Execution of Charles Guiteau

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Execution of Charles Guiteau - THE CLOSIXtf SCENE. : Cfnlteau, the Asalri,...
THE CLOSIXtf SCENE. : Cfnlteau, the Asalri, Ilnnsr-Scenesi and Incident of the Execution He Firmly Ascends the Scaffold and Dies Easy.' ,. Friday, June SO, 1882, Charle J. Guiteau, the assassin of President Garfield was executed in the United State J .if! at Washington City in accordance with the sentence of the court. Since tlie trial, conviction and sentence, every method knowu to the law had been used by his attorney to stayexecu-cution of the sentence or secure a respite. Every such application by his attorney was overruled, and as a last resort what few friends the condemned culprit had applied directly to the President to grant a respite, that a Commission in -.Lunacy might givo the case a further investigation. To al these appeal the President , turned a deaf ear, and nothing remained but to carry into execution the stern mandates of the law. The assassin only a few . days previous, to the execution seemed to realize that he wa3 to be huns. He lost a good cteal of that bombastic bravado that characterized his actions during the trial and for some time after, and settled down into a realization of the awful fact that he at last stood face to face with Death an ignominious death on the scaffold. , ; .,. Guiteau passed a very restle.83 night, not being able to sleep more than twenty minutes at a time, but toward morning, he fell asleep from sheer exhaustion. He rose a few minutes after 5 and took his breakfast at 6:30. lie ordered the cook to bring his dinner promptly at 11. At 8 o'clock Dr. Hicks who had remained with him most of the night was admitted into the cell, , and conversed with him on religious subjects. Guiteau then asked to havo a bath and requested Dr. Hicks to go out and inspect the gallows, and desired him to see the Warden and arrange to have the trap sprung as near 12 o'clock as possible. He was particularly desirous that no accident should occur and that everything was in proper condition. He then read a poem ho had written, entitled V Simplicity." lie attempted to sing it, but made a failure-Guiteau talked for some time about his future. He remarked that his heart was tender. "I don't think," he said, that l can go through this ordeal without weeping, not because of any great weakness, for the principle in me is strong, but because I am near tbe other world. I hold to the idea that God inspired me." The condemned man seemed to treasure up revenge against the President, for he asked that in his books all complimentary allusions to President Arthur and his administration be eliminated. After presenting Dr, Hicks his books he requested that gentleman to offer the first prayer on the scaffold and ho (Guiteau) would follow by reading his favorite chapter from the Bible, the 10th chapter of John, and offer a prayer on his own account, and then read his poem, 'Simplicity." He wished things so arranged that Just as he uttered tbe last word the trap would be sprung. At 9:15 the prisoner stepped into the corridor to exercise, and walked very rapidly for fifteen minutes. . In the meantime the scene about the jail became quito animated. Newspaper reporters had taken possession of eVery available table, window-sill or board upon which to write and were jotting down everything they saw, while the private office of the Warden was converted into a telegraph office. Messengers sped between tbe city and the jail, and carriages continued to arrive with visitors. The scaffold was teBted at 9 o'clock by the officials, a bag of sand weighing 10) pounds, being attached to th3 rope and sprung' through the trap. The test proved satisfactory. The prisoner's brother also gave the engine of death a critical examination. Then came a telegram from one J B Buntel, of New York, to Dr. Hicks, asking if he could have the prisoner's body to exhibit for the benefit of the Young Men's Christain Association, which received no response. , At 10 o'clock 70 policemen arrived and were posted in the roadway outside the jail. All the available men of Battery C. 2d U. S. Artillery were on duty inside the jail. About 11 o'clock Guiteau called for paper, and for twenty minutes was engaged writing his "Prayer on the Scaffold." Employment seemed to calm him, and he wrote in a bold, round hand. After Guiteau had finished copying his Prayer" he began to arrange his dress. Then he sent for Dr. Hicks, and asked if 4the flowers had come," referring to some flowers that his sister, Mrs. Sco-ville, had promised to send. His brother then went outside the jail and found Mrs. Scoville. SI13 was in great excitement, almost hysterical. John V. Guiteau succeeded in partially calming her and dissuaded her from any further attempts to gain admission to the jail. She acknowledged the propriety of such a course, and sent the flowers to the prisoner. . She also brought a handsome floral cross and anchor which she desired to place on her brothers coffin with her own hands. At 11 o'clock Guiteau had his boots blacked and then proceeded to eat his last meal, Which consisted of a pound of broiled steak, a dish of fried potatoes, four slices of toast and a quart of coffee. He ate with good relish. Dr. Hicks soon after reported that he and the prisoner had a pleasant religious talk, that his preparations were about complete and he was ready for the last act. Just before noon . Guiteau cav evidence of weakening, then broke down completely and bursting Into tears sobbed hysterically. His faithful spiritual adviser sat by bis side, fanning and vainly striving to comfort him. Aa the sruards marched into the jail the rattle of their muskets on the stone floor caused the prisoner to show signs of great nervousness, lie was completely overcome with emotion and wept bitterly. In the rotunda the soldiers were drawn up on one side, and a large line 01 spectators faced them on the other. After the reading of the death warrant the prisoner became mora comDOsed. j By ! special " arrange ments the steam whistle nt tha 1 works near the orison was blown at 12:25 instead of 12. as heretofore. Two minutes later the iron gates of the corridor were un-irw-Vpri whn Warden Crocker made his ap pearance followed a mora eat later by Oulteau. The latter's face was pallid and the muscles about hl3 mouth moved nerv nnslr. otherwise there were no signs of fal tericg. Tbe scaffold was soon reached, which I18 ascended as firmly a? it was expected a man would with his arms pinioned. While the jostling crowd was getting inside the gate the condemned man gazed upon the people and quickly, made a stirvev of the gallows and surrounding objects.' Quiet being restored, Dr. Hicks offered the following prayer: . i . s .-it i ; ' , ? Father, out of the depths we cry to Thee. Ilsar Thou out supplication far the sake of Jesus Christ, the Sav:or, .wt o has rnsd ; full pr-nnti-tion for ns. ' Bebotd this.Tby servant. V-humbly pray J hou wilt deliver Hm atthis supreme moment of his life. Let Ihv li?iit descend oa him . Liberate his soul frra v-rison. May he appear before Thee absolved by:Th?7! creat mercy. From blood euiltines deliver him and us. God, have mer;y onus; Chrit. have mercy on -us. Lamb of God, tbtat takcth away the sins of the world, have mercy on us. Amen." At the conclusion of this prayer Dr. Hicka opened the Bible and Guiteau, in a firm voice, said: I will read a selection from the 10th chapter of Matthew, from the 28th to the 41st verses, inclusive," and proceeded to read in a clear voice, showing no signs of nervousness. Dr. Hicks then produced the manuscript prayer prepared by Guiteau in the morning, when the prisoner saidr 'I am now going to read to you my last dying prayer." He then, read in a loud tone and distinct emphasis, the following:. !' ; ' "KY DYIXO PHAI3ER on the galujws. "Father, now I go to Thee and tbe Saviour. , J have finished tbe work Thou pa vt st me to do.and I am only too happy to go to Thee. , '.The world does net let appreciate my mis-pion, but Thou knowest it. Ti on knowest Thou didst inspire Garfield's removal and only pood has come from it. This is the best evidence that the inspiration "came from Thee, and 1 have set it forth in my book, that all men may reud ard may know that Thou, Father. dictat iuspirs the act for which I am murdered.. This Government and Nation, by thia net, 1 know will ir-cur Thy-ctcr-nal enmity, as did the Jews by the kiilmg of Thy man. my Saviour. The retribution ia that ca&ecarne quick and sharp, und I know Thy divina law of retribution will strike this .Nation and my murderers in the same way. The diabolical spirit of this Nation, its Government and new spacra toward me will justify Thee in cursing them, and I kroar that the dmne law of retribution iB inexorable. I therefore predict this Nation wil! go down in blood and my murder ra, from the Executive to the hangman, will t'o to hell. Thy laws are inexoiable, O, Thou. Supreme Judge; woe unto the men that violate Thy laws. Only weeping and gnashing ot teeth await them.' The American press baa a large bill to Fettse vith Ibee, righteous Father, for their vin iictiveness in this matter. NothiDg but blood will satisfy them and now my blood ba on this Nation ana its officials. Artbor, the President, ia a coward and an jngrite. His ingratitude to the man that made him ard saved his party and land from o7erthrow has no parallel in history, but Thou, righteous Father, will judge him. "Father, Thou knowest me, but the world hath known me not, and now 1 go to Thee and the b'aviour without the slightest ill-will toward a human being. Farewell, ye men of earth." During the reading he paused at several points and endeavored to give more emphasis to his words by those peculiar facial expressions so noticeable .during the trial when he was angry. Especially was this noticed when he alluded ' to President Arthur, and when he declared that this Nation would 'go down in blood." After this he said: "I am now going to read some verses which are intended to indicate my feclimrs at the moment of mv leaving this world. Tf act to music they may be rendered effective. The idea is that of a child babbling to bis mammi and his papa. "I wrote it this morn ing about 10 o'clock." He then commenced to chant these verses in a sad,' doleful style: 1 am going to the L'rci; 1 am so glad 1 am going to the Lord; I am so glad, I am going to the Lord; glory hallelujah, Gloiy hallelujah; I a;u going to the Lord. I love the Lord with all my 6oul; glory hallelujah. And that is the reason I am going to the Lord ; Glory hallelujah ! glory hallelujah ! . I am going to the Lord. Here Guiteau's voice failed and he bowed his head and broke into sobs, but he rallied a little and went on with his chant: I saved my party and my land; glory hallelujah; But they have murdered me for it. And that is the reason I am going to the Lord Glory hallelujah ! glory hallelujah I I am going to the Lord. Here again his feelings overcame him and he leaned his head on the shoulder of Dr. Hicks and sobbed pitifully, still he went on: I wonder what I will do. When I get to the Lordy. I gues that I will weep no more. When 1 get to the Lordy. Glory hallelujah ! Here was another interruption caused by sobs and emotions which he was unable to repress. He wept bitterly, and with quivering lips and moufnful tones, he went on to the finish of his ditty: I wonder what I will see, ' When I get to tbe Lordy. I expect to see most splendid things beyond all earthly conception, When 1 am with the Lordy, Glory hallelujah ! Raising his voice to the highest pitch that he could command: Glcry hallelujah, 1 am with the Lord ! The benediction was then pronounced, the noose adjusted, and as the black cap was drawn over his face, Guiteau exclaimed Glory, glory, glory 1" Instantly the spring was touched, the drop fell, and at 42 minutes past 12 o'clock the soul of Charles J. Guiteau was launched into eternity. His neck was broken and he died without a struggle. : . , Tlie Death Warrant, In the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, May 2 .', 1832. United States vs. Charles J. Guiteau. No. 14,05c. The President of the United States to the Warden of the United States Jail of the District of Columbia, greeting: , Whereas, Charles J. Guiteau has been indicted of felony and murder, by him. done and commited, and has been thereupon arraigned, and upon such arraisnment has pleaded not guilty, and has been lawfully convicted thereof; and whereas judgment of said Court has been given that the said Charles J . Guiteau shall be hanged by tbe neck until be be dead; therefore, you are hereby commanded that upon Friday, the thirtieth (30th) day of June, in the year of Our Lord one tfcocsand eiht hundred and eighty-two (A.. D. 18S2). between the hours of twelve (12) o'clock meridian, and two (2) o'clock post meridian of the same day, him, the said Charles J. Guiteau. now being in- your custody in the common jail of the District of Columbia, .you convey . to the place prepared for his execution within the walls of the said jail of the District of Columbia, and that yon cause execution to be done upon the said Charles J. Guiteau. in your custody, to being in all things according to said judgment. And thia you are by no means to emit on your peril and do you return this writ into tha Clerk's office of said court so indorsed as to hqw you hate obeyed the same. ; Witness:.- tr. : j 'D. K. Castes, :::-Chief Justice of said Court. Guiteau's Will. W&shtkqtox, D. C, June 23, 1832. To Rkv. Wm. W. Hicks: I, Charles J. Guiteau. of the City of Washington, District of Columbia, cow under a sentence of death, which is to be carried into effect between the hours of 12 and 2 o'clock on the SOth day of June. A. D. 1332, in the United States jail in said District, do hereby give and grant you my body after such execution; provided, however, it shall not be used . for any mercenary purposes, and I hereby for good and sufficient consideration tive, deliver and transfer to said Hicks my boo entitled "The Truth and Removal, and copyright thereof, to be" used by mm m writm-r a truthful history of my life and execution, and 1 direct that such history be entitled '"A he Life and Work of Charles Guiteau." And I hereby solemnly proclaim and announce to all the world that no peron or persons shall ever in any manner use my body for any mercenary purpose whaeotever, and if at any time hereafter any person or persons shall desire to honor my remains, they can do it by erecting a monument, whereon shall be inscribed these words : H;re lies the body of Charles Guiteau, Ptf.it and Christian; his soul is in glory J" . Chaiu.es H. Reed, i James Woodward f Witnesses. TheDiapoaitlcu bfGuiteau's Body. Wasbisoion, D. C, June 29. To Gen. John, 8. Crocker, Warden United States Jail. We, trances Itl. Scoville and John W. Guiteau, sister and brother, aod only heirs of Charles J. Guiteau. to be executed on the 20th dav of June, la&J, in tiie.United States Jail in the District of Columbia, hereby request you to deliver the body of the said Charles J Guiteau to Rev. William M. Hicks after tuch execution. - Lbigaed Fbaxces M. Scovrms. n Johx W. Guiteau. Ciiabias H. Kezd, ) Alsetxk A.. ChevaultiSr, Witnesses. W.W.Gooding. ) .. .... The Cup That Cliecrs. There is, perhaps, no beverage the world over so popular as the cup of tea, so potent to brace the neive3, so conducive to domestic comfort and cheerful, innocent gossip. If one has a headache," i3 chilled or weary, the cup of tea revitalizes and kindh i the exhaust-eel Uame of energy, and spirits; it is the small currency of hospitality., Is it not the gentle tea leaf which brings kindred spirits together? Has not one of the most important and social meals o the day taken its name from , that insinuating plant? What is home without a cup of tea? And when would the five-o'clock tea have found favor or votaries under any other name? Is it not the moving spirit of the sewing circle? and whoever heard of a fortune being told from coffee grounds or chocolate dregs? Is any cordial more . delicious than iced tea on a scorching July day? Ju South-ey's division ot his day's work it was tea which ushered in poetry, while Dr. Johnson may have flavored . many an essay with the cftiision, and who can tell but we owe "Rasselas" to its exhilarating effects, "when with tea he amused the evening, with tea solaced the midnight,, and with tea welcomed the morning11? Like woman's rights, and other eternal verities, it had a bat-tic to light before acquiring its present position in the world. It was prescribed by physicians, denounced by the essayists, sneered at by the wits and poets. It wa3 supposed to provoke scandal, and even to this day the suspicion is not obsolete. Yet a present of tea was thought to be suitable for royalty to receive, since in 1G64 we are told that the East Iudva Company sent the Queen two pounds! It was "doubtless reserved for high days and holidays in early times, and was not poured out for poor relations nor sent into the kitchen; but familiarity, instead of damaging its reputation, has recommended it to a greater favor; and the poor working people who allow themselves no luxuries regard the cup of lea as a friend and a necessity. 'I am glad I was not born before tea," said Si dney Smith, one of whose recipes against melancholy is a kettle singing on the hob. . As there is a right way to boil an egg, so there is a right way to prepare the .stimulating beverage. In China the wealthy make it by pouring boiling water into a cup in which some of the tea leaves have been placed, and it would, perhaps, be well if we followed their example, instead of allowing it, as many do, to boil, as if the whole object was to extract the bitter tannin Wo do injustice to the genial herb whose native countrv is wrapped in mystery, although it is found wild in India by making tea before the tea bell rings. Harper s Bazar. A Siberian Fire Department. The Siberian tire departments are very curiously organized. Having to stay an hour for horses at a village about a hundred versts before reaching Irkutsk my attention was attracted to rude paintings in white on a black ground which 1 lound on the gate-posts of nearly every peasant s house in the village. On one would be a picture of a bugle, on another of a hatchet, on another of a horse drawing a barrel of water on a sled, while on others were simply numbers. These hieroglyphics I found out had quite a siguilicance of their own, being constant reminders to each villager as to his peculiar duty in case a fire should break out. Thus the Eeasant with" the hieroglyphic of the orse and the water-barrel had nothing to do except to appear with a sled and barrel full of water on the scene; the others had to bring with them the implements and utensils just, as pictured on their gateway, while those whose gates were only ornamented .with a number had to join the pumpers and bucket-carriers on the scene of the fire as soon as possible. The method of indicating where the fire rages is done in Irkutsk during the day by hanging balls on an elevated signal tower; at night these - are replaced by lanterns with colored glass. Fire-engines are as yet an unknown, extravagance. Cor-& T. Herald.- : ; ' " - ; ' It is said that excessive travel is killing actors off faster than they have ever died before. The exposure to which they are subjected bv reason of the necessity of making quick jumps," etc, is spreading pneumonia: and other diseases among them almost like an epidemic m . New England is keeping its end up Mrs. John Harriman, of More town, Vt., yesterday gave birth to three boys and a girL Note tho preponderance of boy. Boston Transcript., .written his one His of be written at use upon a a " yet of ; He as he . the J jthc on .- to or

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  1. Belle Plaine News,
  2. 08 Jul 1882, Sat,
  3. Page 6

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