "was the tyranny of the bosses. We had too many, and they were incompetent. Theie was too much rtd tape about the whole concern. Mr. Pullman was an autocrat. He never came tc Pullman without from twelve to twenty people at his heels, and no workman workman dared speak to him. We had to give complaints to a boss and he sent it up the line, until at last it reached Mr. Pullman, who couldn't see how things could be helped anyway. To put it roughly, the head of the dog was too far from the tail." "I wish you would state my case," spoke another man. "It has been claimed by Mr. Pullman that his workman were not required to live in Pullman. I am what they ca!l an inside wood finisher. I used to make $0.25 a day, and I was cut to $1.40. Then I moved out of Pullman. Pullman. I co. a five rooai cottage for $1, and then I was laid off. There was no work for me When I asked why, the ! Norfolk via Selma, Rocky Mount and manager toil me if I would move back to j the Norfolk and Carolina railroad. This T, T . . . i , i is one of the most pleasant routes one Pullman I would not have to lose a days i caQ uke for lLe lHp u afIord3 new work. It was either occupy a Pullman j gjQt, ami scenes to the traveler. Thia house or do without work.'' I U the route for yoy to take. "I was also reduced," aid a newcomer, . r j , . . . ' n'ZH In Four Wee.k. "from $3 a day to $l.-0. My rent waSj j i tv.j Durham, N. C, June 12, 54. $9..,0 and at one pay day I had only been Hecefive,, frora j. vv. IJeiey, treasurer given thirteen days' work. After they ! j;outh.ern Sick and Accident Benefit Asso-took Asso-took out my rent 1 had a check for one ciation of Norfolk, Va , twenty eiht dol-cent dol-cent to live on for two weelcs and keep lars in full of claim for four week.' disa- .f , bility. Elizabeth IFioh. my wife and chud. J "I am a vestibule builder,"' siid a man ; Remember the excursion lo Norfolk, who had spoken at the meeting. Vn;i know the vestibule of the Pullman cars. T uri-wl V a net,) i T ') i r, f "Vlft;-!1i tA , . . J. T me nrsi quarter in . men i cut from $ 1 to Perhaps you re member seeing the World's fair Pullman cars For the first I received for vestibule vestibule building $1 10 or $55 an end. We had seven cuts during the lime we were building them, and for the last built I received $ 10. or $20 an end. Just the same amount of labor and time was put on them, but that was the reduction, from $110 to $40 " "I w ish to tell you, Mis3 Bly, about tne gas," interjected another man. "Contrary "Contrary to the city ordinance governing the price of gas, which places the limit at $125 per l,00o feet, Mr. Pullman charges his workmen $2 25, and we were notified that we could have gas at $1 75 per 1,000 feet if we rented from the company company a gas stove at 50 cents per month. The gas stove is an ordinary one, with two lids, costing at most 75 cents for a stove, but we had to pay Mr Pullman continually 50 cents a month rent for one in order to have our gas at $1.75 per 1,000 feet instead of $2 25. "Don't forget the water tax," sug gested a newcomer. "Mr. Pullman paid 4 cents and at the very smallest figuring charged his people 14 cents. I estimated that over and above everything he cleared annually on the water alone $45,- 000" "That's no worse than mine," spoke another pressing forward "I work at general repairs, that is, repairing cars. I used to get for repairing one car $250, and I was cut to $G5 a car. Mr. Pullman Pullman has made the statement that three quarters of his work was contract. I can swear that when the biggest and heav lest cut was made it was all his own work. I can swear to that, and when the strike came on seven eighths of the work was his own." THE RULLETIN BOARD. Kvents Happening This Day Packed Into Paragraplfs. At Springfield, Mis , the Joplin Ritles are in camp. At Westchester, N. Y., a German san-gerfest san-gerfest will be held. The Catholic summer school is in ses sion at Piattsburg, New York. The annual cruise of the Hempstead Bay yacht club, L ng Inland, is on today. Tonight at Boston Peter Maher and Frank Craig will fight a mill of ten rounds. At Baltimore the annual tournament of the Standard gun club is on. It will continue for three days. The state convention of seminary and ollege presidents that has been in ses aion at Round Lake, N. Y., adjourned today. At Manchester-By-The-Sea, Massachusetts, Massachusetts, the tournament of the Essex county Tennis association is on. The games will continue through this week. The annual inter-state cricket match between teams representing Massachusetts Massachusetts and New York is played on the grounds of the Staten Island Cricket club The Mayor's Court. The following cases were tried before Mayor Carlton this morning. William Walker, loud and boisterous swearing, fined $2.50 and cost, $3 30 R. B, Harper, drunk and down, lined two dollars and cost, $4 00. Jacob Overby, assault, submitted, was released upon payment of cost, $2 30. Daisy Bruce and Carrie Tapp, affray, fined two dollard and cost each, $8 20. William Tate, drunk and down re leased upon promise of good behavior in the future. When Traveling, Whether on pleasure bent, or business, take on every trip a bottle of Syrup of Figs, as it acts most pleasantly and effec tually on the kidneys, liver and bowels, preventing fevers, headaches and other forms of sickness. For sale in 50c. and $1 bottles by all leading druggists. Manufactured Manufactured by the California Fig Syrup Co only. Guaranteed Cure. We authorize our adverti-ed druggist to sell Dr. King's New Discovery for Conuri)j- tion, Coughs and Colds nion this condition It you are aiuicted with a Cough, Cold or any Lung, Throat or Chest trouble, and will use this remedy as directed, giving it a fair trial, and exjerience no benefit, you may return the bottle and have your money refunded. refunded. We etuld not make this offer did we not know that Dr. King's New Dw.-wvery could W- relied n. It never di-apiw.ints Trial battles free a: R. Blacknall ! Son' druK store. Lare size 5Jc. and 1.00. 15y the New Koutf. On Julv 2-5 an excursion will be nan to by the cew route, July 2 . r inest ex cursion of the season by L. S. Christian & Co. ' Do not fail to take the trip to NOH i FoLK b lhe ncw route u leaTe8 here on the morning of July 2- 1 L. S. Cubistian & Co. Methodist company be D. up are 30 at

Clipped from
  1. Durham Globe,
  2. 16 Jul 1894, Mon,
  3. First Edition,
  4. Page 1

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