"U.S. Must Get Satellite 'Upstairs' Fast to Offset Russian Superiority"
GEORGE FIELDING ELIOT US. Must Get Satellite 'Upstairs' Fast To Offset Russian Superiority THE SOVIET space-traveling satellite indicates tile breadth and competence of the Soviet long-range missile program. It was developed as part of that program. It has a definite application to Soviet military policy and plans for world domination. It establishes a worldwide belief in superior Soviet power and efficiency. It provides vi- t a I information y , , , about space fly- I ll/ mg for use in de- ELIOT ▼•loping long-range missiles— especially in improving their accuracy. It may be the first step toward a ’manned space platform from which the whole world could be threatened with nuclear destruction. The conquest of outer space, is, in fact, the last and only hope of Soviet world domination. If this hope is to be thwarted, the United States will have to take effective countermeasures, and we will have to move fast. Long-term measures—such as a major reorganization of our missile production—may be needed later on. But this will take time. The immediate need is to offset the impression of Soviet superiority, not only in the minds of our friends but also in the minds of the Soviet leaders and tile Soviet people. FRANK TRIPP American Home Facing Growing Burden Of Taxes TRIPP WE HEAR MUCH about government ccm cern for small business, little about the destructive taxes imposed upon the country’s most vital small business—the American home. Business is taxed upon its profits; what is left after actual operating costs. The homemaker, whatever h i s operating costs may actually be, is supposed to live, shelter, feed, clothe, educate, heal and breed patriots at a cost of $600 a head per year, $1.70 a day. The arbitrary figure is the same for Park Avenue and Main St. The tax law says that your “operating cost” of staying alive and raising a family is $600 a year per person and that your earnings over that, less a few vote-wheedling allowances, is “profit”; from which you mugt pay government from 20 to 90 per cent in income taxes, according to your status in our spendthrift economy. it it it THIS RUNAWAY inflationary economy, created and fostered by inept government, has so burdened homemakers that, in order to maintain the home, mothers and elder children now are in factories and shops while hired help inadequately take their places. To the end that more homes than not today have some sort of payroll that adds to costs but is non-deductible taxwise. Originally and basically the home was sustained and operated by the love and labor of its inhabitants. It was as comfortable and lovely as the time and handicraft of the whole family could make it. If it had a payroll it was a “hired girl” who worked for her keep and two or three dollars a week. Today’s homes pay more for baby sitters than yesteryears’s homes paid for competent housekeepers. In today's economy the cost of home help is a necessary expense, and should be as tax deductible as is the payroll of a factory. It is inconsistent and discriminatory that a business payroll is rightly deductible as an operating cost, and that a household payroll wrongly is not. it it it PARENT’S CANNOT be away from home earning taxable wages without luring others to do the home duties that once were done by family members; or they may be too old or sick to do the work themselves. What happens is that the humblest worker, earning the minimum dollar an hour wage, is taxed 20 cents on every “net” dollar that he earns, so his “net” becomes 80 cents an hour. If he or she must hire home help in order to work, he must pay $1.00 or more an hour plus social security, giving him a loss of 20 cents an hour. Of course he can stay home, do the work himself and earn nothing—a neat way of starving to death. it it it IT IS THE ARGUMENT of this thesis that actual costs (not $1.70 a day) including wages paid to others for house service* (other than for capital improvements) should be tax deductible cost of maintaining the American home; that the best manager cannot adequately or healthfully survive on $1.70 a day in the current economy; that tile home is the nation’s most important small business; and that the whole theory and method of taxing the homemaker is unrealistic, unfair and destructive. All of the ado about the preservation of the family circle, its place in civilization, Godliness and delinquency need importantly take serious account of tile growing burden that taxation is piling upon the American home. What it costs you to run a home is as much your cost of staying in business as is the payroll of General Motors. With its homes out of business God help America. (© 1957, General Features Corp.) BEULAH STOWE Don't Let 'Nots' Spoil Your Retirement Plans If you are approaching 65 and you work for a company employing more than two people, you can expect to be invited to a party. It will be a retirement party anc' you will be the guest of honor. Some nice people will go to considerable effort to give you a good send-off, to schedule some speeches, to arrange for dinner and to present you with a gift. It’s good by with pink ribbons. There is a hard note underneath the pink party ribbons. Do not come back and hang around the old store. Do not expect your former co-workers to find you quite as interesting a companion as you were before. Do not set the alarm clock to go to work. Do not expect to maintain your accustomed standard of living. Unless you are luckier than most, your income is drastically reduced. But don’t let the “nots” spoil your retirement. Create a new Whether you look for a new career when the retirement is over, or decide to live on what you have and like it, don’t let the nots discourage you. it it it Q—“The care of my father has become almost impossible. My mother died eight years ago, leaving my father and me alone. Dad is a little senile, and I must work to support us. I hate to leave him alone during the day, and I cannot afford a nurse. Circumstances are pushing me into looking for a home for him.”—B. F. C. A—There are many good homes, especially those operated by church and fraternal organizations. If you feel your father would be safer and happier in a home, ask the pastor of your church, and check with lodge and union connections. Choose a privately operated home only with the greatest of care. If this impression ic allowed to prevail for any length of time, it may lead to disastroua overconfidence. So what can we do NOW? if .it it FIRST, WE MUST GET an American satellite “upstairs” where all can see it. To do that quickly, there is just one chance. It is this: Order our best working missile team to get busy, and provide that team with full authority and unlimited funds. The best team we have at this time for this purpose is the Army Ballistic Missile Agency at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. This statement is in no way a criticism of the Naval Research Laboratory, which is now co-or dinating the U.S. satellite (“Vanguard”) program. The NRL has been sadly handicapped by (a) orders to keep Vanguard entirely separate from the military missile program— the exact opposite of the successful Soviet procedure— and (b) by lack of funds— which wasn’t the case in Russia either. The NRL is in fact accustomed to cooperating with Redstone in missile matters, and the two could get together very easily and effectively. The next thing to do is to stop cutting down our armed strength. The President should cancel, as of now, all planned reductions in U.S. combat force* pending a complete review of the military budget for the coming year. Suspend the existing order that imposes an annual ceiling of $38 000,000,000 on defense expenditures. Prepare legislation for introduction in the next Congress extendmg the present limit on the national debt. Thus we serve notice we are not going to cut away our fighting power while Soviet power is being increased. it it it THE THIRD REQUIREMENT is a sensible U.S. information policy on what we are doing, what we intend to do, and how seriously we view the Soviet accomplishment. We oily make ourselves ridiculous by playing it down. The U.S. Information Service directive, for example, to “avoid linking the Russian achievement with Soviet military potential” just produce* belly-laughs in the Kremlin— and everywhere e I se. OF COURSE it is linked with the Soviet military potential. Why should we picture ourselves as fools who don’t realize that fact? Finally we should push forward strongly and firmly in demanding a worldwide agreement to prohibit the use of outer space for military purposes, and to establish an international scientific agency which would have the exclusive right to explore and operate beyond the earth’s atmosphere. It is now technically possible to monitor and “police” such an agreement. It may not be possible to do this once large numbers of missiles and “satellites” are cruising around in outer space. it it it * IN PURSUING OUR demand for this agreement, we will in part be cashing in on the fear which the Soviet satellite has undoubtedly produced around the world. We will be accused, of course, of being afraid ourselves—of being “caught short.” This is too true for comfort. We can offset this charge only by determined and immediate action to demonstrate we are going ahead with our own satellite program, by doing this successfully. and meanwhile demonstrating also that we do not mean to allow dollar considerations to weaken our military posture at such a time of crisis. Faced with this realistic approach, it is just possible such a hard-boiled realist as Marshal Zhukov might decide to make a deal. Zhukov is probably rather worried, at this moment, over the effect the satellite excitement may have cai the unstable, excitable Khrushchev. Once we convince him we don’t intend, at whatever cost, to allow anything like permanent Soviet military superiority in space or anywhere else, Zhukov may well listen to reason. And he has the power to make his decisions stick. But the time to start is now, before the satellite hysteria gets altogether out of control. (© 1957, General Feature! Corp.)