Glowing account of James Garfield when he served as colonel during Civil War
CoI Garfield. When it was announced that our late Sena- . tor, Hon.. J. A. Garfield, had been commis-sioned at Col. ef the 42nd Regiment, many sneers were heard in certain quarters, and man; bitter impreoations were ottered against Gov. Dennison for appointing civilians, and particularly literary and clerical gentlemen without any military or even practical business qualifications, to such important positions in the army. Those, however, who were acquainted with the man, and knew that he had been emphatically the architect of bis own fortunes ; that from a poor, ignorant and uncared-for boy, by his own unaided exer- - tions, he had acquired each an education SB : to place him at tbe head of one of the finest Literary Institutions in Ohio; that by the power of his eloquence and the force of hie 1 logic, he had so won npon the affections of his fellow citizens as to be by them elected to : the Senate of Ohio, where by his bold, straight-forward and consistent course, he had compelled the respect, even of his pouti oal enemies ; those who knew all this, and that in addition he possessed unbounded pat riotism, sterling and unyielding integrity, and deep-seated christian principle, were satisfied that he would be worth a dozen such "Milita- ry men" or -"West Pointers" as would be likely to be forthcoming, if to that class alone ' was to be entrusted the command of our Ohio Regiments. To be a successful commander requires not merely a West Point theoretical Military edu-cation, or even a few campaigns of actual : service, in a subordinate capacity, but it re quires energy, quickness of perception, and- gumption. And all these, Col. Garfield pos- sessee in an eminent doaree, as his prompt movements and splendid achievements at Paintsrille and Prestonhurgh, fully attest. He has made "his mark," No. 1, in his mill tary career, and if opportunity is afforded him, he will make other marks still higher up on the scroll of fame, and broader and deeper into the affections of the rebels, ere the close of the war. In speaking of his "Eairle Swoop" at Pres tongurgh, the Louisville Journal, which but speaks the sentiment of the entire loyal Press of the Nation, says : "The eagle swoop of this gallant officer npon Humphrey Marshall and his birds of prey, deserve? a more extended notice than has yet been accorded. . . To estimate the important resnlts of this expedition, it is only necessary to consider what annoyances would have followed a check on the advance of Col. Garfield or any failure of his plans. Tt would have cost largely both in time and money to have sent reinforcements to him ; the population of the whole retrion would have been terrorized, while rampant , Humphrey Marshall and his marauding bands . would have laid waste the entire country. Col. Garfield, with the eye of a soldier, saw the necessity for a quick movement, and there fore, without waiting for the advance ot the 14th Kentucky Reeiment or rather the main portion of it, for Lieut. Colonel Monroe with two or three companies had reached hira and regardless of the approaching reinforce . ment under Colonel Cranox from Paris, he made that bold dash, which discomfited, ront ed, and dispersed the vaunted strength of the . rebels, and drove them into the mountain fastnesses which skirt the Virginia border line, without tents, wagons, or provisions. All honor then to Col. Garfield and his noble officers and men. nis modest dispatch es to Gen. Buell have made no mention of the incredible hardships he overcame, and it ; is from other souroeB that we derive these particulars of the "eagle swoop" of the 18th Brigade.