America successfully launches its first satellite

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America successfully launches its first satellite - RreTffTS. - Made Satellite Is Orbiting; Armv...
RreTffTS. - Made Satellite Is Orbiting; Armv Plans Tn Launch Another One Soon - Excitement Greets U. S. Satellite Russia Extends Congratulations " On Achievement I' - LONDON W The, launching of the American: artificial eartn satellite explorer lifted spirits in Western Europe today. The Russians extended congratulations in a dispatch delayed three hours by censorship in Moscow. The only disappointment expressed over the U.S. satellite launching from Cape Canaveral, Fla., was good natured. Europeans were sorry the orbit might not carry the baby moon over their heads for a look. The satellite's orbit extends about 35 degrees of latitude on cither side ot me equaiui, idtuus 'the 30.8 - pound Explorer over southern Asia and Australia, most of Africa and Latin America, and the Southern United States. Most Europeans got the news on breakfast - time radio newscasts, since it came too late for morning papers. Moscow radio carried the r - nnnrt in overseas broadcasts but 4 made no immediate mention of it 17 l Slipping U. S. Prestige JL JL v - WASHINGTON (iP) The some of the prestige it lost to Russia last uctoner. am top nation still has a long way to go. two nffiriaic caiH if wrmiH hp foolish to underestimate result of its achievement in getting two Sputniks aloft months before the United States got its Explorer into orbit. One of the early diplomatic suits of last night's achievement may be a new U.S. move to press President Eisenhower's proposal to Soviet Premier Bulganin for an agreement pledging outer space to peaceful uses. A new initiative on this proposal ; in the United Nations is possible,; though no specific .action has yet been decided on. Secretary of State Dulles nas suggested a U.N. agency might be created by East - West agreement to police a pledge to limit space missiles and space expiora - ion to peaceful purposes. Unless some such system Is worked out, offirials here foresee a long period of increasingly grim, cosuy ana aangerous cumpcuuuu by the world's great powers for control of the skies. As officials presently see the situation, the launching should strengthen this country s hand in negotiating with Russia for a summit conference. There is no doubt State Department TJl 1 w United States regained today escaping the devastation of any future great war. In spite of worried public opinion in many sections of Europe's population the NATO Council voted that rocket bases and U.S. nuclear stockpiles should be established there. A showdown on the issue of which countries they should be established in was avoided. That issue is being negotiated by the NATO military com mand, but is still unresolved. In renlvin to the Bulganin let ter which he received, Eisenhower declared American readiness to into an East - West summit con ference if there was advance preparation and if this preparation gave good hope of successful Ike Calls Satellite Launch Wonderful' R otno with its orbiting explorer omciais aomuwieugeu. um . the lead Russia holds as a agreements. Despite considerable speculation that the United States is willing! to soften these terms, high State! Department officials insist there has been no decision to do so. Thev sav a conference without careful preliminary planning and without reasonable prospects of success might make world conditions worse instead of better. Nevertheless, officials privately concede that with the U.S. satellite in orbit they face the prob ability of a summit conference sometime this vear with consid erably less concern than they felt before the successful launching last night. Armv Gains In Prestige By Success Achievement May Ease Restriction On Missile Work WASHINGTON (iP) Army prestige soared today after it proved its claim it could put a satellite into orbit. Using its own rocKec weapons for the power plants of the four - stage launcher, the Army last night sent the Jupiter - C roaring off from Cape Canaveral, Fla. The satellite, Explorer, went into orbit seven minutes after the button was pushed. The Army's hope for permission to build and use improved ba"H listic missiles rode up with the satellite. Here, it seemed, was evidence for the Defense Department to consider in deciding whether to relax its ruling forbidding the Army to equip its own forces with intermediate range ballistic missiles and limiting its big missile development to perfecton of the Jupiter IRBM. As matters now stano, uie Army - designed Jupiter Weapons will be used bv the Air Force a service with its own Thor IRBM I to1 EXPLORER ROCKET Above is shown launching ot an Armv Jumter - L rocket that blasted the United States' first earth satellite into orbit around the globe last night. The huge rocket Jupiter - C Carries Explorer PAPT? panavrrat,. Fla. () The United States' first man - made satellite whirled around the earth today and the Army disclosed it is preparing to hurl another into orbit. . , It was the Armv s Jupiter - C missile tnat tirea a jv.o - pound moon aloft" last night, recovering some of the U. S. prestige lost when Russia boosted her two Sputniks into space last fall. . "That's wonderful!" President Eisenhower exclaimed when news of the Army's success reached him at Augusta, Ga., where he had gone for a weekend of relaxation. With a huge burst of flame and a thunderous roar that could be heard for miles along Florida's east coast, the Jupiter - C blasted off from this top - secret firing base at 10:48 p. m. EST yesterday. About an hour and three - quarters later, its satelhtejiad completed its first journey around the world and tracking stations were receiving its radio signals. It was so well established in orbit, said Maj. Gen. John B. Medaris, head of the Army's missile test program, that it will remain aloft from 2 to 10 years. 10 Stations Are Tracking Satellite gia to South Africa and from San Missile unlikelv the Army's satel lite will be visible to the naked an announcement, tne Armv said: "IC will appear in its orbit with about the brilliance of a one - fifth to one - sixtn magnitude star, and a star of this brightness barely be seen witnoui som magnification." There are no living organisms i the satellite, the Army said. The Navy plans to put yeast cells nr: or more oi its satellites ;r, experiment to provide data on

Clipped from
  1. The Daily Times-News,
  2. 01 Feb 1958, Sat,
  3. Page 1

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  • America successfully launches its first satellite

    staff_reporter – 29 Aug 2017

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