Richard Randolph info

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Richard Randolph info - EXPERIMENTAL E5IANCIPATI0N. We have not been...
EXPERIMENTAL E5IANCIPATI0N. We have not been surprised at the letters of General Washington in favor of emancipation; nor the 'coincident opinion of Mr. Jefferson, still less than either at the much quoted prediction of Mr. Randolph, that "tho master would flee from and abandon the slave." Those were the opinions of the period in which they were uttered; they were compounded of philanthropy, and a conviction conviction that slave labor in the country to which it was then confined, was not worth the coat of superintendence. The moral obligation to eman ' a . 1 I 1. - 1 "- "- - ' ed by the result of experimental abolition, whilst the invention of the cotton gin, the immense de- de- mand which has sprung up for fhe staples of the South, and the improved capacity which the slaves are deriving from the great manual labor School, have imparted to that property a value, that renders the policy recommended by our fore- fore- fathers, inappncaDie to the existing condition oi things. , But it is not our purpose to descant up- up- on the propriety of the opinion to which we have referred. Some of the same great authorities were opposed at one time to a"hy separation from U UiVtllVI WU.B. WWW 4riaA vVin ttkrtivr immAii!, ta Vwrvl 1 1 1 nffl r Vi A f nl 1st mg narrative of experimental abolition. An ex periment made under fairest circumstances, and ret attended with the most lamentable failure. iVe do not affirm that the same result would fol low in every case; but with this illustration of an invariable result, so far ai we have heard wherever tho expenment of manumission has been tried in m, BiHveauiuiog cuuiihuuht, iuu wiiu iue bmiuju- bmiuju- cal exhibit of the condition of the freed man, in a hon-slaveholdmg hon-slaveholdmg hon-slaveholdmg community, we may ask those who prescribe emancipation as a duty, to explain the disposition which can be made of the slave, if luxuriantly around their cabin doors. it should become the policy of the South to adopt they never grow. The idea of plattic u their advice. Tho narrative which follows has chard, a vegetable or flour garden, setmi been furnished from a source perfectly authentic, ' to have entered their heads: Nothing lilf but it presents results so inevitable; it coincides ' tem, order, prudence, economy or firec'' so exactly with what we have ourselves seen in percipteble among them. It would be ti similar communities, that it carries an internal talk of refinement in connection with roth j impress of uncxaggerated probability. We will pie. Idle, dishonest, drunken, proflint, s' not anticipate the excellent comments with which not to be wondered that the communit? ii, the narrative is ' interspersed. , Every rational j be the theatre of scenes of destitution, "dlvf friend of emancipation must, we think, be con-: con-: con-: immorality, and crime sufficient tocaa.se tiel vinced, from every example which it has as yet ' of the good Randolph to turn in his grave, presented, that great as may be in their imagi- imagi- such as to call for the frequent interposs,: s nation the evils of slavery, those of indiscreet ; the neighboring planters, and not uafrea-emancipation uafrea-emancipation uafrea-emancipation are scarcely less. that of the county authorities. Thus we Ln:: A Richard FREE NEGRO COMMUNITY. Randolph, eldest brother of John Randolph, of Roanoke, died in the year 1796 at R;rS,th name of the lar esUte K. queathed him by his father, John Randolph, Sr., ..-. ..-. ..-. 1,-1 1,-1 1,-1 K; V- V- I,,"- I,,"- f.fV.r XAn nlnh Sr and lying on the head waters of the Appomattox river, near the town of Farmville, Ya. He is represented to have been a man of talents scarcely scarcely inferior to those of his celebrated brother, and of extraordinary goodness of character. Entertaining Entertaining the opinion, then general in the South, and especially in Virginia, that slavery was a curse alike to master and servant, Mr. R. liberated liberated his slaves by will, and made ample provision for their maintenance. Owing to pecuniary embarrassments, embarrassments, the provisions of the will were not carried into execution, until fifteen years afterwards, afterwards, and not until many of the slaves had been sold to liquidate the heavy mortgages which rested rested upon the estate. About 1811, John Randolph who had assumed the management of his brother's affairs, removed to the county of Charlotte, and the negroes, variously estimated at from one hundred hundred to one hundred and thirty in number, entered entered upon the enjoyment of their freedom. A portion of the Bizarre estate, consisting of three huudred and fifty, (some say five hundred) acres, partially cleared, well timbered, and well watered, was divided into sections of mty and ' twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five acres, each; and upon these sections the various families, according to the number and acre of the individuals composing them, were settled those having aged and infirm parents to support, received more, and those not having these incumbrances, less land. - All were provid- provid- ed with means to build themselves bouses, and with agricultural implements to till the soil. Fairly settled in the land of promise the Canaan to which they had looked so longingly for fifteen years they gave it the name of "Israel nill4 an appellation wnicn explains tne sanguine an ticipations and religious tone which guided them to its choice. No doubt they looked forward to the time when Israel Hill should be a thriving KA.nlAna ll IA MA KC Alt mA9 W VkAM m Wm Kill ' and populous village "a city set upon an hill' shining gloriously to the eyes of their brethren in bondage, as did the Delectable mountains to Uan- Uan- yan's Pilgrim. Here, then, they were left to work out their destiny, and here indeed, if ever, it was to be expected expected that the African would thrive and prosper, and fulfil the expectations which prompted bis noble master to set them free. The conditions of the experiment were pre-eminently pre-eminently pre-eminently favorable for the manumitted and the elements of success surrounding them numerous and such as can never again be brought to bear upon them in any future experiment. They were the choice servants servants of one of the most aristocratic, humane and cultivated families in the State, reserved from sale because of the excellence of their dispositions, their fidelity and their industry. They had en joyed the advantage of association with intelli gent whites, they were taught the principles ot the Christian religion. They were trained to habits of labor, and were settled upon fertile land in a temperate climate. Fuel and water were abundant. They were surrounded by kindly disposed disposed neighbors, who gave them employment at harvest, and at many other times during the year; who ministered to their wants in sickness, and ho' gave them advice in matters of business. And more than all, they were not brought into competition with white labor the bane of the African who settles in the free States. Under these propitious circumstances it was reasonable to expect that the little colony would hare gone on to prosper that this minature Liberia would nave Decome ncn, populous, leruie the parent of other colonies to the free States that the system system of parcel-culture parcel-culture parcel-culture would have made every inch of the soil productive that Israel Hill would have become handsome village, surrounded with orchards and gardens, and sheltered by luxuriant shade trees. The philanthropist who shared the opinions and the hopes of Richard Randolph, would have expected to have heard in this village. the sound of the hammer, the saw, the plane, the church-going church-going church-going bell the evidences of thrift, of industry, industry, and of good morals. But, now that forty years have passed away, what are the facta of the case: How has the expenment succeeded? The traveller on the Southsido Railroad passes through the centre of Israel Hill, without being aware of its presence. The few miserable huts wnicn constitute the village, are not attractive enough to retain his attention for more than moment, and he passes on ignorant of the lesson which a mistaken philanthropy might have taught him. The visitor to the neighborhood, who has the curiosity or interest, to inquire into the results of this unhappy experiment, will be saddened by its details. He will find that a healthy, happy, moral community of slaves have from the day of their liberation degenerated until they have become a diseased, denraved. miserable people a curse to themselves and a pest to their neighbors. The men are drunkards, tha women i prostitutes, the children scrofulous and syphilitic. 1 1 .11 1 ri to this rule, but they consist mainlj t.f tJ- tJ- nil settlers men aod women who had i yeara of discretion, Wfore they Prp j:? and whose habit were formed whil " slaves. The men are utterly oorniw "I"! from increasing in point of number 'M decreased; and it i the opinion rf j 11 "' looked into the matter, that diwaie ir :" ally exterminate them. In 1S;0, it i' numbered about as many as were ori;,.v'" - ifi. . ,D'.; ! icku rj .vf, auu uui 1U ltH.tKc n nnnV 1 fu '. have placed them as low as 8.. In i ot their vicious habits, many of thp 1B; barren; the children as before stau-J stau-J stau-J , - j from their birth. Hence, it may 1 ri vf ! Iieved that the average yearly mortal;.. them,. is equal to that of Fannvillc a i.U' : than ten times as rMpulou and nne ; mucn greater, n mi me indolence and ij... " dence characteristic of their race, thev J only destroyed their woodlands; have til- til- i their soil by unsystematic and improrr,- improrr,- J have suffered their houses and enclor . J J . j, m ! tian tlf f ll P Kr nnfCMni nf . tion of the bare necessaries of have as yet given no evidence that the r-Zj1 r-Zj1 r-Zj1 progress or improvement, ever existed .;S unhappy natures. The money derived fjv- fjv- fr-tt fr-tt fr-tt ' neighboring gentry, is expended the They grow nothing except Indian cornlr;y - wuu icw uvmkpcs muu peas; lne crops maintain a doubtful contest with ti ' grass, carrot weed, briers, and other ill-kT ill-kT ill-kT products of an impoverished, soil. The one case of two sisters one of whom mi", midnight foray into the corn patch of tie o-if o-if o-if I ii ,v : 1 ., r 1 F- F- P P J " root, i soother, we are told of an old woman starvioi i D1 "Other, Of a Sickly poor mi placed under the charge ot a drunken voce who goes to town to buy wLisley, taring L charge to die of sheer neglect Reports of bri and battles are common; scarcely a day p without some of the adjacent farmers being ciLs in to interfere in behalf of some cf tie opp inhabitants of this wretched cotna.ua.tj. ; yesterday, two of the Israelitish women case t the house where the writer of this article vu journing, to lodge a complaint against a fspf slave who was harbored in the Hill; and vbii' suddenly rushed upon them, threatening r. off their heads with a scythe-blade scythe-blade scythe-blade which L L in his uplifted hand. Such is a faintly drawn picture of Israel L in 1S54, after more than forty years of frti:; and such are some of the disastrous con-is.? con-is.? con-is.? of an impolitic and unwise philanthropy. L these people remained slaves, who can doul; k that their destiny in this life, and perhaps ia life to come, would have been far different. happier? The humiliating results of the vt intended benevolence of Richard Randolph, r fraught with no salutary lesson for the negrc list; but they may serve to confirm the intellj; slaveholder; to warn the inexperienced advon of emancipation; and to rebuke the man wi shake with laughter at the idea of a Republic i. . . . - T t ranee, yet believe in the capacity of the cer "J""' Vl wfuuuw' 4CUU1 Steamer Jama It. Grist. We notice! a apparently new steamer passing Market-? Market-? Market-? this morning, but upon a closer inspection & proved to be an old friend, under a new tm and a considerably improved appearance. In ock words, it was the steamer "Douglass" of ui Line, thoroughly repaired and changed ia arjr Un b of 0,3. and 8ne U now nus;. T . V ance. iter name has been changed we o:i? the 'James li. Unst in compliment to 5: townsman, who is shrewdly suspected U somewhat Whiggish in his principles. The Grist appears to be a first rate freiglt-Vsi freiglt-Vsi freiglt-Vsi and will run regularly between Fayetteville id this ort. e wish her owners, John & Jiza Banks, great success. WiL Herald. HOW CHOLERA- CHOLERA- IS PROPAGATED. Dr. -Wm. -Wm. Baly, a member of the CV-Ja CV-Ja CV-Ja Committee of the Royal College of Physiciis; : . London, has, under the direction of that comnuze drawn up an elaborate report upon the "Cas t Asiaue moiera, and its modes of Increase a Diffusion." The report is based upon a serks ( close investigations, and embodies a synopsis of tl the important facta noticed' by observers of a? epidemic both in Europe and America. Ia b report Dr. Baly arrives at the conclusion & l cholera is caused by a material substance, vi with the aid of some degree of warmth, can tin increase under the influence of foul and dix air; and the disease is so far connected with li peculiar mnuences that it is never rife tvq when they are present in a marked degree. lr. ily thinks that the material can? 1 cholera is diffused throughout a community cbi by human intercourse, by clothes, ships, Slc.;X it is. not always propagated in thi wir.fr oftentimes it has been known to break out thrxS-largo thrxS-largo thrxS-largo areas of country, independent of immeJi contact. This goes to prove that it is transmit by the agency of atmosphere currents, as wt- wt- by human intercourse; that "the poison of cb being so dependent upon the states of air f 3 existence, increase, and power of actios, & having the capability of passing from f! s place, must not only be exposed to the air, 1-even 1-even 1-even though it be in part attached to the n 01 oooies, must in part also Coat in the air. Dr. Baly believes that, although nroDant u :: v "j- "j- - UUUitU IUKI VUU19C, U18 nilMM II API J 3IS contagious; that although it may often be coIV- coIV- infected ptaoea, yet the epidemic will not cenerv: nreax, out untu it meets with the coni---6-necessary coni---6-necessary coni---6-necessary coni---6-necessary coni---6-necessary coni---6-necessary coni---6-necessary to ita increase and action. Boston Jorxal. Camphor Producing Insanity. The Tor1 Colonist says; We are informed that no l ti ,ot. V.- V.- J L. IrTtJf asylum in a state of insanity occasioned bj; suming quantities of camphor to prevent cbo'.c. Some of them carried it about in their pockets, kept from time to time eating small quantit it. Others took it dissolved in brandy. 1jW cases where it was taken in any quantity it F duced insanity. It ia a fact well known comparatively small quantity of camphor a dog mad; and that he will soon afterwards Nxw York, Aug. Failure at Nne York Alfred Edwardj i p Silk Jobbers,, suspended payment Jul Their liabilities are said to be oyer half a

Clipped from Fayetteville Semi-Weekly Observer28 Aug 1854, MonPage 2

Fayetteville Semi-Weekly Observer (Fayetteville, North Carolina)28 Aug 1854, MonPage 2
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